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arcgis 二维地图和三维虚拟场景互动解决办法,很好的启发思维的方法。
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  • 二维GIS与三维场景交互技术的研究与应用.pdf
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内容介绍
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="generator" content="pdf2htmlEX"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/base.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/fancy.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/6253927474bc5c0105020fee/raw.css"> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/compatibility.min.js"></script> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/pdf2htmlEX.min.js"></script> <script> try{ pdf2htmlEX.defaultViewer = new pdf2htmlEX.Viewer({}); }catch(e){} </script> <title></title> </head> <body> <div id="sidebar" style="display: none"> <div id="outline"> </div> </div> <div id="pf1" class="pf w0 h0" data-page-no="1"><div class="pc pc1 w0 h0"><img class="bi x0 y0 w1 h1" alt="" src="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/6253927474bc5c0105020fee/bg1.jpg"><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#25991;&#31456;&#32534;&#21495;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">:<span class="_ _1"></span>10<span class="_ _1"></span>07<span class="_ _2"></span><span class="ff3 fs0">2<span class="_ _2"></span><span class="ff2 fs1">381<span class="_ _1"></span>7</span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 x2 h3 y2 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m0 x3 h3 y1 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">20<span class="_ _1"></span>07</div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y2 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 x5 h2 y1 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">03<span class="_ _2"></span><span class="ff3 fs0">2<span class="_ _2"></span><span class="ff2 fs1">001<span class="_ _1"></span>8<span class="_ _2"></span><span class="ff3 fs0">2<span class="_ _3"></span><span class="ff2 fs1">02<span class="_ _4"> </span><span class="ff1 fs0">&#20013;&#22270;&#20998;&#31867;&#21495;<span class="_ _0"> </span></span>:<span class="_ _5"></span>P208<span class="_ _6"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#12288;&#12288;&#12288;<span class="_ _7"></span><span class="ff1">&#25991;&#29486;&#26631;&#24535;&#30721;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">:B</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 x6 h4 y3 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _8"> </span><span class="ff5 fs3">G<span class="_ _3"></span>I<span class="_ _3"></span>S<span class="_ _9"> </span><span class="ff4 fs2">&#19982;&#19977;&#32500;&#22330;&#26223;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20132;&#20114;&#25216;&#26415;&#30340;&#30740;&#31350;&#19982;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24212;&#29992;</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x7 h5 y4 ff4 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#34013;&#31179;&#33805;<span class="_ _9"> </span>&#12288;<span class="_ _a"></span>&#26446;&#21033;&#20891;<span class="_ _9"> </span>&#12288;<span class="_ _a"></span>&#26472;<span class="_ _9"> </span>&#12288;<span class="_ _a"></span>&#27874;</div><div class="t m0 x8 h6 y5 ff2 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m0 x9 h7 y6 ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#21326;&#20013;&#31185;&#25216;&#22823;&#23398;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#25968;&#23383;&#21270;&#24037;&#31243;&#20013;&#24515;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff2 fs5">,<span class="_ _6"> </span></span>&#27494;&#27721;&#24066;&#29662;&#21947;&#36335;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff2 fs5">1<span class="_ _1"></span>037<span class="_ _6"> </span></span>&#21495;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff2 fs5">,43<span class="_ _1"></span>00<span class="_ _1"></span>74</span></div><div class="t m0 xa h6 y5 ff2 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 xb h8 y7 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#25688;<span class="_ _b"> </span>&#12288;<span class="_ _7"></span>&#35201;<span class="_ _b"> </span>&#12288;<span class="_ _7"></span><span class="ff4">&#20171;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32461;&#20102;&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _c"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">GI<span class="_ _2"></span>S<span class="_"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#21644;&#19977;&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22330;&#26223;&#20223;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30495;&#21508;&#33258;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20248;&#32570;&#28857;<span class="_ _b"> </span></span>,<span class="_ _1"></span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#25552;&#20986;&#20102;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#36890;&#36807;&#20114;&#21709;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24212;&#25216;&#26415;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32467;&#21512;&#20004;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32773;&#20248;&#28857;&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26041;&#27861;&#20197;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20811;&#26381;&#21508;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#33258;</span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 xb h8 y8 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#30340;&#23616;&#38480;&#24615;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#20197;&#28748;&#21306;&#20449;&#24687;&#31649;&#29702;&#31995;&#32479;&#20026;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20363;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#23454;&#29616;&#20102;&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _d"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">G<span class="_ _2"></span>IS<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#21644;&#19977;&#32500;&#22330;&#26223;&#20132;&#20114;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25216;&#26415;&#30340;&#20855;&#20307;&#24212;&#29992;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;</span></span></div><div class="t m0 xb h8 y9 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20851;&#38190;&#35789;<span class="_ _b"> </span>&#12288;<span class="_ _7"></span><span class="ff4">&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _d"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">G<span class="_ _2"></span>IS<span class="_ _5"></span>;<span class="_ _1"></span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#19977;&#32500;&#22330;&#26223;<span class="_ _0"> </span></span>;<span class="_ _1"></span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#20114;&#21709;&#24212;<span class="_ _0"> </span></span>;<span class="_ _1"></span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#28748;&#21306;&#20449;&#24687;&#31649;&#29702;&#31995;&#32479;</span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 xc h8 ya ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#12288;&#12288;<span class="_ _7"></span>&#38543;&#30528;<span class="_ _d"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">G<span class="_ _2"></span>IS<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#25216;&#26415;&#22312;&#21508;&#20010;&#34892;&#19994;&#30340;&#24212;&#29992;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25512;&#24191;<span class="_ _b"> </span></span>,<span class="ff4 fs0">&#35832;&#22810;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#28748;&#21306;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24314;&#31435;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20102;</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 yb ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#22522;&#20110;<span class="_ _9"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">GIS<span class="_ _0"> </span></span>&#30340;&#28748;&#21306;&#20449;&#24687;&#31649;&#29702;&#31995;&#32479;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#25552;&#39640;&#20102;&#28748;&#28297;&#21644;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29983;&#27963;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29992;&#27700;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29575;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20197;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 yc ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#21450;&#29616;&#20195;&#21270;&#28748;&#21306;&#30340;&#31649;&#29702;&#27700;&#24179;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _3"></span>&#22312;&#23454;&#36341;&#20013;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _d"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">GIS<span class="_ _0"> </span></span>&#34429;&#28982;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26377;&#24378;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22823;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 yd ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#30340;&#20998;&#26512;&#21151;&#33021;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#20294;&#25439;&#22833;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20102;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31354;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#38388;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20301;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32622;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20449;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24687;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,<span class="_ _1"></span></span>&#19981;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#33021;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23436;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25972;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21453;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26144;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23458;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#35266;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#19990;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 ye ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#30028;</div><div class="t m0 xd h9 yf ff2 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">[<span class="_ _1"></span>1<span class="_ _e"> </span>]</div><div class="t m0 xe h8 ye ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">;<span class="_ _1"></span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#19977;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#34394;&#25311;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22330;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26223;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#34429;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#28982;&#20811;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26381;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20102;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#36825;&#20010;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32570;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#28857;<span class="_ _b"> </span></span>,<span class="_ _1"></span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#20294;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26159;&#20063;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23384;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22312;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22330;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26223;</span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y10 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20223;&#30495;&#25216;&#26415;&#19981;&#21033;&#20110;&#22810;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20803;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25968;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25454;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31649;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29702;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20197;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21450;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23545;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21508;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31181;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20449;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24687;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22788;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29702;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#19982;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y11 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20998;&#26512;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#36890;&#36807;&#20114;&#21709;&#24212;&#26426;&#21046;&#30456;&#32467;&#21512;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,<span class="_ _1"></span></span>&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _9"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">GIS<span class="_ _10"> </span></span>&#19982;&#19977;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32500;&#22330;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26223;&#20223;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30495;&#25216;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y12 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#26415;&#21487;&#20197;&#25196;&#38271;&#36991;&#30701;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12289;<span class="_ _11"></span>&#26356;&#22909;&#22320;&#26381;&#21153;&#20110;&#24212;&#29992;&#31995;&#32479;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;</div><div class="t m0 x1 ha y13 ff5 fs8 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1<span class="_ _6"> </span><span class="ff1 fs9">&#12288;<span class="_ _7"></span>&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _d"> </span><span class="ff5 fs8">G<span class="_ _3"></span>I<span class="_ _2"></span>S<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff1 fs9">&#19982;&#19977;&#32500;&#22330;&#26223;&#20132;&#20114;&#21069;&#25552;</span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 xf h8 y14 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20108;&#32500;&#30005;&#23376;&#22320;&#22270;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21644;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#19977;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22330;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26223;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20132;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20114;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21407;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29702;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26159;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#36890;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#36807;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20114;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21709;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24212;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26426;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21046;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y15 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#23454;&#29616;&#20108;&#32500;&#30690;&#37327;&#22320;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22270;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21644;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#19977;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#34394;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25311;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22330;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26223;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32467;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21512;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _3"></span>&#30001;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20110;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20108;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30005;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23376;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y16 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#22320;&#22270;&#37319;&#29992;&#30340;&#26159;&#30690;&#37327;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22320;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22270;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,<span class="_ _e"></span></span>&#25152;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20197;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23481;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26131;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23454;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29616;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22320;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22270;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25918;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22823;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12289;<span class="_ _12"></span>&#32553;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23567;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21644;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22320;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y17 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#29289;&#36873;&#25321;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#32780;&#20108;&#32773;&#20114;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21709;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24212;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21069;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25552;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23601;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26159;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23454;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29616;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20108;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22320;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22270;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21644;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#19977;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#34394;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y18 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#25311;&#22330;&#26223;&#20043;&#38388;&#30340;&#19968;&#19968;&#26144;&#23556;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#24517;&#39035;&#24314;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31435;&#20108;&#32773;&#20043;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#38388;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22352;&#26631;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31995;&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24799;&#19968;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23545;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y19 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#24212;&#25110;&#23545;&#24212;&#22320;&#29289;&#21517;&#31216;</div><div class="t m0 x10 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m0 x11 h8 y19 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#24799;&#19968;&#30340;<span class="_ _9"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">I<span class="_ _3"></span>D</span></div><div class="t m0 x12 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 x13 h8 y19 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#30340;&#19968;&#19968;&#23545;&#24212;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;</div><div class="t m0 xf h8 y1b ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#36890;&#36807;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#23547;&#27714;&#20013;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#24515;&#28857;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26041;&#24335;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#26469;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23454;&#29616;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#19977;&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22352;&#26631;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31995;&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24799;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#19968;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y1c ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#23545;&#24212;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#39318;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#20808;&#25214;&#20986;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#20108;&#32500;&#22320;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#22270;&#21644;&#19977;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#32500;&#22330;&#26223;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20013;&#26576;&#19968;&#30456;&#23545;&#24212;&#22320;&#29289;&#25110;&#32773;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y1d ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#26576;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#20010;&#26126;&#26174;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#23545;&#24212;&#30340;&#28857;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#36890;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24120;&#36873;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25321;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20108;&#32500;&#21644;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#19977;&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22320;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22270;&#26368;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24038;&#19978;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26041;&#25110;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26368;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y1e ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#24038;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#19979;&#26041;&#30340;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#28857;&#20026;&#22352;&#26631;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20013;&#24515;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21442;&#29031;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#28857;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22320;&#22270;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25110;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#19977;&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22330;&#26223;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20013;&#20854;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20182;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y1f ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20219;&#20309;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#19968;&#28857;&#37117;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#21487;&#20197;&#36716;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#25442;&#25104;&#19982;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#20013;&#24515;&#28857;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#30340;&#30456;&#23545;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#22352;&#26631;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,<span class="_ _2"></span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#25442;&#31639;&#20851;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#31995;&#20026;<span class="_ _10"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">:</span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 x14 h8 y20 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#916;</div><div class="t m0 x15 hb y21 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">X<span class="_ _13"> </span>=</div><div class="t m0 x4 hb y20 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m0 x16 hb y21 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">X<span class="_ _d"> </span>-<span class="_ _8"> </span>X</div><div class="t m0 x8 h9 y22 ff2 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">O<span class="_ _2"></span>ff<span class="_ _e"></span>s<span class="_ _2"></span>et</div><div class="t m0 x17 hb y20 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 x18 hb y21 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">/<span class="_ _9"> </span>n</div><div class="t m0 x14 h8 y23 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#916;</div><div class="t m0 x2 hb y24 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Y<span class="_ _13"> </span>=</div><div class="t m0 x4 hb y23 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m0 x19 hb y24 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Y<span class="_ _d"> </span>-<span class="_ _14"> </span>Y</div><div class="t m0 x1a h9 y25 ff2 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">O<span class="_ _2"></span>ff<span class="_ _e"></span>s<span class="_ _2"></span>et</div><div class="t m0 x1b hb y23 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 x1c hb y24 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">/<span class="_ _9"> </span>n</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y26 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#24335;&#20013;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span></div><div class="t m0 xb hb y27 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m0 x1d hb y26 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">X<span class="_"> </span>,<span class="_ _10"> </span>Y</div><div class="t m0 x1e hb y27 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 x1f h8 y26 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20026;&#20108;&#32500;<span class="ff6 fsa">/<span class="_"> </span></span>&#19977;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32500;&#20013;&#26576;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#28857;&#22352;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26631;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20540;<span class="_ _10"> </span><span class="ff6 fsa">,</span></div><div class="t m0 x20 hb y27 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m0 x21 hb y26 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">X</div><div class="t m0 x22 h9 y28 ff2 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">O<span class="_ _2"></span>ff<span class="_ _e"></span>s<span class="_ _2"></span>et</div><div class="t m0 x23 hb y26 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">,<span class="_"> </span>Y</div><div class="t m0 x24 h9 y28 ff2 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">O<span class="_ _2"></span>ff<span class="_ _e"></span>s<span class="_ _2"></span>e<span class="_ _1"></span>t</div><div class="t m0 x25 hb y27 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 x26 h8 y26 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20026;&#20013;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y29 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#24515;&#21442;&#29031;&#28857;&#22352;&#26631;&#20540;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff6 fsa">,</span></div><div class="t m0 x6 h8 y2a ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(<span class="_ _f"></span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#916;</span></div><div class="t m0 x2 hb y29 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">X<span class="_"> </span>,</div><div class="t m0 x27 h8 y2a ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#916;</div><div class="t m0 x28 hb y29 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Y</div><div class="t m0 x4 hb y2a ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 x19 h8 y29 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20026;</div><div class="t m0 x29 hb y2a ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m0 x2a hb y29 ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">X<span class="_"> </span>,<span class="_ _10"> </span>Y</div><div class="t m0 x2b hb y2a ff6 fsa fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 x1b h8 y29 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#28857;&#19982;&#20013;&#24515;&#21442;&#29031;&#28857;&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30456;&#23545;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y2b ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#22352;&#26631;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff6 fsa">,<span class="_"> </span>n<span class="_ _5"> </span></span>&#20026;&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22320;&#22270;&#19982;&#19977;&#32500;&#22330;&#26223;&#30340;&#27604;&#20363;&#22823;&#23567;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;</div><div class="t m0 x1 ha y2c ff2 fs8 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2<span class="_ _6"> </span><span class="ff1 fs9">&#12288;<span class="_ _7"></span>&#20132;&#20114;&#21709;&#24212;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#36890;&#20449;&#26426;&#21046;</span></div><div class="t m0 xf h8 y2d ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#32771;&#34385;&#21040;&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _d"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">G<span class="_ _2"></span>IS<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#27169;&#22359;&#21644;&#19977;&#32500;&#35270;&#26223;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#27169;&#22359;&#30340;&#39640;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20869;&#32858;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12289;<span class="_ _11"></span>&#20302;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32806;&#21512;</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y2e ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#30340;&#29305;&#24615;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#37319;&#29992;&#22522;&#20110;<span class="_ _15"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">S<span class="_ _3"></span>o<span class="_ _1"></span>c<span class="_ _1"></span>ke<span class="_ _1"></span>t<span class="_ _6"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#36890;&#20449;&#25216;&#26415;&#30340;&#20998;&#24067;&#24335;&#20132;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20114;&#21709;&#24212;&#26426;&#21046;&#26469;</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y2f ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#23454;&#29616;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#22312;&#35813;&#26426;&#21046;&#20013;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#32593;&#32476;&#30340;<span class="_ _9"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">S<span class="_ _3"></span>o<span class="_ _1"></span>c<span class="_ _1"></span>ke<span class="_ _1"></span>t<span class="_ _15"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#36890;&#20449;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21151;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#33021;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22522;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20110;<span class="_ _6"> </span></span>C/<span class="_ _b"> </span>S<span class="_"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#26550;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26500;<span class="_ _b"> </span></span>,</span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y30 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#23558;&#20108;&#32500;&#23376;&#31995;&#32479;&#20316;&#20026;&#26381;&#21153;&#22120;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31471;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#19977;&#32500;&#23376;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31995;&#32479;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20316;&#20026;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23458;&#25143;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31471;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#26381;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21153;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y31 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#22120;&#31471;&#21521;&#23458;&#25143;&#31471;&#21457;&#20986;&#21508;&#31181;&#25511;&#21046;&#25351;&#20196;<span class="_ _6"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#23458;&#25143;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31471;&#22312;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25910;&#21040;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25351;&#20196;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21518;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20877;&#25191;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y32 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#34892;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#23458;&#25143;&#31471;&#20063;&#20250;&#21521;&#26381;&#21153;&#22120;&#31471;&#36820;&#22238;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#19968;&#20123;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25191;&#34892;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32467;&#26524;<span class="_ _5"> </span>&#12290;<span class="_ _3"></span>&#21508;&#31181;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25511;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21046;&#25351;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y33 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20196;&#24517;&#39035;&#20107;&#20808;&#23450;&#20041;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22909;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,<span class="_ _1"></span></span>&#22312;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26684;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24335;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#19978;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26381;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21153;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22120;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31471;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21644;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23458;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25143;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31471;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#37117;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#35201;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#19968;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#33268;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y34 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20855;&#20307;&#30340;&#25351;&#20196;&#26684;&#24335;&#20026;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">:</span></div><div class="t m0 x2c h7 y35 ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#25351;&#20196;&#21253;&#21547;&#25968;&#25454;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#38271;&#24230;<span class="_"> </span>&#25351;&#20196;&#20195;&#30721;<span class="_ _16"> </span>&#21442;&#25968;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff2 fs5">1<span class="_ _17"> </span></span>&#21442;&#25968;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff2 fs5">2<span class="_ _17"> </span></span>&#21442;&#25968;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff2 fs5">3<span class="_ _18"> </span></span>&#8230;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y36 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20854;&#20013;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#25351;&#20196;&#21253;&#21547;&#25968;&#25454;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#38271;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24230;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#25351;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23548;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25968;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25454;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25509;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25910;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26041;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22914;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20309;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25509;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25910;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25968;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25454;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">;<span class="_ _e"></span></span>&#25351;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 ya ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20196;&#20195;&#30721;&#34920;&#26126;&#35813;&#26465;&#25351;&#20196;&#25191;&#34892;&#20160;&#20040;&#25805;&#20316;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,<span class="_ _1"></span></span>&#25509;&#25910;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26041;&#21363;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26159;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#36890;&#36807;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#35813;&#20195;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30721;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 yb ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20570;&#20986;&#23545;&#24212;&#30340;&#21709;&#24212;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">;<span class="_ _1"></span></span>&#21442;&#25968;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">1<span class="_ _5"></span></span>&#12289;<span class="_ _11"></span><span class="ff2 fs1">2<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#20195;&#34920;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31034;&#25351;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20196;&#38656;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#35201;&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21442;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25968;&#21015;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#34920;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#22914;</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y37 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#21457;&#36865;&#35774;&#32622;&#35270;&#28857;&#20301;&#32622;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25351;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#20196;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26102;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,<span class="_ _e"></span></span>&#21518;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#38754;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30340;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#19977;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20010;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21442;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#25968;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20998;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21035;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26159;<span class="_ _13"> </span><span class="ff6 fsa">X<span class="_ _10"> </span></span>&#12289;<span class="_ _19"></span><span class="ff6 fsa">Y<span class="_ _10"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#12289;<span class="_ _a"></span><span class="ff6 fsa">Z</span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y38 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#22352;&#26631;&#20540;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#24403;&#28982;&#20063;&#23384;&#22312;&#30528;&#25351;&#20196;&#26080;&#21442;&#25968;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30340;&#24773;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20917;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#22914;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25351;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31034;&#23458;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25143;&#31471;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#36864;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y39 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20986;&#26102;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#23601;&#19981;&#38656;&#35201;&#21457;&#36865;&#21442;&#25968;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;</div><div class="t m0 x2d ha y3a ff5 fs8 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">3<span class="_ _6"> </span><span class="ff1 fs9">&#12288;<span class="_ _7"></span>&#31995;&#32479;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#23454;&#29616;&#24179;&#21488;</span></div><div class="t m0 x2e h8 y3b ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#28748;&#21306;&#20449;&#24687;&#31649;&#29702;&#31995;&#32479;&#30001;&#20449;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24687;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31649;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29702;&#31995;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32479;</div><div class="t m0 x2f h3 y3c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m0 x30 h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">IM<span class="_ _1"></span>S</div><div class="t m0 x31 h3 y3c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 x32 h8 y3b ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#12289;<span class="_ _12"></span>&#22320;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29702;&#20449;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24687;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31995;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y3d ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#32479;</div><div class="t m0 x33 h3 y3e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m0 x34 h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">G<span class="_ _2"></span>IS</div><div class="t m0 x35 h3 y3e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 x36 h8 y3d ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#21644;&#20915;&#31574;&#25903;&#25345;&#31995;&#32479;</div><div class="t m0 x37 h3 y3e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m0 x38 h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">DD<span class="_ _1"></span>S</div><div class="t m0 x39 h3 y3e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 x3a h8 y3d ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#19977;&#37096;&#20998;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32452;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25104;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#20854;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20013;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20915;&#31574;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25903;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25345;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y3f ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#31995;&#32479;&#26159;&#25972;&#20010;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31649;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29702;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#31995;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32479;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#30340;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#26680;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24515;<span class="_ _6"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,<span class="_ _1"></span></span>&#20063;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#26159;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#31649;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29702;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#31995;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32479;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#36861;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#27714;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#30340;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#26368;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#39640;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#30446;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y40 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#26631;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#23558;&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _d"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">G<span class="_ _2"></span>IS<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#19982;&#19977;&#32500;&#22330;&#26223;&#20223;&#30495;&#25216;&#26415;&#32467;&#21512;<span class="_ _6"> </span></span>,<span class="ff4 fs0">&#23454;&#29616;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#28748;&#21306;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30005;</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y41 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#23376;&#22320;&#22270;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12289;<span class="_ _11"></span>&#19977;&#32500;&#30005;&#23376;&#27801;&#30424;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12289;<span class="_ _11"></span>&#21160;&#30011;&#21040;&#22330;&#26223;&#20223;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30495;&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32467;&#21512;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,<span class="_ _1"></span></span>&#20351;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24471;&#20915;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31574;&#27169;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y42 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#22411;&#21644;&#19987;&#23478;&#31995;&#32479;&#23454;&#29616;&#21487;&#35270;&#21270;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,<span class="_ _1"></span></span>&#25552;&#39640;&#20102;&#31649;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29702;&#25928;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29575;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#20855;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20307;&#22312;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31995;&#32479;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20013;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y43 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#37319;&#29992;&#20999;&#20998;&#31383;&#21475;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#24038;&#36793;&#26159;&#20108;&#32500;&#30005;&#23376;&#22320;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22270;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,<span class="_ _1"></span></span>&#21491;&#36793;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26159;&#19977;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32500;&#34394;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25311;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22330;&#26223;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span></div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y44 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#36890;&#36807;&#20114;&#21709;&#24212;&#26426;&#21046;&#36798;&#21040;&#20108;&#32773;&#30340;&#21452;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21521;&#36890;&#20449;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;</div><div class="t m0 x2e h8 y45 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _d"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">G<span class="_ _2"></span>IS<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#37319;&#29992;<span class="_ _9"> </span></span>ES<span class="_ _1"></span>R<span class="_ _1"></span>I<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#20844;&#21496;&#30340;<span class="_ _15"> </span></span>A<span class="_ _e"></span>r<span class="_ _1"></span>cO<span class="_ _1"></span>bjec<span class="_ _1"></span>t<span class="_ _e"></span>s<span class="_ _6"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#32452;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20214;<span class="_ _b"> </span></span>,<span class="ff4 fs0">&#35813;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32452;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20214;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26159;</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y46 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#19968;&#31181;&#38598;&#25104;&#30340;&#38754;&#21521;&#23545;&#35937;&#30340;&#22320;&#29702;&#25968;&#25454;&#27169;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22411;&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#36719;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20214;&#32452;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20214;&#24211;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,<span class="_ _1"></span></span>&#25552;&#20379;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20102;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">A<span class="_ _e"></span>rc<span class="_ _10"> </span>G<span class="_ _2"></span>IS<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#20013;&#20840;&#37096;&#21151;&#33021;<span class="_ _b"> </span></span>,<span class="ff4 fs0">&#21487;&#20197;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23454;&#29616;&#30005;&#23376;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22320;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22270;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31649;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29702;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12289;<span class="_ _11"></span>&#26597;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#35810;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12289;<span class="_ _11"></span>&#20998;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26512;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12289;<span class="_ _11"></span>&#21046;</span></div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y48 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#22270;&#31561;&#21151;&#33021;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#37319;&#29992;&#19977;&#32500;&#23454;&#26102;&#39537;&#21160;&#20989;&#25968;&#24211;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">V<span class="_ _1"></span>e<span class="_ _1"></span>ga<span class="_"> </span>,</span>&#22312;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">V<span class="_ _e"></span>C</span></div><div class="t m0 x3b h9 y49 ff2 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">+<span class="_ _b"> </span>+</div><div class="t m0 x3c h8 y48 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#19979;&#35774;&#35745;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y4a ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#24182;&#23454;&#29616;&#19977;&#32500;&#22330;&#26223;&#20223;&#30495;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _3"></span><span class="ff2 fs1">V<span class="_ _1"></span>e<span class="_ _1"></span>ga<span class="_"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#26159;&#19968;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31181;&#29992;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20110;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23454;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26102;&#20223;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30495;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20110;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#34394;&#25311;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29616;</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y4b ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#23454;&#24212;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29992;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#39640;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#24615;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#33021;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#36719;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#20214;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,<span class="_ _e"></span></span>&#30001;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#34987;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31216;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#20316;<span class="_ _15"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">L<span class="_ _5"></span>yn<span class="_ _e"></span>X<span class="_"> </span></span>&#30340;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#22270;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24418;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#21270;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29992;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#25143;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#25509;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#21475;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y4c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">V<span class="_ _1"></span>e<span class="_ _1"></span>ga<span class="_"> </span><span class="ff4 fs0">&#24211;&#32452;&#25104;<span class="_ _b"> </span></span>,<span class="ff4 fs0">&#21487;&#20197;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26041;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20415;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20351;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29992;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32773;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20197;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26368;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24555;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#36895;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24230;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24320;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#21457;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26032;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#34394;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#25311;</span></div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y4d ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#29616;&#23454;&#24212;&#29992;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#32553;&#30701;&#20102;&#24320;&#21457;&#26102;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#38388;</div><div class="t m0 x3d h9 y4e ff2 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">[<span class="_ _1"></span>3<span class="_ _e"> </span>]</div><div class="t m0 x3e h8 y4d ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#12290;</div><div class="t m0 x2d ha y4f ff5 fs8 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">4<span class="_ _6"> </span><span class="ff1 fs9">&#12288;<span class="_ _7"></span>&#20114;&#21709;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#24212;&#20855;&#20307;&#21151;&#33021;&#35774;&#35745;&#19982;&#23454;&#29616;</span></div><div class="t m0 x2e h8 y50 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _9"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">GIS<span class="_ _10"> </span></span>&#19982;&#19977;&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22330;&#26223;&#30340;&#20132;&#20114;&#20027;&#35201;&#22312;&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12289;<span class="_ _11"></span>&#19977;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32500;&#20132;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20114;&#26597;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#35810;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y51 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#19982;&#28459;&#28216;&#21644;&#20197;&#20108;&#32500;&#35302;&#21160;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#19977;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#28748;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21306;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22330;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26223;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20013;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#37325;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#28857;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22320;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#29289;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20223;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30495;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20004;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20010;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y52 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#26041;&#38754;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#20854;&#20013;&#20132;&#20114;&#26597;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#35810;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#19982;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#28459;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#28216;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21151;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#33021;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26377;<span class="_ _10"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">:<span class="_ _e"></span></span>&#35270;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22495;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21516;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#27493;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12289;<span class="_ _12"></span>&#20132;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20114;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26597;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#35810;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y53 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#21644;&#20132;&#20114;&#28459;&#28216;<span class="_ _10"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">;<span class="_ _1"></span></span>&#22320;&#29289;&#20223;&#30495;&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21151;&#33021;&#26377;<span class="_ _10"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">:<span class="_ _1"></span></span>&#28192;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31995;&#35774;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#35745;&#19982;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20132;&#20114;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20223;&#30495;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12289;<span class="_ _12"></span>&#38392;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#38376;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y54 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#25511;&#21046;&#22330;&#26223;&#20132;&#20114;&#20223;&#30495;&#21644;&#27946;&#27700;&#28153;&#27809;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20132;&#20114;&#20998;&#26512;&#19982;&#26174;&#31034;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;</div><div class="t m0 x2e h3 y55 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x3f h3 y56 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 x40 h8 y55 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20108;&#32500;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12289;<span class="_ _11"></span>&#19977;&#32500;&#20132;&#20114;&#26597;&#35810;&#19982;&#28459;&#28216;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;</div><div class="t m0 x2e h8 y57 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#35270;&#22495;&#21516;&#27493;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#23454;&#29616;&#20108;&#32500;&#22320;&#22270;&#19982;&#19977;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32500;&#22330;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26223;&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21516;&#27493;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31227;&#21160;<span class="_ _6"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#21363;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20108;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y58 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#32500;</div><div class="t m0 x33 h3 y59 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m0 x41 h8 y58 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#19977;&#32500;</div><div class="t m0 x42 h3 y59 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 x43 h8 y58 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#25913;&#21464;&#35266;&#23519;&#32773;&#20301;&#32622;&#21518;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#30456;&#24212;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30340;&#19977;&#32500;</div><div class="t m0 x44 h3 y59 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m0 x45 h8 y58 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20108;&#32500;</div><div class="t m0 x32 h3 y59 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 x46 h8 y58 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20063;&#36716;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21040;&#23545;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24212;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y5a ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#30340;&#20301;&#32622;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#24182;&#21487;&#22312;&#20108;&#32500;&#22320;&#22270;&#19978;&#33258;&#23450;&#20041;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#35270;&#28857;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20301;&#32622;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,<span class="_ _1"></span></span>&#19977;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32500;&#22330;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26223;&#23558;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#36716;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y5b ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#21040;&#35813;&#35270;&#28857;&#20301;&#32622;&#20043;&#19978;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;</div><div class="t m0 x2e h8 y5c ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20132;&#20114;&#26597;&#35810;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#23454;&#29616;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#36890;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#36807;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#40736;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26631;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25110;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#38190;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30424;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31561;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26041;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24335;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#36873;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#25321;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#19977;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32500;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22330;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#26223;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y5d ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20013;&#30340;&#22320;&#29702;&#23454;&#20307;&#21518;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#35813;&#23454;&#20307;&#30340;&#23646;&#24615;&#20449;&#24687;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23558;&#20197;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#34920;&#26684;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24418;&#24335;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26174;&#31034;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22312;</div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y5e ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#19977;&#32500;&#22330;&#26223;&#20013;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#12290;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#22312;&#26597;&#35810;&#30340;&#21516;&#26102;<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="ff2 fs1">,</span>&#28748;&#21306;&#20108;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#32500;&#30005;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23376;&#22320;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#22270;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23558;&#23450;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20301;&#21040;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#30456;</div><div class="t m0 x47 hc y5f ff2 fs8 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">8<span class="_ _1a"></span>1</div><div class="t m0 x48 h8 y60 ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#27979;&#32472;&#20449;&#24687;&#19982;&#24037;&#31243;<span class="_ _b"> </span>&#12288;<span class="_ _1b"></span><span class="ff2 fs1">J<span class="_ _1"></span>o<span class="_ _5"></span>ur<span class="_ _e"></span>nal<span class="_ _15"> </span>of<span class="_ _13"> </span>G<span class="_ _3"></span>e<span class="_ _2"></span>o<span class="_ _5"></span>m<span class="_ _2"></span>a<span class="_ _1"></span>t<span class="_ _1"></span>ic<span class="_ _e"></span>s<span class="_"> </span>J<span class="_ _10"> </span>u<span class="_ _1"></span>n<span class="_ _1"></span>.<span class="_ _13"> </span>20<span class="_ _1"></span>07<span class="_"> </span>;<span class="_ _9"> </span>32</span></div><div class="t m0 x49 h3 y61 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m0 x4a h3 y60 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">3</div><div class="t m0 xa h3 y61 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 xb hd y62 ff7 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#169; 1994-2007 China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House. All rights reserved. http://www.cnki.net</div></div><div class="pi" data-data='{"ctm":[1.648846,0.000000,0.000000,1.648846,0.000000,0.000000]}'></div></div> </body> </html>
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