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Optimal Operating Performances of Wireless Protocols for Intelligent Sensors Applications
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内容介绍
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="generator" content="pdf2htmlEX"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/base.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/fancy.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/622b95d53d2fbb0007846794/raw.css"> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/compatibility.min.js"></script> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/pdf2htmlEX.min.js"></script> <script> try{ pdf2htmlEX.defaultViewer = new pdf2htmlEX.Viewer({}); }catch(e){} </script> <title></title> </head> <body> <div id="sidebar" style="display: none"> <div id="outline"> </div> </div> <div id="pf1" class="pf w0 h0" data-page-no="1"><div class="pc pc1 w0 h0"><img class="bi x0 y0 w1 h1" alt="" src="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/622b95d53d2fbb0007846794/bg1.jpg"><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> <span class="ls1">V<span class="_ _0"></span>ol. 5, No. 4 April 2014 <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_ _1"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _2"> </span> <span class="_ _3"> </span>ISSN 2079-840<span class="_ _4"></span>7 </span></div><div class="t m0 x2 h3 y2 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">Journal of Emer<span class="_ _0"></span>ging Trends in<span class="_ _0"></span> Computing and <span class="_ _0"></span>Information <span class="_ _0"></span>Sciences </div><div class="t m0 x3 h2 y3 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">&#169;2009-2014 CIS<span class="_ _4"></span> Journal. <span class="_ _0"></span>All rights reserved.<span class="_ _4"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x4 h4 y4 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x5 h4 y5 ff3 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">http://www<span class="_ _0"></span>.cisjournal.org<span class="fs2"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x6 h5 y6 ff3 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">265<span class="fs4"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x7 h6 y7 ff3 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x8 h7 y8 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">Optimal Operating<span class="_ _4"></span> Performances of W<span class="_ _0"></span>ireless Pr<span class="_ _0"></span>otoco<span class="_ _4"></span>ls for Intelligent </div><div class="t m0 x9 h7 y9 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">Sensors <span class="_ _5"></span>Applications<span class="_ _4"></span> </div><div class="t m0 xa h8 ya ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">1 </div><div class="t m0 xb h9 yb ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">Chakkor Saad, </div><div class="t m0 xc h8 ya ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">2 </div><div class="t m0 xd h9 yb ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">El Ahmadi Cheikh<span class="_ _0"></span>, </div><div class="t m0 xe h8 ya ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">3 </div><div class="t m0 xf h9 yb ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">Baghouri M<span class="_ _0"></span>ostafa, </div><div class="t m0 x10 h8 ya ff4 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">4 </div><div class="t m0 x11 h9 yb ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">Hajraoui Abder<span class="_ _0"></span>rahmane </div><div class="t m0 x12 ha yc ff3 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">1,2,3,4</div><div class="t m0 x13 h6 yd ff3 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0"> Department of Physics, Team<span class="_ _0"></span>: Co<span class="_ _4"></span>mmunication and Detection Sy<span class="_ _0"></span>stems,<span class="_ _4"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x14 h6 ye ff3 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">University of Abdelmalek Essa&#226;di, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco </div><div class="t m0 x15 h6 yf ff3 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x16 hb y10 ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">ABSTRACT </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y11 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">The <span class="_ _2"></span>systems <span class="_ _6"></span>based <span class="_ _2"></span>on <span class="_ _6"></span>intelligent <span class="_ _2"></span>sensors <span class="_ _6"></span>are <span class="_ _2"></span>currently <span class="_ _6"></span>expandin<span class="_ _4"></span>g, <span class="_ _6"></span>due <span class="_ _2"></span>to <span class="_ _6"></span>theirs <span class="_ _2"></span>functions <span class="_ _6"></span>and <span class="_ _2"></span>theirs <span class="_ _6"></span>per<span class="_ _4"></span>formances <span class="_ _6"></span>o<span class="_ _4"></span>f </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y12 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">intelligence: <span class="_ _2"></span>transmitting <span class="_ _2"></span>and <span class="_ _2"></span>receiving <span class="_ _6"></span>data <span class="_ _2"></span>in <span class="_ _2"></span>real<span class="_ _4"></span>-time, <span class="_ _2"></span>computation <span class="_ _2"></span>and <span class="_ _2"></span>processing <span class="_ _6"></span>a<span class="_ _4"></span>lgorithms, <span class="_ _2"></span>metrology <span class="_ _6"></span>r<span class="_ _4"></span>emote, </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y13 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">diagnos<span class="ff5">tics, <span class="_ _2"></span>automation <span class="_ _2"></span>and <span class="_ _2"></span>storage <span class="_ _2"></span>measurements&#8230;The <span class="_ _2"></span>radio <span class="_ _2"></span>frequency <span class="_ _2"></span>wireless <span class="_ _2"></span>communication <span class="_ _2"></span>with <span class="_ _2"></span>its <span class="_ _2"></span>mu<span class="_ _0"></span>ltitude </span></div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y14 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">offers a b<span class="_ _4"></span>etter solutio<span class="_ _4"></span>n for <span class="_ _4"></span>data traffic i<span class="_ _4"></span>n this <span class="_ _4"></span>kind of s<span class="_ _4"></span>ystems. T<span class="_ _4"></span>he mains ob<span class="_ _4"></span>jectives of <span class="_ _4"></span>this <span class="_ _6"></span>paper is to <span class="_ _4"></span>present a so<span class="_ _4"></span>lution </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y15 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">of the<span class="_ _4"></span> <span class="_ _4"></span>problem <span class="_ _4"></span>related<span class="_ _4"></span> <span class="_ _4"></span>to <span class="_ _4"></span>the <span class="_ _4"></span>selection <span class="_ _4"></span>criteria <span class="_ _4"></span>o<span class="_ _4"></span>f a <span class="_ _4"></span>b<span class="_ _4"></span>etter <span class="_ _4"></span>wireless <span class="_ _4"></span>co<span class="_ _4"></span>mmunication <span class="_ _4"></span>technolo<span class="_ _4"></span>gy face<span class="_ _4"></span> <span class="_ _4"></span>up <span class="_ _4"></span>to <span class="_ _4"></span>the <span class="_ _4"></span>constrai<span class="_ _4"></span>nts </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y16 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">imposed <span class="_ _4"></span>by <span class="_ _4"></span>the <span class="_ _4"></span>intended <span class="_ _4"></span>ap<span class="_ _4"></span>plication <span class="_ _4"></span>and <span class="_ _4"></span>the <span class="_ _4"></span>evaluation <span class="_ _4"></span>o<span class="_ _4"></span>f it<span class="_ _4"></span>s ke<span class="_ _4"></span>y <span class="_ _4"></span>features. <span class="_ _4"></span>The <span class="_ _4"></span>co<span class="_ _4"></span>mparison <span class="_ _4"></span>between <span class="_ _4"></span>the <span class="_ _6"></span>different <span class="_ _7"></span>wir<span class="ls2">e-</span></div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y17 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">less <span class="_ _2"></span>technologies <span class="_ _2"></span>(Wi<span class="_ _4"></span>-Fi, <span class="_ _2"></span>Wi<span class="_ _4"></span>-Max, <span class="_ _2"></span>UWB<span class="_ _4"></span>, <span class="_ _2"></span>Bluetooth, <span class="_ _2"></span>Zi<span class="_ _4"></span>gBee, <span class="_ _2"></span>ZigBeeIP,<span class="_ _4"></span> <span class="_ _2"></span>GSM/GPRS) <span class="_ _2"></span>focuses <span class="_ _2"></span>o<span class="_ _4"></span>n <span class="_ _2"></span>their <span class="_ _2"></span>perfor<span class="_ _4"></span>mance </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y18 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">which <span class="_ _7"></span>dep<span class="_ _4"></span>ends <span class="_ _7"></span>on <span class="_ _7"></span>the <span class="_ _6"></span>areas <span class="_ _7"></span>o<span class="_ _4"></span>f <span class="_ _7"></span>utilization. <span class="_ _7"></span>F<span class="_ _4"></span>urthermore, <span class="_ _6"></span>it <span class="_ _7"></span>shows <span class="_ _7"></span>the <span class="_ _6"></span>limits <span class="_ _7"></span>o<span class="_ _4"></span>f <span class="_ _7"></span>their <span class="_ _6"></span>characteristics. <span class="_ _2"></span>Study <span class="_ _7"></span>findin<span class="_ _4"></span>gs <span class="_ _7"></span>can </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y19 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">be <span class="_ _7"></span>used <span class="_ _6"></span>by <span class="_ _7"></span>the <span class="_ _7"></span>d<span class="_ _4"></span>evelopers/ <span class="_ _7"></span>engineers <span class="_ _6"></span>to <span class="_ _7"></span>ded<span class="_ _4"></span>uce <span class="_ _7"></span>the <span class="_ _7"></span>optimal<span class="_ _4"></span> <span class="_ _6"></span>mode <span class="_ _7"></span>to <span class="_ _6"></span>integrate <span class="_ _7"></span>and <span class="_ _7"></span>to<span class="_ _4"></span> <span class="_ _7"></span>operate <span class="_ _7"></span>a <span class="_ _6"></span>system <span class="_ _7"></span>that <span class="_ _7"></span>guara<span class="_ _4"></span>ntees </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y1a ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">quality <span class="_ _7"></span>of <span class="_ _7"></span>communicatio<span class="_ _4"></span>n, <span class="_ _7"></span>minimizing <span class="_ _7"></span>energy <span class="_ _7"></span>co<span class="_ _4"></span>nsumption,<span class="_ _4"></span> <span class="_ _7"></span>reducing <span class="_ _7"></span>the <span class="_ _7"></span>impleme<span class="_ _4"></span>ntation <span class="_ _7"></span>cost <span class="_ _7"></span>and <span class="_ _7"></span>a<span class="_ _4"></span>voiding <span class="_ _7"></span>time <span class="_ _7"></span>co<span class="_ _6"></span><span class="ls3">n-</span></div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y1b ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">straints. </div><div class="t m0 x7 hd y1c ff4 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">Keywords:<span class="ff3"> <span class="ff6 fs4">Wireless communicati<span class="_ _4"></span>ons, Performances, Energy, Protocols, Intelligent sensors, Appli<span class="_ _0"></span>cations<span class="_ _4"></span>. </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y1d ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x7 hb y1e ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">1.<span class="ls4"> </span>INTRODUCTION </div><div class="t m0 x17 hc y1f ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">Wireless <span class="_ _8"> </span>technologies <span class="_ _8"> </span>have <span class="_ _9"> </span>made <span class="_ _8"> </span>significant </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y20 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">progress <span class="_ _a"> </span>in <span class="_ _1"> </span>recent <span class="_ _3"> </span>years, <span class="_ _1"> </span>allo<span class="_ _4"></span>wing <span class="_ _a"> </span>many <span class="_ _a"> </span>applications <span class="_ _a"> </span>in </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y21 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">addition <span class="_ _b"> </span>to <span class="_ _b"> </span>traditional <span class="_ _b"> </span>voice <span class="_ _b"> </span>comm<span class="_ _0"></span>unicatio<span class="_ _4"></span>ns <span class="_ _b"> </span>and <span class="_ _c"> </span>the </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y22 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">transmission o<span class="_ _4"></span>f high<span class="_ _4"></span>-speed d<span class="_ _4"></span>ata <span class="_ _4"></span>with sophisticated <span class="_ _4"></span>mobile<span class="_ _4"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y23 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">devices <span class="_ _6"></span>and <span class="_ _6"></span>s<span class="_ _4"></span>mart <span class="_ _6"></span>obj<span class="_ _4"></span>ects. <span class="_ _6"></span>In <span class="_ _6"></span>fact, <span class="_ _6"></span>they <span class="_ _6"></span>also <span class="_ _2"></span>changed <span class="_ _6"></span>the </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y24 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">field <span class="_ _4"></span>of<span class="_ _4"></span> <span class="_ _7"></span>metrology <span class="_ _7"></span>especially <span class="_ _7"></span>the <span class="_ _4"></span>se<span class="_ _4"></span>nsor <span class="_ _7"></span>networks <span class="_ _7"></span>and <span class="_ _7"></span>the </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y25 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">smart <span class="_ _6"></span>sensors. <span class="_ _2"></span>The <span class="_ _6"></span>establishment <span class="_ _2"></span>of <span class="_ _7"></span>a<span class="_ _4"></span>n <span class="_ _6"></span>intel<span class="_ _4"></span>lige<span class="_ _4"></span>nt <span class="_ _6"></span>sensor<span class="_ _4"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y26 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">system <span class="_ _2"></span>requires <span class="_ _2"></span>the <span class="_ _2"></span>insertion <span class="_ _2"></span>of <span class="_ _1"> </span>wireless <span class="_ _2"></span>communication </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y27 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">which <span class="_ _1"> </span>has <span class="_ _1"> </span>cha<span class="_ _4"></span>nged <span class="_ _1"> </span>the <span class="_ _a"> </span>world <span class="_ _1"> </span>o<span class="_ _4"></span>f <span class="_ _1"> </span>tele<span class="_ _4"></span>communications. <span class="_ _1"> </span>It<span class="_ _4"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y28 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">can be <span class="_ _4"></span>used i<span class="_ _4"></span>n many si<span class="_ _4"></span>tuations <span class="_ _4"></span>where <span class="_ _4"></span>mobility is <span class="_ _4"></span>essential </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y29 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">and <span class="_ _6"></span>the <span class="_ _6"></span>wires <span class="_ _6"></span>ar<span class="_ _4"></span>e <span class="_ _6"></span>not <span class="_ _6"></span>pr<span class="_ _4"></span>actical. <span class="_ _6"></span>Today, <span class="_ _6"></span>the <span class="_ _6"></span>e<span class="_ _4"></span>mergence <span class="_ _6"></span>of </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y2a ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">radio <span class="_"> </span>frequency <span class="_ _a"> </span>wireles<span class="_ _4"></span>s <span class="_ _3"> </span>technologies <span class="_"> </span>suggests <span class="_ _3"> </span>that <span class="_ _3"> </span>the </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y2b ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">expensive <span class="_ _1"></span>wiring <span class="_ _2"></span>can <span class="_ _1"> </span>be <span class="_ _1"></span>reduced <span class="_ _1"></span>or <span class="_ _2"></span>eliminated. <span class="_ _1"></span>Various </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y2c ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">technologies <span class="_ _8"> </span>have <span class="_ _d"> </span>emerged <span class="_ _8"> </span>providing <span class="_ _d"> </span>co<span class="_ _4"></span>mmunication </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y2d ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">differently. <span class="_ _2"></span>T<span class="_ _4"></span>his <span class="_ _2"></span>di<span class="_ _4"></span>fference <span class="_ _2"></span>lies <span class="_ _1"> </span>in <span class="_ _1"> </span>the <span class="_ _2"></span>q<span class="_ _4"></span>uality <span class="_ _2"></span>of<span class="_ _4"></span> <span class="_ _2"></span>service<span class="_ _4"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y2e ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">and <span class="_ _6"></span>in<span class="_ _4"></span> <span class="_ _6"></span>so<span class="_ _4"></span>me <span class="_ _6"></span>cons<span class="_ _4"></span>traints <span class="_ _6"></span>r<span class="_ _4"></span>elated <span class="_ _2"></span>on <span class="_ _6"></span>the <span class="_ _2"></span>application <span class="_ _2"></span>a<span class="_ _4"></span>nd <span class="_ _6"></span>it<span class="_ _4"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y2f ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">environment. <span class="_ _e"> </span>The <span class="_ _e"> </span>main <span class="_ _e"> </span>constraints <span class="_ _e"> </span>to <span class="_ _e"> </span>be <span class="_ _e"> </span>overco<span class="_ _4"></span>me <span class="_"> </span>in </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y30 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">choosing <span class="_ _a"> </span>a <span class="_ _3"> </span>wireless <span class="_ _a"> </span>technology <span class="_ _a"> </span>revolve <span class="_ _a"> </span>ar<span class="_ _4"></span>ound <span class="_ _a"> </span>the <span class="_ _3"> </span>fo<span class="ls5">l-</span></div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y31 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">lowing conditions [1]<span class="_ _4"></span>, [2]: <span class="_ _1"> </span> </div><div class="t m0 x18 hc y32 ff7 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">&#61623;<span class="ff1"> <span class="_ _f"> </span><span class="ff3">Range <span class="_"> </span> </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x18 hc y33 ff7 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">&#61623;<span class="ff1"> <span class="_ _f"> </span><span class="ff3">Reliability </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x18 hc y34 ff7 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">&#61623;<span class="ff1"> <span class="_ _f"> </span><span class="ff3">Bandwidth </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x18 hc y35 ff7 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">&#61623;<span class="ff1"> <span class="_ _f"> </span><span class="ff3">conformity (standards)<span class="_ _4"></span> </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x19 hc y36 ff7 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">&#61623;<span class="ff1"> <span class="_ _f"> </span><span class="ff3">Security </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x19 hc y37 ff7 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">&#61623;<span class="ff1"> <span class="_ _f"> </span><span class="ff3">Cost </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x19 hc y38 ff7 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">&#61623;<span class="ff1"> <span class="_ _f"> </span><span class="ff3">Energy consumption<span class="_ _4"></span> </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x19 hc y39 ff7 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">&#61623;<span class="ff1"> <span class="_ _f"> </span><span class="ff3">Speed <span class="_ _b"> </span>and <span class="_ _b"> </span>transmission <span class="_ _b"> </span>type <span class="_ _b"> </span>(s<span class="_ _4"></span>ynchronous, </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x1a hc y3a ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">asynchronous)<span class="_ _4"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x19 hc y3b ff7 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">&#61623;<span class="ff1"> <span class="_ _f"> </span><span class="ff3">Network architecture (to<span class="_ _4"></span>pology) </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x19 hc y3c ff7 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">&#61623;<span class="ff1"> <span class="_ _f"> </span><span class="ff3">Environnent <span class="_"> </span>(noise, <span class="_"> </span>o<span class="_ _4"></span>bstacles, <span class="_ _e"> </span>weather, <span class="_"> </span>hy<span class="ls6">p-</span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 x1a hc y3d ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">sometry) </div><div class="t m0 x1b hc y3e ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x1a hc y3f ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">In <span class="_ _6"></span>the <span class="_ _6"></span>related <span class="_ _2"></span>work, <span class="_ _6"></span>many <span class="_ _6"></span>research <span class="_ _6"></span>studie<span class="_ _4"></span>s <span class="_ _6"></span>have </div><div class="t m0 x1c hc y40 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">been <span class="_ _c"> </span>f<span class="_ _0"></span>ocused o<span class="_ _4"></span>n <span class="_ _c"> </span>w<span class="_ _0"></span>ireless <span class="_ _c"> </span>sensor <span class="_ _10"> </span>networks <span class="_ _10"> </span>to <span class="_ _c"> </span>improve </div><div class="t m0 x1c hc y41 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">communication <span class="_ _e"> </span>proto<span class="_ _4"></span>cols <span class="_ _e"> </span>in <span class="_"> </span>or<span class="_ _4"></span>der <span class="_ _e"> </span>to <span class="_"> </span>solve <span class="_ _e"> </span>the <span class="_ _e"> </span>energ<span class="_ _4"></span>y </div><div class="t m0 x1c hc y42 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">constraint, <span class="_ _6"></span>to <span class="_ _2"></span>increase <span class="_ _6"></span>the <span class="_ _6"></span>lev<span class="_ _4"></span>el <span class="_ _6"></span>of <span class="_ _6"></span>sec<span class="_ _4"></span>urity <span class="_ _6"></span>and <span class="_ _6"></span>pr<span class="_ _4"></span>ecision </div><div class="t m0 x1c hc y43 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">and <span class="_ _2"></span>to <span class="_ _2"></span>expand <span class="_ _6"></span>auto<span class="_ _4"></span>nomy <span class="_ _2"></span>because <span class="_ _2"></span>feasibility <span class="_ _2"></span>and <span class="_ _2"></span>profit<span class="ls2">a-</span></div><div class="t m0 x1c hc y44 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">bility <span class="_ _4"></span>reaso<span class="_ _4"></span>ns <span class="_ _7"></span>[3-7]. <span class="_ _7"></span>On <span class="_ _7"></span>the <span class="_ _7"></span>other <span class="_ _7"></span>side, <span class="_ _7"></span>the <span class="_ _7"></span>field <span class="_ _4"></span>o<span class="_ _4"></span>f <span class="_ _4"></span>i<span class="_ _4"></span>ntell<span class="ls7">i-</span></div><div class="t m0 x1c hc y45 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">gent sensors <span class="_ _0"></span>remains fertile <span class="_ _0"></span>and opens its <span class="_ _0"></span>doors to <span class="_ _0"></span>research </div><div class="t m0 x1c hc y46 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">and <span class="_ _a"> </span>innovatio<span class="_ _4"></span>n, <span class="_ _a"> </span>it <span class="_"> </span>is <span class="_ _a"> </span>a <span class="_ _a"> </span>true <span class="_ _3"> </span>scientific <span class="_ _a"> </span>a<span class="_ _4"></span>nd <span class="_ _a"> </span>tech<span class="_ _4"></span>nological </div><div class="t m0 x1c hc y47 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">challenge in<span class="_ _0"></span> so <span class="_ _0"></span>far as <span class="_ _0"></span>the <span class="_ _0"></span>topology and <span class="_ _0"></span>the <span class="_ _0"></span>infrastr<span class="_ _4"></span>ucture of </div><div class="t m0 x1c hc y48 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">the <span class="_ _2"></span>s<span class="_ _4"></span>ystems <span class="_ _2"></span>b<span class="_ _4"></span>ased <span class="_ _1"> </span>on <span class="_ _1"> </span>intelligent <span class="_ _2"></span>sen<span class="_ _4"></span>sors <span class="_ _1"> </span>are <span class="_ _1"> </span>greatly <span class="_ _2"></span>di<span class="_ _4"></span><span class="ls8">f-</span></div><div class="t m0 x1c hc y49 ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">ferent <span class="_ _7"></span>compared <span class="_ _6"></span>to <span class="_ _6"></span>w<span class="_ _0"></span>ire<span class="_ _4"></span>less <span class="_ _7"></span>s<span class="_ _4"></span>ensor <span class="_ _7"></span>networks, <span class="_ _6"></span>particularly<span class="_ _4"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x1c hc y4a ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">in <span class="_ _1"> </span>terms <span class="_ _a"> </span>of <span class="_ _1"> </span>size <span class="_ _1"> </span>(<span class="_ _4"></span>number <span class="_ _1"> </span>o<span class="_ _4"></span>f <span class="_ _1"> </span>nodes<span class="_ _4"></span>) <span class="_ _a"> </span>and <span class="_ _1"> </span>routing. <span class="_ _1"> </span>I<span class="_ _4"></span>n <span class="_ _1"> </span>this </div><div class="t m0 x1c hc y4b ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">paper, <span class="_ _2"></span>we <span class="_ _2"></span>present <span class="_ _2"></span>on <span class="_ _2"></span>o<span class="_ _4"></span>ne <span class="_ _2"></span>hand <span class="_ _2"></span>the <span class="_ _2"></span>bas<span class="_ _4"></span>ic <span class="_ _2"></span>concepts <span class="_ _2"></span>o<span class="_ _4"></span>f <span class="_ _2"></span>an </div><div class="t m0 x1c hc y4c ff3 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">intelligent <span class="_ _2"></span>se<span class="_ _4"></span>nsor: <span class="_ _2"></span>functio<span class="_ _4"></span>ns, <span class="_ _2"></span>generic <span class="_ _1"> </span>struct<span class="_ _4"></span>ure, <span class="_ _2"></span>it <span class="_ _1"> </span>control </div><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m1"></div></a></div><div class="pi" data-data='{"ctm":[1.612578,0.000000,0.000000,1.612578,0.000000,0.000000]}'></div></div> </body> </html>
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