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MODELING, SIMULATON AND SIZING OF PHOTOVOLTAIC/WIND/FUEL CELL HYBRID GENERATION SYSTEM
IJEST12-04-05-281.rar
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<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="generator" content="pdf2htmlEX"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/base.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/fancy.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/6252a74c74bc5c0105d7c7df/raw.css"> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/compatibility.min.js"></script> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/pdf2htmlEX.min.js"></script> <script> try{ pdf2htmlEX.defaultViewer = new pdf2htmlEX.Viewer({}); }catch(e){} </script> <title></title> </head> <body> <div id="sidebar" style="display: none"> <div id="outline"> </div> </div> <div id="pf1" class="pf w0 h0" data-page-no="1"><div class="pc pc1 w0 h0"><img class="bi x0 y0 w1 h1" alt="" src="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/6252a74c74bc5c0105d7c7df/bg1.jpg"><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">MODELING, SIMULATON AND SIZING </div><div class="t m0 x2 h2 y2 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws1">OF PHOTOVOLTAIC/WIND/FUEL </div><div class="t m0 x3 h2 y3 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">CELL HYBRID GENERATION SYSTEM <span class="fs1"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y4 ff2 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws0">M.MAHALAKSHMI </div><div class="t m0 x5 h4 y5 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws2">Research Scholar, <span class="ls4 ws3">Departm<span class="_ _0"></span>ent of EEE, </span></div><div class="t m0 x6 h4 y6 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws4">Thiagara<span class="_ _0"></span>jar College o<span class="_ _0"></span>f Engineeri<span class="_ _0"></span>ng, Madurai<span class="_ _0"></span>, Tamilnadu, I<span class="_ _0"></span>ndia </div><div class="t m0 x7 h4 y7 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls6 ws0">maha_par<span class="_ _0"></span>vathy@yahoo.c<span class="_ _0"></span>o.in </div><div class="t m0 x8 h4 y8 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x9 h3 y9 ff2 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">Dr.S.LATHA, </div><div class="t m0 xa h4 ya ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls8 ws5">Associate Professor, Department of EEE, </div><div class="t m0 x6 h4 yb ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws4">Thiagara<span class="_ _0"></span>jar College o<span class="_ _0"></span>f Engineeri<span class="_ _0"></span>ng, Madurai<span class="_ _0"></span>, Tamilnadu, I<span class="_ _0"></span>ndia </div><div class="t m0 xb h4 yc ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls9 ws0">sleee@tce.edu </div><div class="t m0 x8 h4 yd ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xc h5 ye ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">Abstract </div><div class="t m0 xc h4 yf ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 lsb ws6">The depleting fossil fuel reserves a<span class="_ _0"></span>nd increasing concern <span class="lsc ws7">to<span class="_ _0"></span>wards global warm<span class="_ _0"></span>ing have <span class="lsd ws8">created the need to surge </span></span></div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y10 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 lse ws9">for the alternative power generation options. Renewable <span class="ls0 wsa">energy sources like Wind, So<span class="lsd wsb">lar-PV, Biom<span class="_ _0"></span>ass and fuel </span></span></div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y11 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 lsf wsc">cells are gaining prominence nowadays, as they are m<span class="_ _0"></span>ore <span class="ls8 wsd">energy efficient, reduce po<span class="ls10 wse">llution and also<span class="_ _1"></span> they serve </span></span></div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y12 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 lsd wsf">as a promising solution to th<span class="lsb ws10">e toughest ene<span class="_ _0"></span>rgy crisis faced during the <span class="ls0 ws11">recent years. T<span class="_ _0"></span>his paper focuses on the </span></span></div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y13 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 lsc ws12">modeling an<span class="_ _0"></span>d simulati<span class="_ _0"></span>on of solar &#8211; <span class="_ _0"></span>photovolt<span class="_ _0"></span>aic, wind a<span class="_ _0"></span>nd fuel cell<span class="_ _0"></span> hybrid energy<span class="_ _0"></span> systems using </div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y14 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls11 ws13">MATLAB/Simulink software. The intermittent nature of so<span class="_ _1"></span><span class="lse ws14">lar and wind energy sources make them unreliable. </span></div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y15 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls12 ws15">Hence Maxim<span class="_ _0"></span>um Power Point Trac<span class="_ _0"></span>king (MPPT) i<span class="_ _0"></span>s used to ext<span class="_ _0"></span>ract maxim<span class="_ _0"></span>um power from<span class="_ _0"></span> the wind and s<span class="_ _0"></span>un </div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y16 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws16">when it is avail<span class="_ _0"></span>able. The standard pe<span class="_ _0"></span>rturb and obse<span class="_ _0"></span>rve method of M<span class="_ _0"></span>PPT is used for t<span class="_ _0"></span>he PV system and f<span class="_ _0"></span>or the </div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y17 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls9 ws17">wind generation system. The simulation results of the PV<span class="ls13 ws18">/Wind /Fuel<span class="_ _0"></span> cell hybrid syst<span class="_ _0"></span>em are presente<span class="_ _0"></span>d in graph </span></div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y18 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls13 ws19">showing the e<span class="_ _0"></span>ffectiveness of t<span class="_ _0"></span>he proposed sy<span class="_ _0"></span>stem model.<span class="ff3 ls0 ws0"> <span class="_ _2"></span></span><span class="ls14 ws1a">Also, hardwa<span class="_ _0"></span>re implem<span class="_ _0"></span>entation of mi<span class="_ _0"></span>crocontroll<span class="_ _0"></span>er </span></div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y19 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls12 ws1b">based MPPT for sol<span class="_ _0"></span>ar-PV alone and <span class="_ _0"></span>unit sizing of the <span class="_ _0"></span>hybrid system<span class="_ _0"></span> for the PG sim<span class="_ _0"></span>ulation lab in EEE Dept<span class="_ _0"></span>. of </div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y1a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls6 ws1c">Thiagara<span class="_ _0"></span>jar College o<span class="_ _0"></span>f Engineeri<span class="_ _0"></span>ng is depicte<span class="_ _0"></span>d in the paper<span class="_ _0"></span>. </div><div class="t m0 xc h5 y1b ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls6 ws0">Keywords<span class="ff4 ls15">- <span class="ff2 lsc ws7">Ma<span class="_ _0"></span>ximum powe<span class="_ _0"></span>r point trac<span class="_ _0"></span>king, phot<span class="_ _0"></span>ovoltaic a<span class="_ _0"></span>rray, wind e<span class="_ _0"></span>nergy con<span class="_ _0"></span>version system<span class="_ _0"></span>, permanent </span></span></div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y1c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls16 ws1d">magnet synchronous gener<span class="_ _1"></span>ator, fuel cell, boost dc-dc con<span class="_ _1"></span>verter, dc-ac inverter </div><div class="t m0 xc h5 y1d ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws4">1. Introd<span class="_ _0"></span>uction </div><div class="t m0 xc h5 y1e ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y1f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls17 ws1e">A Hybrid <span class="_ _0"></span>renewable energy<span class="_ _0"></span> system<span class="_ _0"></span> combines two or m<span class="_ _0"></span>o<span class="ls0 ws1f">re energy sources, usually sola<span class="_ _0"></span>r and wind power. The </span></div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y20 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls18 ws20">main advantage of hybrid syste<span class="_ _1"></span>m is the enhancement of reliability of the hybrid g<span class="_ _1"></span>eneration system used. Also, </div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y21 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls19 ws21">the battery size can be re<span class="_ _0"></span>duced as the Solar and Wind ene<span class="_ _0"></span>rgy sources are compleme<span class="_ _0"></span>nt<span class="ls1a ws22">ary in nature .The surge </span></div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y22 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls18 ws20">for suitable alternative energy so<span class="_ _1"></span>urces is growing more<span class="lsd ws8"> intense than eve<span class="_ _0"></span>r in or<span class="ls4 ws3">der to reduce the<span class="_ _0"></span> heavy </span></span></div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y23 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls1b ws23">dependence on fossil fuels[1].<span class="ff5 ls0 ws0"> </span><span class="ls1c ws24">Fuel<span class="_ _0"></span> cells are anot<span class="_ _0"></span>her rapidly<span class="_ _0"></span> developin<span class="_ _0"></span>g generation te<span class="_ _0"></span>chnology. F<span class="_ _0"></span>uel cells have </span></div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y24 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls1d ws25">high efficiency, low carbon <span class="ls11 ws26">emissions, high reliability due to the limited number of moving parts and longer life </span></div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y25 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls16 ws27">than batteries. </div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y26 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls12 ws28">In this prop<span class="_ _0"></span>osed hybri<span class="_ _0"></span>d model three re<span class="_ _0"></span>newable energy<span class="_ _0"></span> sources are depi<span class="_ _0"></span>cted. First one is pe<span class="_ _0"></span>rmanent m<span class="_ _0"></span>agnet </div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y27 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls6 ws29">synchronous<span class="_ _0"></span> wind generat<span class="_ _0"></span>or and it is connec<span class="_ _0"></span>ted to diode re<span class="_ _0"></span>ctifier, buck co<span class="_ _0"></span>nverter and com<span class="_ _0"></span>mon DC-link. On th<span class="_ _0"></span>e </div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y28 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls6 ws2a">other hand<span class="_ _0"></span>, second and t<span class="_ _0"></span>hird source is P<span class="_ _0"></span>hotovolta<span class="_ _0"></span>ic (PV) array an<span class="_ _0"></span>d Proton Exc<span class="_ _0"></span>hange Mem<span class="_ _0"></span>brane Fuel cell </div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y29 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 lsf ws2b">(PEMFC) respectively. These dc powe<span class="_ _0"></span>r sources are <span class="ls5 ws2c">connect<span class="_ _0"></span>ed to the com<span class="_ _0"></span>mon DC link via DC<span class="_ _0"></span>/DC boost </span></div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y2a ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls6 ws2d">converter . Th<span class="_ _0"></span>e maximum point<span class="_ _0"></span> power tracki<span class="_ _0"></span>ng of the wind ge<span class="_ _0"></span>nerator and PV arra<span class="_ _0"></span>y is perform<span class="_ _0"></span>ed by using </div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y2b ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls12 ws2e">MPPT algorith<span class="_ _0"></span>ms. MPPT is an algori<span class="_ _0"></span>thm that is used for e<span class="_ _0"></span>xtracting m<span class="_ _0"></span>aximum availabl<span class="_ _0"></span>e power from PV m<span class="_ _0"></span>odule </div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y2c ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls18 ws2f">and wind energy syste<span class="_ _1"></span>m under varying operating cond<span class="_ _1"></span>itions. In solar photovoltaic system, MPPT is achieved </div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y2d ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls1e ws30">with the DC to DC converter which operates PV mo<span class="ls12 ws31">dule at its maxim<span class="_ _0"></span>um power poi<span class="_ _0"></span>nt by using <span class="_ _0"></span>the simple </span></div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y2e ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls12 ws32">Perturb and O<span class="_ _0"></span>bserve (P&amp;O) Alg<span class="_ _0"></span>orithm . In case of <span class="_ _0"></span>Wind energy syst<span class="_ _0"></span>em, the tracking <span class="_ _0"></span>of windm<span class="_ _0"></span>ill power around </div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y2f ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls6 ws33">the maxim<span class="_ _0"></span>um power ope<span class="_ _0"></span>rating poi<span class="_ _0"></span>nt is achieved by<span class="_ _0"></span> the propose<span class="_ _0"></span>d P&amp;O al<span class="_ _0"></span>gorithm[2]<span class="_ _0"></span>. PIC microcont<span class="_ _0"></span>roller based </div><div class="t m0 xc h4 y30 ff2 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls1f ws34">MPPT design for the 80W UP<span class="_ _0"></span>V module </div><div class="c xd y31 w2 h6"><div class="t m0 x0 h7 y32 ff6 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">M.Mahalakshmi et al. / International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST)</div></div><div class="c xc y33 w3 h6"><div class="t m0 x0 h7 y32 ff6 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ISSN : 0975-5462</div></div><div class="c x4 y33 w4 h6"><div class="t m0 x0 h7 y32 ff6 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Vol. 4 No.05 May 2012</div></div><div class="c xe y33 w5 h6"><div class="t m0 x0 h7 y32 ff6 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2356</div></div></div><div class="pi" data-data='{"ctm":[1.611639,0.000000,0.000000,1.611639,0.000000,0.000000]}'></div></div> </body> </html>
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