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Battery model for PSCAD
battery_model.zip
  • battery_model
  • OBJ_files
  • IF_obj
  • battery_Int.obj
    6KB
  • C6_obj
  • battery_Cq.obj
    7.1KB
  • GF_obj
  • battery_v1.o
    7.6KB
  • battery simple model 1.pdf
    781.1KB
  • Bat_expl_user.pscx
    64.4KB
  • New_Battery_report.docx
    337.8KB
内容介绍
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="generator" content="pdf2htmlEX"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/base.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/fancy.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/62699fae0990925c0453d34a/raw.css"> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/compatibility.min.js"></script> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/pdf2htmlEX.min.js"></script> <script> try{ pdf2htmlEX.defaultViewer = new pdf2htmlEX.Viewer({}); }catch(e){} </script> <title></title> </head> <body> <div id="sidebar" style="display: none"> <div id="outline"> </div> </div> <div id="pf1" class="pf w0 h0" data-page-no="1"><div class="pc pc1 w0 h0"><img class="bi x0 y0 w1 h1" alt="" src="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/62699fae0990925c0453d34a/bg1.jpg"><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">EVS24</div><div class="t m0 x2 h2 y2 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Stavanger<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_"> </span>Norway<span class="_ _1"></span>,<span class="_"> </span>May<span class="_"> </span>13<span class="_"> </span>-<span class="_"> </span>16,<span class="_"> </span>2009</div><div class="t m0 x3 h3 y3 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Experimental<span class="_ _2"> </span>V<span class="_ _0"></span>alidation<span class="_ _2"> </span>of<span class="_ _2"> </span>a<span class="_ _2"> </span>Battery<span class="_ _2"> </span>Dynamic<span class="_ _2"> </span>Model<span class="_ _2"> </span>f<span class="_ _3"></span>or<span class="_ _2"> </span>EV</div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y4 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">A<span class="_ _3"></span>pplications</div><div class="t m0 x5 h4 y5 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Oli<span class="_ _3"></span>vier<span class="_"> </span>T<span class="_ _3"></span>remblay</div><div class="t m0 x6 h5 y6 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x7 h4 y5 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">,<span class="_"> </span>Louis-A.<span class="_"> </span>Dessaint</div><div class="t m0 x8 h6 y7 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Electrical<span class="_"> </span>Engineering<span class="_"> </span>Department,</div><div class="t m0 x9 h6 y8 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#180;</div><div class="t m0 xa h6 y7 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Ecole<span class="_"> </span>de<span class="_"> </span>T<span class="_ _1"></span>echnolo<span class="_ _3"></span>gie<span class="_"> </span>Sup</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y9 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#180;</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y7 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">erieur<span class="_ _3"></span>e</div><div class="t m0 xc h7 ya ff5 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 xd h6 yb ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Email:<span class="_ _4"> </span>olivier<span class="_ _1"></span>.tr<span class="_ _5"></span>emblay<span class="_ _5"></span>.1@ens.etsmtl.ca</div><div class="t m0 xe h8 yc ff2 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Abstract</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 yd ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">This<span class="_"> </span>paper<span class="_"> </span>presents<span class="_ _4"> </span>an<span class="_"> </span>improved<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>easy-to-use<span class="_ _4"> </span>battery<span class="_"> </span>dynamic<span class="_"> </span>model.<span class="_ _6"> </span>The<span class="_"> </span>charge<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_ _4"> </span>discharge<span class="_"> </span>dynamics</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 ye ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of<span class="_ _7"> </span>the<span class="_ _7"> </span>battery<span class="_ _7"> </span>model<span class="_ _7"> </span>are<span class="_ _7"> </span>v<span class="_ _3"></span>alidated<span class="_ _7"> </span>experimentally<span class="_ _4"> </span>with<span class="_ _7"> </span>four<span class="_ _7"> </span>batteries<span class="_ _7"> </span>types.<span class="_ _8"> </span>An<span class="_ _7"> </span>interesting<span class="_ _7"> </span>feature<span class="_ _7"> </span>of<span class="_ _7"> </span>this<span class="_ _7"> </span>model</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 yf ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">is<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>simplicity<span class="_ _6"> </span>to<span class="_ _6"> </span>extract<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>dynamic<span class="_ _6"> </span>model<span class="_ _6"> </span>parameters<span class="_ _6"> </span>from<span class="_ _6"> </span>batteries<span class="_ _6"> </span>datasheets.<span class="_ _9"> </span>Only<span class="_ _6"> </span>three<span class="_ _6"> </span>points<span class="_ _6"> </span>on<span class="_ _6"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y10 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">manufacturer&#8217;<span class="_ _1"></span>s<span class="_ _a"> </span>discharge<span class="_ _7"> </span>curve<span class="_ _7"> </span>in<span class="_ _7"> </span>steady<span class="_ _a"> </span>state<span class="_ _7"> </span>are<span class="_ _a"> </span>required<span class="_ _7"> </span>to<span class="_ _a"> </span>obtain<span class="_ _7"> </span>the<span class="_ _a"> </span>parameters.<span class="_ _b"> </span>Finally<span class="_ _1"></span>,<span class="_ _a"> </span>the<span class="_ _a"> </span>battery<span class="_ _7"> </span>model</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y11 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">is<span class="_ _4"> </span>included<span class="_ _7"> </span>in<span class="_ _7"> </span>the<span class="_ _4"> </span>SimPowerSystems<span class="_ _4"> </span>simulation<span class="_ _7"> </span>software<span class="_ _4"> </span>and<span class="_ _7"> </span>used<span class="_ _7"> </span>in<span class="_ _4"> </span>a<span class="_ _7"> </span>detailed<span class="_ _7"> </span>simulation<span class="_ _4"> </span>of<span class="_ _7"> </span>an<span class="_ _7"> </span>electric<span class="_ _4"> </span>vehicle</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y12 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">based<span class="_ _7"> </span>on<span class="_ _a"> </span>a<span class="_ _a"> </span>hybrid<span class="_ _7"> </span>fuel<span class="_ _a"> </span>cell-battery<span class="_ _a"> </span>power<span class="_ _7"> </span>source.<span class="_ _b"> </span>The<span class="_ _a"> </span>results<span class="_ _a"> </span>show<span class="_ _7"> </span>that<span class="_ _7"> </span>the<span class="_ _a"> </span>model<span class="_ _a"> </span>can<span class="_ _a"> </span>accurately<span class="_ _7"> </span>represent<span class="_ _a"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y13 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">dynamic<span class="_"> </span>behaviour<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>battery<span class="_ _1"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 xe h6 y14 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">K<span class="_ _5"></span>eywor<span class="_ _5"></span>ds:<span class="_ _4"> </span>Simulation;<span class="_"> </span>Battery<span class="_"> </span>Model;<span class="_"> </span>SimP<span class="_ _1"></span>owerSystems;<span class="_"> </span>Fuel<span class="_"> </span>Cell<span class="_"> </span>V<span class="_ _1"></span>ehicle</div><div class="t m0 xe ha y15 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1<span class="_ _c"> </span>Intr<span class="_ _3"></span>oduction</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y16 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">The<span class="_ _a"> </span>central<span class="_ _6"> </span>element<span class="_ _a"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>electric<span class="_ _6"> </span>vehicles<span class="_ _a"> </span>(EV)<span class="_ _a"> </span>and<span class="_ _6"> </span>of</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y17 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">more<span class="_ _a"> </span>electric<span class="_ _6"> </span>systems<span class="_ _a"> </span>in<span class="_ _6"> </span>general<span class="_ _a"> </span>is<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _a"> </span>battery<span class="_ _5"></span>.<span class="_ _d"> </span>This</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y18 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">element<span class="_ _e"> </span>stores<span class="_ _e"> </span>a<span class="_ _e"> </span>great<span class="_ _e"> </span>amount<span class="_ _e"> </span>of<span class="_ _e"> </span>energy<span class="_ _e"> </span>to<span class="_ _e"> </span>be<span class="_ _e"> </span>re-</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y19 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">lease<span class="_ _a"> </span>when<span class="_ _a"> </span>necessary<span class="_ _1"></span>.<span class="_ _d"> </span>The<span class="_ _7"> </span>battery<span class="_ _a"> </span>enables<span class="_ _a"> </span>regenera-</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y1a ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">tiv<span class="_ _5"></span>e<span class="_"> </span>braking<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_ _f"> </span>an<span class="_"> </span>EV<span class="_ _f"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>allo<span class="_ _5"></span>ws<span class="_"> </span>to<span class="_"> </span>supplement<span class="_ _f"> </span>a<span class="_"> </span>slo<span class="_ _5"></span>w</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y1b ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">dynamic<span class="_ _a"> </span>energy<span class="_ _a"> </span>source,<span class="_ _6"> </span>such<span class="_ _a"> </span>as<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _a"> </span>fuel<span class="_ _a"> </span>cell.<span class="_ _d"> </span>Bene-</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y1c ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#64257;ts<span class="_ _f"> </span>are<span class="_"> </span>dra<span class="_ _5"></span>wn<span class="_"> </span>from<span class="_ _f"> </span>these<span class="_ _f"> </span>features<span class="_ _f"> </span>in<span class="_"> </span>EVs<span class="_ _f"> </span>based<span class="_ _f"> </span>on<span class="_ _f"> </span>fuel</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y1d ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">cells<span class="_ _6"> </span>such<span class="_ _6"> </span>as<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _10"> </span>Honda<span class="_ _6"> </span>FCX<span class="_ _6"> </span>Clarity<span class="_ _5"></span>.<span class="_ _9"> </span>The<span class="_ _6"> </span>battery&#8217;<span class="_ _5"></span>s</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y1e ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">management<span class="_ _6"> </span>system<span class="_ _6"> </span>(BMS)<span class="_ _a"> </span>must<span class="_ _6"> </span>ensure<span class="_ _6"> </span>an<span class="_ _6"> </span>ef&#64257;cient</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y1f ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">management<span class="_ _6"> </span>battery&#8217;<span class="_ _5"></span>s<span class="_ _6"> </span>state<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _10"> </span>charge<span class="_ _a"> </span>(SOC).<span class="_ _10"> </span>T<span class="_ _1"></span>o<span class="_ _6"> </span>ac-</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y20 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">complish<span class="_ _a"> </span>this,<span class="_ _10"> </span>the<span class="_ _a"> </span>designer<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _a"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>BMS<span class="_ _a"> </span>must<span class="_ _6"> </span>have<span class="_ _7"> </span>a</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y21 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">detailed<span class="_ _f"> </span>simulation<span class="_ _f"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_ _f"> </span>EV&#8217;<span class="_ _1"></span>s<span class="_ _f"> </span>traction<span class="_ _f"> </span>system<span class="_"> </span>includ-</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y22 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ing<span class="_"> </span>a<span class="_"> </span>detailed<span class="_"> </span>model<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>battery<span class="_ _1"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y23 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">There<span class="_ _a"> </span>are<span class="_ _a"> </span>basically<span class="_ _6"> </span>three<span class="_ _a"> </span>types<span class="_ _a"> </span>of<span class="_ _a"> </span>battery<span class="_ _6"> </span>models<span class="_ _a"> </span>re-</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y24 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ported<span class="_ _8"> </span>in<span class="_ _e"> </span>the<span class="_ _8"> </span>literature,<span class="_ _11"> </span>speci&#64257;cally:<span class="_ _12"> </span>experimental,</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y25 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">electrochemical<span class="_ _e"> </span>and<span class="_ _e"> </span>electric<span class="_ _8"> </span>circuit-based.<span class="_ _13"> </span>Experi-</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y26 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">mental<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_ _f"> </span>electrochemical<span class="_"> </span>models<span class="_ _f"> </span>are<span class="_"> </span>not<span class="_ _f"> </span>well<span class="_"> </span>suited</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y27 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">to<span class="_"> </span>represent<span class="_ _4"> </span>cell<span class="_ _4"> </span>dynamics<span class="_ _4"> </span>for<span class="_ _4"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>purpose<span class="_ _4"> </span>of<span class="_ _4"> </span>state-of-</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y28 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">charge<span class="_ _a"> </span>estimations<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>battery<span class="_ _6"> </span>packs.<span class="_ _9"> </span>Ho<span class="_ _5"></span>wever<span class="_ _1"></span>,<span class="_ _10"> </span>elec-</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y29 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">tric<span class="_ _2"> </span>circuit-based<span class="_ _2"> </span>models<span class="_ _2"> </span>can<span class="_ _2"> </span>be<span class="_ _2"> </span>useful<span class="_ _2"> </span>to<span class="_ _2"> </span>represent</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y2a ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">electrical<span class="_ _a"> </span>characteristics<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>batteries.<span class="_ _9"> </span>The<span class="_ _a"> </span>most<span class="_ _6"> </span>sim-</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y2b ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ple<span class="_ _7"> </span>electric<span class="_ _7"> </span>model<span class="_ _7"> </span>consists<span class="_ _7"> </span>of<span class="_ _a"> </span>an<span class="_ _7"> </span>ideal<span class="_ _7"> </span>voltage<span class="_ _7"> </span>source</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y2c ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">in<span class="_ _7"> </span>series<span class="_ _a"> </span>with<span class="_ _a"> </span>an<span class="_ _a"> </span>internal<span class="_ _a"> </span>resistance<span class="_ _7"> </span>[2].<span class="_ _11"> </span>This<span class="_ _7"> </span>model,</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y2d ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">howe<span class="_ _5"></span>ver<span class="_ _5"></span>,<span class="_ _7"> </span>does<span class="_ _4"> </span>not<span class="_ _7"> </span>take<span class="_ _4"> </span>into<span class="_ _7"> </span>account<span class="_ _7"> </span>the<span class="_ _4"> </span>battery<span class="_ _7"> </span>SOC.</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y2e ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">There<span class="_ _4"> </span>is<span class="_ _4"> </span>another<span class="_ _4"> </span>model<span class="_ _4"> </span>based<span class="_ _4"> </span>on<span class="_ _4"> </span>an<span class="_ _4"> </span>open<span class="_ _4"> </span>circuit<span class="_ _7"> </span>v<span class="_ _3"></span>olt-</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y2f ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">age<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_"> </span>series<span class="_"> </span>with<span class="_"> </span>a<span class="_"> </span>resistance<span class="_ _4"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>parallel<span class="_"> </span>RC<span class="_"> </span>circuits</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y30 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">with<span class="_ _4"> </span>the<span class="_ _7"> </span>so-called<span class="_ _4"> </span>W<span class="_ _1"></span>arburg<span class="_"> </span>impedance<span class="_ _7"> </span>[3].<span class="_ _2"> </span>The<span class="_ _7"> </span>iden-</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y31 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ti&#64257;cation<span class="_ _7"> </span>of<span class="_ _7"> </span>all<span class="_ _a"> </span>the<span class="_ _7"> </span>parameters<span class="_ _a"> </span>of<span class="_ _7"> </span>this<span class="_ _7"> </span>model<span class="_ _a"> </span>is<span class="_ _7"> </span>based</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y32 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">on<span class="_ _6"> </span>a<span class="_ _10"> </span>rather<span class="_ _10"> </span>complicated<span class="_ _10"> </span>technique<span class="_ _6"> </span>called<span class="_ _10"> </span>impedance</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y33 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">spectroscopy<span class="_ _4"> </span>[4].<span class="_ _e"> </span>Shepherd<span class="_ _7"> </span>de<span class="_ _5"></span>veloped<span class="_ _7"> </span>an<span class="_ _7"> </span>equation<span class="_ _4"> </span>to</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y15 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">describe<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_ _f"> </span>electrochemical<span class="_ _f"> </span>behaviour<span class="_ _f"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>a<span class="_ _f"> </span>battery<span class="_"> </span>di-</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y34 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">rectly<span class="_ _7"> </span>in<span class="_ _a"> </span>terms<span class="_ _7"> </span>of<span class="_ _a"> </span>terminal<span class="_ _7"> </span>voltage,<span class="_ _a"> </span>open<span class="_ _7"> </span>circuit<span class="_ _a"> </span>volt-</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y35 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">age,<span class="_ _f"> </span>internal<span class="_"> </span>resistance,<span class="_ _f"> </span>dischar<span class="_ _3"></span>ge<span class="_ _f"> </span>current<span class="_ _f"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>state-of-</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y36 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">charge<span class="_ _4"> </span>[1],<span class="_ _7"> </span>and<span class="_ _7"> </span>this<span class="_ _7"> </span>model<span class="_ _4"> </span>is<span class="_ _7"> </span>applied<span class="_ _7"> </span>for<span class="_ _7"> </span>discharge<span class="_ _4"> </span>as</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y37 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">well<span class="_ _f"> </span>as<span class="_ _f"> </span>for<span class="_ _f"> </span>char<span class="_ _3"></span>ge.<span class="_ _4"> </span>A<span class="_"> </span>modi&#64257;ed<span class="_ _14"> </span>version<span class="_ _14"> </span>of<span class="_ _f"> </span>the<span class="_ _f"> </span>Shepherd</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y38 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">model<span class="_ _6"> </span>has<span class="_ _6"> </span>been<span class="_ _6"> </span>used<span class="_ _6"> </span>in<span class="_ _6"> </span>[5].<span class="_ _9"> </span>This<span class="_ _6"> </span>modi&#64257;cation<span class="_ _6"> </span>con-</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y39 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">sists<span class="_ _a"> </span>on<span class="_ _6"> </span>using<span class="_ _a"> </span>a<span class="_ _6"> </span>polarisation<span class="_ _a"> </span>voltage<span class="_ _a"> </span>instead<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _a"> </span>a<span class="_ _6"> </span>po-</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y3a ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">larisation<span class="_ _a"> </span>resistance<span class="_ _a"> </span>in<span class="_ _a"> </span>order<span class="_ _6"> </span>to<span class="_ _a"> </span>remove<span class="_ _7"> </span>the<span class="_ _a"> </span>algebraic</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y3b ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">loop<span class="_ _a"> </span>problem<span class="_ _a"> </span>due<span class="_ _a"> </span>to<span class="_ _a"> </span>the<span class="_ _a"> </span>simulation<span class="_ _a"> </span>of<span class="_ _a"> </span>electrical<span class="_ _a"> </span>sys-</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y3c ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">tems<span class="_ _6"> </span>in<span class="_ _6"> </span>Simulink.<span class="_ _9"> </span>This<span class="_ _a"> </span>model<span class="_ _6"> </span>uses<span class="_ _6"> </span>only<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _10"> </span>battery</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y3d ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">SOC<span class="_ _6"> </span>as<span class="_ _10"> </span>a<span class="_ _10"> </span>state<span class="_ _6"> </span>variable<span class="_ _6"> </span>to<span class="_ _10"> </span>represent<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _10"> </span>voltage<span class="_ _6"> </span>be-</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y3e ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">haviour<span class="_ _1"></span>.<span class="_ _7"> </span>This<span class="_"> </span>is<span class="_"> </span>v<span class="_ _5"></span>alid<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_"> </span>steady<span class="_ _f"> </span>state<span class="_"> </span>(constant<span class="_"> </span>current)</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y3f ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">but<span class="_"> </span>this<span class="_"> </span>model<span class="_"> </span>produces<span class="_ _4"> </span>false<span class="_"> </span>results<span class="_"> </span>when<span class="_ _4"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>current</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y40 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">varies.<span class="_ _a"> </span>The<span class="_ _4"> </span>main<span class="_ _4"> </span>contribution<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>this<span class="_ _4"> </span>paper<span class="_ _4"> </span>is<span class="_ _4"> </span>to<span class="_ _4"> </span>sho<span class="_ _3"></span>w</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y41 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">how<span class="_ _14"> </span>the<span class="_ _14"> </span>SimPo<span class="_ _3"></span>werSystems<span class="_ _14"> </span>battery<span class="_ _14"> </span>model<span class="_ _f"> </span>was<span class="_ _14"> </span>recently</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y42 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">improv<span class="_ _5"></span>ed<span class="_ _10"> </span>in<span class="_ _10"> </span>order<span class="_ _10"> </span>to<span class="_ _10"> </span>extend<span class="_ _6"> </span>its<span class="_ _10"> </span>validity<span class="_ _6"> </span>for<span class="_ _10"> </span>variable</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y43 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">charging<span class="_"> </span>or<span class="_"> </span>dischar<span class="_ _5"></span>ging<span class="_"> </span>current.</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y29 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">The<span class="_ _4"> </span>rest<span class="_ _4"> </span>of<span class="_ _7"> </span>this<span class="_ _4"> </span>paper<span class="_ _7"> </span>is<span class="_ _4"> </span>organized<span class="_ _4"> </span>as<span class="_ _4"> </span>follows:<span class="_ _6"> </span>In<span class="_ _4"> </span>sec-</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y2a ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">tion<span class="_ _a"> </span>2,<span class="_ _a"> </span>the<span class="_ _a"> </span>mathematical<span class="_ _a"> </span>model<span class="_ _a"> </span>which<span class="_ _a"> </span>varies<span class="_ _7"> </span>accord-</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y2b ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ing<span class="_ _6"> </span>to<span class="_ _10"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>battery<span class="_ _6"> </span>type<span class="_ _10"> </span>will<span class="_ _6"> </span>be<span class="_ _10"> </span>described.<span class="_ _9"> </span>Section<span class="_ _10"> </span>3</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y44 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">will<span class="_"> </span>present<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>model&#8217;<span class="_ _1"></span>s<span class="_"> </span>parameters<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>procedure</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y2d ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">to<span class="_ _6"> </span>deduct<span class="_ _10"> </span>them<span class="_ _10"> </span>from<span class="_ _10"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>battery<span class="_ _10"> </span>manufacturer&#8217;<span class="_ _5"></span>s<span class="_ _10"> </span>dis-</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y2e ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">charge<span class="_ _10"> </span>curve.<span class="_ _12"> </span>Section<span class="_ _2"> </span>4<span class="_ _2"> </span>will<span class="_ _2"> </span>present<span class="_ _2"> </span>an<span class="_ _10"> </span>interesting</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y45 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">contribution<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_ _4"> </span>this<span class="_ _4"> </span>paper<span class="_ _4"> </span>as<span class="_ _4"> </span>it<span class="_ _4"> </span>shows<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_ _4"> </span>results<span class="_ _4"> </span>of<span class="_ _4"> </span>an</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y30 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">experimental<span class="_"> </span>v<span class="_ _5"></span>alidation<span class="_ _4"> </span>for<span class="_"> </span>four<span class="_"> </span>types<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>batteries.<span class="_ _a"> </span>Fi-</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y31 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">nally<span class="_ _1"></span>,<span class="_ _7"> </span>section<span class="_ _7"> </span>5<span class="_ _4"> </span>will<span class="_ _4"> </span>present<span class="_ _7"> </span>an<span class="_ _4"> </span>application<span class="_ _7"> </span>of<span class="_ _4"> </span>the<span class="_ _7"> </span>bat-</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y32 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">tery<span class="_"> </span>model<span class="_ _4"> </span>in<span class="_"> </span>a<span class="_ _4"> </span>full<span class="_ _4"> </span>simulation<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_ _4"> </span>the<span class="_ _4"> </span>EV<span class="_"> </span>traction<span class="_ _4"> </span>sys-</div><div class="t m0 xf h9 y33 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">tem<span class="_"> </span>based<span class="_"> </span>on<span class="_"> </span>a<span class="_"> </span>fuel<span class="_"> </span>cell.</div><div class="t m0 xe h9 y46 ff3 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">EVS24<span class="_"> </span>International<span class="_"> </span>Battery<span class="_ _1"></span>,<span class="_"> </span>Hybrid<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>Fuel<span class="_"> </span>Cell<span class="_"> </span>Electric<span class="_"> </span>V<span class="_ _1"></span>ehicle<span class="_"> </span>Symposium<span class="_ _15"> </span><span class="fs6">1</span></div><div class="c x10 y47 w2 hb"><div class="t m0 x0 hc y48 ff6 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">World Electric Vehicle Journal Vol. 3 - ISSN 2032-6653 - &#169; 2009 AVERE</div></div></div><div class="pi" data-data='{"ctm":[1.611850,0.000000,0.000000,1.611850,0.000000,0.000000]}'></div></div> </body> </html>
评论
  • 圈圈- 2018-03-31 20:36:37
    .O文件是什么
  • 圈圈- 2018-03-31 19:45:48
    是一个电池与电阻负载和直流电机的模型。
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