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为了更准确地识别人的表情,在识别人脸7 种基本表情(愤怒、厌恶、恐惧、高兴、无表情、悲伤和惊讶)时,采用了局域二值 模式技术提取面部特征,进行由粗略到精细的表情分类。在粗略分类阶段,7 种基本表情中的2 种表情被选为初步分类结果(候选表情)。 在精细分类阶段,选用计算加权卡方值确定最终分类结果。采用日本的Jaffe 表情数据库来验证算法性能,对陌生人表情的识别率为77.9%, 其结果优于采用同样数据库的其他方法,且易于实现
MethodofFacialExpressionRecognition.rar
  • 基于粗略到精细分类的面部表情识别方法.pdf
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<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="generator" content="pdf2htmlEX"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/base.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/fancy.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/622b3097ff7f9c46a696f1cc/raw.css"> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/compatibility.min.js"></script> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/pdf2htmlEX.min.js"></script> <script> try{ pdf2htmlEX.defaultViewer = new pdf2htmlEX.Viewer({}); }catch(e){} </script> <title></title> </head> <body> <div id="sidebar" style="display: none"> <div id="outline"> </div> </div> <div id="pf1" class="pf w0 h0" data-page-no="1"><div class="pc pc1 w0 h0"><img class="bi x0 y0 w1 h1" alt="" src="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/622b3097ff7f9c46a696f1cc/bg1.jpg"><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x2 h2 y2 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8212;<span class="ff1">168</span>&#8212;</div><div class="t m0 x3 h3 y3 ff3 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x3 h3 y4 ff3 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x3 h3 y5 ff3 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws0"> <span class="fs2 ls0"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x4 h4 y6 ff4 fs3 fc0 sc1 ls2 ws0">&#22522;&#20110;&#31895;&#30053;&#21040;&#31934;&#32454;&#20998;&#31867;&#30340;&#38754;&#37096;&#34920;&#24773;&#35782;&#21035;&#26041;&#27861;</div><div class="t m0 x5 h5 y7 ff3 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x6 h6 y8 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc1 ls0 ws0">&#23828;<span class="ff3 sc0 ls3"> </span><span class="ls4">&#27905;&#65292;&#20911;&#26195;&#27589;</span><span class="ff3 sc0"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x7 h7 y9 ff5 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#65288;&#35199;&#21271;&#24037;&#19994;&#22823;&#23398;&#30005;&#23376;&#20449;&#24687;&#23398;&#38498;&#65292;&#35199;&#23433;<span class="ff1 ls5 ws1"> 710072</span>&#65289;<span class="ff1"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x3 h8 ya ff5 fs4 fc0 sc1 ls0 ws0">&#25688;<span class="ff3 sc0 ls6"> </span><span class="ls7">&#35201;&#65306;</span><span class="sc0">&#20026;&#20102;&#26356;&#20934;&#30830;&#22320;&#35782;&#21035;&#20154;&#30340;&#34920;&#24773;&#65292;&#22312;&#35782;&#21035;&#20154;&#33080;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff1">7<span class="_"> </span></span>&#31181;&#22522;&#26412;&#34920;&#24773;&#65288;&#24868;&#24594;&#12289;&#21388;&#24694;&#12289;&#24656;&#24807;&#12289;&#39640;&#20852;&#12289;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26080;&#34920;&#24773;&#12289;&#24754;&#20260;&#21644;&#24778;&#35766;&#65289;&#26102;&#65292;&#37319;&#29992;&#20102;&#23616;&#22495;&#20108;&#20540;</span></div><div class="t m0 x3 h7 yb ff5 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#27169;&#24335;&#25216;&#26415;&#25552;&#21462;&#38754;&#37096;&#29305;&#24449;&#65292;&#36827;&#34892;&#30001;&#31895;&#30053;&#21040;&#31934;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#32454;&#30340;&#34920;&#24773;&#20998;&#31867;&#12290;&#22312;&#31895;&#30053;&#20998;&#31867;&#38454;&#27573;&#65292;<span class="ff1">7<span class="_ _0"> </span></span>&#31181;&#22522;&#26412;&#34920;&#24773;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#20013;&#30340;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff1">2<span class="_"> </span></span>&#31181;&#34920;&#24773;&#34987;&#36873;&#20026;&#21021;&#27493;&#20998;&#31867;&#32467;&#26524;&#65288;&#20505;&#36873;&#34920;&#24773;&#65289;<span class="_ _3"></span>&#12290;</div><div class="t m0 x3 h7 yc ff5 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#22312;&#31934;&#32454;&#20998;&#31867;&#38454;&#27573;&#65292;<span class="_ _4"></span>&#36873;&#29992;&#35745;&#31639;&#21152;&#26435;&#21345;&#26041;&#20540;&#30830;&#23450;&#26368;&#32456;&#20998;&#31867;&#32467;&#26524;&#12290;<span class="_ _4"></span>&#37319;&#29992;&#26085;&#26412;&#30340;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff1 ls8">Jaffe<span class="_"> </span></span>&#34920;&#24773;&#25968;&#25454;&#24211;&#26469;&#39564;&#35777;&#31639;&#27861;&#24615;&#33021;&#65292;<span class="_ _4"></span>&#23545;&#38476;&#29983;&#20154;&#34920;&#24773;&#30340;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#35782;&#21035;&#29575;&#20026;<span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ff1 ls5">77.9%</span>&#65292;</div><div class="t m0 x3 h7 yd ff5 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20854;&#32467;&#26524;&#20248;&#20110;&#37319;&#29992;&#21516;&#26679;&#25968;&#25454;&#24211;&#30340;&#20854;&#20182;&#26041;&#27861;&#65292;&#19988;&#26131;&#20110;&#23454;&#29616;&#12290;<span class="ff1"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x3 h8 ye ff5 fs4 fc0 sc1 ls7 ws0">&#20851;&#38190;&#35789;&#65306;<span class="sc0 ls0">&#38754;&#37096;&#34920;&#24773;&#65307;&#23616;&#22495;&#20108;&#20540;&#27169;&#24335;&#65307;&#34920;&#24773;&#20998;&#31867;&#65307;&#21152;&#26435;&#21345;&#26041;&#20540;<span class="ff3"> </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x8 h9 yf ff3 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls9 ws2">Method <span class="_ _5"></span>of <span class="_ _5"></span>Facial <span class="_ _5"></span>Expression <span class="_ _5"></span>Recognition </div><div class="t m0 x9 h9 y10 ff3 fs5 fc0 sc0 lsa ws3">Based on Coarse-to-fine Classification</div><div class="t m0 xa ha y11 ff3 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y12 ff3 fs0 fc0 sc0 lsb ws4">CUI Jie, FENG<span class="_ _1"></span> Xiaoyi </div><div class="t m0 xc h7 y13 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsc ws5">(School of Electronic and Inform<span class="_ _1"></span>ation, Northw<span class="lsd ws6">estern Poly<span class="_ _1"></span>technical University<span class="_ _6"></span>, Xi&#8217;an 710072) </span></div><div class="t m0 x3 h8 y14 ff5 fs4 fc0 sc1 ls0 ws0">&#12304;<span class="ff3 sc0 lse">Abstract</span>&#12305;<span class="ff1 sc0 lsf ws7">This paper presents an effective method fo<span class="ls10 ws8">r facial expressi<span class="_ _2"></span>on recognition. It analyzes<span class="lsd ws9"> seven basic expressi<span class="ls11 wsa">ons: angry, disgust,<span class="ls12 wsb"> fear,</span></span></span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 x3 h7 y15 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls13 wsc">happiness, neutral, sadness and surprise. Th<span class="ls14 wsd">e local binary pattern(LBP) operator is us<span class="ls15 wse">ed to extract face appearance features. A<span class="ls16 wsf"> two-stage</span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 x3 h7 y16 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls17 ws10">classification method is proposed. At the fi<span class="ls18 ws11">rst (coarse classifica<span class="_ _1"></span><span class="ls19 ws12">tion) stage, two expression candi<span class="ls1a ws13">dates from initial seven are<span class="ls1b ws14"> selected. At the secon</span></span></span></span></div><div class="c xd y17 w2 hb"><div class="t m0 xe h7 y18 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">d</div></div><div class="t m0 x3 h7 y19 ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls10 ws15">(fine classification) stage, one of the two candidate clas<span class="_ _2"></span>ses is<span class="ls1c ws16"> verified as final expression cl<span class="ls1d ws17">ass by the Chi square statistic<span class="ws18">. Our algorithm is tested on</span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 x3 h7 y1a ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsf ws19">the Jaffe database and the recognition rate<span class="ls1e ws1a"> for a new person&#8217;s expr<span class="_ _1"></span>ession is 77.9%, wh<span class="lsf ws19">ich is higher than all the other reported<span class="ls1f ws1b"> m<span class="_ _1"></span>ethods. </span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 x3 h8 y1b ff5 fs4 fc0 sc1 ls0 ws0">&#12304;<span class="ff3 sc0 ls20 ws1c">Key wo<span class="_ _2"></span>rds</span>&#12305;<span class="ff1 sc0 ls21 ws1d">Facial expression; Local binary pa<span class="lsf ws19">ttern(LBP);<span class="_ _1"></span> Expression classification;</span></span></div><div class="t m0 xf hc y1c ff6 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> <span class="ff1 fs4 ls8 ws1e">Chi square statistic </span></div><div class="t m0 x10 h3 y1d ff7 fs1 fc0 sc1 ls0 ws0">&#35745;<span class="ff3 sc0 ls1"> </span>&#31639;<span class="ff3 sc0 ls1"> </span>&#26426;<span class="ff3 sc0 ls1"> </span>&#24037;<span class="ff3 sc0 ls1"> </span>&#31243;</div><div class="t m0 x11 h3 y1e ff3 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls22 ws1f">Computer Engineering</div><div class="t m0 x12 h3 y1f ff7 fs1 fc0 sc1 ls0 ws0">&#31532;<span class="_ _7"> </span><span class="ff3 sc0 ls23">33<span class="_"> </span></span>&#21367;<span class="ff3 sc0 ls1"> </span>&#31532;<span class="_ _7"> </span><span class="ff3 sc0">5<span class="_"> </span></span>&#26399;<span class="ff3 sc0"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x12 hd y20 ff8 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls24 ws20">V<span class="_ _8"></span>ol.33 No.5<span class="ff1 ls0 ws0"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x13 h3 y21 ff3 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls23 ws0">2007<span class="_"> </span><span class="ff7 sc1 ls0">&#24180;<span class="_ _7"> </span></span><span class="ls0">3<span class="_"> </span><span class="ff7 sc1">&#26376;</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x14 h3 y22 ff3 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls25 ws0">March<span class="_"> </span>2007</div><div class="t m0 x15 he y23 ff9 fs1 fc0 sc1 ls0 ws0">&#183;<span class="ff7 ls7">&#20154;&#24037;&#26234;&#33021;&#21450;&#35782;&#21035;&#25216;&#26415;</span>&#183;</div><div class="t m0 x16 h8 y24 ff7 fs4 fc0 sc1 ls7 ws0">&#25991;&#31456;&#32534;&#21495;&#65306;<span class="ff3 sc0 ls5">1000</span><span class="ff5 ls0">&#8212;<span class="ff3 sc0 ls5">3428(2007)<span class="_ _1"></span>05<span class="ff5 sc1 ls0">&#8212;</span>0168<span class="ff5 sc1 ls0">&#8212;</span><span class="ls26">02</span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 x17 h8 y25 ff7 fs4 fc0 sc1 ls7 ws0">&#25991;&#29486;&#26631;&#35782;&#30721;&#65306;<span class="ff3 sc0 ls27 ws21">A <span class="ff1 ls0 ws0"> </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x18 h8 y26 ff7 fs4 fc0 sc1 ls7 ws0">&#20013;&#22270;&#20998;&#31867;&#21495;&#65306;<span class="ff3 sc0 ls28">TP391.4</span></div><div class="t m1 x2 h3 y27 ff3 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls29 ws0">1 </div><div class="t m2 x19 hf y27 ff5 fs1 fc0 sc1 ls2a ws0">&#27010;&#36848;</div><div class="t m1 x1a h3 y27 ff3 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m3 x1 h10 y28 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#20154;&#33080;&#38754;&#37096;&#34920;&#24773;&#35782;&#21035;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#26159;&#35745;&#31639;&#26426;&#35270;&#35273;&#39046;&#22495;&#19968;&#20010;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#23500;&#26377;&#25361;&#25112;&#24615;&#30340;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y29 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2c ws0">&#30740;&#31350;&#35838;&#39064;&#65292;&#22312;&#20154;&#26426;&#25509;&#21475;&#12289;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#24515;&#29702;&#23398;&#30740;&#31350;&#31561;&#26041;&#38754;&#20855;&#26377;&#37325;&#35201;&#24847;&#20041;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#12290;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y2a ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#30001;&#20110;&#38745;&#24577;&#38754;&#37096;&#22270;&#20687;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#21253;&#21547;&#34920;&#24773;&#20449;&#24687;&#36739;&#23569;&#65292;&#22240;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#27492;&#20174;&#38745;&#24577;&#22270;&#20687;&#20013;&#35782;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y2b ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2c ws0">&#21035;&#34920;&#24773;&#27604;&#20174;&#22270;&#20687;&#24207;&#21015;&#20013;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#36827;&#34892;&#38590;&#24230;&#26356;&#22823;&#12290;&#22312;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#26377;&#20123;&#24773;&#20917;&#19979;&#65292;&#21333;&#24133;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y2c ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#22270;&#20687;&#20013;&#21253;&#21547;&#30340;&#20449;&#24687;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#36275;&#20197;&#29992;&#26469;&#35782;&#21035;&#34920;&#24773;&#65292;&#32780;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#19988;&#22312;&#24456;&#22810;&#24212;&#29992;&#20013;&#20063;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y2d ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2c ws0">&#38656;&#35201;&#35782;&#21035;&#21333;&#24133;&#22270;&#20687;&#20013;&#30340;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#34920;&#24773;&#12290;&#36817;&#24180;&#26469;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#20986;&#29616;&#20102;&#24456;&#22810;&#35782;&#21035;&#38745;&#24577;&#22270;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y2e ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2d ws0">&#20687;&#20013;&#34920;&#24773;&#30340;&#26041;&#27861;</div><div class="t m4 x1b h11 y2f ff1 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls2e ws0">[1]</div><div class="t m3 x1c h10 y2e ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#12290;</div><div class="t m5 x1d h2 y2e ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m5 x1 h2 y30 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2f ws0">Gao</div><div class="t m3 x1e h10 y31 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#31561;&#20154;&#29992;&#32447;&#24615;&#36793;&#32536;&#22270;</div><div class="t m5 x1f h2 y31 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls30 ws0">(LEM)</div><div class="t m3 x20 h10 y31 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#25551;&#36848;&#34920;&#24773;</div><div class="t m4 x21 h11 y32 ff1 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls31 ws0">[2]</div><div class="t m3 x22 h10 y31 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#65292;<span class="_ _9"></span><span class="ls2b">&#25226;&#38754;&#37096;&#34920;&#24773;&#35782;</span></div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y33 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#21035;&#36716;&#25442;&#25104;&#20102;&#36890;&#36807;</div><div class="t m5 x23 h2 y34 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls32 ws0">LEM</div><div class="t m3 x24 h10 y34 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#26041;&#27861;&#25551;&#36848;&#20986;&#30340;&#33080;&#37096;&#20043;&#21518;&#65292;<span class="_ _a"></span>&#20877;&#19982;&#30011;&#32447;&#30340;&#34920;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y35 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls33 ws0">&#24773;&#27169;&#22411;&#36827;&#34892;&#21305;&#37197;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#12290;</div><div class="t m5 x25 h2 y35 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls34 ws0">Shinohara</div><div class="t m3 x9 h10 y35 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#21644;</div><div class="t m5 x26 h2 y35 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls34 ws0">Otsu</div><div class="t m4 x27 h11 y36 ff1 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls31 ws0">[3]</div><div class="t m3 x28 h10 y35 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls33 ws0">&#25226;&#39640;&#38454;&#23616;&#37096;&#33258;&#21160;&#30456;&#20851;</div><div class="t m5 x2 h2 y37 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2f ws0">(HLAC)</div><div class="t m3 x29 h10 y37 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls35 ws0">&#29305;&#24449;&#21644;</div><div class="t m5 x1b h2 y37 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls36 ws0">Fisher</div><div class="t m3 x2a h10 y37 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2c ws0">&#26435;&#20540;&#22270;&#32467;&#21512;&#36215;&#26469;&#24418;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#25104;&#19968;&#20010;&#29305;&#24449;&#21521;&#37327;&#65292;</div><div class="t m5 x2 h2 y38 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls37 ws0">Fisher</div><div class="t m3 x2b h10 y38 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#21028;&#21035;&#24335;&#20998;&#26512;&#27861;&#24120;&#29992;&#20110;&#34920;&#24773;&#35782;&#21035;&#12290;</div><div class="t m5 x2c h2 y38 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls30 ws0">L<span class="_ _6"></span>yons</div><div class="t m3 x2d h10 y38 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#31561;&#20154;</div><div class="t m4 x10 h11 y39 ff1 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls31 ws0">[4]</div><div class="t m3 x2e h10 y38 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#25552;&#20986;&#20102;&#19968;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y3a ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#31181;&#22522;&#20110;&#27169;&#26495;&#30340;&#34920;&#24773;&#35782;&#21035;&#26041;&#27861;&#65292;&#29992;&#20108;&#32500;</div><div class="t m5 x2f h2 y3b ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls38 ws0">Gabor</div><div class="t m3 x30 h10 y3b ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#23567;&#27874;&#34920;&#31034;&#33080;&#37096;&#65292;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y3c ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#21033;&#29992;&#20027;&#20998;&#37327;&#20998;&#26512;&#27861;</div><div class="t m5 x31 h2 y3d ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls39 ws0">(PCA)</div><div class="t m3 x32 h10 y3d ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#21387;&#32553;&#25968;&#25454;&#65292;<span class="_ _4"></span>&#29992;&#32447;&#24615;&#21028;&#21035;&#20998;&#26512;&#27861;</div><div class="t m5 x33 h2 y3d ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2f ws0">(LDA)</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y3e ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#36827;&#34892;&#34920;&#24773;&#20998;&#31867;&#12290;</div><div class="t m5 x1b h2 y3e ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls3a ws0">Buciu</div><div class="t m3 x24 h10 y3e ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#31561;&#20154;</div><div class="t m4 x34 h11 y3f ff1 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls31 ws0">[5]</div><div class="t m3 x35 h10 y3e ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#23558;</div><div class="t m5 x36 h2 y3e ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls3b ws0">Gabor</div><div class="t m3 x16 h10 y3e ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#23567;&#27874;</div><div class="t m5 x37 h2 y3e ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m3 x38 h10 y3e ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#25110;</div><div class="t m5 x39 h2 y3e ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls3c ws0">ICA)</div><div class="t m3 x2e h10 y3e ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#21644;</div><div class="t m5 x33 h2 y3e ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls3d ws0">SVMS</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y40 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#32467;&#21512;&#36215;&#26469;&#35782;&#21035;&#38754;&#37096;&#34920;&#24773;&#12290;</div><div class="t m5 x3a h2 y40 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls39 ws0">Fasel</div><div class="t m3 x3b h10 y40 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#31561;&#20154;&#29992;&#30340;&#26159;&#31070;&#32463;&#32593;&#32476;&#26041;&#27861;&#26469;&#36827;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y41 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2c ws0">&#34892;&#34920;&#24773;&#30340;&#23398;&#20064;&#21644;&#35782;&#21035;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#12290;&#28982;&#32780;&#65292;&#36825;&#20123;&#26041;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#27861;&#25110;&#32773;&#38656;&#35201;&#20154;&#24037;&#23450;&#20301;&#24456;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y42 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#22810;&#38754;&#37096;&#20851;&#38190;&#28857;&#65292;&#19981;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#33021;&#23454;&#29616;&#33258;&#21160;&#21270;&#30340;&#35782;&#21035;&#65292;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#19981;&#20415;&#20110;&#23454;&#38469;&#24212;&#29992;&#65292;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y43 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2d ws0">&#25110;&#32773;&#35782;&#21035;&#29575;&#24456;&#20302;&#65292;&#22343;&#19981;&#33021;&#24456;&#22909;&#22320;&#23454;&#29616;&#23545;&#34920;&#24773;&#30340;&#35782;&#21035;&#12290;</div><div class="t m5 x3c h2 y43 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m3 x1 h10 y44 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#20026;&#20102;&#20811;&#26381;&#29616;&#23384;&#30340;&#29305;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#24449;&#20449;&#24687;&#25552;&#21462;&#19981;&#20840;&#38754;&#21644;&#23545;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#34920;&#24773;&#35782;&#21035;&#29575;&#19981;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y45 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#39640;&#31561;&#38382;&#39064;&#65292;&#26412;&#25991;&#37319;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#29992;&#33021;&#22815;&#24456;&#22909;&#22320;&#36827;&#34892;&#32441;&#29702;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#20998;&#26512;&#30340;&#23616;&#22495;&#20108;&#20540;&#27169;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y46 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#24335;</div><div class="t m5 x3d h2 y47 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls30 ws0">(LBP)</div><div class="t m3 x1a h10 y47 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#25216;&#26415;&#36827;&#34892;&#38754;&#37096;&#29305;&#24449;&#25552;&#21462;&#65292;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#24182;&#22312;&#22522;&#20110;&#27169;&#26495;&#30340;&#20998;&#31867;&#26041;&#27861;&#22522;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y48 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2c ws0">&#30784;&#19978;&#36827;&#34892;&#25913;&#36827;&#65292;&#37319;&#29992;&#30001;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#31895;&#30053;&#21040;&#31934;&#30830;&#30340;&#34920;&#24773;&#20998;&#31867;&#26041;&#26696;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#12290;&#22312;&#31895;&#20998;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y49 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#31867;&#38454;&#27573;&#65292;&#27604;&#36739;&#27979;&#35797;&#26679;&#26412;&#19982;</div><div class="t m5 x3e h2 y49 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">7</div><div class="t m3 x3f h10 y49 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#31181;&#34920;&#24773;&#27169;&#26495;&#38388;&#30340;&#24046;&#24322;&#65292;&#36873;&#25321;</div><div class="t m5 x40 h2 y49 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m3 x41 h10 y49 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20010;</div><div class="t m3 x2 h10 y4a ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#19982;&#27979;&#35797;&#26679;&#26412;&#26368;&#30456;&#20284;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#30340;&#34920;&#24773;&#20316;&#20026;&#20505;&#36873;&#34920;&#24773;&#65307;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#22312;&#32454;&#20998;&#31867;&#38454;&#27573;&#65292;&#36827;</div><div class="t m3 x42 h10 y4b ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2d ws0">&#19968;&#27493;&#30830;&#23450;&#20505;&#36873;&#34920;&#24773;&#20013;&#30340;&#19968;&#31181;&#20316;&#20026;&#26368;&#32456;&#30340;&#20998;&#31867;&#32467;&#26524;&#12290;</div><div class="t m5 x43 h2 y4c ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m1 x42 h3 y4d ff3 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls29 ws0">2 </div><div class="t m2 x44 hf y4d ff5 fs1 fc0 sc1 ls2a ws0">&#38754;&#37096;&#29305;&#24449;&#25552;&#21462;</div><div class="t m1 x45 h3 y4d ff3 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m3 x46 h10 y29 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#36817;&#24180;&#26469;&#65292;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#29992;&#20110;&#32441;&#29702;&#20998;&#26512;&#20013;&#30340;&#23616;&#22495;&#20108;&#20540;&#27169;&#24335;</div><div class="t m5 x14 h2 y29 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls30 ws0">(LBP)</div><div class="t m3 x47 h10 y29 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#25216;&#26415;&#24050;&#32463;</div><div class="t m3 x42 h10 y2a ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#25104;&#21151;&#22320;&#24212;&#29992;&#21040;&#20154;&#33080;&#30340;&#35782;&#21035;&#65292;<span class="_ _8"></span>&#26412;&#25991;&#37319;&#29992;</div><div class="t m5 x48 h2 y2a ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls32 ws0">LBP</div><div class="t m3 x49 h10 y2a ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#25552;&#21462;&#38754;&#37096;&#29305;&#24449;&#12290;<span class="_ _8"></span>&#22270;</div><div class="t m5 x42 h2 y4e ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m3 x4a h10 y4e ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#25551;&#36848;&#20102;&#22522;&#26412;&#30340;</div><div class="t m5 x4b h2 y4e ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls32 ws0">LBP</div><div class="t m3 x4c h10 y4e ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls3e ws0">&#31639;&#27861;&#12290;&#22270;</div><div class="t m5 xa h2 y4e ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls38 ws0">1(a)</div><div class="t m3 x4d h10 y4e ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#26159;&#19968;&#20010;</div><div class="t m5 x49 h2 y4e ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls3f ws0">3&#215;3</div><div class="t m3 x4e h10 y4e ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#30697;&#24418;&#21306;&#22495;&#65292;&#20197;</div><div class="t m3 x42 h10 y4f ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#20854;&#20013;&#24515;&#20687;&#32032;&#28784;&#24230;&#20540;&#20026;&#38408;&#20540;&#65292;&#27604;&#36739;&#20854;&#37051;&#22495;</div><div class="t m5 x4f h2 y4f ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">8</div><div class="t m3 x50 h10 y4f ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#20010;&#20687;&#32032;&#30340;&#28784;&#24230;&#20540;&#30340;</div><div class="t m3 x42 h10 y50 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2c ws0">&#22823;&#23567;&#65292;&#20135;&#29983;&#35813;&#21306;&#22495;&#30340;<span class="_ _2"></span>&#20108;&#36827;&#21046;&#27169;&#24335;</div><div class="t m5 x51 h2 y2d ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m3 x52 h10 y2d ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2c ws0">&#22914;&#22270;</div><div class="t m5 x53 h2 y2d ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls38 ws0">1(b))</div><div class="t m3 x54 h10 y2d ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2c ws0">&#65292;&#35813;&#27169;&#24335;&#21487;&#29992;&#20108;</div><div class="t m3 x42 h10 y2e ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2c ws0">&#36827;&#21046;&#30721;&#34920;&#31034;&#12290;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#23558;&#20108;&#36827;&#21046;&#30721;&#36716;&#25442;&#25104;&#21313;&#36827;<span class="_ _1"></span>&#21046;&#25968;&#65292;&#21363;&#24471;&#20013;&#24515;&#20687;&#32032;&#30340;</div><div class="t m5 x42 h2 y31 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls40 ws0">LBP</div><div class="t m3 x46 h10 y31 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#30721;&#12290;<span class="_ _b"></span>&#22270;&#20687;&#20013;&#21508;&#20687;&#32032;&#30340;</div><div class="t m5 x55 h2 y31 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls32 ws0">LBP</div><div class="t m3 x56 h10 y31 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#30721;&#23545;&#24212;&#20102;&#20854;&#37051;&#22495;&#30340;&#28784;&#24230;&#20998;&#24067;&#24773;</div><div class="t m3 x42 h10 y33 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#20917;&#12290;<span class="_ _4"></span>&#22270;&#20687;&#20013;&#26576;&#21306;&#22495;</div><div class="t m5 x57 h2 y34 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls32 ws0">LBP</div><div class="t m3 x58 h10 y34 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#30721;&#30340;&#30452;&#26041;&#22270;&#21487;&#29992;&#26469;&#25551;&#36848;&#35813;&#21306;&#22495;&#30340;&#32441;&#29702;</div><div class="t m3 x42 h10 y35 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2d ws0">&#32467;&#26500;&#12290;&#22312;&#22270;</div><div class="t m5 x59 h2 y35 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m3 x5a h10 y35 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2d ws0">&#20013;&#65292;&#20108;&#36827;&#21046;&#30721;&#20026;</div><div class="t m5 x56 h2 y35 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls30 ws0">01<span class="_ _1"></span>101<span class="_ _1"></span>101</div><div class="t m3 x5b h10 y35 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#65292;</div><div class="t m5 x50 h2 y35 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls40 ws0">LBP</div><div class="t m3 x4e h10 y35 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2d ws0">&#20540;&#20026;</div><div class="t m5 x5c h2 y35 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls30 ws0">109</div><div class="t m3 x5d h10 y35 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#12290;</div><div class="t m5 x5e h2 y35 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m6 x5f h12 y51 ff2 fs8 fc0 sc1 ls41 ws0">18<span class="_ _c"> </span>15<span class="_ _c"> </span>20</div><div class="t m6 x58 h12 y52 ff2 fs8 fc0 sc1 ls0 ws0">9<span class="_ _d"></span><span class="ls41">17<span class="_ _e"></span>21</span></div><div class="t m6 x60 h12 y53 ff2 fs8 fc0 sc1 ls41 ws0">16<span class="_ _c"> </span>23<span class="_ _f"></span>11</div><div class="t m6 x61 h12 y51 ff2 fs8 fc0 sc1 ls0 ws0">1<span class="_ _10"> </span>0<span class="_ _10"> </span>1</div><div class="t m6 x62 h12 y52 ff2 fs8 fc0 sc1 ls0 ws0">0<span class="_ _11"></span>1<span class="_ _11"></span>1</div><div class="t m6 x62 h12 y53 ff2 fs8 fc0 sc1 ls0 ws0">1<span class="_ _12"></span>0<span class="_ _13"></span><span class="ls42">&#21462;&#38408;&#20540;</span></div><div class="t m7 x63 h6 y54 ff3 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x60 h13 y55 ff1 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls43 ws0">(a)<span class="ff5 ls0">&#21021;&#22987;&#37051;&#22495;</span><span class="ls44"> (<span class="_ _14"></span>b<span class="_ _14"></span>)<span class="_ _14"></span><span class="ff5 ls0">&#20108;&#36827;&#21046;&#27169;&#24335;<span class="ff1"> </span></span></span></div><div class="t m8 x64 h14 y56 ff5 fs4 fc0 sc1 ls0 ws0">&#22270;</div><div class="t m9 x65 h8 y56 ff3 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls45 ws0">1 </div><div class="t m8 x66 h14 y56 ff5 fs4 fc0 sc1 ls46 ws0">&#22522;&#26412;&#30340;</div><div class="t m9 x67 h8 y56 ff3 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls47 ws0">LBP</div><div class="t m8 x61 h14 y56 ff5 fs4 fc0 sc1 ls46 ws0">&#21464;&#25442;</div><div class="t m9 x68 h8 y56 ff3 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m3 x46 h10 y57 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2d ws0">&#26412;&#25991;&#37319;&#29992;&#19982;&#25991;&#29486;</div><div class="t m5 x69 h2 y57 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls48 ws0">[6]</div><div class="t m3 x58 h10 y57 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2d ws0">&#31867;&#20284;&#30340;&#26041;&#27861;&#36827;&#34892;&#38754;&#37096;&#29305;&#24449;&#25551;&#36848;&#65306;</div><div class="t m5 x6a h2 y57 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m5 x46 h2 y58 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls49 ws0">(1)</div><div class="t m3 x6b h10 y59 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#23558;&#33080;&#37096;&#22270;&#20687;&#21010;&#20998;&#25104;&#33509;&#24178;</div><div class="t m5 x6c h2 y59 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m3 x6d h10 y59 ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws0">&#26681;&#25454;&#22810;&#27425;&#23454;&#39564;&#32467;&#26524;&#65292;<span class="_ _5"></span>&#36873;&#25321;&#23558;&#22270;</div><div class="t m3 x42 h10 y5a ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2d ws0">&#20687;&#21010;&#20998;&#25104;</div><div class="t m5 x6e h2 y5b ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls4a ws0">10&#215;8=80</div><div class="t m3 x57 h10 y5b ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#22359;</div><div class="t m5 x4c h2 y5b ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m3 x6f h10 y5b ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2d ws0">&#19981;&#37325;&#22797;&#30340;&#21306;&#22495;</div><div class="t m5 x70 h2 y5b ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m3 x71 h10 y5b ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2d ws0">&#35265;&#22270;</div><div class="t m5 x72 h2 y5b ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls48 ws0">2(a))</div><div class="t m3 x63 h10 y5b ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#12290;</div><div class="t m5 x73 h2 y5b ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m5 x46 h2 y5c ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls48 ws0">(2)</div><div class="t m3 x6b h10 y5d ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2d ws0">&#35745;&#31639;&#27599;&#19968;&#21306;&#22495;&#30340;</div><div class="t m5 x74 h2 y5d ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls40 ws0">LBP</div><div class="t m3 x75 h10 y5d ff5 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2d ws0">&#30721;&#30452;&#26041;&#22270;&#12290;</div><div class="t m5 x68 h2 y5d ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x76 h7 y5e ff5 fs4 fc0 sc1 ls4b ws0">&#22522;&#37329;&#39033;&#30446;&#65306;<span class="sc0">&#33452;&#20848;<span class="_ _15"> </span><span class="ff1 ls45">CIMO<span class="_ _15"> </span></span>&#22522;&#37329;&#36164;&#21161;&#39033;&#30446;&#65307;&#22269;&#23478;&#30041;&#23398;&#22522;&#37329;&#36164;&#21161;&#39033;&#30446;&#65307;<span class="ff1 ls0"> </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x76 h7 y5f ff5 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#35199;&#21271;&#24037;&#19994;&#22823;&#23398;&#8220;&#33521;&#25165;&#35745;&#21010;&#8221;&#22522;&#37329;&#36164;&#21161;&#39033;&#30446;<span class="ff1"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x76 h7 y60 ff5 fs4 fc0 sc1 ls7 ws0">&#20316;&#32773;&#31616;&#20171;&#65306;<span class="sc0 ls0">&#23828;<span class="ff1 ls6"> </span>&#27905;<span class="ff1 ls5">(1981</span>&#65293;<span class="ff1">)</span>&#65292;&#22899;&#65292;&#30805;&#22763;&#65292;&#20027;&#30740;&#26041;&#21521;&#65306;&#38754;&#37096;&#34920;&#24773;&#35782;&#21035;&#65307;<span class="_ _3"></span><span class="ff1"> </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x76 h7 y61 ff5 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20911;&#26195;&#27589;&#65292;&#21338;&#22763;&#12289;&#21103;&#25945;&#25480;<span class="ff1"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x76 h8 y62 ff5 fs4 fc0 sc1 ls7 ws0">&#25910;&#31295;&#26085;&#26399;&#65306;<span class="ff1 sc0 ls5 ws1">2006-03-22 <span class="ff3 ls4c ws0">E-mail</span></span><span class="ls0">&#65306;<span class="ff1 sc0 ls4d ws22">lcjcici@126.com<span class="_ _1"></span> </span></span></div></div><div class="pi" data-data='{"ctm":[1.611639,0.000000,0.000000,1.611639,0.000000,0.000000]}'></div></div> </body> </html>
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