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Fifty Years of MIMO Detection The Road to Large-Scale MIMOs
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内容介绍
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="generator" content="pdf2htmlEX"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/base.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/fancy.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/625d627dbe9ad24cfa8009a4/raw.css"> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/compatibility.min.js"></script> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/pdf2htmlEX.min.js"></script> <script> try{ pdf2htmlEX.defaultViewer = new pdf2htmlEX.Viewer({}); }catch(e){} </script> <title></title> </head> <body> <div id="sidebar" style="display: none"> <div id="outline"> </div> </div> <div id="pf1" class="pf w0 h0" data-page-no="1"><div class="pc pc1 w0 h0"><img class="bi x0 y0 w1 h1" alt="" src="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/625d627dbe9ad24cfa8009a4/bg1.jpg"><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1553-877X (c) 2015 IEEE. Personal use is permitted, but republication/redistribution requires IEEE permission. See</div><div class="t m0 x2 h2 y2 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">http://www.ieee.org/publications_standards/publications/rights/index.html for more information.</div><div class="t m0 x3 h2 y3 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">This article has been accepted for publication in a future issue of this journal, but has not been fully edited. Content may change prior to final publication. Citation information: DOI</div><div class="t m0 x4 h2 y4 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">10.1109/COMST.2015.2475242, IEEE Communications Surveys &amp; Tutorials</div><div class="t m0 x5 h3 y5 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">SUBMITTED<span class="_ _0"> </span>TO<span class="_ _0"> </span>IEEE<span class="_ _0"> </span>COMMUNICA<span class="_ _1"></span>TIONS<span class="_ _0"> </span>SUR<span class="_ _2"></span>VEYS<span class="_ _0"> </span>&amp;<span class="_ _0"> </span>TUTORIALS,<span class="_ _0"> </span>2015<span class="_ _3"> </span>1</div><div class="t m0 x6 h4 y6 ff2 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Fifty<span class="_ _4"> </span>Y<span class="_ _5"></span>ears<span class="_ _4"> </span>of<span class="_ _4"> </span>MIMO<span class="_ _4"> </span>Detection:<span class="_ _4"> </span>The<span class="_ _4"> </span>Road<span class="_ _4"> </span>to</div><div class="t m0 x7 h4 y7 ff2 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Lar<span class="_ _2"></span>ge-Scale<span class="_ _4"> </span>MIMOs</div><div class="t m0 x8 h5 y8 ff2 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Shaoshi<span class="_ _6"> </span>Y<span class="_ _1"></span>ang,<span class="_ _6"> </span><span class="ff3">Member<span class="_ _7"></span>,<span class="_ _6"> </span>IEEE<span class="_ _8"> </span><span class="ff2">and<span class="_ _6"> </span>Lajos<span class="_ _6"> </span>Hanzo,<span class="_ _6"> </span></span>F<span class="_ _1"></span>ellow<span class="_ _1"></span>,<span class="_ _6"> </span>IEEE</span></div><div class="t m0 x9 h6 y9 ff4 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Abstract<span class="ff5">&#8212;The<span class="_ _9"> </span>emerging<span class="_ _9"> </span>massiv<span class="_ _a"></span>e/large-scale<span class="_ _9"> </span>multiple-input</span></div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 ya ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">multiple-output<span class="_ _b"> </span>(LS-MIMO)<span class="_ _b"> </span>systems<span class="_ _b"> </span>that<span class="_ _b"> </span>rely<span class="_ _b"> </span>on<span class="_ _b"> </span>v<span class="_ _a"></span>ery<span class="_ _b"> </span>large<span class="_ _b"> </span>an-</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 yb ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">tenna<span class="_ _c"> </span>arrays<span class="_ _c"> </span>hav<span class="_ _2"></span>e<span class="_ _c"> </span>become<span class="_ _c"> </span>a<span class="_ _c"> </span>hot<span class="_ _c"> </span>topic<span class="_ _c"> </span>of<span class="_ _c"> </span>wireless<span class="_ _c"> </span>communications.</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 yc ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Compared<span class="_ _c"> </span>to<span class="_ _d"> </span>multi-antenna<span class="_ _0"> </span>aided<span class="_ _d"> </span>systems<span class="_ _0"> </span>being<span class="_ _0"> </span>built<span class="_ _0"> </span>at<span class="_ _d"> </span>the<span class="_ _0"> </span>time</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 yd ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">of<span class="_ _6"> </span>writing,<span class="_ _6"> </span>such<span class="_ _6"> </span>as<span class="_ _e"> </span>the<span class="_ _e"> </span>long-term<span class="_ _6"> </span>evolution<span class="_ _e"> </span>(L<span class="_ _1"></span>TE)<span class="_ _6"> </span>based<span class="_ _6"> </span>fourth</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 ye ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">generation<span class="_ _b"> </span>(4G)<span class="_ _e"> </span>mobile<span class="_ _b"> </span>communication<span class="_ _e"> </span>system<span class="_ _b"> </span>which<span class="_ _e"> </span>allows<span class="_ _b"> </span>for</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 yf ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">up<span class="_ _6"> </span>to<span class="_ _6"> </span>eight<span class="_ _8"> </span>antenna<span class="_ _6"> </span>elements<span class="_ _6"> </span>at<span class="_ _8"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>base<span class="_ _6"> </span>station<span class="_ _8"> </span>(BS),<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>LS-</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y10 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">MIMO<span class="_ _f"> </span>system<span class="_ _f"> </span>entails<span class="_ _f"> </span>an<span class="_ _f"> </span>unprecedented<span class="_ _f"> </span>number<span class="_ _f"> </span>of<span class="_ _f"> </span>antennas,</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y11 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">say<span class="_ _b"> </span>100<span class="_ _b"> </span>or<span class="_ _b"> </span>mor<span class="_ _a"></span>e,<span class="_ _b"> </span>at<span class="_ _b"> </span>the<span class="_ _b"> </span>BS.<span class="_ _d"> </span>The<span class="_ _b"> </span>huge<span class="_ _b"> </span>leap<span class="_ _b"> </span>in<span class="_ _b"> </span>the<span class="_ _b"> </span>number<span class="_ _b"> </span>of<span class="_ _b"> </span>BS</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y12 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">antennas<span class="_ _c"> </span>opens<span class="_ _c"> </span>the<span class="_ _c"> </span>door<span class="_ _c"> </span>to<span class="_ _c"> </span>a<span class="_ _c"> </span>new<span class="_ _c"> </span>re<span class="_ _a"></span>search<span class="_ _c"> </span>&#64257;eld<span class="_ _c"> </span>in<span class="_ _c"> </span>communication</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y13 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">theory<span class="_ _2"></span>,<span class="_ _c"> </span>propagation<span class="_ _c"> </span>and<span class="_ _c"> </span>electronics,<span class="_ _c"> </span>where<span class="_ _c"> </span>random<span class="_ _c"> </span>matrix<span class="_ _c"> </span>theory</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y14 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">begins<span class="_ _8"> </span>to<span class="_ _f"> </span>play<span class="_ _8"> </span>a<span class="_ _8"> </span>dominant<span class="_ _f"> </span>r<span class="_ _a"></span>ole.<span class="_ _8"> </span>Interestingly<span class="_ _2"></span>,<span class="_ _f"> </span>LS-MIMOs<span class="_ _6"> </span>also</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y15 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">constitute<span class="_ _10"> </span>a<span class="_ _10"> </span>perfect<span class="_ _10"> </span>example<span class="_ _10"> </span>of<span class="_ _10"> </span>one<span class="_ _10"> </span>of<span class="_ _10"> </span>the<span class="_ _10"> </span>key<span class="_ _10"> </span>philosophical</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y16 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">principles<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>Hegelian<span class="_ _6"> </span>Dialectics,<span class="_ _6"> </span>namely<span class="_ _6"> </span>that<span class="_ _6"> </span>&#8220;quantitative</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y17 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">change<span class="_ _b"> </span>leads<span class="_ _e"> </span>to<span class="_ _b"> </span>qualitative<span class="_ _b"> </span>change&#8221;.</div><div class="t m0 x9 h7 y18 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">In<span class="_ _11"> </span>this<span class="_ _11"> </span>treatise,<span class="_ _10"> </span>we<span class="_ _11"> </span>provide<span class="_ _10"> </span>a<span class="_ _11"> </span>recital<span class="_ _11"> </span>on<span class="_ _11"> </span>the<span class="_ _11"> </span>historic<span class="_ _11"> </span>her<span class="_ _a"></span>-</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y19 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">itages<span class="_ _e"> </span>and<span class="_ _e"> </span>novel<span class="_ _b"> </span>challenges<span class="_ _e"> </span>facing<span class="_ _6"> </span>LS-MIMOs<span class="_ _e"> </span>from<span class="_ _b"> </span>a<span class="_ _6"> </span>detection</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y1a ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">perspective.<span class="_ _f"> </span>Firstly<span class="_ _2"></span>,<span class="_ _10"> </span>we<span class="_ _10"> </span>highlight<span class="_ _f"> </span>the<span class="_ _10"> </span>fundamentals<span class="_ _10"> </span>of<span class="_ _f"> </span>MIMO</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y1b ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">detection,<span class="_ _d"> </span>including<span class="_ _b"> </span>the<span class="_ _b"> </span>natur<span class="_ _2"></span>e<span class="_ _b"> </span>of<span class="_ _b"> </span>co-channel<span class="_ _d"> </span>interference<span class="_ _d"> </span>(CCI),</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y1c ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">the<span class="_ _c"> </span>generality<span class="_ _c"> </span>of<span class="_ _12"> </span>the<span class="_ _12"> </span>MIMO<span class="_ _c"> </span>detection<span class="_ _c"> </span>problem,<span class="_ _12"> </span>the<span class="_ _c"> </span>recei<span class="_ _2"></span>ved<span class="_ _c"> </span>signal</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y1d ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">models<span class="_ _c"> </span>of<span class="_ _c"> </span>both<span class="_ _c"> </span>linear<span class="_ _0"> </span>memoryless<span class="_ _c"> </span>MIMO<span class="_ _c"> </span>channels<span class="_ _0"> </span>and<span class="_ _c"> </span>dispersive</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y1e ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">MIMO<span class="_ _10"> </span>channels<span class="_ _10"> </span>exhibiting<span class="_ _f"> </span>memory<span class="_ _a"></span>,<span class="_ _10"> </span>as<span class="_ _10"> </span>well<span class="_ _f"> </span>as<span class="_ _10"> </span>the<span class="_ _10"> </span>complex-</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y1f ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">valued<span class="_ _13"> </span>versus<span class="_ _13"> </span>real-v<span class="_ _a"></span>alued<span class="_ _13"> </span>MIMO<span class="_ _13"> </span>system<span class="_ _14"> </span>models.<span class="_ _13"> </span>Then,<span class="_ _13"> </span>an</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y20 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">extensive<span class="_ _b"> </span>r<span class="_ _a"></span>eview<span class="_ _b"> </span>of<span class="_ _b"> </span>the<span class="_ _b"> </span>repr<span class="_ _a"></span>esentative<span class="_ _b"> </span>MIMO<span class="_ _b"> </span>detection<span class="_ _b"> </span>methods</div><div class="t m0 x5 h6 y21 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">conceived<span class="_ _12"> </span>during<span class="_ _c"> </span>the<span class="_ _c"> </span>past<span class="_ _c"> </span>&#64257;fty<span class="_ _c"> </span>years<span class="_ _c"> </span>(<span class="ff4">1965-2015</span>)<span class="_ _c"> </span>is<span class="_ _c"> </span>presented,<span class="_ _12"> </span>and</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y22 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">rele<span class="_ _2"></span>vant<span class="_ _6"> </span>insights<span class="_ _6"> </span>as<span class="_ _6"> </span>well<span class="_ _6"> </span>as<span class="_ _6"> </span>lessons<span class="_ _6"> </span>are<span class="_ _e"> </span>inferred<span class="_ _e"> </span>for<span class="_ _e"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>sake<span class="_ _6"> </span>of</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y23 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">designing<span class="_ _8"> </span>complexity-scalable<span class="_ _8"> </span>MIMO<span class="_ _8"> </span>detection<span class="_ _8"> </span>algorithms<span class="_ _8"> </span>that</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y24 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">are<span class="_ _8"> </span>potentially<span class="_ _15"> </span>applicable<span class="_ _8"> </span>to<span class="_ _15"> </span>LS-MIMO<span class="_ _15"> </span>systems.<span class="_ _15"> </span>Furthermore,</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y25 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">we<span class="_ _e"> </span>divide<span class="_ _e"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>LS-MIMO<span class="_ _e"> </span>systems<span class="_ _6"> </span>into<span class="_ _e"> </span>two<span class="_ _e"> </span>types,<span class="_ _6"> </span>and<span class="_ _e"> </span>elaborate</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y26 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">on<span class="_ _d"> </span>the<span class="_ _0"> </span>distinct<span class="_ _d"> </span>detection<span class="_ _d"> </span>strategies<span class="_ _d"> </span>suitable<span class="_ _d"> </span>f<span class="_ _2"></span>or<span class="_ _d"> </span>each<span class="_ _d"> </span>of<span class="_ _d"> </span>them.<span class="_ _d"> </span>The</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y27 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">type-I<span class="_ _e"> </span>LS-MIMO<span class="_ _e"> </span>corr<span class="_ _a"></span>esponds<span class="_ _e"> </span>to<span class="_ _e"> </span>the<span class="_ _b"> </span>case<span class="_ _e"> </span>where<span class="_ _e"> </span>the<span class="_ _e"> </span>number<span class="_ _b"> </span>of</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y28 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">active<span class="_ _e"> </span>users<span class="_ _6"> </span>is<span class="_ _6"> </span>much<span class="_ _6"> </span>smaller<span class="_ _6"> </span>than<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>number<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>BS<span class="_ _6"> </span>antennas,</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y29 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">which<span class="_ _b"> </span>is<span class="_ _b"> </span>currently<span class="_ _b"> </span>the<span class="_ _b"> </span>mainstream<span class="_ _b"> </span>de&#64257;nition<span class="_ _b"> </span>of<span class="_ _e"> </span>LS-MIMO.<span class="_ _b"> </span>The</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y2a ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">type-II<span class="_ _15"> </span>LS-MIMO<span class="_ _15"> </span>corresponds<span class="_ _15"> </span>to<span class="_ _f"> </span>the<span class="_ _15"> </span>case<span class="_ _f"> </span>where<span class="_ _15"> </span>the<span class="_ _15"> </span>number</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y2b ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">of<span class="_ _15"> </span>active<span class="_ _15"> </span>users<span class="_ _f"> </span>is<span class="_ _f"> </span>comparable<span class="_ _15"> </span>to<span class="_ _f"> </span>the<span class="_ _f"> </span>number<span class="_ _15"> </span>of<span class="_ _f"> </span>BS<span class="_ _f"> </span>antennas.</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y2c ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Finally<span class="_ _2"></span>,<span class="_ _b"> </span>we<span class="_ _b"> </span>discuss<span class="_ _b"> </span>the<span class="_ _b"> </span>applicability<span class="_ _e"> </span>of<span class="_ _b"> </span>existing<span class="_ _b"> </span>MIMO<span class="_ _b"> </span>detection</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y2d ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">algorithms<span class="_ _d"> </span>in<span class="_ _b"> </span>LS-MIMO<span class="_ _d"> </span>systems,<span class="_ _b"> </span>and<span class="_ _d"> </span>review<span class="_ _d"> </span>some<span class="_ _b"> </span>of<span class="_ _d"> </span>the<span class="_ _b"> </span>r<span class="_ _2"></span>ecent</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y2e ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">advances<span class="_ _b"> </span>in<span class="_ _b"> </span>LS-MIMO<span class="_ _e"> </span>detection.</div><div class="t m0 x9 h6 y2f ff4 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Index<span class="_ _13"> </span>T<span class="_ _1"></span>erms<span class="ff5">&#8212;Co-channel<span class="_ _13"> </span>interfer<span class="_ _2"></span>ence<span class="_ _13"> </span>(CCI),<span class="_ _13"> </span>equalization,</span></div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y30 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">large-scale/massiv<span class="_ _a"></span>e<span class="_ _f"> </span>MIMO,<span class="_ _10"> </span>multiuser<span class="_ _f"> </span>detection,<span class="_ _10"> </span>MIMO<span class="_ _f"> </span>detec-</div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 y31 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">tion.</div><div class="t m0 x2 h8 y32 ff2 fs5 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">G<span class="_ _16"></span><span class="fs6">L<span class="_ _16"></span>O<span class="_ _16"></span>S<span class="_ _16"></span>S<span class="_ _16"></span>A<span class="_ _16"></span>RY</span></div><div class="t m0 x9 h9 y33 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">3G<span class="_ _17"> </span>third<span class="_ _d"> </span>generation.</div><div class="t m0 x9 h9 y34 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">4G<span class="_ _17"> </span>fourth<span class="_ _d"> </span>generation.</div><div class="t m0 x9 h9 y35 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">5G<span class="_ _17"> </span>&#64257;fth<span class="_ _d"> </span>generation.</div><div class="t m0 x9 h9 y36 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">A-CPD<span class="_ _2"></span>A<span class="_ _18"> </span>approximate<span class="_ _d"> </span>complex-v<span class="_ _2"></span>alued<span class="_ _d"> </span>probabilistic<span class="_ _d"> </span>data<span class="_ _d"> </span>association.</div><div class="t m0 xa h9 y37 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">The<span class="_ _6"> </span>&#64257;nancial<span class="_ _6"> </span>support<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>Research<span class="_ _6"> </span>Councils<span class="_ _6"> </span>UK<span class="_ _6"> </span>(RCUK)<span class="_ _6"> </span>under<span class="_ _6"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 x5 h9 y38 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">India-UK<span class="_ _f"> </span>Advanced<span class="_ _15"> </span>T<span class="_ _2"></span>echnology<span class="_ _f"> </span>Center<span class="_ _f"> </span>(IU-A<span class="_ _1"></span>TC),<span class="_ _f"> </span>of<span class="_ _15"> </span>the<span class="_ _f"> </span>EU<span class="_ _f"> </span>under<span class="_ _f"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 x5 h9 y39 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">auspices<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>Concerto<span class="_ _6"> </span>project,<span class="_ _6"> </span>and<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>European<span class="_ _6"> </span>Research<span class="_ _6"> </span>Councils</div><div class="t m0 x5 h9 y3a ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Advanced<span class="_ _0"> </span>Fellow<span class="_ _d"> </span>Grant<span class="_ _d"> </span>is<span class="_ _0"> </span>gratefully<span class="_ _d"> </span>acknowledged.</div><div class="t m0 xa h9 y3b ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">The<span class="_ _6"> </span>authors<span class="_ _6"> </span>are<span class="_ _6"> </span>with<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>School<span class="_ _8"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>Electronics<span class="_ _6"> </span>and<span class="_ _6"> </span>Computer<span class="_ _6"> </span>Science,</div><div class="t m0 x5 ha y3c ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Univ<span class="_ _2"></span>ersity<span class="_ _10"> </span>of<span class="_ _10"> </span>Southampton,<span class="_ _10"> </span>Southampton,<span class="_ _10"> </span>SO17<span class="_ _10"> </span>1BJ,<span class="_ _10"> </span>UK<span class="_ _10"> </span>(e-mail:<span class="_ _10"> </span><span class="ff6">{</span>lh,</div><div class="t m0 x5 ha y3d ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">shaoshi.yang<span class="ff6">}</span>@ecs.soton.ac.uk).</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y3e ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">A<span class="_ _2"></span>CO<span class="_ _19"> </span>ant<span class="_ _d"> </span>colony<span class="_ _0"> </span>optimization.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y3f ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">AME<span class="_ _1a"> </span>asymptotic-multiuser-ef<span class="_ _2"></span>&#64257;ciency<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y40 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">APP<span class="_ _1b"> </span><span class="ff3">a<span class="_ _d"> </span>posteriori<span class="_ _d"> </span></span>probability<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y41 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">ASIC<span class="_ _1c"> </span>application-speci&#64257;c<span class="_ _d"> </span>integrated<span class="_ _0"> </span>circuit.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y42 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">A<span class="_ _1"></span>WGN<span class="_ _1d"> </span>additiv<span class="_ _2"></span>e<span class="_ _d"> </span>white<span class="_ _d"> </span>Gaussian<span class="_ _d"> </span>noise.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y43 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">B<span class="_ _a"></span>ALM<span class="_ _1e"> </span>block<span class="_ _d"> </span>alternating<span class="_ _d"> </span>likelihood<span class="_ _0"> </span>maximization.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y44 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">BC-SDPR<span class="_ _1f"> </span>bound-constrained<span class="_ _d"> </span>semide&#64257;nite<span class="_ _d"> </span>programming<span class="_ _d"> </span>relaxation.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y45 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">BER<span class="_ _20"> </span>bit-error<span class="_ _d"> </span>rate.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y46 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">BI-GDFE<span class="_ _21"> </span>block-iterativ<span class="_ _2"></span>e<span class="_ _d"> </span>generalized<span class="_ _d"> </span>decision<span class="_ _d"> </span>feedback<span class="_ _d"> </span>equalizer<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y47 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">BLER<span class="_ _22"> </span>block-error<span class="_ _d"> </span>rate.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y48 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">BP<span class="_ _17"> </span>belief<span class="_ _d"> </span>propagation.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y49 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">BPSK<span class="_ _23"> </span>binary<span class="_ _d"> </span>phase-shift<span class="_ _d"> </span>ke<span class="_ _a"></span>ying.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y4a ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">BS<span class="_ _17"> </span>base<span class="_ _d"> </span>station.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y4b ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">CA<span class="_ _2"></span>GR<span class="_ _24"> </span>compound<span class="_ _d"> </span>annual<span class="_ _d"> </span>grow<span class="_ _a"></span>th<span class="_ _d"> </span>rate.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y4c ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">CCI<span class="_ _25"> </span>co-channel<span class="_ _d"> </span>interference.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y4d ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">CDM<span class="_ _1c"> </span>code-division<span class="_ _0"> </span>multiplexing.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y4e ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">CDMA<span class="_ _1d"> </span>code-division<span class="_ _0"> </span>multiple-access.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y4f ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">CLPS<span class="_ _26"> </span>closest<span class="_ _d"> </span>lattice-point<span class="_ _d"> </span>search.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y50 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">CMOS<span class="_ _1e"> </span>complementary<span class="_ _d"> </span>metal-oxide<span class="_ _d"> </span>semiconductor<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y51 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">CPD<span class="_ _2"></span>A<span class="_ _27"> </span>complex-v<span class="_ _2"></span>alued<span class="_ _d"> </span>probabilistic<span class="_ _d"> </span>data<span class="_ _d"> </span>association.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y52 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">CR<span class="_ _28"> </span>cognitiv<span class="_ _2"></span>e<span class="_ _d"> </span>radio.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y53 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">DFD<span class="_ _29"> </span>decision-feedback<span class="_ _d"> </span>detector<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y54 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">DMT<span class="_ _1a"> </span>div<span class="_ _2"></span>ersity-multiplexing<span class="_ _d"> </span>tradeoff.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y55 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">DS-CDMA<span class="_ _2a"> </span>direct-sequence<span class="_ _d"> </span>code-division<span class="_ _0"> </span>multiple-access.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y56 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">DSNR<span class="_ _2b"> </span>decreasing<span class="_ _d"> </span>signal-to-noise<span class="_ _d"> </span>ratio.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y57 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">EB<span class="_ _2c"> </span>exabytes.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y58 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">EM<span class="_ _2d"> </span>expectation-maximization.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y59 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">EXIT<span class="_ _1c"> </span>extrinsic<span class="_ _0"> </span>information<span class="_ _d"> </span>transfer.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y5a ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">FCSD<span class="_ _23"> </span>&#64257;xed-complexity<span class="_ _0"> </span>sphere<span class="_ _d"> </span>decoding/decoder<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y5b ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">FDM<span class="_ _2e"> </span>frequency-di<span class="_ _2"></span>vision<span class="_ _d"> </span>multiplexing.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y5c ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">FDMA<span class="_ _2f"> </span>frequency-di<span class="_ _2"></span>vision<span class="_ _d"> </span>multiple-access.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y5d ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">FEC<span class="_ _1b"> </span>forward-error-correction.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y5e ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">FER<span class="_ _1b"> </span>frame-error<span class="_ _d"> </span>rate.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y5f ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">FH-CDMA<span class="_ _2a"> </span>frequency-hopped<span class="_ _0"> </span>code-division<span class="_ _d"> </span>multiple-access.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y60 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">FIR<span class="_ _30"> </span>&#64257;nite<span class="_ _d"> </span>impulse<span class="_ _d"> </span>response.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y61 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">GA<span class="_ _31"> </span>genetic<span class="_ _d"> </span>algorithm.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y62 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">GSNR<span class="_ _2b"> </span>greatest<span class="_ _d"> </span>signal-to-noise<span class="_ _d"> </span>ratio.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y63 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">HNN<span class="_ _2e"> </span>Hop&#64257;eld<span class="_ _d"> </span>neural<span class="_ _d"> </span>network.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y64 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">IAI<span class="_ _32"> </span>interantenna<span class="_ _d"> </span>interference.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y65 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">IC<span class="_ _33"> </span>integrated<span class="_ _0"> </span>circuit.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y66 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">ICI<span class="_ _28"> </span>interchannel<span class="_ _d"> </span>interference.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y67 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">IDD<span class="_ _34"> </span>iterativ<span class="_ _2"></span>e<span class="_ _d"> </span>detection<span class="_ _d"> </span>and<span class="_ _d"> </span>decoding.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y68 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">IMSE<span class="_ _26"> </span>increasing<span class="_ _d"> </span>mean-square<span class="_ _d"> </span>error<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y69 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">ISI<span class="_ _17"> </span>intersymbol<span class="_ _d"> </span>interference.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y6a ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">JPD<span class="_ _2"></span>A<span class="_ _35"> </span>joint<span class="_ _d"> </span>probabilistic<span class="_ _d"> </span>data<span class="_ _d"> </span>association.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y6b ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">LAS<span class="_ _36"> </span>likelihood<span class="_ _d"> </span>ascent<span class="_ _0"> </span>search.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y6c ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">LDPC<span class="_ _22"> </span>low-density<span class="_ _0"> </span>parity-check.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y6d ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">LLL<span class="_ _1b"> </span>Lenstra-Lenstra-Lov</div><div class="t m0 xc h9 y6e ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#180;</div><div class="t m0 xc h9 y6d ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">asz.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y6f ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">LMSE<span class="_ _2b"> </span>least<span class="_ _d"> </span>mean-square<span class="_ _d"> </span>error<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y70 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">LR<span class="_ _2c"> </span>lattice-reduction.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y71 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">LS<span class="_ _37"> </span>least-squares.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y72 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">LS-MIMO<span class="_ _38"> </span>large-scale<span class="_ _0"> </span>multiple-input<span class="_ _d"> </span>multiple-output.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y73 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">LSD<span class="_ _36"> </span>list<span class="_ _d"> </span>sphere<span class="_ _d"> </span>decoding.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y74 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">L<span class="_ _1"></span>TE<span class="_ _39"> </span>long-term<span class="_ _d"> </span>ev<span class="_ _2"></span>olution.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y75 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">L<span class="_ _1"></span>TE-A<span class="_ _3a"> </span>Long<span class="_ _d"> </span>T<span class="_ _2"></span>erm<span class="_ _d"> </span>Evolution-Adv<span class="_ _2"></span>anced.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y76 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">M2M<span class="_ _1c"> </span>machine-to-machine.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y77 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">MAI<span class="_ _20"> </span>multiple-access<span class="_ _d"> </span>interference.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y78 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">MAME<span class="_ _3b"> </span>maximum<span class="_ _d"> </span>asymptotic-multiuser-ef<span class="_ _2"></span>&#64257;ciency<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y79 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">MAP<span class="_ _2e"> </span>maximum<span class="_ _d"> </span><span class="ff3">a<span class="_ _d"> </span>posteriori</span>.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y7a ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">MBER<span class="_ _1e"> </span>minimum<span class="_ _d"> </span>bit<span class="_ _d"> </span>error<span class="_ _d"> </span>rate.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y7b ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">MC-CDMA<span class="_ _9"> </span>multicarrier<span class="_ _d"> </span>code-di<span class="_ _2"></span>vision<span class="_ _d"> </span>multiple-access.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y7c ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">MED<span class="_ _1a"> </span>minimum<span class="_ _d"> </span>Euclidean<span class="_ _d"> </span>distance.</div><div class="t m0 xb h9 y7d ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">MF<span class="_ _31"> </span>matched<span class="_ _d"> </span>&#64257;lter<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div></div><div class="pi" data-data='{"ctm":[1.568627,0.000000,0.000000,1.568627,0.000000,0.000000]}'></div></div> </body> </html>
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