• ZDHCEO
    了解作者
  • WINDOWS
    开发工具
  • 12.2MB
    文件大小
  • rar
    文件格式
  • 0
    收藏次数
  • 1 积分
    下载积分
  • 32
    下载次数
  • 2018-01-20 18:39
    上传日期
IEEE关于下垂控制论文资料,有研究这部分的可拿走
Droop Control.rar
  • Droop Control
  • Hierarchical Control of Droop-Controlled AC and DC Microgrids—A General Approach Toward Standardization.pdf
    2.1MB
  • Control and Power Management of Converter Fed Microgrids.pdf
    469.3KB
  • Angle Droop versus Frequency Droop in a Voltage Source Converter Based Autonomous Microgrid.pdf
    2MB
  • Decentralized Control for Parallel Operation of Distributed Generation Inverters Using Resistive Output Impedance.pdf
    863.1KB
  • Adaptive Decentralized Droop Controller to Preserve Power Sharing Stability of Paralleled Inverters in Distributed Generation Microgrids.pdf
    334.4KB
  • Improvement of Stability and Load Sharing in an Autonomous Microgrid Using Supplementary Droop Control Loop.pdf
    525.9KB
  • Droop Control Method for the Parallel Operation of Online Uninterruptible Power Systems Using Resistive Output Impedance.pdf
    534.4KB
  • A New P-Q-V Droop Control Method for an Interline Photovoltaic (I-PV) Power System.pdf
    2.7MB
  • Design and Analysis of the Droop Control Method for Parallel Inverters Considering the Impact of the Complex Impedance on the Power Sharing.pdf
    2.8MB
  • A Wireless Controller to Enhance Dynamic Performance of Parallel Inverters in Distributed Generation Systems.pdf
    512.5KB
  • A Voltage and Frequency Droop Control Method for Parallel Inverters.pdf
    1MB
  • Droop Control of Converter-Interfaced Microsources in Rural Distributed Generation.pdf
    516.2KB
内容介绍
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="generator" content="pdf2htmlEX"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/base.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/fancy.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/6256503d32672e293028f2be/raw.css"> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/compatibility.min.js"></script> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/pdf2htmlEX.min.js"></script> <script> try{ pdf2htmlEX.defaultViewer = new pdf2htmlEX.Viewer({}); }catch(e){} </script> <title></title> </head> <body> <div id="sidebar" style="display: none"> <div id="outline"> </div> </div> <div id="pf1" class="pf w0 h0" data-page-no="1"><div class="pc pc1 w0 h0"><img class="bi x0 y0 w1 h1" alt="" src="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/6256503d32672e293028f2be/bg1.jpg"><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">5<span class="_ _0"></span>7<span class="_ _0"></span>6<span class="_ _1"> </span>I<span class="_ _0"></span>E<span class="_ _0"></span>E<span class="_ _0"></span>E<span class="_ _2"> </span>TRANSA<span class="_ _0"></span>CTIONS<span class="_ _3"> </span>ON<span class="_ _2"> </span>INDUSTRIAL<span class="_ _2"> </span>ELECTRONICS<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_ _2"> </span>V<span class="_ _0"></span>O<span class="_ _0"></span>L<span class="_ _0"></span>.<span class="_ _2"> </span>5<span class="_ _0"></span>8<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_ _2"> </span>N<span class="_ _0"></span>O.<span class="_ _2"> </span>2<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_ _2"> </span>F<span class="_ _0"></span>E<span class="_ _0"></span>B<span class="_ _0"></span>R<span class="_ _4"></span>U<span class="_ _4"></span>AR<span class="_ _4"></span>Y<span class="_ _2"> </span><span class="ls1">2011</span></div><div class="t m0 x2 h3 y2 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">Design<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>Analysis<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>Droop<span class="_"> </span>Control<span class="_"> </span>Method</div><div class="t m0 x3 h3 y3 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">for<span class="_"> </span>P<span class="_ _0"></span>arallel<span class="_"> </span>In<span class="_ _4"></span>v<span class="_ _4"></span>erters<span class="_"> </span>Considering<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>Impact<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y4 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">Comple<span class="_ _0"></span>x<span class="_"> </span>Impedance<span class="_"> </span>on<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>Po<span class="_ _4"></span>wer<span class="_"> </span>Sharing</div><div class="t m0 x5 h4 y5 ff1 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">W<span class="_ _4"></span>ei<span class="_"> </span>Y<span class="_ _5"></span>ao,<span class="_"> </span>Min<span class="_"> </span>Chen,<span class="_"> </span>Jos&#233;<span class="_"> </span>Matas,<span class="_"> </span>Josep<span class="_"> </span>M.<span class="_"> </span>Guerrero,<span class="_"> </span><span class="ff2 ls4">Senior<span class="_ _6"> </span>Member<span class="_ _5"></span>,<span class="_ _6"> </span>IEEE<span class="ff1 ls5">,a<span class="_ _7"></span>n<span class="_ _7"></span>d</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x6 h4 y6 ff1 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">Zhao-Ming<span class="_"> </span>Qian,<span class="_"> </span><span class="ff2 ls4">Senior<span class="_ _6"> </span>Member<span class="_ _5"></span>,<span class="_ _6"> </span>IEEE</span></div><div class="t m0 x7 h5 y7 ff3 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls6 ws0">Abstract<span class="ff4 ls2">&#8212;This<span class="_ _6"> </span>paper<span class="_ _6"> </span>in<span class="_ _0"></span>vestigates<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>characteristics<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>ac-</span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y8 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">tive<span class="_ _8"> </span>and<span class="_ _8"> </span>reactive<span class="_ _8"> </span>power<span class="_ _8"> </span>sharing<span class="_ _9"> </span>in<span class="_ _8"> </span>a<span class="_ _9"> </span>parallel<span class="_ _9"> </span>in<span class="_ _0"></span>verters<span class="_ _8"> </span>system</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y9 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">under<span class="_ _a"> </span>different<span class="_ _a"> </span>system<span class="_ _a"> </span>impedance<span class="_ _a"> </span>conditions.<span class="_ _a"> </span>The<span class="_ _a"> </span>analyses<span class="_ _a"> </span>con-</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 ya ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">clude<span class="_"> </span>that<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>con<span class="_ _4"></span>ventional<span class="_ _6"> </span>dr<span class="_ _0"></span>oop<span class="_"> </span>method<span class="_"> </span>cannot<span class="_ _6"> </span>achie<span class="_ _0"></span>ve<span class="_"> </span>ef&#64257;cient</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 yb ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">power<span class="_ _a"> </span>sharing<span class="_ _6"> </span>for<span class="_ _a"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>case<span class="_ _a"> </span>of<span class="_ _a"> </span>a<span class="_ _a"> </span>system<span class="_ _6"> </span>with<span class="_ _a"> </span>complex<span class="_ _a"> </span>impedance</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 yc ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">condition.<span class="_"> </span>T<span class="_ _4"></span>o<span class="_ _6"> </span>achie<span class="_ _0"></span>ve<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>pr<span class="_ _0"></span>oper<span class="_ _6"> </span>po<span class="_ _0"></span>wer<span class="_"> </span>balance<span class="_ _6"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>minimize<span class="_ _6"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 yd ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">circulating<span class="_ _6"> </span>current<span class="_ _6"> </span>in<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _a"> </span>differ<span class="_ _0"></span>ent<span class="_ _6"> </span>impedance<span class="_ _a"> </span>situations,<span class="_ _6"> </span>a<span class="_ _6"> </span>novel</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 ye ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">droop<span class="_"> </span>controller<span class="_ _6"> </span>that<span class="_"> </span>considers<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>impact<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>complex<span class="_ _6"> </span>impedance</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 yf ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">is<span class="_"> </span>proposed<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_ _6"> </span>this<span class="_"> </span>paper<span class="_ _5"></span>.<span class="_ _6"> </span>This<span class="_"> </span>controller<span class="_"> </span>can<span class="_"> </span>simplify<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>coupled</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y10 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">active<span class="_ _6"> </span>and<span class="_ _b"> </span>reacti<span class="_ _0"></span>ve<span class="_ _6"> </span>power<span class="_ _b"> </span>relationships,<span class="_ _6"> </span>which<span class="_ _b"> </span>are<span class="_ _6"> </span>caused<span class="_ _b"> </span>by<span class="_ _b"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y11 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">complex<span class="_ _b"> </span>impedance<span class="_ _b"> </span>in<span class="_ _a"> </span>the<span class="_ _b"> </span>parallel<span class="_ _a"> </span>system.<span class="_ _b"> </span>In<span class="_ _b"> </span>addition,<span class="_ _a"> </span>a<span class="_ _b"> </span>virtual</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y12 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">complex<span class="_ _6"> </span>impedance<span class="_"> </span>loop<span class="_ _6"> </span>is<span class="_"> </span>included<span class="_ _6"> </span>in<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>proposed<span class="_"> </span>controller<span class="_ _6"> </span>to</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y13 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">minimize<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>fundamental<span class="_ _6"> </span>and<span class="_ _6"> </span>harmonic<span class="_ _6"> </span>cir<span class="_ _0"></span>culating<span class="_ _6"> </span>curr<span class="_ _0"></span>ent<span class="_ _6"> </span>that</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y14 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">&#64258;ows<span class="_ _6"> </span>in<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>parallel<span class="_ _6"> </span>system.<span class="_ _6"> </span>Compared<span class="_ _6"> </span>to<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>other<span class="_ _6"> </span>methods,<span class="_ _6"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y15 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">proposed<span class="_ _c"> </span>controller<span class="_ _c"> </span>can<span class="_ _c"> </span>achieve<span class="_ _c"> </span>accurate<span class="_ _c"> </span>power<span class="_ _8"> </span>sharing,<span class="_ _c"> </span>offers</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y16 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">ef&#64257;cient<span class="_ _6"> </span>dynamic<span class="_ _b"> </span>performance,<span class="_ _6"> </span>and<span class="_ _6"> </span>is<span class="_ _6"> </span>more<span class="_ _6"> </span>adaptive<span class="_ _6"> </span>to<span class="_ _6"> </span>different</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y17 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">line<span class="_ _3"> </span>impedance<span class="_ _3"> </span>situations.<span class="_ _3"> </span>Simulation<span class="_ _3"> </span>and<span class="_ _3"> </span>experimental<span class="_ _3"> </span>results<span class="_ _2"> </span>are</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y18 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls6 ws0">presented<span class="_"> </span>to<span class="_"> </span>pro<span class="_ _0"></span>ve<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>validity<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>improv<span class="_ _0"></span>ements<span class="_"> </span>achieved<span class="_"> </span>by</div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y19 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls6 ws0">the<span class="_"> </span>proposed<span class="_"> </span>contr<span class="_ _0"></span>oller<span class="_ _4"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 x7 h5 y1a ff3 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">Index<span class="_ _b"> </span>T<span class="_ _4"></span>erms<span class="ff4">&#8212;Circulating<span class="_ _b"> </span>current,<span class="_ _a"> </span>droop<span class="_ _b"> </span>method,<span class="_ _b"> </span>impedance,</span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y1b ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">parallel<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_ _0"></span>verters.</div><div class="t m0 x8 h6 y1c ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls8 ws0">I.<span class="_ _d"> </span>I<span class="_ _e"></span><span class="fs5 ls9">NTR<span class="_ _0"></span>ODUCTION</span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h7 y1d ff4 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">P</div><div class="t m0 x9 h6 y1e ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">O<span class="_ _0"></span>WER<span class="_ _a"> </span>ENERGY<span class="_ _a"> </span>distribution<span class="_ _b"> </span>in<span class="_ _a"> </span>a<span class="_ _a"> </span>system<span class="_ _a"> </span>that<span class="_ _a"> </span>is<span class="_ _a"> </span>formed</div><div class="t m0 x9 h6 y1f ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">by<span class="_ _a"> </span>several<span class="_ _b"> </span>uninterruptible<span class="_ _c"> </span>po<span class="_ _0"></span>wer<span class="_ _a"> </span>supplies<span class="_ _c"> </span>(UPS)<span class="_ _a"> </span>that<span class="_ _c"> </span>op-</div><div class="t m0 x1 h6 y20 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">erate<span class="_ _8"> </span>in<span class="_ _8"> </span>parallel<span class="_ _8"> </span>can<span class="_ _8"> </span>now<span class="_ _8"> </span>be<span class="_ _8"> </span>performed<span class="_ _8"> </span>with<span class="_ _8"> </span>dif<span class="_ _0"></span>ferent<span class="_ _8"> </span>meth-</div><div class="t m0 x1 h6 y21 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">ods,<span class="_ _6"> </span>either<span class="_ _b"> </span>with<span class="_ _b"> </span>or<span class="_ _b"> </span>without<span class="_ _b"> </span>communication<span class="_ _b"> </span>between<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _b"> </span>power</div><div class="t m0 x1 h6 y22 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">elements.<span class="_ _8"> </span>In<span class="_ _9"> </span>such<span class="_ _8"> </span>systems,<span class="_ _9"> </span>it<span class="_ _8"> </span>is<span class="_ _9"> </span>very<span class="_ _8"> </span>important<span class="_ _8"> </span>to<span class="_ _9"> </span>minimize</div><div class="t m0 x1 h6 y23 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">the<span class="_ _b"> </span>circulating<span class="_ _b"> </span>current<span class="_ _a"> </span>that<span class="_ _b"> </span>can<span class="_ _b"> </span>&#64258;ow<span class="_ _b"> </span>among<span class="_ _b"> </span>the<span class="_ _b"> </span>power<span class="_ _b"> </span>units<span class="_ _b"> </span>to</div><div class="t m0 x1 h6 y24 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">hav<span class="_ _0"></span>e<span class="_ _c"> </span>equal<span class="_ _c"> </span>load<span class="_ _c"> </span>sharing<span class="_ _c"> </span>and<span class="_ _c"> </span>deliv<span class="_ _0"></span>er<span class="_ _c"> </span>high-quality<span class="_ _c"> </span>power<span class="_ _4"></span>.<span class="_ _c"> </span>Sev-</div><div class="t m0 x1 h6 y25 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">eral<span class="_ _a"> </span>control<span class="_ _a"> </span>strategies<span class="_ _a"> </span>hav<span class="_ _0"></span>e<span class="_ _a"> </span>been<span class="_ _a"> </span>adopted<span class="_ _a"> </span>to<span class="_ _a"> </span>achieve<span class="_ _b"> </span>this<span class="_ _a"> </span>goal,</div><div class="t m0 x1 h6 y26 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">such<span class="_ _9"> </span>as<span class="_ _f"> </span>the<span class="_ _9"> </span>concentrated<span class="_ _f"> </span>control<span class="_ _9"> </span>technique<span class="_ _f"> </span>[1],<span class="_ _9"> </span>the<span class="_ _f"> </span>master&#8211;</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y27 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 lsc ws0">Manuscript<span class="_ _8"> </span>receiv<span class="_ _0"></span>ed<span class="_ _8"> </span>September<span class="_ _8"> </span>10,<span class="_ _9"> </span>2009;<span class="_ _8"> </span>revised<span class="_ _8"> </span>December<span class="_ _8"> </span>28,<span class="_ _8"> </span>2009;</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y28 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">accepted<span class="_ _b"> </span>date<span class="_ _b"> </span>February<span class="_ _b"> </span>21,<span class="_ _b"> </span>2010.<span class="_ _b"> </span>Date<span class="_ _a"> </span>of<span class="_ _b"> </span>publication<span class="_ _b"> </span>March<span class="_ _b"> </span>22,<span class="_ _b"> </span>2010;<span class="_ _b"> </span>date</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y29 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 lsc ws0">of<span class="_ _6"> </span>current<span class="_ _6"> </span>version<span class="_ _6"> </span>January<span class="_ _6"> </span>12,<span class="_ _6"> </span>2011.<span class="_ _10"> </span>This<span class="_ _6"> </span>work<span class="_ _10"> </span>was<span class="_ _6"> </span>supported<span class="_ _6"> </span>in<span class="_ _6"> </span>part<span class="_ _10"> </span>by<span class="_ _6"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y2a ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">Opening<span class="_ _10"> </span>Research<span class="_ _10"> </span>Program<span class="_ _10"> </span>of<span class="_ _10"> </span>the<span class="_ _10"> </span>State<span class="_ _10"> </span>Key<span class="_"> </span>Laboratory<span class="_ _10"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>Industrial<span class="_ _10"> </span>Control</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y2b ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">T<span class="_ _4"></span>echnology<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_"> </span>Zhejiang<span class="_"> </span>Univ<span class="_ _0"></span>ersity<span class="_ _0"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y2c ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">W<span class="_ _4"></span>.<span class="_ _f"> </span>Y<span class="_ _4"></span>ao,<span class="_ _f"> </span>M.<span class="_ _f"> </span>Chen,<span class="_ _f"> </span>and<span class="_ _f"> </span>Z.-M.<span class="_ _f"> </span>Qian<span class="_ _f"> </span>are<span class="_ _f"> </span>with<span class="_ _f"> </span>the<span class="_ _9"> </span>C<span class="_ _11"></span>ollege<span class="_ _9"> </span>of<span class="_ _f"> </span>Electri-</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y2d ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 lsc ws0">cal<span class="_ _f"> </span>Engineering,<span class="_ _d"> </span>Zhejiang<span class="_ _f"> </span>University<span class="_ _4"></span>,<span class="_ _d"> </span>Hangzhou<span class="_ _f"> </span>310027,<span class="_ _f"> </span>China<span class="_ _d"> </span>(e-mail:</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y2e ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">yw@zju.edu.cn;<span class="_"> </span>calim@zju.edu.cn;<span class="_"> </span>qian@zju.edu.cn).</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y2f ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 lsd ws0">J.<span class="_ _10"> </span>Matas<span class="_ _10"> </span>is<span class="_ _10"> </span>with<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _10"> </span>Department<span class="_ _10"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>Electronic<span class="_ _10"> </span>Engineering,<span class="_ _10"> </span>T<span class="_ _0"></span>echnical<span class="_ _10"> </span>Uni-</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y30 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">versity<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>Catalonia,<span class="_"> </span>Barcelona<span class="_"> </span>08800,<span class="_"> </span>Spain<span class="_"> </span>(e-mail:<span class="_"> </span>matas@eel.upc.edu).</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y31 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">J.<span class="_ _6"> </span>M.<span class="_ _6"> </span>Guerrero<span class="_ _6"> </span>is<span class="_ _6"> </span>with<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>Department<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>Automatic<span class="_ _6"> </span>Control<span class="_ _10"> </span>Systems<span class="_ _6"> </span>and</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y32 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">Computer<span class="_ _6"> </span>Engineering,<span class="_ _b"> </span>T<span class="_ _0"></span>echnical<span class="_ _6"> </span>University<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>Catalonia,<span class="_ _b"> </span>Barcelona<span class="_ _b"> </span>08036,</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y33 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">Spain<span class="_"> </span>(e-mail:<span class="_"> </span>josep.m.guerrero@upc.edu).</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y34 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 lsc ws0">Color<span class="_"> </span>v<span class="_ _0"></span>ersions<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_ _2"> </span>one<span class="_"> </span>or<span class="_"> </span>more<span class="_ _2"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>&#64257;gures<span class="_ _2"> </span>in<span class="_"> </span>this<span class="_"> </span>paper<span class="_ _3"> </span>are<span class="_ _2"> </span>available<span class="_ _3"> </span>online</div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y35 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">at<span class="_"> </span>http://ieeexplore.ieee.or<span class="_ _0"></span>g.</div><div class="t m0 xa h8 y36 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">Digital<span class="_"> </span>Object<span class="_"> </span>Identi&#64257;er<span class="_"> </span>10.1109/TIE.2010.2046001</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y7 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">slav<span class="_ _0"></span>e<span class="_ _12"> </span>control<span class="_ _12"> </span>method<span class="_ _12"> </span>[2]&#8211;[4],<span class="_ _12"> </span>the<span class="_ _12"> </span>power<span class="_ _12"> </span>de<span class="_ _0"></span>viation<span class="_ _12"> </span>control</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y37 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">method<span class="_ _a"> </span>[5],<span class="_ _a"> </span>[6],<span class="_ _a"> </span>and<span class="_ _c"> </span>the<span class="_ _a"> </span>frequency<span class="_ _b"> </span>and<span class="_ _c"> </span>v<span class="_ _0"></span>oltage<span class="_ _a"> </span>droop<span class="_ _a"> </span>method</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y38 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">[7]&#8211;[10].<span class="_ _c"> </span>In<span class="_ _a"> </span>those<span class="_ _c"> </span>parallel<span class="_ _c"> </span>systems,<span class="_ _c"> </span>the<span class="_ _a"> </span>droop<span class="_ _c"> </span>control<span class="_ _c"> </span>method</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y39 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">is<span class="_ _b"> </span>very<span class="_ _b"> </span>interesting,<span class="_ _b"> </span>because<span class="_ _b"> </span>it<span class="_ _b"> </span>is<span class="_ _a"> </span>only<span class="_ _b"> </span>based<span class="_ _b"> </span>on<span class="_ _a"> </span>in<span class="_ _0"></span>verter<span class="_ _6"> </span>locally</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y3a ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">measured<span class="_ _9"> </span>information,<span class="_ _9"> </span>does<span class="_ _9"> </span>not<span class="_ _9"> </span>rely<span class="_ _9"> </span>on<span class="_ _9"> </span>intercommunication</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y3b ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">signals<span class="_"> </span>between<span class="_ _13"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_ _4"></span>verters,<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_ _13"> </span>constitutes<span class="_"> </span>a<span class="_ _13"> </span>truly<span class="_"> </span>distrib<span class="_ _0"></span>uted</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y3c ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">and<span class="_"> </span>redundant<span class="_"> </span>system.</div><div class="t m0 xc h6 y3d ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lse ws0">T<span class="_ _4"></span>o<span class="_"> </span>achieve<span class="_"> </span>ef<span class="_ _0"></span>&#64257;cient<span class="_ _6"> </span>po<span class="_ _0"></span>wer<span class="_ _6"> </span>sharing,<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>droop<span class="_ _6"> </span>method<span class="_ _6"> </span>makes</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y3e ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">tight<span class="_ _8"> </span>adjustments<span class="_ _c"> </span>ov<span class="_ _0"></span>er<span class="_ _8"> </span>the<span class="_ _c"> </span>output<span class="_ _8"> </span>v<span class="_ _0"></span>oltage<span class="_ _8"> </span>frequenc<span class="_ _0"></span>y<span class="_ _8"> </span>and<span class="_ _c"> </span>am-</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y3f ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">plitude<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _6"> </span>in<span class="_ _0"></span>verter<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_"> </span>as<span class="_ _6"> </span>a<span class="_ _b"> </span>power<span class="_ _0"></span>-dependent<span class="_"> </span>function,<span class="_ _b"> </span>to<span class="_ _6"> </span>com-</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y40 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">pensate<span class="_"> </span>for<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_ _13"> </span>activ<span class="_ _0"></span>e<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_ _13"> </span>reactiv<span class="_ _0"></span>e<span class="_"> </span>po<span class="_ _0"></span>wer<span class="_"> </span>unbalances<span class="_"> </span>[11],<span class="_ _13"> </span>[12].</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y41 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">Ho<span class="_ _0"></span>wev<span class="_ _0"></span>er<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _b"> </span>transient<span class="_ _6"> </span>and<span class="_ _b"> </span>steady-state<span class="_ _6"> </span>behaviors<span class="_ _6"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>the<span class="_ _b"> </span>droop</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y42 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">method<span class="_ _13"> </span>highly<span class="_ _3"> </span>depend<span class="_"> </span>on<span class="_ _3"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>system<span class="_ _3"> </span>mismatches<span class="_ _13"> </span>that<span class="_ _13"> </span>can<span class="_ _13"> </span>af<span class="_ _0"></span>fect</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y43 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lse ws0">the<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_ _0"></span>verter<span class="_"> </span>output<span class="_"> </span>impedance<span class="_"> </span>accurac<span class="_ _0"></span>y<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>line<span class="_"> </span>impedance</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y44 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">of<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>wires<span class="_"> </span>for<span class="_"> </span>UPS<span class="_"> </span>connection<span class="_"> </span>[13],<span class="_"> </span>[14].</div><div class="t m0 xc h6 y45 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lse ws0">Usually<span class="_ _4"></span>,<span class="_ _9"> </span>the<span class="_ _8"> </span>line<span class="_ _9"> </span>impedance<span class="_ _9"> </span>and<span class="_ _8"> </span>the<span class="_ _9"> </span>output<span class="_ _9"> </span>impedance<span class="_ _8"> </span>of</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y46 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">the<span class="_ _a"> </span>in<span class="_ _0"></span>verters<span class="_ _b"> </span>are<span class="_ _c"> </span>considered<span class="_ _a"> </span>to<span class="_ _a"> </span>be<span class="_ _a"> </span>mainly<span class="_ _a"> </span>inductive<span class="_ _b"> </span>due<span class="_ _c"> </span>to<span class="_ _b"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y47 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">large<span class="_ _c"> </span>output-inductor<span class="_ _c"> </span>value<span class="_ _c"> </span>or<span class="_ _c"> </span>by<span class="_ _c"> </span>the<span class="_ _c"> </span>long<span class="_ _8"> </span>distances<span class="_ _c"> </span>between</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y48 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">the<span class="_ _c"> </span>units.<span class="_ _8"> </span>Ho<span class="_ _0"></span>wev<span class="_ _0"></span>er<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_ _c"> </span>this<span class="_ _8"> </span>case<span class="_ _c"> </span>is<span class="_ _8"> </span>not<span class="_ _c"> </span>always<span class="_ _c"> </span>true,<span class="_ _8"> </span>because<span class="_ _c"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y49 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">in<span class="_ _0"></span>verter<span class="_ _13"> </span>output<span class="_"> </span>impedance<span class="_"> </span>also<span class="_"> </span>depends<span class="_ _13"> </span>on<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>adopted<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_ _4"></span>verter</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y4a ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">control<span class="_ _c"> </span>strate<span class="_ _0"></span>gy<span class="_ _c"> </span>and<span class="_ _c"> </span>on<span class="_ _a"> </span>the<span class="_ _c"> </span>system<span class="_ _c"> </span>parameters<span class="_ _a"> </span>[<span class="_ _11"></span>15]&#8211;[17].<span class="_ _c"> </span>Im-</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y4b ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">prov<span class="_ _0"></span>ed<span class="_ _8"> </span>droop<span class="_ _9"> </span>methods<span class="_ _8"> </span>have<span class="_ _8"> </span>been<span class="_ _8"> </span>proposed<span class="_ _8"> </span>and<span class="_ _9"> </span>successfully</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y4c ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">applied<span class="_ _8"> </span>to<span class="_ _8"> </span>the<span class="_ _c"> </span>case<span class="_ _8"> </span>of<span class="_ _8"> </span>pure<span class="_ _8"> </span>inducti<span class="_ _0"></span>ve<span class="_ _c"> </span>[18]<span class="_ _8"> </span>and<span class="_ _8"> </span>pure<span class="_ _8"> </span>resisti<span class="_ _0"></span>ve</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y4d ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">impedances<span class="_ _d"> </span>[19],<span class="_ _d"> </span>b<span class="_ _0"></span>ut<span class="_ _d"> </span>fe<span class="_ _0"></span>w<span class="_ _d"> </span>papers<span class="_ _f"> </span>study<span class="_ _d"> </span>such<span class="_ _d"> </span>a<span class="_ _d"> </span>case<span class="_ _f"> </span>where</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y4e ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">the<span class="_ _c"> </span>system<span class="_ _8"> </span>impedance<span class="_ _c"> </span>is<span class="_ _8"> </span>complex.<span class="_ _c"> </span>In<span class="_ _8"> </span>f<span class="_ _0"></span>act,<span class="_ _8"> </span>in<span class="_ _c"> </span>many<span class="_ _c"> </span>practical</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y4f ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">applications,<span class="_ _c"> </span>different<span class="_ _c"> </span>UPS<span class="_ _8"> </span>units<span class="_ _c"> </span>are<span class="_ _c"> </span>located<span class="_ _8"> </span>a<span class="_ _c"> </span>little<span class="_ _8"> </span>f<span class="_ _0"></span>ar<span class="_ _8"> </span>from</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y50 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">each<span class="_ _8"> </span>other<span class="_ _8"> </span>and<span class="_ _8"> </span>are<span class="_ _8"> </span>paralleled<span class="_ _8"> </span>through<span class="_ _8"> </span>dif<span class="_ _0"></span>ferent<span class="_ _8"> </span>wires,<span class="_ _8"> </span>which</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y51 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">present<span class="_ _8"> </span>nonnegligible<span class="_ _8"> </span>inductiv<span class="_ _0"></span>e<span class="_ _8"> </span>and<span class="_ _9"> </span>resistiv<span class="_ _0"></span>e<span class="_ _8"> </span>line<span class="_ _9"> </span>impedance</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y52 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">[20].<span class="_ _a"> </span>Furthermore,<span class="_ _a"> </span>it<span class="_ _a"> </span>is<span class="_ _a"> </span>normal<span class="_ _a"> </span>to<span class="_ _c"> </span>&#64257;nd<span class="_ _b"> </span>that<span class="_ _a"> </span>the<span class="_ _a"> </span>inv<span class="_ _0"></span>erter<span class="_ _a"> </span>output</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y53 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">impedance<span class="_ _8"> </span>is,<span class="_ _c"> </span>in<span class="_ _8"> </span>fact,<span class="_ _8"> </span>comple<span class="_ _0"></span>x<span class="_ _8"> </span>due<span class="_ _c"> </span>to<span class="_ _8"> </span>the<span class="_ _8"> </span>multiple<span class="_ _8"> </span>feedback</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y54 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">design<span class="_ _8"> </span>possibilities<span class="_ _c"> </span>[21].<span class="_ _8"> </span>F<span class="_ _0"></span>or<span class="_ _8"> </span>these<span class="_ _c"> </span>systems,<span class="_ _8"> </span>the<span class="_ _c"> </span>performance</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y55 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">of<span class="_ _c"> </span>the<span class="_ _a"> </span>conv<span class="_ _0"></span>entional<span class="_ _c"> </span>droop<span class="_ _a"> </span>method<span class="_ _c"> </span>is<span class="_ _c"> </span>very<span class="_ _a"> </span>poor<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_ _c"> </span>and<span class="_ _a"> </span>it<span class="_ _c"> </span>cannot</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y56 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lse ws0">achie<span class="_ _0"></span>ve<span class="_ _a"> </span>ef&#64257;cient<span class="_ _a"> </span>power<span class="_ _a"> </span>sharing<span class="_ _c"> </span>due<span class="_ _a"> </span>to<span class="_ _a"> </span>the<span class="_ _c"> </span>coupled<span class="_ _a"> </span>active<span class="_ _a"> </span>and</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y57 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">reacti<span class="_ _0"></span>ve<span class="_"> </span>po<span class="_ _0"></span>wer<span class="_"> </span>characteristic<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>system<span class="_"> </span>[22]&#8211;[24].</div><div class="t m0 xc h6 y58 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">In<span class="_ _8"> </span>this<span class="_ _c"> </span>paper<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_ _8"> </span>the<span class="_ _c"> </span>characteristics<span class="_ _8"> </span>of<span class="_ _c"> </span>t<span class="_ _11"></span>he<span class="_ _8"> </span>acti<span class="_ _0"></span>ve<span class="_ _c"> </span>and<span class="_ _8"> </span>reacti<span class="_ _0"></span>ve</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y59 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">po<span class="_ _0"></span>wer<span class="_ _9"> </span>sharing<span class="_ _f"> </span>for<span class="_ _9"> </span>the<span class="_ _9"> </span>parallel<span class="_ _9"> </span>inv<span class="_ _0"></span>erters<span class="_ _9"> </span>under<span class="_ _9"> </span>the<span class="_ _f"> </span>situations</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y5a ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">of<span class="_ _b"> </span>pure<span class="_ _a"> </span>inductiv<span class="_ _0"></span>e,<span class="_ _b"> </span>pure<span class="_ _a"> </span>resistiv<span class="_ _0"></span>e,<span class="_ _b"> </span>and<span class="_ _a"> </span>complex<span class="_ _b"> </span>impedances<span class="_ _b"> </span>are</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y5b ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lse ws0">thoroughly<span class="_ _c"> </span>analyzed.<span class="_ _8"> </span>This<span class="_ _c"> </span>paper<span class="_ _8"> </span>sho<span class="_ _0"></span>ws<span class="_ _c"> </span>that<span class="_ _c"> </span>the<span class="_ _8"> </span>con<span class="_ _0"></span>v<span class="_ _0"></span>entional</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y5c ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lse ws0">droop<span class="_ _8"> </span>method<span class="_ _9"> </span>cannot<span class="_ _9"> </span>achieve<span class="_ _8"> </span>ef&#64257;cient<span class="_ _8"> </span>power<span class="_ _8"> </span>sharing<span class="_ _9"> </span>in<span class="_ _8"> </span>t<span class="_ _11"></span>he</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y5d ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">case<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_ _6"> </span>complex<span class="_ _6"> </span>system<span class="_ _6"> </span>impedance.<span class="_ _6"> </span>T<span class="_ _4"></span>o<span class="_ _6"> </span>overcome<span class="_"> </span>this<span class="_ _6"> </span>obstacle</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y5e ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">and<span class="_ _f"> </span>minimize<span class="_ _f"> </span>the<span class="_ _f"> </span>circulating<span class="_ _f"> </span>current<span class="_ _f"> </span>under<span class="_ _f"> </span>all<span class="_ _f"> </span>situations,<span class="_ _f"> </span>a</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y5f ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">nov<span class="_ _0"></span>el<span class="_ _8"> </span>droop<span class="_ _8"> </span>controller<span class="_ _8"> </span>that<span class="_ _8"> </span>considers<span class="_ _8"> </span>the<span class="_ _8"> </span>impact<span class="_ _8"> </span>of<span class="_ _8"> </span>comple<span class="_ _0"></span>x</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y60 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">impedance<span class="_ _6"> </span>is<span class="_ _b"> </span>proposed<span class="_ _b"> </span>in<span class="_ _6"> </span>this<span class="_ _b"> </span>paper<span class="_ _0"></span>.<span class="_ _6"> </span>This<span class="_ _b"> </span>controller<span class="_ _6"> </span>s<span class="_ _11"></span>impli&#64257;es</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y61 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">the<span class="_ _a"> </span>coupled<span class="_ _c"> </span>activ<span class="_ _0"></span>e<span class="_ _c"> </span>and<span class="_ _a"> </span>reactiv<span class="_ _0"></span>e<span class="_ _c"> </span>po<span class="_ _0"></span>wer<span class="_ _a"> </span>relationships<span class="_ _c"> </span>under<span class="_ _c"> </span>the</div><div class="t m0 xd h8 y62 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 lsf ws0">0278-0046/$26.00<span class="_"> </span>&#169;<span class="_"> </span>2011<span class="_"> </span>IEEE</div></div><div class="pi" data-data='{"ctm":[1.616162,0.000000,0.000000,1.616162,0.000000,0.000000]}'></div></div> </body> </html>
评论
    相关推荐
    • droop_control.rar
      这是一个三相交流的下垂控制仿真,使用传统的下垂控制策略
    • droop_control.rar
      一种下垂控制的模型,参数设好,可以运行,仅供参考学习。
    • droop_control.rar
      第二种孤岛运行的控制是采用下垂控制(droop控制),Droop控制就是用来模拟频率一次调整。通过控制电力电子逆变器来实现。
    • Droop control.zip
      可以应用于AC或者DC微电网下,集中下垂控制
    • droop_control.zip
      并网逆变器下垂控制特性仿真,能正常仿真,波形控制输出有振荡,共学习参考使用。
    • droop control.rar
      本程序搭建了为微网的改进下垂控制,非常实用。特别是所建立的模型可供初学者学习和探讨。仿真程序可以运行。
    • 9927421droop_control.rar
      droop control in micro grid
    • 105230301droop_control.rar
      droop control for droop control of droop
    • traditional droop control.rar
      本程序搭建了传统的下垂控制模型,可供初学者使用。仿真模型可以在MATLAB中运行。
    • SIM800C_MQTT.rar
      使用SIM800C模块,使用MQTT协议,连接中国移动onenet平台,能实现数据的订阅、发布、存储等