Ultrahigh-Speed-OTDM-Transmission.rar

  • PUDN用户
    了解作者
  • PDF
    开发工具
  • 481KB
    文件大小
  • rar
    文件格式
  • 0
    收藏次数
  • 1 积分
    下载积分
  • 6
    下载次数
  • 2011-05-09 15:23
    上传日期
文章涉及OTDM系统的实现,对研究此方向的同学有一定帮助
Ultrahigh-Speed-OTDM-Transmission.rar
  • Ultrahigh-Speed OTDM-Transmission Technology.pdf
    553KB
内容介绍
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="generator" content="pdf2htmlEX"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/base.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/fancy.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/6255114147503a0a93d71028/raw.css"> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/compatibility.min.js"></script> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/pdf2htmlEX.min.js"></script> <script> try{ pdf2htmlEX.defaultViewer = new pdf2htmlEX.Viewer({}); }catch(e){} </script> <title></title> </head> <body> <div id="sidebar" style="display: none"> <div id="outline"> </div> </div> <div id="pf1" class="pf w0 h0" data-page-no="1"><div class="pc pc1 w0 h0"><img class="bi x0 y0 w1 h1" alt="" src="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/6255114147503a0a93d71028/bg1.jpg"><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">4616<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ls1">JOURNAL<span class="_"> </span>OF<span class="_"> </span>LIGHTW<span class="_ _1"></span>A<span class="_ _1"></span>VE<span class="_"> </span>TECHNOLOGY<span class="_ _2"></span>,<span class="_"> </span>VOL.<span class="_"> </span>24,<span class="_"> </span>NO.<span class="_"> </span>12,<span class="_"> </span>DECEMBER<span class="_"> </span>2006</span></div><div class="t m0 x2 h3 y2 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">Ultrahigh-Speed<span class="_"> </span>O<span class="_ _1"></span>TDM-T<span class="_ _2"></span>ransmission<span class="_"> </span>T<span class="_ _3"></span>echnology</div><div class="t m0 x3 h4 y3 ff1 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">Hans-Georg<span class="_"> </span>W<span class="_ _1"></span>eber,<span class="_"> </span>Reinhold<span class="_"> </span>Ludwig,<span class="_"> </span>Sebastian<span class="_"> </span>Ferber,<span class="_"> </span>Carsten<span class="_"> </span>Schmidt-Langhorst,<span class="_"> </span>Marcel<span class="_"> </span>Kroh,</div><div class="t m0 x4 h4 y4 ff1 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">V<span class="_ _2"></span>incent<span class="_"> </span>Marembert,<span class="_"> </span>Christof<span class="_"> </span>Boerner,<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>Colja<span class="_"> </span>Schubert</div><div class="t m0 x5 h5 y5 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">In<span class="_ _4"></span>vited<span class="_ _5"> </span>P<span class="_ _1"></span>aper</div><div class="t m0 x6 h6 y6 ff3 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls4 ws0">Abstract<span class="ff4 ls2">&#8212;This<span class="_ _6"> </span>paper<span class="_ _6"> </span>re<span class="_ _4"></span>views<span class="_ _6"> </span>ultrahigh-speed<span class="_ _6"> </span>data<span class="_ _6"> </span>transmis-</span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h7 y7 ff4 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">sion<span class="_ _7"> </span>in<span class="_ _7"> </span>optical<span class="_ _7"> </span>&#64257;bers<span class="_ _7"> </span>based<span class="_ _7"> </span>on<span class="_ _7"> </span>optical<span class="_ _7"> </span>time<span class="_ _7"> </span>division<span class="_ _7"> </span>multiplexing</div><div class="t m0 x1 h7 y8 ff4 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">(O<span class="_ _4"></span>TDM)<span class="_"> </span>transmission<span class="_"> </span>technology<span class="_ _2"></span>.<span class="_"> </span>Optical<span class="_"> </span>signal<span class="_"> </span>pr<span class="_ _4"></span>ocessing<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 x1 h7 y9 ff4 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">transmitter<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>r<span class="_ _4"></span>eceiver<span class="_"> </span>as<span class="_"> </span>well<span class="_"> </span>as<span class="_ _8"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>requir<span class="_ _4"></span>ements<span class="_"> </span>on<span class="_"> </span>ultrahigh-</div><div class="t m0 x1 h7 ya ff4 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls4 ws0">speed<span class="_ _9"> </span>data<span class="_ _7"> </span>transmission<span class="_ _9"> </span>over<span class="_ _9"> </span>a<span class="_ _9"> </span>&#64257;ber<span class="_ _9"> </span>link<span class="_ _9"> </span>are<span class="_ _7"> </span>discussed.<span class="_ _9"> </span>Finally<span class="_ _4"></span>,</div><div class="t m0 x1 h7 yb ff4 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls4 ws0">results<span class="_ _a"> </span>of<span class="_ _a"> </span>several<span class="_ _a"> </span>O<span class="_ _4"></span>TDM-transmission<span class="_ _b"> </span>experiments,<span class="_ _a"> </span>including</div><div class="t m0 x1 h7 yc ff4 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls4 ws0">160-Gb/s<span class="_"> </span>transmission<span class="_ _5"> </span>over<span class="_"> </span>4320<span class="_ _5"> </span>km,<span class="_ _5"> </span>1.28-Tb/s<span class="_ _5"> </span>transmission<span class="_ _5"> </span>over</div><div class="t m0 x1 h7 yd ff4 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">240<span class="_ _9"> </span>km,<span class="_ _9"> </span>and<span class="_ _9"> </span>2.56-Tb/s<span class="_ _9"> </span>transmission<span class="_ _9"> </span>over<span class="_ _7"> </span>160-km<span class="_ _9"> </span>&#64257;ber<span class="_ _9"> </span>link,<span class="_ _c"> </span>are</div><div class="t m0 x1 h7 ye ff4 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">described.</div><div class="t m0 x6 h6 yf ff3 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">Index<span class="_ _c"> </span>T<span class="_ _2"></span>erms<span class="ff4">&#8212;Optical<span class="_ _c"> </span>communication,<span class="_ _c"> </span>optical<span class="_ _c"> </span>signal<span class="_ _c"> </span>process-</span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h7 y10 ff4 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls4 ws0">ing,<span class="_"> </span>time<span class="_"> </span>division<span class="_"> </span>multiplexing<span class="_"> </span>(TDM),<span class="_"> </span>ultrafast<span class="_"> </span>optics.</div><div class="t m0 x7 h8 y11 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws0">I.<span class="_ _a"> </span>I<span class="_ _d"></span><span class="fs5 ls6">NTR<span class="_ _4"></span>ODUCTION</span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h9 y12 ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">O</div><div class="t m0 x8 h8 y13 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">PTICAL<span class="_ _e"> </span>networks<span class="_ _8"> </span>use<span class="_"> </span>a<span class="_ _8"> </span>combination<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_ _8"> </span>wav<span class="_ _4"></span>elength<span class="_"> </span>di<span class="_ _4"></span>vi-</div><div class="t m0 x8 h8 y14 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">sion<span class="_ _8"> </span>multiplexing<span class="_ _8"> </span>(WDM)<span class="_ _8"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>time<span class="_ _8"> </span>di<span class="_ _4"></span>vision<span class="_ _8"> </span>multiplexing</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y15 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">(TDM)<span class="_ _6"> </span>to<span class="_ _f"> </span>optimize<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _f"> </span>transmission<span class="_ _6"> </span>capacity<span class="_ _4"></span>.<span class="_ _6"> </span>TDM<span class="_ _f"> </span>may<span class="_ _6"> </span>be</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y16 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">realized<span class="_ _e"> </span>by<span class="_ _e"> </span>electrical<span class="_ _e"> </span>multiplexing<span class="_ _8"> </span>(ETDM)<span class="_"> </span>or<span class="_ _8"> </span>by<span class="_"> </span>optical<span class="_ _8"> </span>multi-</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y17 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">plexing<span class="_ _8"> </span>(O<span class="_ _4"></span>TDM)<span class="_ _e"> </span>to<span class="_ _8"> </span>a<span class="_"> </span>high-speed<span class="_ _8"> </span>data<span class="_ _8"> </span>signal.<span class="_"> </span>Currently<span class="_ _2"></span>,<span class="_ _8"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>&#64257;rst</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y18 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">40-Gb/s<span class="_ _9"> </span>systems<span class="_ _9"> </span>based<span class="_ _9"> </span>on<span class="_ _9"> </span>ETDM<span class="_ _9"> </span>hav<span class="_ _4"></span>e<span class="_ _9"> </span>been<span class="_ _9"> </span>installed,<span class="_ _9"> </span>and<span class="_ _9"> </span>in</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y19 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">laboratories,<span class="_ _7"> </span>the<span class="_ _7"> </span>&#64257;rst<span class="_ _9"> </span>100-Gb/s<span class="_ _7"> </span>ETDM<span class="_ _7"> </span>experiments<span class="_ _7"> </span>have<span class="_ _7"> </span>been</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y1a ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">performed.<span class="_ _7"> </span>On<span class="_ _7"> </span>the<span class="_ _10"> </span>other<span class="_ _10"> </span>hand,<span class="_ _7"> </span>at<span class="_ _7"> </span>the<span class="_ _10"> </span>same<span class="_ _7"> </span>data<span class="_ _7"> </span>rates,<span class="_ _10"> </span>OTDM-</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y1b ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">transmission<span class="_ _a"> </span>experiments<span class="_ _a"> </span>were<span class="_ _a"> </span>carried<span class="_ _a"> </span>out<span class="_ _a"> </span>about<span class="_ _a"> </span>ten<span class="_ _a"> </span>years</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y1c ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">earlier<span class="_ _2"></span>.<span class="_ _11"> </span>For<span class="_ _f"> </span>instance,<span class="_ _f"> </span>the<span class="_ _11"> </span>&#64257;rst<span class="_ _f"> </span>100-Gb/s<span class="_ _11"> </span>O<span class="_ _4"></span>TDM-transmission</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y1d ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">experiment<span class="_ _8"> </span>o<span class="_ _4"></span>ver<span class="_ _8"> </span>a<span class="_ _8"> </span>36-km<span class="_ _8"> </span>&#64257;ber<span class="_ _8"> </span>link<span class="_ _8"> </span>w<span class="_ _4"></span>as<span class="_ _8"> </span>already<span class="_ _8"> </span>reported<span class="_ _8"> </span>in<span class="_ _8"> </span>1993</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y1e ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">[1].<span class="_"> </span>Since<span class="_"> </span>then,<span class="_"> </span>OT<span class="_ _4"></span>DM-transmission<span class="_"> </span>technologies<span class="_ _5"> </span>have<span class="_"> </span>made<span class="_"> </span>a</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y1f ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">lot<span class="_ _7"> </span>of<span class="_ _7"> </span>progress<span class="_ _7"> </span>toward<span class="_ _7"> </span>much<span class="_ _7"> </span>higher<span class="_ _7"> </span>bit<span class="_ _7"> </span>rates<span class="_ _9"> </span>and<span class="_ _7"> </span>much<span class="_ _7"> </span>longer</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y20 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">transmission<span class="_ _11"> </span>links,<span class="_ _11"> </span>as<span class="_ _11"> </span>has<span class="_ _f"> </span>been<span class="_ _11"> </span>described<span class="_ _11"> </span>in<span class="_ _11"> </span>several<span class="_ _f"> </span>revie<span class="_ _4"></span>w</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y21 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">articles<span class="_"> </span>[2]&#8211;[4]<span class="_ _10"> </span>and<span class="_ _10"> </span>will<span class="_"> </span>be<span class="_ _10"> </span>discussed<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_ _10"> </span>this<span class="_ _10"> </span>paper<span class="_"> </span>with<span class="_ _10"> </span>special</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y22 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">emphasis<span class="_ _c"> </span>on<span class="_ _c"> </span>the<span class="_ _9"> </span>most<span class="_ _c"> </span>recent<span class="_ _c"> </span>developments.<span class="_ _9"> </span>For<span class="_ _9"> </span>example,<span class="_ _c"> </span>we</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y23 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">will<span class="_ _c"> </span>report<span class="_ _c"> </span>on<span class="_ _6"> </span>160-Gb/s<span class="_ _c"> </span>transmission<span class="_ _c"> </span>over<span class="_ _9"> </span>a<span class="_ _6"> </span>record<span class="_ _c"> </span>length<span class="_ _6"> </span>of</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y24 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">4320<span class="_"> </span>km<span class="_"> </span>[5]<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>on<span class="_"> </span>2.56-Tb/s<span class="_"> </span>transmission<span class="_"> </span>over<span class="_"> </span>160<span class="_"> </span>km<span class="_"> </span>[6].</div><div class="t m0 x6 h8 y25 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">O<span class="_ _4"></span>TDM-transmission<span class="_ _f"> </span>technology<span class="_ _f"> </span>is<span class="_ _f"> </span>often<span class="_ _f"> </span>considered<span class="_ _11"> </span>to<span class="_ _f"> </span>be</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y26 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">an<span class="_ _a"> </span>interim<span class="_ _a"> </span>technique<span class="_ _a"> </span>with<span class="_ _a"> </span>which<span class="_ _a"> </span>to<span class="_ _a"> </span>study<span class="_ _a"> </span>high-speed<span class="_ _a"> </span>data</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y27 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">transmission<span class="_ _10"> </span>in<span class="_ _7"> </span>&#64257;ber<span class="_ _7"> </span>and<span class="_ _7"> </span>which<span class="_ _7"> </span>will<span class="_ _10"> </span>be<span class="_ _7"> </span>replaced<span class="_ _7"> </span>by<span class="_ _7"> </span>ETDM<span class="_ _7"> </span>as</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y28 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">soon<span class="_ _c"> </span>as<span class="_ _6"> </span>electrical<span class="_ _6"> </span>signal<span class="_ _6"> </span>processing<span class="_ _6"> </span>becomes<span class="_ _6"> </span>av<span class="_ _4"></span>ailable<span class="_ _6"> </span>at<span class="_ _6"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y29 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">required<span class="_ _7"> </span>data<span class="_ _7"> </span>rate.<span class="_ _7"> </span>W<span class="_ _2"></span>e<span class="_ _7"> </span>expect<span class="_ _7"> </span>that<span class="_ _7"> </span>ETDM<span class="_ _7"> </span>will<span class="_ _7"> </span>replace<span class="_ _7"> </span>O<span class="_ _4"></span>TDM</div><div class="t m0 x9 ha y2a ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls8 ws0">Manuscript<span class="_"> </span>receiv<span class="_ _4"></span>ed<span class="_"> </span>April<span class="_"> </span>26,<span class="_"> </span>2006;<span class="_"> </span>re<span class="_ _4"></span>vised<span class="_"> </span>September<span class="_"> </span>20,<span class="_"> </span>2006.<span class="_"> </span>This<span class="_ _8"> </span>w<span class="_ _4"></span>ork</div><div class="t m0 x1 ha y2b ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls8 ws0">was<span class="_ _e"> </span>supported<span class="_ _5"> </span>in<span class="_ _5"> </span>part<span class="_ _5"> </span>by<span class="_ _5"> </span>the<span class="_ _e"> </span>Bundesministerium<span class="_ _5"> </span>fuer<span class="_ _5"> </span>Bildung<span class="_ _5"> </span>und<span class="_ _5"> </span>Forschung</div><div class="t m0 x1 ha y2c ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">(BMBF)<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_ _e"> </span>Federal<span class="_"> </span>Republik<span class="_ _e"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>Germany<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_ _e"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>National<span class="_ _e"> </span>Program<span class="_"> </span>&#8220;Multi-</div><div class="t m0 x1 ha y2d ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">T<span class="_ _2"></span>eraNet&#8221;<span class="_ _7"> </span>and<span class="_ _10"> </span>in<span class="_ _10"> </span>part<span class="_ _7"> </span>by<span class="_ _10"> </span>the<span class="_ _10"> </span>Companies<span class="_ _7"> </span>Lucent<span class="_ _10"> </span>T<span class="_ _4"></span>echnologies<span class="_ _10"> </span>in<span class="_ _10"> </span>Nuremberg,</div><div class="t m0 x1 ha y2e ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">Germany<span class="_ _2"></span>,<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>Fujitsu<span class="_"> </span>Laboratories<span class="_"> </span>Ltd.<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_"> </span>Japan.</div><div class="t m0 x9 ha y2f ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">The<span class="_ _f"> </span>authors<span class="_ _6"> </span>are<span class="_ _f"> </span>with<span class="_ _f"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>Fraunhofer<span class="_ _f"> </span>Institute<span class="_ _6"> </span>for<span class="_ _f"> </span>T<span class="_ _4"></span>elecommunications,</div><div class="t m0 x1 ha y30 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">Heinrich-Hertz-Institut,<span class="_ _11"> </span>Einsteinufer<span class="_ _a"> </span>37,<span class="_ _11"> </span>10587<span class="_ _a"> </span>Berlin,<span class="_ _11"> </span>Germany<span class="_ _11"> </span>(e-mail:</div><div class="t m0 x1 ha y31 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls8 ws0">hgweber@hhi.fhg.de;<span class="_ _12"> </span>hgweber@fraunhofer<span class="_ _4"></span>.hhi.de;<span class="_ _12"> </span>ludwig@hhi.fhg.de;</div><div class="t m0 x1 ha y32 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">sebastian.ferber@hhi.fraunhofer<span class="_ _4"></span>.de;<span class="_ _13"> </span>carsten.schmidt-langhorst@hhi.</div><div class="t m0 x1 ha y33 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">fraunhofer<span class="_ _4"></span>.de;<span class="_ _14"> </span>marcel.kroh@gmx.de;<span class="_ _14"> </span>vincent.marembert@web<span class="_ _4"></span>.de;</div><div class="t m0 x1 ha y34 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">chboerner@gmx.de;<span class="_"> </span>colja.schubert@hhi.fhg.de).</div><div class="t m0 x9 ha y35 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">Digital<span class="_"> </span>Object<span class="_"> </span>Identi&#64257;er<span class="_"> </span>10.1109/JL<span class="_ _2"></span>T<span class="_ _2"></span>.2006.885784</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y6 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">at<span class="_ _f"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>TDM<span class="_ _f"> </span>bit<span class="_ _f"> </span>rate<span class="_ _f"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>100<span class="_ _f"> </span>Gb/s<span class="_ _f"> </span>within<span class="_ _f"> </span>the<span class="_ _f"> </span>ne<span class="_ _4"></span>xt<span class="_ _f"> </span>two<span class="_ _6"> </span>years</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y36 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">and<span class="_ _c"> </span>probably<span class="_ _6"> </span>at<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _c"> </span>TDM<span class="_ _6"> </span>bit<span class="_ _c"> </span>rate<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>160<span class="_ _c"> </span>Gb/s<span class="_ _6"> </span>in<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _c"> </span>future.</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y37 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">From<span class="_ _11"> </span>this<span class="_ _a"> </span>vie<span class="_ _4"></span>wpoint,<span class="_ _a"> </span>the<span class="_ _11"> </span>main<span class="_ _15"> </span>task<span class="_ _11"> </span>with<span class="_ _15"> </span>regard<span class="_ _11"> </span>to<span class="_ _15"> </span>OTDM</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y38 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">technology<span class="_ _6"> </span>is<span class="_ _6"> </span>to<span class="_ _6"> </span>in<span class="_ _4"></span>vestigate<span class="_ _c"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>feasibility<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>ultrahigh-speed</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y39 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">data<span class="_ _f"> </span>transmission.<span class="_ _11"> </span>One<span class="_ _f"> </span>has<span class="_ _f"> </span>to<span class="_ _11"> </span>study<span class="_ _f"> </span>how<span class="_ _f"> </span>the<span class="_ _f"> </span>advantages<span class="_ _f"> </span>of</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y3a ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">high<span class="_ _6"> </span>TDM<span class="_ _f"> </span>bit<span class="_ _6"> </span>rates<span class="_ _f"> </span>are<span class="_ _6"> </span>eventually<span class="_ _6"> </span>eroded<span class="_ _f"> </span>by<span class="_ _6"> </span>an<span class="_ _f"> </span>increase<span class="_ _6"> </span>in</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y3b ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">detrimental<span class="_"> </span>effects.<span class="_"> </span>A<span class="_"> </span>higher<span class="_ _10"> </span>TDM<span class="_"> </span>bit<span class="_"> </span>rate<span class="_ _10"> </span>makes<span class="_"> </span>transmission</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y3c ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">systems<span class="_ _11"> </span>more<span class="_ _11"> </span>vulnerable<span class="_ _11"> </span>to<span class="_ _11"> </span>chromatic<span class="_ _11"> </span>dispersion<span class="_ _11"> </span>(CD)<span class="_ _11"> </span>and</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y3d ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">polarization-mode<span class="_ _6"> </span>dispersion<span class="_ _6"> </span>(PMD),<span class="_ _f"> </span>as<span class="_ _6"> </span>well<span class="_ _6"> </span>as<span class="_ _6"> </span>creating<span class="_ _f"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y3e ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">need<span class="_ _c"> </span>for<span class="_ _c"> </span>a<span class="_ _c"> </span>higher<span class="_ _c"> </span>optical<span class="_ _c"> </span>signal-to-noise<span class="_ _c"> </span>ratio<span class="_ _c"> </span>(OSNR)<span class="_ _c"> </span>in<span class="_ _c"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y3f ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">wa<span class="_ _4"></span>velength<span class="_"> </span>channel.<span class="_"> </span>A<span class="_"> </span>higher<span class="_"> </span>OSNR<span class="_ _e"> </span>is<span class="_"> </span>obtained<span class="_"> </span>by<span class="_"> </span>employing</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y40 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">a<span class="_ _f"> </span>higher<span class="_ _f"> </span>signal<span class="_ _f"> </span>power<span class="_ _4"></span>,<span class="_ _f"> </span>and<span class="_ _f"> </span>this<span class="_ _f"> </span>will<span class="_ _f"> </span>make<span class="_ _f"> </span>the<span class="_ _f"> </span>system<span class="_ _f"> </span>more</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y41 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">sensitiv<span class="_ _4"></span>e<span class="_"> </span>to<span class="_"> </span>&#64257;ber<span class="_"> </span>nonlinearity<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 xb h8 y42 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">A<span class="_ _6"> </span>different<span class="_ _6"> </span>and<span class="_ _f"> </span>more<span class="_ _6"> </span>challenging<span class="_ _f"> </span>vie<span class="_ _4"></span>w<span class="_ _6"> </span>as<span class="_ _f"> </span>re<span class="_ _4"></span>gards<span class="_ _f"> </span>O<span class="_ _2"></span>TDM</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y43 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">technology<span class="_ _7"> </span>is<span class="_ _7"> </span>that<span class="_ _7"> </span>optical<span class="_ _7"> </span>networks<span class="_ _7"> </span>will<span class="_ _7"> </span>ev<span class="_ _4"></span>olve<span class="_ _10"> </span>into<span class="_ _7"> </span>&#8220;photonic</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y44 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">networks,&#8221;<span class="_ _f"> </span>in<span class="_ _f"> </span>which<span class="_ _f"> </span>ultrafast<span class="_ _f"> </span>optical<span class="_ _f"> </span>signals<span class="_ _f"> </span>of<span class="_ _11"> </span>an<span class="_ _4"></span>y<span class="_ _f"> </span>bit<span class="_ _11"> </span>rate</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y45 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">and<span class="_ _10"> </span>modulation<span class="_"> </span>format<span class="_ _10"> </span>will<span class="_ _10"> </span>be<span class="_ _10"> </span>transmitted<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_ _10"> </span>processed<span class="_ _10"> </span>from</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y46 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">end<span class="_ _10"> </span>to<span class="_ _7"> </span>end<span class="_ _7"> </span>without<span class="_ _10"> </span>optical&#8211;electrical&#8211;optical<span class="_ _7"> </span>con<span class="_ _4"></span>version.<span class="_ _10"> </span>W<span class="_ _4"></span>ith</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y47 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">this<span class="_ _15"> </span>as<span class="_ _15"> </span>the<span class="_ _a"> </span>target,<span class="_ _15"> </span>O<span class="_ _4"></span>TDM<span class="_ _15"> </span>technology<span class="_ _a"> </span>presents<span class="_ _15"> </span>us<span class="_ _a"> </span>with<span class="_ _15"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y48 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">challenge<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _f"> </span>in<span class="_ _2"></span>vestigating<span class="_ _6"> </span>and<span class="_ _f"> </span>de<span class="_ _4"></span>veloping<span class="_ _6"> </span>high-speed<span class="_ _f"> </span>optical</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y49 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">signal<span class="_ _10"> </span>processing<span class="_ _7"> </span>and<span class="_ _7"> </span>exploring<span class="_ _10"> </span>the<span class="_ _7"> </span>ultimate<span class="_ _10"> </span>capacity<span class="_ _7"> </span>for<span class="_ _7"> </span>&#64257;ber</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y4a ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">transmission<span class="_ _f"> </span>in<span class="_ _f"> </span>a<span class="_ _f"> </span>single<span class="_ _f"> </span>wa<span class="_ _4"></span>velength<span class="_ _f"> </span>channel.<span class="_ _f"> </span>The<span class="_ _f"> </span>&#8220;photonic</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y4b ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">network&#8221;<span class="_"> </span>appears<span class="_"> </span>to<span class="_"> </span>be<span class="_ _e"> </span>a<span class="_"> </span>task<span class="_"> </span>for<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>distant<span class="_"> </span>future,<span class="_ _8"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>ETDM</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y4c ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">technology<span class="_ _10"> </span>will<span class="_ _10"> </span>dominate<span class="_ _7"> </span>commercial<span class="_ _10"> </span>transmission<span class="_ _10"> </span>systems<span class="_ _10"> </span>in</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y4d ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">the<span class="_"> </span>near<span class="_"> </span>future.</div><div class="t m0 xb h8 y4e ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">This<span class="_ _11"> </span>paper<span class="_ _11"> </span>is<span class="_ _11"> </span>or<span class="_ _4"></span>ganized<span class="_ _11"> </span>as<span class="_ _11"> </span>follo<span class="_ _4"></span>ws:<span class="_ _11"> </span>Section<span class="_ _11"> </span>II-A<span class="_ _11"> </span>giv<span class="_ _4"></span>es<span class="_ _11"> </span>a</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y4f ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">general<span class="_"> </span>description<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>an<span class="_"> </span>OTDM<span class="_"> </span>system,<span class="_"> </span>follo<span class="_ _4"></span>wed<span class="_"> </span>by<span class="_"> </span>a<span class="_ _10"> </span>discus-</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y50 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">sion<span class="_ _9"> </span>of<span class="_ _c"> </span>the<span class="_ _9"> </span>OTDM<span class="_ _7"> </span>transmitter<span class="_ _c"> </span>in<span class="_ _c"> </span>Section<span class="_ _9"> </span>II-B,<span class="_ _c"> </span>of<span class="_ _c"> </span>the<span class="_ _9"> </span>OTDM</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y51 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">receiv<span class="_ _4"></span>er<span class="_ _7"> </span>in<span class="_ _9"> </span>Section<span class="_ _9"> </span>II-C,<span class="_ _7"> </span>and<span class="_ _9"> </span>of<span class="_ _9"> </span>the<span class="_ _9"> </span>&#64257;ber<span class="_ _7"> </span>link<span class="_ _9"> </span>in<span class="_ _9"> </span>Section<span class="_ _9"> </span>II-D.</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y52 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">T<span class="_ _4"></span>ransmission<span class="_ _6"> </span>experiments<span class="_ _6"> </span>are<span class="_ _6"> </span>described<span class="_ _f"> </span>in<span class="_ _c"> </span>Section<span class="_ _f"> </span>III,<span class="_ _c"> </span>start-</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y53 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">ing<span class="_ _f"> </span>with<span class="_ _f"> </span>a<span class="_ _f"> </span>revie<span class="_ _4"></span>w<span class="_ _f"> </span>on<span class="_ _f"> </span>160-Gb/s<span class="_ _11"> </span>transmission<span class="_ _f"> </span>experiments<span class="_ _f"> </span>in</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y54 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">Section<span class="_ _f"> </span>III-A<span class="_ _6"> </span>and<span class="_ _f"> </span>follo<span class="_ _4"></span>wed<span class="_ _f"> </span>by<span class="_ _6"> </span>a<span class="_ _f"> </span>detailed<span class="_ _6"> </span>description<span class="_ _f"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>two</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y55 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">160-Gb/s<span class="_ _11"> </span>transmission<span class="_ _f"> </span>experiments,<span class="_ _11"> </span>transmission<span class="_ _f"> </span>with<span class="_ _11"> </span>long-</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y56 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">term<span class="_ _7"> </span>stability<span class="_ _7"> </span>in<span class="_ _7"> </span>Section<span class="_ _7"> </span>III-B,<span class="_ _7"> </span>and<span class="_ _7"> </span>transmission<span class="_ _7"> </span>over<span class="_ _10"> </span>a<span class="_ _7"> </span>record</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y57 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">&#64257;ber<span class="_ _f"> </span>length<span class="_ _11"> </span>of<span class="_ _f"> </span>4320<span class="_ _11"> </span>km<span class="_ _f"> </span>in<span class="_ _f"> </span>Section<span class="_ _11"> </span>III-C.<span class="_ _f"> </span>In<span class="_ _11"> </span>Section<span class="_ _f"> </span>III-D,</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y58 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">we<span class="_ _f"> </span>report<span class="_ _f"> </span>on<span class="_ _f"> </span>transmission<span class="_ _f"> </span>e<span class="_ _4"></span>xperiments<span class="_ _f"> </span>at<span class="_ _f"> </span>data<span class="_ _f"> </span>rates<span class="_ _f"> </span>beyond</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y59 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">160<span class="_"> </span>Gb/s,<span class="_"> </span>including<span class="_"> </span>a<span class="_ _10"> </span>detailed<span class="_"> </span>description<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>a<span class="_ _10"> </span>1.28-Tb/s<span class="_"> </span>trans-</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y5a ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">mission<span class="_ _f"> </span>ov<span class="_ _4"></span>er<span class="_ _f"> </span>240<span class="_ _f"> </span>km<span class="_ _f"> </span>and<span class="_ _f"> </span>on<span class="_ _11"> </span>a<span class="_ _f"> </span>2.56-Tb/s<span class="_ _f"> </span>transmission<span class="_ _f"> </span>ov<span class="_ _4"></span>er</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y5b ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">160<span class="_"> </span>km.<span class="_ _8"> </span>Finally<span class="_ _2"></span>,<span class="_"> </span>Section<span class="_"> </span>IV<span class="_ _8"> </span>summarizes<span class="_"> </span>our<span class="_ _8"> </span>conclusions<span class="_"> </span>on<span class="_"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y5c ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">present<span class="_"> </span>state<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>O<span class="_ _4"></span>TDM<span class="_"> </span>technology<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 xc h8 y5d ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls9 ws0">II.<span class="_ _15"> </span>O<span class="_ _d"></span>T<span class="_ _d"></span>D<span class="_ _d"></span>M<span class="_ _d"></span>-<span class="_ _d"></span>T</div><div class="t m0 xd h8 y5e ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls6 ws0">RANSMISSION<span class="_"> </span><span class="fs3 ls2">S<span class="_ _d"></span></span><span class="lsa">YSTEM</span></div><div class="t m0 xa h5 y5f ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">A.<span class="_"> </span>General<span class="_ _e"> </span>Description</div><div class="t m0 xb h8 y60 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">Fig.<span class="_ _7"> </span>1<span class="_ _7"> </span>(upper<span class="_ _7"> </span>part)<span class="_ _7"> </span>is<span class="_ _7"> </span>a<span class="_ _7"> </span>schematic<span class="_ _7"> </span>illustration<span class="_ _7"> </span>of<span class="_ _7"> </span>a<span class="_ _7"> </span>160-Gb/s</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y61 ff1 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">O<span class="_ _4"></span>TDM-transmission<span class="_ _16"> </span>system<span class="_ _16"> </span>as<span class="_ _16"> </span>an<span class="_ _16"> </span>example.<span class="_ _16"> </span>The<span class="_ _16"> </span>essential</div><div class="t m0 xe ha y62 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">0733-8724/$20.00<span class="_"> </span>&#169;<span class="_"> </span>2006<span class="_"> </span>IEEE</div></div><div class="pi" data-data='{"ctm":[1.616162,0.000000,0.000000,1.616162,0.000000,0.000000]}'></div></div> </body> </html>
评论
    相关推荐