2006Object-Tracking-A-Survey.rar

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一篇2006年出版的非常好的目标跟踪综述文章.希望对研究目标跟踪的朋友有帮助
2006Object-Tracking-A-Survey.rar
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<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="generator" content="pdf2htmlEX"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/base.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/fancy.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/624f9b866caf596192e5e5c4/raw.css"> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/compatibility.min.js"></script> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/pdf2htmlEX.min.js"></script> <script> try{ pdf2htmlEX.defaultViewer = new pdf2htmlEX.Viewer({}); }catch(e){} </script> <title></title> </head> <body> <div id="sidebar" style="display: none"> <div id="outline"> </div> </div> <div id="pf1" class="pf w0 h0" data-page-no="1"><div class="pc pc1 w0 h0"><img class="bi x0 y0 w1 h1" alt="" src="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/624f9b866caf596192e5e5c4/bg1.jpg"><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Object<span class="_"> </span>T<span class="_ _0"></span>racking:<span class="_"> </span>A<span class="_"> </span>Surve<span class="_ _1"></span>y</div><div class="t m0 x1 h3 y2 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Alper<span class="_ _2"> </span>Yilmaz</div><div class="t m0 x1 h4 y3 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Ohio<span class="_"> </span>State<span class="_"> </span>University</div><div class="t m0 x1 h3 y4 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Omar<span class="_ _2"> </span>Ja<span class="_ _1"></span>v<span class="_ _1"></span>ed</div><div class="t m0 x1 h4 y5 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ObjectV<span class="_ _1"></span>ideo<span class="_ _1"></span>,<span class="_"> </span>Inc<span class="_ _3"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 x1 h3 y6 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m0 x1 h3 y7 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Mubarak<span class="_ _2"> </span>Shah</div><div class="t m0 x1 h4 y8 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">University<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>Central<span class="_"> </span>Florida</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y9 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">The<span class="_ _2"> </span>goal<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_ _2"> </span>this<span class="_"> </span>article<span class="_ _2"> </span>is<span class="_"> </span>to<span class="_ _2"> </span>review<span class="_ _4"> </span>the<span class="_ _4"> </span>state-of-the-art<span class="_ _4"> </span>tracking<span class="_ _4"> </span>methods,<span class="_"> </span>classify<span class="_ _4"> </span>them<span class="_ _2"> </span>into<span class="_ _4"> </span>different<span class="_ _4"> </span>cate-</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 ya ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">gories,<span class="_ _5"> </span>and<span class="_ _5"> </span>identify<span class="_"> </span>new<span class="_ _5"> </span>trends.<span class="_ _5"> </span>Object<span class="_"> </span>tracking<span class="_ _3"></span>,<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_ _5"> </span>general,<span class="_"> </span>is<span class="_ _5"> </span>a<span class="_"> </span>challenging<span class="_ _5"> </span>problem.<span class="_ _5"> </span>Dif&#64257;culties<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_ _5"> </span>tracking</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 yb ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">objects<span class="_ _5"> </span>can<span class="_"> </span>arise<span class="_ _5"> </span>due<span class="_ _5"> </span>to<span class="_"> </span>abrupt<span class="_ _5"> </span>object<span class="_ _5"> </span>motion,<span class="_"> </span>c<span class="_ _1"></span>hanging<span class="_ _5"> </span>appearance<span class="_"> </span>patterns<span class="_ _5"> </span>of<span class="_ _5"> </span>both<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_ _5"> </span>object<span class="_ _5"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_ _5"> </span>scene,</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 yc ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">nonrigid<span class="_ _2"> </span>object<span class="_ _6"> </span>structures,<span class="_ _4"> </span>object-to-object<span class="_ _6"> </span>and<span class="_ _2"> </span>object-to-scene<span class="_ _6"> </span>occlusions,<span class="_ _2"> </span>and<span class="_ _2"> </span>camera<span class="_ _2"> </span>motion.<span class="_ _6"> </span>Tracking<span class="_ _2"> </span>is</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 yd ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">usually<span class="_ _2"> </span>performed<span class="_ _4"> </span>in<span class="_ _2"> </span>the<span class="_ _2"> </span>context<span class="_ _2"> </span>of<span class="_ _2"> </span>higher-level<span class="_ _4"> </span>applications<span class="_ _2"> </span>that<span class="_ _2"> </span>require<span class="_ _2"> </span>the<span class="_ _2"> </span>location<span class="_ _2"> </span>and/or<span class="_ _2"> </span>shape<span class="_ _4"> </span>of<span class="_ _2"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 ye ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">object<span class="_ _4"> </span>in<span class="_ _4"> </span>every<span class="_ _4"> </span>frame.<span class="_ _4"> </span>Typically<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_ _4"> </span>assumptions<span class="_ _2"> </span>are<span class="_ _4"> </span>made<span class="_ _4"> </span>to<span class="_ _4"> </span>constrain<span class="_ _2"> </span>the<span class="_ _4"> </span>tracking<span class="_ _4"> </span>problem<span class="_ _4"> </span>in<span class="_ _4"> </span>the<span class="_ _2"> </span>context<span class="_ _4"> </span>of</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 yf ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">a<span class="_ _2"> </span>particular<span class="_ _4"> </span>application.<span class="_ _2"> </span>In<span class="_ _2"> </span>this<span class="_ _2"> </span>survey<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_ _2"> </span>we<span class="_ _2"> </span>categorize<span class="_ _2"> </span>the<span class="_ _2"> </span>tracking<span class="_ _4"> </span>methods<span class="_ _2"> </span>on<span class="_ _2"> </span>the<span class="_ _2"> </span>basis<span class="_ _2"> </span>of<span class="_ _2"> </span>the<span class="_ _2"> </span>object<span class="_ _2"> </span>and</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y10 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">motion<span class="_"> </span>representations<span class="_ _4"> </span>used,<span class="_"> </span>provide<span class="_ _4"> </span>detailed<span class="_"> </span>descriptions<span class="_ _4"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>representative<span class="_ _4"> </span>methods<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_ _4"> </span>each<span class="_"> </span>category<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_"> </span>and</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y11 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">examine<span class="_ _5"> </span>their<span class="_"> </span>pros<span class="_ _5"> </span>and<span class="_ _5"> </span>cons.<span class="_ _5"> </span>Moreover<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_ _5"> </span>we<span class="_"> </span>discuss<span class="_ _5"> </span>the<span class="_ _5"> </span>important<span class="_ _5"> </span>issues<span class="_"> </span>related<span class="_ _5"> </span>to<span class="_ _5"> </span>tracking<span class="_ _5"> </span>including<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_ _5"> </span>use</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y12 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of<span class="_"> </span>appropriate<span class="_"> </span>image<span class="_"> </span>features,<span class="_"> </span>selection<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>motion<span class="_"> </span>models<span class="_ _3"></span>,<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>detection<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>objects.</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y13 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Categories<span class="_ _4"> </span>and<span class="_ _2"> </span>Subject<span class="_ _2"> </span>Descriptors:<span class="_ _2"> </span>I.4.8<span class="_ _2"> </span>[<span class="ff5">Image<span class="_ _2"> </span>Processing<span class="_ _2"> </span>and<span class="_ _2"> </span>Computer<span class="_ _2"> </span>Vision</span>]:<span class="_ _4"> </span>Scene<span class="_ _2"> </span>Analysis&#8212;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h4 y14 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">T<span class="_ _3"></span>racking</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y15 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">General<span class="_"> </span>T<span class="_ _3"></span>erms:<span class="_"> </span>Algorithms</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y16 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Additional<span class="_ _5"> </span>Key<span class="_ _7"> </span>W<span class="_ _3"></span>ords<span class="_ _5"> </span>and<span class="_ _7"> </span>Phrases:<span class="_ _7"> </span>Appearance<span class="_ _5"> </span>models,<span class="_ _7"> </span>contour<span class="_ _7"> </span>evolution,<span class="_ _7"> </span>feature<span class="_ _5"> </span>selection,<span class="_ _7"> </span>object<span class="_ _7"> </span>detection,</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y17 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">object<span class="_"> </span>representation,<span class="_"> </span>point<span class="_"> </span>tracking<span class="_ _1"></span>,<span class="_"> </span>shape<span class="_"> </span>tracking</div><div class="t m0 x1 h4 y18 ff5 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ACM<span class="_"> </span>Reference<span class="_"> </span>F<span class="_ _1"></span>ormat:</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y19 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Yilmaz,<span class="_ _4"> </span>A.,<span class="_ _4"> </span>Javed,<span class="_ _4"> </span>O.,<span class="_ _4"> </span>and<span class="_ _2"> </span>Shah,<span class="_ _4"> </span>M.<span class="_ _2"> </span>2006.<span class="_ _4"> </span>Object<span class="_ _2"> </span>tracking:<span class="_ _2"> </span>A<span class="_ _4"> </span>survey<span class="_ _0"></span>.<span class="_ _2"> </span><span class="ff3">ACM<span class="_ _4"> </span>Comput.<span class="_ _2"> </span>Surv<span class="_ _3"></span>.<span class="_ _4"> </span>38<span class="ff4">,<span class="_ _2"> </span>4,<span class="_ _2"> </span>Article<span class="_ _4"> </span>13</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y1a ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(Dec.<span class="_"> </span>2006),<span class="_"> </span>45<span class="_"> </span>pages<span class="_ _1"></span>.<span class="_"> </span>DOI<span class="_"> </span><span class="ff6">=<span class="_ _8"> </span></span>10.1145/1177352.1177355<span class="_ _9"> </span>http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1177352.1177355</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y1b ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">This<span class="_ _7"> </span>material<span class="_ _5"> </span>is<span class="_ _5"> </span>based<span class="_ _7"> </span>on<span class="_ _5"> </span>work<span class="_ _5"> </span>funded<span class="_ _7"> </span>in<span class="_ _5"> </span>part<span class="_ _7"> </span>by<span class="_ _5"> </span>the<span class="_ _5"> </span>US<span class="_ _7"> </span>Government.<span class="_ _5"> </span>Any<span class="_ _5"> </span>opinions<span class="_ _1"></span>,<span class="_ _5"> </span>&#64257;ndings<span class="_ _1"></span>,<span class="_ _7"> </span>and<span class="_ _5"> </span>conclusions</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y1c ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">or<span class="_ _4"> </span>recommendations<span class="_ _2"> </span>expressed<span class="_ _2"> </span>in<span class="_ _2"> </span>this<span class="_ _2"> </span>material<span class="_ _4"> </span>are<span class="_ _2"> </span>those<span class="_ _2"> </span>of<span class="_ _2"> </span>the<span class="_ _4"> </span>authors<span class="_ _2"> </span>and<span class="_ _2"> </span>do<span class="_ _2"> </span>not<span class="_ _2"> </span>necessarily<span class="_ _4"> </span>re&#64258;ect<span class="_ _2"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y1d ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">views<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>US<span class="_"> </span>Government.</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y1e ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Author&#8217;s<span class="_ _a"> </span>address:<span class="_ _a"> </span>A.<span class="_ _b"> </span>Yilmaz,<span class="_ _a"> </span>Department<span class="_ _b"> </span>of<span class="_ _a"> </span>CEEGS,<span class="_ _a"> </span>Ohio<span class="_ _a"> </span>State<span class="_ _b"> </span>University;<span class="_ _a"> </span>email:<span class="_ _b"> </span>yilmaz.15@osu.edu;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y1f ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">O<span class="_ _1"></span>.<span class="_ _6"> </span>Javed,<span class="_ _2"> </span>ObjectVideo,<span class="_ _2"> </span>Inc.,<span class="_ _2"> </span>Reston,<span class="_ _a"> </span>V<span class="_ _0"></span>A<span class="_ _6"> </span>20191;<span class="_ _6"> </span>email:<span class="_ _6"> </span>ojaved@objectvideo.com;<span class="_ _6"> </span>M.<span class="_ _6"> </span>Shah,<span class="_ _6"> </span>School<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>EECS,</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y20 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">University<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>Central<span class="_"> </span>Florida;<span class="_"> </span>email:<span class="_"> </span>shah@cs.ucf<span class="_ _3"></span>.edu.</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y21 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">P<span class="_ _1"></span>ermission<span class="_"> </span>to<span class="_"> </span>make<span class="_"> </span>digital<span class="_"> </span>or<span class="_"> </span>hard<span class="_ _5"> </span>copies<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>part<span class="_"> </span>or<span class="_"> </span>all<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>this<span class="_"> </span>work<span class="_"> </span>for<span class="_"> </span>personal<span class="_"> </span>or<span class="_ _5"> </span>classroom<span class="_"> </span>use<span class="_"> </span>is<span class="_"> </span>granted</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y22 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">without<span class="_ _7"> </span>fee<span class="_ _7"> </span>provided<span class="_ _7"> </span>that<span class="_ _7"> </span>copies<span class="_ _7"> </span>are<span class="_ _7"> </span>not<span class="_ _7"> </span>made<span class="_ _7"> </span>or<span class="_ _7"> </span>distributed<span class="_ _7"> </span>for<span class="_ _7"> </span>pro&#64257;t<span class="_ _7"> </span>or<span class="_ _7"> </span>direct<span class="_ _7"> </span>commercial<span class="_ _7"> </span>advantage<span class="_ _7"> </span>and<span class="_ _7"> </span>that</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y23 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">copies<span class="_"> </span>show<span class="_"> </span>this<span class="_"> </span>notice<span class="_ _5"> </span>on<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>&#64257;rst<span class="_"> </span>page<span class="_"> </span>or<span class="_"> </span>initial<span class="_"> </span>screen<span class="_ _5"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>a<span class="_"> </span>display<span class="_"> </span>along<span class="_"> </span>with<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_ _5"> </span>full<span class="_"> </span>citation.<span class="_"> </span>Copyrights</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y24 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">for<span class="_ _2"> </span>components<span class="_ _2"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>this<span class="_ _2"> </span>work<span class="_ _2"> </span>owned<span class="_ _6"> </span>by<span class="_ _2"> </span>others<span class="_ _2"> </span>than<span class="_ _2"> </span>ACM<span class="_ _6"> </span>must<span class="_ _2"> </span>be<span class="_ _2"> </span>honored.<span class="_ _6"> </span>Abstracting<span class="_ _2"> </span>with<span class="_ _2"> </span>credit<span class="_ _6"> </span>is<span class="_ _2"> </span>per-</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y25 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">mitted.<span class="_"> </span>To<span class="_"> </span>copy<span class="_ _4"> </span>otherwise,<span class="_"> </span>to<span class="_ _4"> </span>republish,<span class="_ _4"> </span>to<span class="_ _4"> </span>post<span class="_ _4"> </span>on<span class="_ _4"> </span>servers,<span class="_"> </span>to<span class="_ _4"> </span>redistribute<span class="_ _4"> </span>to<span class="_ _4"> </span>lists,<span class="_"> </span>or<span class="_ _4"> </span>to<span class="_ _4"> </span>use<span class="_ _4"> </span>any<span class="_ _4"> </span>component</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y26 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of<span class="_ _2"> </span>this<span class="_ _2"> </span>work<span class="_ _2"> </span>in<span class="_ _2"> </span>other<span class="_ _2"> </span>works<span class="_ _2"> </span>requires<span class="_ _2"> </span>prior<span class="_ _2"> </span>speci&#64257;c<span class="_ _2"> </span>permission<span class="_ _2"> </span>and<span class="_ _c"></span>/or<span class="_ _2"> </span>a<span class="_ _2"> </span>fee.<span class="_ _4"> </span>Permissions<span class="_ _4"> </span>may<span class="_ _2"> </span>be<span class="_ _2"> </span>requested</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y27 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">from<span class="_"> </span>Publications<span class="_ _4"> </span>Dept.,<span class="_"> </span>ACM,<span class="_ _4"> </span>Inc.,<span class="_"> </span>2<span class="_ _4"> </span>Penn<span class="_"> </span>Plaza,<span class="_"> </span>Suite<span class="_"> </span>701,<span class="_ _4"> </span>New<span class="_ _4"> </span>Y<span class="_ _0"></span>ork,<span class="_ _4"> </span>NY<span class="_ _4"> </span>10121-0701<span class="_"> </span>USA,<span class="_ _4"> </span>fax<span class="_ _4"> </span><span class="ff6">+</span>1<span class="_"> </span>(212)</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y28 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">869-0481,<span class="_"> </span>or<span class="_"> </span>permissions@acm.org.</div><div class="t m0 x2 h5 y29 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">c</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y2a ff6 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#58882;<span class="ff4">2006<span class="_ _a"> </span>ACM<span class="_ _a"> </span>0360-0300/2006/12-ART13<span class="_ _a"> </span>$5.00<span class="_ _a"> </span>DOI:<span class="_ _a"> </span>10.1145/1177352.1177355<span class="_ _a"> </span>http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/</span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y2b ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1177352.1177355.</div><div class="t m0 x3 h6 y2c ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ACM<span class="_"> </span>Computing<span class="_"> </span>Surveys,<span class="_"> </span>V<span class="_ _3"></span>ol.<span class="_"> </span>38,<span class="_"> </span>No.<span class="_"> </span>4,<span class="_"> </span>Artic<span class="_ _1"></span>le<span class="_"> </span>13,<span class="_"> </span>Publication<span class="_"> </span>date:<span class="_"> </span>December<span class="_"> </span>2006.</div></div><div class="pi" data-data='{"ctm":[1.568627,0.000000,0.000000,1.568627,0.000000,0.000000]}'></div></div> </body> </html>
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