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a simple ,effective lead-acid battery modelling in simulink , good for standalone design
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<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="generator" content="pdf2htmlEX"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/base.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/fancy.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/622b50a03d2fbb0007f8754f/raw.css"> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/compatibility.min.js"></script> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/pdf2htmlEX.min.js"></script> <script> try{ pdf2htmlEX.defaultViewer = new pdf2htmlEX.Viewer({}); }catch(e){} </script> <title></title> </head> <body> <div id="sidebar" style="display: none"> <div id="outline"> </div> </div> <div id="pf1" class="pf w0 h0" data-page-no="1"><div class="pc pc1 w0 h0"><img class="bi x0 y0 w1 h1" alt="" src="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/622b50a03d2fbb0007f8754f/bg1.jpg"><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x2 h2 y2 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x3 h3 y3 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">2007-01-0778 </div><div class="t m0 x4 h4 y4 ff2 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws1">A<span class="_ _0"></span> Simple, Effective Lead-Acid Battery Modeling Process for </div><div class="t m0 x5 h4 y5 ff2 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws1">Electrical System Component Selection </div><div class="t m0 x6 h5 y6 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls4 ws2">Robyn A. Jackey<span class="_ _1"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x7 h2 y7 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws3">The MathWorks, Inc. </div><div class="t m0 x1 h6 y8 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls6 ws4">Copyright &#169; 2007 The MathWorks, Inc. </div><div class="t m0 x1 h7 y9 ff2 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">ABSTRACT </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 ya ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls8 ws5">Electrical system capacity <span class="ls9 ws6">determination for conventional </span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 yb ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 lsa ws7">vehicles can be expensive due <span class="ls0 ws8">to repetitive empirical </span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 yc ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws9">vehicle-level testing. Electrical system modeling and </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 yd ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls8 wsa">simulation have been proposed to reduce the amount of </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 ye ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls8 wsb">physical testing necessary for component selection [1, </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 yf ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 lsb wsc">2]. </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y10 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 lsc wsd">To add value to electrical system component selection, </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y11 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 lsc wse">the electrical system simu<span class="lsa wsf">lation models must regard the </span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y12 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 lsd ws10">electrical system as a whol<span class="lse ws11">e [1]. Electrical system </span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y13 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls9 ws12">simulations are heavily dependent on the battery sub-</div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y14 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws13">model, which is the most complex component to </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y15 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws14">simulate. Methods for modeling the battery are typically </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y16 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 lsf ws15">unclear, difficult, time consuming, and expensive. </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y17 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 lsf ws16">A simple, fast, and effective equivalent circuit model </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y18 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls10 ws17">structure for lead-acid batteries was implemented to </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y19 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 lse ws18">facilitate the battery model <span class="lsf ws19">part of the system model. <span class="_ _2"></span> </span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1a ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 lsa ws1a">The equivalent circuit model has been described in </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1b ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 lsc ws1b">detail. Additionally, tools and processes for estimating </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1c ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 lsc ws1c">the battery parameters from laboratory data were </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1d ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws1d">implemented. After estimating parameters from </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1e ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls9 ws1e">laboratory data, the parameterized battery model was </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1f ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 lsc ws1f">used for electrical system simulation. The battery model </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y20 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls11 ws20">was capable of providing accurate simulation results and </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y21 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls12 ws21">very fast simulation speed. </div><div class="t m0 x1 h7 y22 ff2 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls13 ws0">INTRODUCTION </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y23 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls8 ws22">Modeling and simulation are important for electrical </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y24 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws23">system capacity determinat<span class="lsc ws24">ion and optimum component </span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y25 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 lsc ws25">selection. The battery sub-<span class="ls0 ws26">model is a very important </span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y26 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws27">part of an electrical system simulation, and the battery </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y27 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws28">model needs to be high-fidelity to achieve meaningful </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y28 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 lsa ws29">simulation results. Current lead-acid battery models can </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y29 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws2a">be expensive, difficult to parameterize, and time </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y2a ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws23">consuming to set up. In this paper, an alternative lead-</div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y2b ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 lsa ws2b">acid battery system model has been proposed, which </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y2c ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 lsc ws2c">provided drive cycle simula<span class="ls9 ws2d">tion accuracy of battery </span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y2d ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws2e">voltage within 3.2%, and simulation speed of up to </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y2e ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws2f">10,000 times real-time on a typical PC. </div><div class="t m0 x8 h2 y2f ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws30">In Figure 1, a conventional <span class="ls14 ws31">design process is contrasted </span></div><div class="t m0 x8 h2 y30 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls10 ws32">with Model-Based Design for electrical system </div><div class="t m0 x8 h2 y31 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls8 ws33">component selection. The <span class="ls15 ws34">conventional design process </span></div><div class="t m0 x8 h2 y32 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls8 ws35">for component selection, shown in Figure 1a, involves a </div><div class="t m0 x8 h2 y33 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws36">costly, time-consuming, iter<span class="lsa ws37">ative process of building a </span></div><div class="t m0 x8 h2 y34 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls12 ws38">test vehicle, evaluating per<span class="ls5 ws39">formance, and then modifying </span></div><div class="t m0 x8 h2 y35 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls10 ws3a">the electrical system co<span class="lsa ws3b">mponents. Using Model-Based </span></div><div class="t m0 x8 h2 y36 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls8 ws3c">Design, Figure 1b, introduces additional steps that make </div><div class="t m0 x8 h2 y37 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls8 ws3d">the overall design process more efficient. Model-Based </div><div class="t m0 x8 h2 y38 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls8 ws3e">Design requires only one or two iterations of modifying </div><div class="t m0 x8 h2 y39 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls8 ws3f">the test vehicle and re-verif<span class="ls9 ws40">ying the electrical system </span></div><div class="t m0 x8 h2 y3a ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls8 ws0">design. </div><div class="t m0 x8 h2 y3b ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x8 h8 y3c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls9 ws41">Figure 1 [6]: Component Selection Processes </div><div class="t m0 x9 h9 y3d ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls16 ws42">Build Test </div><div class="t m0 xa h9 y3e ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls17 ws0">Vehicle </div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y3f ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls18 ws0">Finalize </div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y40 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls17 ws0">Vehicle </div><div class="t m0 xc ha y41 ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls19 ws0">Evaluate</div><div class="c xc y42 w2 hb"><div class="t m0 xd ha y43 ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div></div><div class="t m0 xb ha y44 ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls1a ws0">Results</div><div class="c xe y45 w3 hc"><div class="t m0 x0 ha y46 ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div></div><div class="t m0 xf ha y47 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls1b ws43">1a. Conventional </div><div class="t m0 xa ha y48 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls18 ws0">Design </div><div class="t m0 x10 ha y47 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls1c ws44">1b. Model-Based </div><div class="t m0 x11 ha y48 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls18 ws0">Design </div><div class="t m0 xa h9 y49 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls1c ws0">Specify </div><div class="t m0 xc h9 y4a ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls1d ws0">Electrical </div><div class="t m0 x12 h9 y4b ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls1d ws0">Architecture</div><div class="c x13 y4c w4 hb"><div class="t m0 x0 h9 y43 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div></div><div class="t m0 x14 ha y4d ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls16 ws0">Modify </div><div class="t m0 x15 ha y4e ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls17 ws0">Test </div><div class="c x16 y4f w5 hd"><div class="t m0 x0 ha y50 ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">V</div></div><div class="t m0 x15 ha y51 ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls1e ws0">ehicle</div><div class="c x17 y4f w6 hd"><div class="t m0 x0 ha y50 ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div></div><div class="t m0 x18 h9 y49 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls1c ws0">Specify </div><div class="t m0 x19 h9 y4a ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls1d ws0">Electrical </div><div class="t m0 x1a h9 y4b ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls1d ws0">Architecture</div><div class="c x1b y4c w7 hb"><div class="t m0 x0 h9 y43 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div></div><div class="t m0 x6 h9 y52 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls1f ws0">Test </div><div class="t m0 x1c h9 y53 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls20 ws0">Components </div><div class="t m0 x1d h9 y54 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls21 ws0">Develop </div><div class="t m0 x1e h9 y55 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls1a ws45">System Model</div><div class="c x1f y56 w8 hb"><div class="t m0 x0 h9 y43 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div></div><div class="t m0 x20 h9 y54 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls16 ws42">Build Test </div><div class="t m0 x21 h9 y55 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls17 ws0">Vehicle </div><div class="t m0 x18 h9 y57 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls22 ws0">Validate </div><div class="t m0 x22 h9 y58 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls16 ws42">System Model </div><div class="t m0 x22 h9 y59 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls23 ws46">(Vehicle Test)</div><div class="c x23 y5a w9 hb"><div class="t m0 x0 h9 y43 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div></div><div class="t m0 x24 h9 y5b ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls1d ws44">Optimize Design </div><div class="t m0 x25 h9 y5c ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls21 ws47">through Simulation</div><div class="c x26 y5d wa hb"><div class="t m0 x0 h9 y5e ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div></div><div class="t m0 x27 h9 y5f ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls20 ws43">Specify Optimal </div><div class="t m0 x28 h9 y60 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls20 ws0">Components </div><div class="t m0 x20 h9 y5f ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls24 ws48">Modify Test </div><div class="t m0 x29 h9 y60 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls17 ws0">Vehicle </div><div class="t m0 x1c h9 y61 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls1b ws49">Verify System </div><div class="t m0 x2a h9 y62 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls21 ws0">Performance </div><div class="t m0 x1c h9 y63 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls23 ws46">(Vehicle Test)</div><div class="c x2b y64 w4 hb"><div class="t m0 x0 h9 y5e ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div></div><div class="t m0 x2c ha y65 ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls25 ws0">Validate </div><div class="t m0 x2d ha y66 ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls20 ws43">System Model </div><div class="t m0 x2e ha y67 ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls20 ws44">(Vehicle Test)</div><div class="c x2f y68 wb hb"><div class="t m0 x0 ha y43 ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div></div></div><div class="pi" data-data='{"ctm":[1.568627,0.000000,0.000000,1.568627,0.000000,0.000000]}'></div></div> </body> </html>
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