fuzzy model.rar

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fuzzy file for three phase inver
fuzzy model.rar
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内容介绍
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="generator" content="pdf2htmlEX"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/base.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/fancy.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/6251dd3e74bc5c0105a62fae/raw.css"> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/compatibility.min.js"></script> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/pdf2htmlEX.min.js"></script> <script> try{ pdf2htmlEX.defaultViewer = new pdf2htmlEX.Viewer({}); }catch(e){} </script> <title></title> </head> <body> <div id="sidebar" style="display: none"> <div id="outline"> </div> </div> <div id="pf1" class="pf w0 h0" data-page-no="1"><div class="pc pc1 w0 h0"><img class="bi x0 y0 w1 h1" alt="" src="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/6251dd3e74bc5c0105a62fae/bg1.jpg"><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">W<span class="_ _0"></span>ater</div><div class="t m1 x2 h3 y1 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x3 h2 y1 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Science</div><div class="t m0 x4 h4 y2 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ScienceDir<span class="_ _0"></span>ec<span class="_ _1"></span>t</div><div class="t m0 x5 h5 y3 ff2 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">W<span class="_ _2"></span>ater</div><div class="t m1 x6 h3 y3 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x7 h5 y3 ff2 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Science</div><div class="t m1 x8 h3 y3 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x9 h5 y3 ff2 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">31</div><div class="t m1 xa h3 y3 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb h5 y3 ff2 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(2017)</div><div class="t m1 xc h3 y3 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xd h5 y3 ff2 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1&#8211;10</div><div class="t m0 xe h5 y4 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">journal</div><div class="t m1 xf h3 y5 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x10 h5 y5 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">homepage:</div><div class="t m1 x11 h3 y5 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x12 h5 y5 ff2 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">www<span class="_ _2"></span>.elsevier<span class="_ _2"></span>.com/locate/wsj</div><div class="t m0 x13 h6 y6 ff2 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Modeling</div><div class="t m1 x14 h3 y6 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x15 h6 y6 ff2 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m1 x16 h3 y6 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x17 h6 y6 ff2 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">simulation</div><div class="t m1 x18 h3 y6 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x19 h6 y6 ff2 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x1a h3 y6 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x1b h6 y6 ff2 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">a</div><div class="t m1 x1c h3 y6 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x1d h6 y6 ff2 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">micro</div><div class="t m1 x1e h3 y6 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x1f h6 y6 ff2 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">grid-connected</div><div class="t m1 x20 h3 y6 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x21 h6 y6 ff2 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">solar</div><div class="t m1 x22 h3 y6 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x23 h6 y6 ff2 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">PV</div><div class="t m1 x24 h3 y6 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x25 h6 y6 ff2 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">system</div><div class="t m0 x26 h7 y7 ff2 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Rameen</div><div class="t m1 x27 h3 y8 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x28 h7 y8 ff2 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">AbdelHady</div><div class="t m0 x29 h8 y9 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">National</div><div class="t m1 x2a h3 y9 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x2b h8 y9 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Resear<span class="_ _0"></span>ch</div><div class="t m1 x2c h3 y9 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x18 h8 y9 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Center<span class="_ _2"></span>,</div><div class="t m1 x1b h3 y9 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x2d h8 y9 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Ministry</div><div class="t m1 x2e h3 y9 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x28 h8 y9 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x2f h3 y9 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x1 h8 y9 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">W<span class="_ _2"></span>ater</div><div class="t m1 x8 h3 y9 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x9 h8 y9 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Resour<span class="_ _0"></span>ces</div><div class="t m1 x30 h3 y9 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x31 h8 y9 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m1 x32 h3 y9 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x33 h8 y9 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Irrigation,</div><div class="t m1 x34 h3 y9 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x35 h8 y9 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Egypt</div><div class="t m0 x36 h5 ya ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Receiv<span class="_ _0"></span>ed</div><div class="t m1 x37 h3 yb ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x38 h5 yb ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m1 x39 h3 yb ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x3a h5 yb ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">February</div><div class="t m1 x3b h3 yb ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x3c h5 yb ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2017;</div><div class="t m1 x3d h3 yb ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x3e h5 yb ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">receiv<span class="_ _0"></span>ed</div><div class="t m1 x5 h3 yb ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xf h5 yb ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">in</div><div class="t m1 x3f h3 yb ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x40 h5 yb ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">revised</div><div class="t m1 x41 h3 yb ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x42 h5 yb ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">form</div><div class="t m1 x2 h3 yb ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x3 h5 yb ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m1 x43 h3 yb ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x44 h5 yb ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">April</div><div class="t m1 x45 h3 yb ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x46 h5 yb ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2017;</div><div class="t m1 x33 h3 yb ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x47 h5 yb ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">accepted</div><div class="t m1 x48 h3 yb ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x49 h5 yb ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">3</div><div class="t m1 x35 h3 yb ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x4a h5 yb ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">April</div><div class="t m1 x4b h3 yb ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x4c h5 yb ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2017</div><div class="t m0 x4d h5 yc ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">A<span class="_ _2"></span>vailable</div><div class="t m1 x3f h3 yd ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x40 h5 yd ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">online</div><div class="t m1 x4e h3 yd ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x4f h5 yd ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">25</div><div class="t m1 x50 h3 yd ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x1f h5 yd ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">May</div><div class="t m1 x43 h3 yd ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x44 h5 yd ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2017</div><div class="t m0 x51 h9 ye ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Abstract</div><div class="t m0 x52 ha yf ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">In</div><div class="t m1 x53 h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x54 ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2012,</div><div class="t m1 x55 h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x56 ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x57 h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x58 ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Ministry</div><div class="t m1 x59 h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x5a ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x16 h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x5b ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Electricity</div><div class="t m1 x5c h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x2a ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m1 x5d h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x5e ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Renew<span class="_ _0"></span>able</div><div class="t m1 x5f h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x60 ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Energy</div><div class="t m1 x61 h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x2e ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(MERE);</div><div class="t m1 x2 h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x62 ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0">began</div><div class="t m1 x63 h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x45 ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">promoting</div><div class="t m1 x64 h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x65 ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x66 h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x34 ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">system</div><div class="t m1 x67 h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x68 ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x69 h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x6a ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8216;Feed-in</div><div class="t m1 x6b h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x6c ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">T<span class="_ _2"></span>arif<span class="_ _0"></span>f<span class="_ _3"></span>&#8217;</div><div class="t m1 x6d h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x6e ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">in</div><div class="t m1 x6f h3 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x70 ha y10 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">billing.</div><div class="t m0 x51 ha y11 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">The</div><div class="t m1 x71 h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x53 ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">introduced</div><div class="t m1 x58 h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x72 ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">system</div><div class="t m1 x73 h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x74 ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">allows</div><div class="t m1 x75 h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x76 ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x77 h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x37 ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">user</div><div class="t m1 x78 h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x2a ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">to</div><div class="t m1 x79 h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x7a ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">generate</div><div class="t m1 x3d h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x3e ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">electricity</div><div class="t m1 x7b h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x7c ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">through</div><div class="t m1 x1e h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x50 ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">solar</div><div class="t m1 x44 h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x7d ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">panels</div><div class="t m1 x7e h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x7f ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">mounted</div><div class="t m1 x80 h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x81 ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">on</div><div class="t m1 x49 h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x34 ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x82 h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x83 ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">roofs</div><div class="t m1 x84 h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x85 ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x86 h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x87 ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">residential</div><div class="t m1 x88 h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x25 ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">buildings</div><div class="t m1 x89 h3 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x8a ha y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m0 x51 ha y13 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">gov<span class="_ _0"></span>ernmental</div><div class="t m1 x8b h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x8c ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">organizations</div><div class="t m1 x17 h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x8d ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m1 x8e h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x8f ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">tied</div><div class="t m1 x90 h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x91 ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">to</div><div class="t m1 x2b h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x92 ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x5e h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x93 ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">grid.</div><div class="t m1 x18 h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x94 ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws0">To</div><div class="t m1 x95 h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x96 ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">bene&#64257;t</div><div class="t m1 x97 h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x98 ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">from</div><div class="t m1 x99 h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x9a ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">MERE&#8217;<span class="_ _2"></span>s</div><div class="t m1 x43 h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x44 ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">approach,</div><div class="t m1 x32 h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x33 ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x9b h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x9c ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">National</div><div class="t m1 x82 h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x83 ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">W<span class="_ _2"></span>ater</div><div class="t m1 x85 h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x6a ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Research</div><div class="t m1 x6c h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x9d ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Center</div><div class="t m1 x6e h3 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x9e ha y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(NWRC)</div><div class="t m0 x51 ha y15 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(Qanatir<span class="_ _0"></span>,</div><div class="t m1 x9f h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa0 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Egypt)</div><div class="t m1 xa1 h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa2 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">set</div><div class="t m1 xa3 h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa4 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">up</div><div class="t m1 xa5 h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa6 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">a</div><div class="t m1 x36 h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa7 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">pilot</div><div class="t m1 xa8 h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa9 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">rooftop</div><div class="t m1 x2b h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xaa ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">91</div><div class="t m1 xab h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xac ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">kW</div><div class="t m1 xad h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xae ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">PV</div><div class="t m1 xaf h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb0 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">system.</div><div class="t m1 x10 h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x3f ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">All</div><div class="t m1 xb1 h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb2 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x41 h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb3 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">generated</div><div class="t m1 xb4 h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb5 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">electricity</div><div class="t m1 xb6 h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x64 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">is</div><div class="t m1 xb7 h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb8 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">fed</div><div class="t m1 x4a h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb9 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">into</div><div class="t m1 x4b h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x67 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 xba h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xbb ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">220</div><div class="t m1 x22 h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xbc ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls4 ws0">V,</div><div class="t m1 xbd h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xbe ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">50</div><div class="t m1 xbf h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xc0 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Hz</div><div class="t m1 xc1 h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xc2 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">low</div><div class="t m1 xc3 h3 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x70 ha y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">voltage</div><div class="t m0 x51 ha y17 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">grid</div><div class="t m1 x71 h3 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x53 ha y18 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">serving</div><div class="t m1 xc4 h3 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xc5 ha y18 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">NWRC</div><div class="t m1 xa3 h3 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa4 ha y18 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">premises.</div><div class="t m1 xc6 h3 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xc7 ha y18 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">In</div><div class="t m1 x77 h3 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x37 ha y18 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">this</div><div class="t m1 xc8 h3 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x78 ha y18 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">manuscript</div><div class="t m1 xc9 h3 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x26 ha y18 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">a</div><div class="t m1 x95 h3 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x96 ha y18 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">MA<span class="_ _4"></span>TLAB</div><div class="t m1 xca h3 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x28 ha y18 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Simulink</div><div class="t m1 xcb h3 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xcc ha y18 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">model</div><div class="t m1 xcd h3 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xc ha y18 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">is</div><div class="t m1 xce h3 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xcf ha y18 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">constructed</div><div class="t m1 xd0 h3 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xd1 ha y18 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">mimicking</div><div class="t m1 xd2 h3 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x87 ha y18 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">a</div><div class="t m1 xd3 h3 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xd4 ha y18 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">detailed</div><div class="t m1 xd5 h3 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xd6 ha y18 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">representation</div><div class="t m0 x51 ha y19 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 xd7 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xd8 ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 xd9 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xda ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">system</div><div class="t m1 x8b h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x8c ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">tied</div><div class="t m1 xdb h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xdc ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">either</div><div class="t m1 x5a h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xdd ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">to</div><div class="t m1 x5b h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xde ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 xc7 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x8e ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">local</div><div class="t m1 xdf h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xc8 ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">low</div><div class="t m1 xe0 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x5d ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">voltage</div><div class="t m1 xc9 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x3e ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">grid</div><div class="t m1 x1b h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xe1 ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">or</div><div class="t m1 xe2 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xe3 ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">to</div><div class="t m1 xe4 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x40 ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x7 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xe5 ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">national</div><div class="t m1 x62 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">high</div><div class="t m1 xb4 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb5 ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">voltage</div><div class="t m1 xe6 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xe7 ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">grid.</div><div class="t m1 xe8 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb8 ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">The</div><div class="t m1 xb9 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xe9 ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">aim</div><div class="t m1 xea h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xeb ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x85 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x6a ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">such</div><div class="t m1 xbc h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xec ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">modeling</div><div class="t m1 xed h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xee ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">effort</div><div class="t m1 xef h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xf0 ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">is</div><div class="t m1 xf1 h3 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xf2 ha y1a ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">to</div><div class="t m0 x51 ha y1b ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">provide</div><div class="t m1 xf3 h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xf4 ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">early</div><div class="t m1 xf5 h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x8c ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ev<span class="_ _2"></span>aluation</div><div class="t m1 x5a h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xdd ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x5b h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x8d ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 xf6 h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xf7 ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">system</div><div class="t m1 x2b h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xaa ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">performance.</div><div class="t m1 xf8 h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x1b ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">The</div><div class="t m1 xf9 h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x10 ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">economical</div><div class="t m1 x8 h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xfa ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">savings</div><div class="t m1 x45 h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xfb ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x7f h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xfc ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">both</div><div class="t m1 xfd h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x9b ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">scenarios</div><div class="t m1 x82 h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xfe ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">are</div><div class="t m1 xff h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x100 ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">compared</div><div class="t m1 xbe h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x101 ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">based</div><div class="t m1 x102 h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xed ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">on</div><div class="t m1 x103 h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x104 ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x105 h3 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x89 ha y1c ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">new</div><div class="t m0 x51 ha y1d ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">billing</div><div class="t m1 xda h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x106 ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">system.</div><div class="t m1 x57 h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x58 ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Results</div><div class="t m1 x73 h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa5 ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">show</div><div class="t m1 x107 h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x108 ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">that</div><div class="t m1 x109 h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x37 ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 xdf h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xc8 ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">current</div><div class="t m1 x3c h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x10a ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">system</div><div class="t m1 xe h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x10b ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">sav<span class="_ _0"></span>es</div><div class="t m1 xf9 h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x97 ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">100</div><div class="t m1 x10c h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb1 ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">thousand</div><div class="t m1 x62 h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x10d ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">L.E./year<span class="_ _0"></span>,</div><div class="t m1 x10e h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x10f ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">while</div><div class="t m1 x110 h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x111 ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">tying</div><div class="t m1 x112 h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x113 ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x114 h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x115 ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">system</div><div class="t m1 x116 h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xd3 ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">to</div><div class="t m1 xbc h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xec ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x101 h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x117 ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">national</div><div class="t m1 x9e h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x118 ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">grid</div><div class="t m1 xf0 h3 y1e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x119 ha y1e ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">will</div><div class="t m0 x51 ha y1f ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">sav<span class="_ _0"></span>e</div><div class="t m1 x11a h3 y20 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x11b ha y20 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">235.8</div><div class="t m1 x11c h3 y20 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x11d ha y20 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">thousand</div><div class="t m1 xa3 h3 y20 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa4 ha y20 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">L.E./year<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div><div class="t m0 x51 ha y21 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#169;</div><div class="t m1 x11e h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xd8 ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2017</div><div class="t m1 x11f h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x120 ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">National</div><div class="t m1 xa2 h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xdb ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">W<span class="_ _2"></span>ater</div><div class="t m1 x59 h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x121 ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Research</div><div class="t m1 x122 h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x123 ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Center<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div><div class="t m1 x5d h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xac ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Production</div><div class="t m1 x124 h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x2d ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m1 xf h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x98 ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">hosting</div><div class="t m1 x4f h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x42 ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">by</div><div class="t m1 x125 h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x9 ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Elsevier</div><div class="t m1 x126 h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x30 ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">B.V<span class="_ _4"></span>.</div><div class="t m1 x33 h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x127 ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">This</div><div class="t m1 x111 h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x128 ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">is</div><div class="t m1 x129 h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x66 ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">an</div><div class="t m1 x113 h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x12a ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">open</div><div class="t m1 xeb h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x12b ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">access</div><div class="t m1 x22 h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xec ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">article</div><div class="t m1 x24 h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x12c ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">under</div><div class="t m1 xc3 h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x70 ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x89 h3 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x12d ha y22 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">CC</div><div class="t m0 x51 ha y23 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">BY<span class="_ _4"></span>-NC-ND</div><div class="t m1 xc4 h3 y24 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x12e ha y24 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">license</div><div class="t m1 x12f h3 y24 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa3 ha y24 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(<span class="fc1">http://creativ<span class="_ _0"></span>ecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/<span class="fc0">).</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x51 h8 y25 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">K<span class="_ _0"></span>eywor<span class="_ _2"></span>ds:</div><div class="t m1 x130 h3 y25 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x11c h5 y25 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">PV</div><div class="t m1 xf5 h3 y25 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x131 h5 y25 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">systems;</div><div class="t m1 x132 h3 y25 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x133 h5 y25 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Grid</div><div class="t m1 xa7 h3 y25 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x16 h5 y25 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">tied;</div><div class="t m1 x29 h3 y25 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xf6 h5 y25 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Feed-in</div><div class="t m1 x78 h3 y25 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x2a h5 y25 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">tariff;</div><div class="t m1 x134 h3 y25 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x135 h5 y25 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">MPPT</div><div class="t m0 x51 hb y26 ff5 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1.</div><div class="t m1 xd7 h3 y26 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x136 hb y26 ff5 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Introduction</div><div class="t m0 x136 hc y27 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">The</div><div class="t m1 xf3 h3 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xf4 hc y28 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Egyptian</div><div class="t m1 x137 h3 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x138 hc y28 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">gov<span class="_ _0"></span>ernment</div><div class="t m1 x139 h3 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x109 hc y28 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">expects</div><div class="t m1 xe0 h3 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x5d hc y28 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x13a h3 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x13b hc y28 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">renew<span class="_ _0"></span>able</div><div class="t m1 x5 h3 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xf hc y28 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">energy</div><div class="t m1 x13c h3 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x13d hc y28 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">sector</div><div class="t m1 xa h3 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x44 hc y28 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">to</div><div class="t m1 x13e h3 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x13f hc y28 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">produce</div><div class="t m1 xe6 h3 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xe7 hc y28 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">20%</div><div class="t m1 x140 h3 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x141 hc y28 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x112 h3 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x113 hc y28 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">total</div><div class="t m1 xea h3 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xeb hc y28 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">power</div><div class="t m1 x142 h3 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xbc hc y28 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">generation</div><div class="t m1 x6e h3 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x9e hc y28 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">by</div><div class="t m1 x143 h3 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x144 hc y28 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2020</div><div class="t m0 x51 hc y29 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m0 x145 hc y2a ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">pwc</div><div class="t m1 x146 h3 y2a ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x147 hc y2a ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m1 x148 h3 y2a ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x55 hc y2a ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">EVERSHEDS,</div><div class="t m1 x17 h3 y2a ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x8d hc y2a ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2015<span class="fc0">).</span></div><div class="t m1 x149 h3 y2a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x90 hc y2a ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Solar</div><div class="t m1 x14a h3 y2a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xac hc y2a ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">generation</div><div class="t m1 x2d h3 y2a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x14b hc y2a ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">is</div><div class="t m1 x14c h3 y2a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xe3 hc y2a ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">supported</div><div class="t m1 x50 h3 y2a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x1f hc y2a ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">by</div><div class="t m1 x62 h3 y2a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa hc y2a ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x14d h3 y2a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x14e hc y2a ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">country&#8217;<span class="_ _2"></span>s</div><div class="t m1 x9b h3 y2a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb6 hc y2a ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">geographical</div><div class="t m1 x84 h3 y2a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x69 hc y2a ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">location</div><div class="t m1 x101 h3 y2a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x117 hc y2a ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m1 x14f h3 y2a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x150 hc y2a ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x9e h3 y2a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x151 hc y2a ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">amount</div><div class="t m0 x51 hc y2b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x152 h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x153 hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">solar</div><div class="t m1 x120 h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa0 hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">radiation</div><div class="t m1 x12f h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x154 hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">it</div><div class="t m1 x133 h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x155 hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">receiv<span class="_ _2"></span>es</div><div class="t m1 x8e h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x109 hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">throughout</div><div class="t m1 x10a h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x13b hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x3d h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xaf hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">year<span class="_ _2"></span>,</div><div class="t m1 x156 h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xe2 hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">this</div><div class="t m1 x157 h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x27 hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">amounts</div><div class="t m1 x158 h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x62 hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">to</div><div class="t m1 x7d h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x159 hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">3500</div><div class="t m1 x15a h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x7f hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">h</div><div class="t m1 x15b h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x32 hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">per</div><div class="t m1 x9b h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb6 hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">year</div><div class="t m1 x49 h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xd1 hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 xe9 h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x83 hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">high</div><div class="t m1 x15c h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x69 hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">intensity</div><div class="t m1 x117 h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x15d hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">solar</div><div class="t m1 x15e h3 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x6e hc y2c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">radiation</div><div class="t m0 x51 hc y2d ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m0 x145 hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Ahmad</div><div class="t m1 x15f h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa0 hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m1 x8b h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x57 hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Schmid,</div><div class="t m1 x59 h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa6 hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2001<span class="fc0">).</span></div><div class="t m1 xa9 h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x139 hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">The</div><div class="t m1 xdf h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xc8 hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">av<span class="_ _0"></span>erage</div><div class="t m1 x160 h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xad hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">solar</div><div class="t m1 xe h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x10b hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">radiation</div><div class="t m1 x28 h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws0">over</div><div class="t m1 x161 h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x50 hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">all</div><div class="t m1 x2 h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x3 hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x162 h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x159 hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 xcd h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xc hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Egyptian</div><div class="t m1 x163 h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x128 hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">territories</div><div class="t m1 xeb h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x12b hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ranges</div><div class="t m1 xec h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x164 hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">between</div><div class="t m1 x15e h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x6d hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">3000</div><div class="t m1 x165 h3 y2e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x89 hc y2e ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m0 x51 hc y2f ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">5000</div><div class="t m1 x146 h3 y30 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xd9 hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">W/m</div><div class="t m0 x56 hd y31 ff2 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 xc5 hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">/day</div><div class="t m1 x166 h3 y30 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x137 hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(corresponds</div><div class="t m1 x8f h3 y30 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x167 hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">to</div><div class="t m1 x149 h3 y30 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x90 hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">3&#8211;5</div><div class="t m1 x79 h3 y30 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x7a hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">h</div><div class="t m1 xab h3 y30 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x93 hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x13a h3 y30 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xad hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1000</div><div class="t m1 xe h3 y30 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x168 hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">W/m</div><div class="t m0 xf9 hd y31 ff2 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x98 hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">/day)</div><div class="t m1 x169 h3 y30 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x13c hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(<span class="fc1">Ahmad</span></div><div class="t m1 x162 h3 y30 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x16a hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m1 xc h3 y30 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x31 hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Mohamad,</div><div class="t m1 x141 h3 y30 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x49 hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2000<span class="fc0">).</span></div><div class="t m1 xea h3 y30 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xeb hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Accordingly<span class="_ _2"></span>,</div><div class="t m1 x24 h3 y30 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x12c hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x6d h3 y30 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x16b hc y30 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Ministry</div><div class="t m0 x51 hc y32 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x152 h3 y33 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xd8 hc y33 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Electricity</div><div class="t m1 x57 h3 y33 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x58 hc y33 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m1 x138 h3 y33 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x15 hc y33 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Renew<span class="_ _0"></span>able</div><div class="t m1 xf7 h3 y33 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x16c hc y33 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Energy</div><div class="t m1 x16d h3 y33 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x16e hc y33 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(MERE);</div><div class="t m1 x96 h3 y33 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x168 hc y33 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls6 ws0">began</div><div class="t m1 x10 h3 y33 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xe4 hc y33 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">promoting</div><div class="t m1 x158 h3 y33 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xcb hc y33 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x159 h3 y33 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x13e hc y33 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">system</div><div class="t m1 x32 h3 y33 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x33 hc y33 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 xfd h3 y33 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x9b hc y33 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8216;Feed-in</div><div class="t m1 x82 h3 y33 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x83 hc y33 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">T<span class="_ _4"></span>ariff<span class="_ _3"></span>&#8217;</div><div class="t m1 x16f h3 y33 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x170 hc y33 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">in</div><div class="t m1 x171 h3 y33 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x22 hc y33 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">billing.</div><div class="t m1 x88 h3 y33 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x25 hc y33 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">This</div><div class="t m1 x151 h3 y33 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x6f hc y33 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">system</div><div class="t m0 x51 hc y34 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">will</div><div class="t m1 x11a h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x54 hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">help</div><div class="t m1 x172 h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x55 hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">in</div><div class="t m1 x173 h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x131 hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">both</div><div class="t m1 x14 h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x12f hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ful&#64257;lling</div><div class="t m1 x108 h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x76 hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">part</div><div class="t m1 x174 h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x39 hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x5c h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x2a hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x5d h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xac hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">increasing</div><div class="t m1 x60 h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x175 hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">demand</div><div class="t m1 xb2 h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x9a hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">on</div><div class="t m1 x176 h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x1e hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x2 h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xcc hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">utility</div><div class="t m1 x46 h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xd hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m1 x33 h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x127 hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">decreasing</div><div class="t m1 x82 h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xfe hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 xeb h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x12b hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">billing</div><div class="t m1 xec h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x177 hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x6b h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x178 hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">users,</div><div class="t m1 x6d h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x16b hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">which</div><div class="t m1 xf1 h3 y35 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xf2 hc y35 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">is</div><div class="t m0 x51 hc y36 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">increasing</div><div class="t m1 x56 h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xc4 hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">due</div><div class="t m1 x179 h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x17a hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">to</div><div class="t m1 x138 h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x15 hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 xa5 h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x17b hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">gradual</div><div class="t m1 x8f h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x77 hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">remov<span class="_ _2"></span>al</div><div class="t m1 x14a h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x93 hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x13a h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x13b hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">subsidies</div><div class="t m1 x17c h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x14c hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">on</div><div class="t m1 x3f h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x7c hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">electricity<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div><div class="t m1 x3 h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">The</div><div class="t m1 xb4 h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb5 hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">introduced</div><div class="t m1 x80 h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb7 hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">method</div><div class="t m1 x17d h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x4c hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">allows</div><div class="t m1 xd4 h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x17e hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 xbe h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x101 hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">user</div><div class="t m1 x14f h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x150 hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">to</div><div class="t m1 x17f h3 y37 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x180 hc y37 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">generate</div><div class="t m0 x51 hc y38 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">electricity</div><div class="t m1 x11d h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x181 hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">through</div><div class="t m1 x154 h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa4 hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">solar</div><div class="t m1 xa7 h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x182 hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">panels</div><div class="t m1 x122 h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x174 hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">mounted</div><div class="t m1 x3c h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x10a hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">on</div><div class="t m1 x18 h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x94 hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x96 h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x168 hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">roofs</div><div class="t m1 x183 h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x10 hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x157 h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x61 hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">buildings</div><div class="t m1 xcb h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xcc hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m1 x14d h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x14e hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">tied</div><div class="t m1 x7f h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xcf hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">to</div><div class="t m1 x184 h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x47 hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x9c h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x110 hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">national</div><div class="t m1 xfe h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x114 hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">grid.</div><div class="t m1 x69 h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x6a hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">The</div><div class="t m1 x22 h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x185 hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">user&#8217;<span class="_ _2"></span>s</div><div class="t m1 x24 h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xd6 hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">bill</div><div class="t m1 x6d h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x6e hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">will</div><div class="t m1 x186 h3 y39 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x105 hc y39 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">then</div><div class="t m0 x51 hc y3a ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws0">cove<span class="_ _3"></span>r</div><div class="t m1 x187 h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xda hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x172 h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x11c hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">net</div><div class="t m1 x188 h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x57 hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">energy</div><div class="t m1 x133 h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x189 hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(generated</div><div class="t m1 x174 h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x18a hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">subtracted</div><div class="t m1 xad h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x2c hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">from</div><div class="t m1 x10b h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xf8 hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x18b h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x14c hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">consumed)</div><div class="t m1 x1f h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x125 hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">bearing</div><div class="t m1 xb5 h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x126 hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">in</div><div class="t m1 xce h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xcf hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">mind</div><div class="t m1 x9b h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x9c hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">that</div><div class="t m1 x141 h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x66 hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x12a h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x18c hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">generated</div><div class="t m1 x142 h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x22 hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">energy</div><div class="t m1 xd6 h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x18d hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">is</div><div class="t m1 xc2 h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x18e hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">rated</div><div class="t m1 x144 h3 y3b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x105 hc y3b ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">with</div><div class="t m0 x51 hc y3c ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">an</div><div class="t m1 x52 h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x153 hc y3d ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">exclusi<span class="_ _2"></span>ve</div><div class="t m1 x8b h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x8c hc y3d ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">tariff;</div><div class="t m1 x154 h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x18f hc y3d ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">0.9</div><div class="t m1 x121 h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xdd hc y3d ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">L.E.</div><div class="t m1 x190 h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x29 hc y3d ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">per</div><div class="t m1 x38 h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x123 hc y3d ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">kWh</div><div class="t m1 x79 h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x7a hc y3d ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">for</div><div class="t m1 x135 h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x10a hc y3d ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">systems</div><div class="t m1 x5f h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x60 hc y3d ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">with</div><div class="t m1 x4 h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x7b hc y3d ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">capacity</div><div class="t m1 x191 h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x125 hc y3d ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">less</div><div class="t m1 x7d h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x192 hc y3d ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">than</div><div class="t m1 x30 h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x31 hc y3d ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">200</div><div class="t m1 x193 h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x127 hc y3d ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">kW</div><div class="t m1 x64 h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x65 hc y3d ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(<span class="fc1">IEA,</span></div><div class="t m1 x12a h3 y3d ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x82 hc y3d ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2016<span class="fc0">).</span></div><div class="t m0 x153 hc y3e ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Ef&#64257;cient</div><div class="t m1 xc5 h3 y3f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xf5 hc y40 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">implementation</div><div class="t m1 xa8 h3 y3f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xf6 hc y3f ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m1 x39 h3 y3f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x3a hc y3f ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">operation</div><div class="t m1 xad h3 y3f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x2c hc y3f ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 xc9 h3 y3f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x26 hc y3f ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">PV</div><div class="t m1 x194 h3 y3f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x124 hc y3f ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">systems</div><div class="t m1 x6 h3 y3f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x7 hc y3f ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">requires</div><div class="t m1 x3 h3 y3f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa hc y3f ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">maximum</div><div class="t m1 x184 h3 y3f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x193 hc y3f ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">power</div><div class="t m1 x140 h3 y3f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x129 hc y3f ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">point</div><div class="t m1 x20 h3 y3f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x195 hc y3f ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">tracking</div><div class="t m1 x171 h3 y3f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x17e hc y3f ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(MPPT)</div><div class="t m1 xc1 h3 y3f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x102 hc y3f ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">of</div><div class="t m1 x6e h3 y3f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x180 hc y3f ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x196 h3 y3f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x144 hc y3f ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">solar</div><div class="t m0 x51 hc y41 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">array<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div><div class="t m1 x187 h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xda hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">MPPT<span class="_ _2"></span>,</div><div class="t m1 x57 h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x58 hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">in</div><div class="t m1 xa2 h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x197 hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">addition</div><div class="t m1 x182 h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x198 hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">to</div><div class="t m1 x75 h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x76 hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">rising</div><div class="t m1 xdf h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x199 hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x79 h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xe0 hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">power</div><div class="t m1 x19a h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x94 hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">deliv<span class="_ _2"></span>ered</div><div class="t m1 x10 h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x4 hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">from</div><div class="t m1 x169 h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x19b hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x50 h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x191 hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">PV</div><div class="t m1 xa h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">system</div><div class="t m1 x7f h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xcf hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">to</div><div class="t m1 x184 h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x193 hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x9c h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x110 hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">load,</div><div class="t m1 xd1 h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x112 hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">is</div><div class="t m1 xe9 h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x19c hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">considered</div><div class="t m1 xec h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x164 hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">as</div><div class="t m1 x19d h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x117 hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">lifetime</div><div class="t m1 x103 h3 y42 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x151 hc y42 ff2 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">booster</div><div class="t m0 x153 h8 y43 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">E-mail</div><div class="t m1 x130 h3 y44 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x172 h8 y44 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">addr<span class="_ _0"></span>ess:</div><div class="t m1 x166 h3 y45 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xdb h5 y45 ff2 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">rameens@hotmail.com</div><div class="t m0 x51 h5 y46 ff2 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wsj.2017.04.001</div><div class="t m0 x51 h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1110-4929/&#169;</div><div class="t m1 xc4 h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x19e h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2017</div><div class="t m1 x19f h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa2 h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">National</div><div class="t m1 x121 h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xdd h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">W<span class="_ _2"></span>ater</div><div class="t m1 xc6 h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xa8 h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Research</div><div class="t m1 x2b h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x92 h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Center<span class="_ _2"></span>.</div><div class="t m1 x160 h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x13b h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Production</div><div class="t m1 x1c h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x17c h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">and</div><div class="t m1 xe4 h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x7b h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">hosting</div><div class="t m1 x4f h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x1a0 h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">by</div><div class="t m1 x191 h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x1a1 h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Elsevier</div><div class="t m1 x14e h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb4 h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">B.V<span class="_ _4"></span>.</div><div class="t m1 x7f h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xcf h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">This</div><div class="t m1 xe6 h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x1a2 h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">is</div><div class="t m1 x1a3 h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x9c h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">an</div><div class="t m1 x80 h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x81 h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">open</div><div class="t m1 x4a h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x113 h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">access</div><div class="t m1 xeb h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x100 h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">article</div><div class="t m1 x1a4 h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xd4 h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">under</div><div class="t m1 x6b h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x117 h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">the</div><div class="t m1 x24 h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xd6 h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">CC</div><div class="t m1 x18e h3 y47 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xee h5 y47 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">BY<span class="_ _4"></span>-NC-ND</div><div class="t m0 x51 h5 y48 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">license</div><div class="t m1 x187 h3 y49 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xda h5 y49 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(<span class="fc1">http://creativ<span class="_ _0"></span>ecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/<span class="fc0">).</span></span></div><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" 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