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一张图解释电子战,包括电子战的原理,主要公式等。
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<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="generator" content="pdf2htmlEX"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/base.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/fancy.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/62572c97bd8c6f2306b95dd5/raw.css"> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/compatibility.min.js"></script> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/pdf2htmlEX.min.js"></script> <script> try{ pdf2htmlEX.defaultViewer = new pdf2htmlEX.Viewer({}); }catch(e){} </script> <title></title> </head> <body> <div id="sidebar" style="display: none"> <div id="outline"> </div> </div> <div id="pf1" class="pf w0 h0" data-page-no="1"><div class="pc pc1 w0 h0"><img class="bi x0 y0 w1 h1" alt="" src="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/62572c97bd8c6f2306b95dd5/bg1.jpg"><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">Q</span></div><div class="t m0 x2 h3 y2 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x3 h4 y3 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">RF Propagation</div><div class="t m0 x4 h5 y4 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">RAD<span class="_ _0"></span>AR HORIZON</div><div class="t m0 x5 h4 y3 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">RF Propagation</div><div class="t m0 x6 h5 y4 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws1">T<span class="_ _1"></span>ARGET VISIBILITY</div><div class="t m0 x7 h4 y5 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Detection &amp; Est<span class="_ _2"></span>imation Probability</div><div class="t m0 x8 h5 y6 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">CRAMER RAO LO<span class="_ _0"></span>WER BOUND</div><div class="t m0 x9 h4 y7 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Detection &amp; Est<span class="_ _2"></span>imation Probability</div><div class="t m0 xa h5 y8 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">MAX LIKELIHOOD ESTIMA<span class="_ _1"></span>TION</div><div class="t m0 xb h4 y9 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Detection &amp; Est<span class="_ _2"></span>imation Probability</div><div class="t m0 xc h5 ya ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">BINOMIAL</div><div class="t m0 xc h4 yb ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">A<span class="_ _0"></span>ntennas</div><div class="t m0 xd h5 yc ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ANTENNA BEAMWIDTH</div><div class="t m0 xe h4 yb ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">A<span class="_ _0"></span>ntennas</div><div class="t m0 xf h5 yc ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ANTENNA DIRECTIVITY</div><div class="t m0 x10 h4 yb ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">A<span class="_ _0"></span>ntennas</div><div class="t m0 x11 h5 yc ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ANTENNA GAIN</div><div class="t m0 x12 h4 yd ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Fo<span class="_ _0"></span>urie<span class="_ _2"></span>r Relationships</div><div class="t m0 x13 h5 ye ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws1">CONTINUOUS-TIME <span class="_ _2"></span>FOURIER TRANSFORMA<span class="_ _0"></span>TION</div><div class="t m0 x12 h4 yf ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Fo<span class="_ _0"></span>urie<span class="_ _2"></span>r Relationships</div><div class="t m0 x14 h5 y10 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">FIL<span class="_ _1"></span>TERING</div><div class="t m0 x15 h4 y11 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Radar Processing</div><div class="t m0 x16 h5 y12 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">RAD<span class="_ _0"></span>AR CROSS SECTION</div><div class="t m0 x17 h4 y13 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Fo<span class="_ _0"></span>urie<span class="_ _2"></span>r Relationships</div><div class="t m0 x18 h5 y14 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">MODULA<span class="_ _1"></span>TION PROPERTY</div><div class="t m0 xb h4 y15 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Detection &amp; Est<span class="_ _2"></span>imation Probability</div><div class="t m0 x19 h5 y16 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">RICIAN</div><div class="t m0 x9 h4 y17 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Detection &amp; Est<span class="_ _2"></span>imation Probability</div><div class="t m0 x1a h5 y18 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ERROR FUNCTIONS</div><div class="t m0 x7 h4 y19 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Detection &amp; Est<span class="_ _2"></span>imation Probability</div><div class="t m0 xe h5 y1a ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">NORMAL</div><div class="t m0 x7 h4 y1b ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Detection &amp; Est<span class="_ _2"></span>imation Probability</div><div class="t m0 xe h5 y1c ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">RA<span class="_ _1"></span>YLEIGH</div><div class="t m0 x1b h4 y1d ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">RF Propagation</div><div class="t m0 x1c h5 y1e ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">WA<span class="_ _1"></span>VELENGTH</div><div class="t m0 x3 h4 y1d ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">RF Propagation</div><div class="t m0 x3 h5 y1e ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">DOPPLER SHIFT</div><div class="t m0 x1d h6 y1f ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">P</div><div class="t m0 x1e h6 y20 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">r</div><div class="t m0 x1f h6 y1f ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> =P</div><div class="t m0 x20 h6 y20 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 x21 h6 y1f ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">G</div><div class="t m0 x22 h6 y20 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 x23 h6 y1f ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">G</div><div class="t m0 x24 h6 y20 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">r</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y1f ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> <span class="fs3"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x25 h7 y21 ff5 fs5 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> <span class="ff6 fs3">4</span><span class="ff7">&#960;<span class="ff6 fs3">R</span></span></div><div class="t m0 xd h8 y22 ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#955;</div><div class="t m0 x26 h9 y23 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x1c ha y24 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls1 ws2">Pr<span class="_ _2"></span>: Received Power</div><div class="t m0 x1c ha y25 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls2 ws3">Pt<span class="_ _2"></span>: T<span class="_ _1"></span>ransmit Power</div><div class="t m0 x1c ha y26 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Gt: T<span class="_ _1"></span>r<span class="_ _1"></span>ansmit Ga<span class="_ _0"></span>in</div><div class="t m0 x20 ha y27 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls1 ws2">Gr<span class="_ _2"></span>: Receive Gain</div><div class="t m0 x27 ha y28 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls3 ws4">R: Range</div><div class="t m0 x27 ha y29 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls4 ws5">c: Speed</div><div class="t m0 x21 ha y2a ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls5 ws6">f: Fr<span class="_ _0"></span>equency</div><div class="t m0 x28 ha y27 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls6 ws7">H: Horizon</div><div class="t m0 x29 ha y28 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Re:<span class="_ _0"></span> Earth Radi<span class="_ _0"></span>us ~ 6,371 km</div><div class="t m0 xe ha y27 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls6 ws7">H: Horizon</div><div class="t m0 x2a ha y28 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Re:<span class="_ _0"></span> Earth Radi<span class="_ _0"></span>us ~ 6,371 km</div><div class="t m0 x2b ha y2b ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls7 ws8">x: Obser<span class="_ _2"></span>vations</div><div class="t m0 x2c ha y2c ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">p: Pr<span class="_ _0"></span>obabil<span class="_ _0"></span>ity distribution function (o<span class="_ _0"></span>r join<span class="_ _0"></span>t)</div><div class="t m0 x8 hb y2d ff7 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#952;<span class="ff8 ls6 ws7">: Dist<span class="_ _2"></span>r<span class="_ _2"></span>ibution<span class="_ _2"></span> parameters c<span class="_ _2"></span>an be vec<span class="_ _2"></span>tors</span></div><div class="t m0 x2d hc y2e ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">p: S<span class="_ _0"></span>ucce<span class="_ _0"></span>ss pr<span class="_ _0"></span>obabili<span class="_ _0"></span>ty of<span class="_ _2"></span> each trial</div><div class="t m0 x2e hc y2f ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">k: N<span class="_ _1"></span>umber of succes<span class="_ _0"></span>ses</div><div class="t m0 x2f hc y30 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">n: N<span class="_ _1"></span>umber of tr<span class="_ _2"></span>ials</div><div class="t m0 xc hb y31 ff7 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#955;<span class="ff8 ls8 ws9">:<span class="_ _2"></span> Wa<span class="_ _3"></span>v<span class="_ _3"></span>e<span class="_ _2"></span>l<span class="_ _3"></span>e<span class="_ _3"></span>n<span class="_ _3"></span>g<span class="_ _3"></span>t<span class="_ _3"></span>h</span></div><div class="t m0 x2e ha y32 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 wsa">d: A<span class="_ _0"></span>nt<span class="_ _0"></span>enna Diameter</div><div class="t m0 x30 hb y33 ff7 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#952;</div><div class="t m0 x31 ha y34 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1d</div><div class="t m0 x32 ha y33 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: H<span class="_ _0"></span>alf-po<span class="_ _0"></span>wer beam<span class="_ _0"></span>width in one p<span class="_ _0"></span>rincipal pla<span class="_ _0"></span>ne (degree<span class="_ _0"></span>s)</div><div class="t m0 x33 hb y35 ff7 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#952;</div><div class="t m0 x34 ha y36 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2d</div><div class="t m0 x31 ha y35 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: H<span class="_ _0"></span>alf-po<span class="_ _0"></span>wer beam<span class="_ _0"></span>width in the o<span class="_ _0"></span>ther principal p<span class="_ _0"></span>lane (degr<span class="_ _0"></span>ees)</div><div class="t m0 x35 hc y37 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">A</div><div class="t m0 x1a hd y38 ff8 fs8 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">e</div><div class="t m0 x11 hc y37 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 wsb">: Effe<span class="_ _0"></span>ctive A<span class="_ _0"></span>perture A<span class="_ _0"></span>r<span class="_ _0"></span>ea</div><div class="t m0 x36 he y39 ff7 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#955;<span class="ff8 ls9 wsc">:<span class="_ _2"></span> Wa<span class="_ _3"></span>v<span class="_ _3"></span>e<span class="_ _2"></span>l<span class="_ _3"></span>e<span class="_ _3"></span>n<span class="_ _3"></span>g<span class="_ _3"></span>t<span class="_ _3"></span>h</span></div><div class="t m0 x19 he y3a ff7 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#956;<span class="ff8 lsa wsd">: Mea<span class="_ _2"></span>n</span></div><div class="t m0 x2e he y3b ff7 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;<span class="ff8 lsb wse">: Standard D<span class="_ _2"></span>if<span class="_ _2"></span>ference</span></div><div class="t m0 x25 hc y3c ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">A: Dista<span class="_ _0"></span>nce betw<span class="_ _0"></span>een the r<span class="_ _0"></span>efer<span class="_ _0"></span>ence poi<span class="_ _0"></span>nt and </div><div class="t m0 x37 hc y3d ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">the cen<span class="_ _0"></span>ter of the biv<span class="_ _0"></span>ariate d<span class="_ _0"></span>istr<span class="_ _2"></span>ibu<span class="_ _0"></span>tion</div><div class="t m0 x24 hc y3e ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">I</div><div class="t m0 xb hf y3f ff8 fs9 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">0</div><div class="t m0 xb hc y40 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: Bes<span class="_ _0"></span>sel Fun<span class="_ _0"></span>ction of the &#64257;<span class="_ _4"></span> <span class="_ _2"></span>rst kin<span class="_ _0"></span>d with ord<span class="_ _0"></span>er zero</div><div class="t m0 x31 he y41 ff7 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#956;<span class="ff8 lsa wsd">: Mea<span class="_ _2"></span>n</span></div><div class="t m0 x38 he y42 ff7 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;<span class="ff8 lsb wse">: Standard D<span class="_ _2"></span>if<span class="_ _2"></span>ference</span></div><div class="t m0 x39 hc y43 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">A: Dista<span class="_ _0"></span>nce betw<span class="_ _0"></span>een the r<span class="_ _0"></span>efer<span class="_ _0"></span>ence poi<span class="_ _0"></span>nt and </div><div class="t m0 x3a hc y44 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">the cen<span class="_ _0"></span>ter of the biv<span class="_ _0"></span>ariate d<span class="_ _0"></span>istr<span class="_ _2"></span>ibu<span class="_ _0"></span>tion</div><div class="t m0 x1b h4 y3 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">RF Propagation</div><div class="t m0 x3b h5 y4 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws1">FRIIS TRANSMISSION <span class="_ _2"></span>EQUA<span class="_ _1"></span>TION</div><div class="t m0 x29 h8 y45 ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> <span class="ff5">D</span></div><div class="t m0 x3c h9 y46 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">h</div><div class="t m0 x3d h8 y45 ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">= <span class="ff5">2HR</span></div><div class="t m0 x3e h9 y46 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">e</div><div class="t m0 x3f h10 y47 ff7 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x1c h8 y48 ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#955;<span class="ff5"> = </span></div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y49 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">f</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y4a ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">c</div><div class="t m0 x40 h6 y4b ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">f</div><div class="t m0 x4 h9 y4c ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">d</div><div class="t m0 x3c h6 y4b ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> = &#8211;2v</div><div class="t m0 x41 h9 y4c ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">r</div><div class="t m0 x42 h8 y4b ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> / <span class="ff7">&#955;</span></div><div class="t m0 x43 h6 y4d ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsc wsf">Ta<span class="_ _5"></span>r<span class="_ _5"></span>g<span class="_ _6"></span>e<span class="_ _5"></span>t<span class="_ _6"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x43 h6 y4e ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsd ws10">He<span class="_ _2"></span>i<span class="_ _2"></span>g<span class="_ _3"></span>ht</div><div class="t m0 x44 h6 y4f ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lse ws11">2<span class="_ _2"></span>Re</div><div class="t m0 x2c h6 y50 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(<span class="_ _1"></span>T<span class="_ _7"></span>arget R<span class="_ _0"></span>an<span class="_ _0"></span>ge - 2HR<span class="_ _1"></span>e)</div><div class="t m0 x45 h9 y51 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x46 h11 y52 ff5 fs5 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x32 h6 y53 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">=</div><div class="t m0 x47 h6 y54 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">CRB =</div><div class="t m0 x6 h7 y55 ff7 fs5 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8706;&#952;</div><div class="t m0 x8 h7 y56 ff7 fs5 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8706;</div><div class="t m0 x48 h9 y57 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x48 h7 y58 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws0">ln p(x,<span class="_ _1"></span> <span class="ff7 fs5 ls0">&#952;</span><span class="ls0">)</span></div><div class="t m1 x49 h12 y59 ff2 fsa fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">[<span class="_ _8"> </span>]</div><div class="t m0 x34 h6 y5a ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">E</div><div class="t m0 x4a h7 y5b ff7 fs5 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8706;&#952;</div><div class="t m0 x4b h7 y5c ff7 fs5 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8706;</div><div class="t m0 x4c h9 y5d ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x4c h7 y5e ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws0">ln p(x,<span class="_ _1"></span> <span class="ff7 fs5 ls0">&#952;</span><span class="ls0">)</span></div><div class="t m1 x4d h12 y59 ff2 fsa fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">[<span class="_ _8"> </span>]</div><div class="t m1 x33 h12 y5f ff2 fsa fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(</div><div class="t m1 x4e h12 y59 ff2 fsa fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">}</div><div class="t m2 x4f h13 y60 ff5 fsb fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">T</div><div class="t m1 x31 h12 y61 ff2 fsa fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">{</div><div class="t m1 x50 h12 y62 ff2 fsa fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m2 x51 h13 y60 ff5 fsb fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">-1</div><div class="t m2 x1f h6 y63 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">f(k;<span class="_ _0"></span> n,<span class="_ _1"></span> p)= P<span class="_ _2"></span>r(X =k) =</div><div class="t m2 x52 h14 y64 ff9 fsc fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(<span class="ff5 fs3"> </span>)</div><div class="t m2 x4 h6 y63 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> p</div><div class="t m2 x53 h9 y65 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">k</div><div class="t m2 x28 h8 y63 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> (1<span class="ff7">&#8722;</span>p)</div><div class="t m2 x54 h10 y65 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">n<span class="ff7">&#8722;</span>k</div><div class="t m2 x55 h6 y63 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m2 x56 h6 y66 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">k</div><div class="t m2 x56 h6 y67 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">n</div><div class="t m2 x57 h6 y68 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">p(r)=</div><div class="t m1 x33 h12 y69 ff2 fsa fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">{</div><div class="t m0 x58 h15 y6a ffa fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">r</div><div class="t m0 x31 h16 y6b ff7 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;</div><div class="t m0 x32 h17 y6c ffb fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x7 h15 y6d ffa fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">e</div><div class="t m0 x59 h18 y6e ffb fse fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">r</div><div class="t m0 x6 h19 y6f ffb fsf fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x2a h1a y70 ffb fse fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2<span class="ff7">&#963;</span></div><div class="t m0 x5 h19 y71 ffb fsf fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x8 h1b y72 ff7 fs10 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8722;</div><div class="t m0 x31 h1c y73 ffb fs10 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">0</div><div class="t m0 x38 h1c y74 ffb fs10 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(r &lt; 0) (0&#8804;r&#8804;&#8734;)</div><div class="c x5 y75 w2 h1d"><div class="t m3 x5a h1e y76 ffc fs11 fc2 sc0 ls10 ws12">1.2</div><div class="t m3 x5b h1e y77 ffc fs11 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m3 x5a h1e y78 ffc fs11 fc2 sc0 ls10 ws12">0.8</div><div class="t m3 x5a h1e y79 ffc fs11 fc2 sc0 ls10 ws12">0.6</div><div class="t m3 x5a h1e y7a ffc fs11 fc2 sc0 ls10 ws12">0.2</div><div class="t m3 x5a h1e y7b ffc fs11 fc2 sc0 ls10 ws12">0.4</div><div class="t m3 x5b h1e y7c ffc fs11 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">0</div><div class="t m3 x5c h1e y7d ffc fs11 fc2 sc0 ls11 ws13">02<span class="_ _3"> </span>46</div><div class="t m3 x37 h1e y7e ffc fs11 fc2 sc0 ls11 ws13">81<span class="_ _9"></span><span class="ls0 ws0">0</span></div><div class="t m3 x24 h1f y7f ffd fs12 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;<span class="ffc ls12"> = 0.5</span></div><div class="t m3 x24 h1f y80 ffd fs12 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;<span class="ffc ls12"> =3</span></div><div class="t m3 x24 h1f y81 ffd fs12 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;<span class="ffc ls12"> =1</span></div><div class="t m3 x24 h1f y82 ffd fs12 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;<span class="ffc ls12"> = <span class="ls0">4</span></span></div><div class="t m3 x24 h1f y83 ffd fs12 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;<span class="ffc ls12"> = <span class="ls0">2</span></span></div></div><div class="t m0 x5d h6 y84 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">p(r)=</div><div class="t m1 x5e h12 y85 ffe fsa fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">{</div><div class="t m0 xd h1b y86 ff7 fs10 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8722;</div><div class="t m0 x5f h8 y87 ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> <span class="ff5">I</span></div><div class="t m0 x60 h20 y88 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">0</div><div class="t m0 x61 h21 y89 ff5 fs13 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x61 h6 y87 ffb fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">( <span class="ff5">)</span></div><div class="t m0 x62 h1c y8a ffb fs10 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws14">for (r &lt; 0)</div><div class="t m0 x3d h1c y8b ffb fs10 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">for (A &#8805; 0, r &#8805; 0)</div><div class="t m0 xb h8 y8c ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;</div><div class="t m0 x25 h20 y8d ffb fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x63 h6 y8e ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">r</div><div class="t m0 x37 h6 y8f ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">e</div><div class="t m0 xb h6 y90 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">0</div><div class="t m0 x2f h16 y91 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2<span class="ff7">&#963;</span></div><div class="t m0 x64 h17 y92 ffb fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x65 h20 y93 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(r</div><div class="t m0 x2e h17 y94 ffb fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x2f h20 y93 ffb fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">+<span class="_ _3"></span><span class="ff5">A</span></div><div class="t m0 x19 h17 y94 ffb fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x5f h20 y93 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 x66 h16 y95 ff7 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;</div><div class="t m0 x56 h17 y96 ffb fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x66 h20 y97 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls13 ws15">Ar</div><div class="t m0 x5d h22 y98 fff fs14 fc2 sc0 ls14 ws16">0.6</div><div class="t m0 x5d h22 y99 fff fs14 fc2 sc0 ls14 ws16">0.5</div><div class="t m0 x5d h22 y9a fff fs14 fc2 sc0 ls14 ws16">0.4</div><div class="t m0 x5d h22 y9b fff fs14 fc2 sc0 ls14 ws16">0.3</div><div class="t m0 x5d h22 y9c fff fs14 fc2 sc0 ls14 ws16">0.1</div><div class="t m0 x5d h22 y9d fff fs14 fc2 sc0 ls14 ws16">0.2</div><div class="t m0 x5d h22 y9e fff fs14 fc2 sc0 ls14 ws16">0.0</div><div class="t m0 x1b h22 y9f fff fs14 fc2 sc0 ls15 ws17">02<span class="_ _5"> </span>46</div><div class="t m0 x3f h22 ya0 fff fs14 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">8</div><div class="t m0 x3c h23 ya1 fff fs15 fc2 sc0 ls16 ws0">v = 0.<span class="ls0">0</span></div><div class="t m0 x3c h23 ya2 fff fs15 fc2 sc0 ls16 ws0">v = 2.<span class="ls0">0</span></div><div class="t m0 x3c h23 ya3 fff fs15 fc2 sc0 ls16 ws0">v = 0.<span class="ls0">5</span></div><div class="t m0 x3c h23 ya4 fff fs15 fc2 sc0 ls16 ws0">v = 4.<span class="ls0">0</span></div><div class="t m0 x3c h23 ya5 fff fs15 fc2 sc0 ls16 ws0">v = 1.<span class="ls0">0</span></div><div class="t m0 x3d h24 ya6 ff10 fs15 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;<span class="fff ls16"> = 1.00</span></div><div class="t m0 x67 hb ya7 ff7 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#956;<span class="ff8 ls17 ws18">: Mea<span class="_ _2"></span>n</span></div><div class="t m0 x5 hb ya8 ff7 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;<span class="ff8 ls2 ws3">: Standard D<span class="_ _2"></span>if<span class="_ _2"></span>ference</span></div><div class="t m0 x8 ha ya9 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">A: Dista<span class="_ _0"></span>nce betw<span class="_ _0"></span>een the r<span class="_ _0"></span>efer<span class="_ _0"></span>ence poi<span class="_ _0"></span>nt and </div><div class="t m0 x48 ha yaa ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">the cen<span class="_ _0"></span>ter of the biv<span class="_ _0"></span>ariate d<span class="_ _0"></span>istr<span class="_ _2"></span>ibu<span class="_ _0"></span>tion</div><div class="t m0 x7 h1c yab ffb fs10 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x32 h1b yac ff7 fs10 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963; <span class="ff5">2</span>&#960;</div><div class="t m0 x68 h8 yad ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x69 h6 yae ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">p(x)</div><div class="t m0 x33 h21 yaf ff5 fs13 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x34 h8 yad ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">=</div><div class="t m0 x4b h8 yb0 ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(&#956;</div><div class="t m0 x6a h9 yb1 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">z</div><div class="t m0 x4a h8 yb2 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">=0;<span class="_ _0"></span> <span class="ff7">&#963;</span></div><div class="t m0 x46 h9 yb1 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">x</div><div class="t m0 x6b h6 yb2 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">=1.0)</div><div class="t m0 x48 h1c yb3 ffb fs10 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">e </div><div class="t m0 x2a h1b yb4 ff7 fs10 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8722;<span class="ffb"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x5 he yb5 ff7 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(<span class="ff8 fs6">x</span>&#8722;&#956;)</div><div class="t m0 x5 he yb6 ffb fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2<span class="ff7">&#963;</span></div><div class="t m0 xe h17 yb7 ffb fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x6c ha yb8 ff11 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Standard N<span class="_ _0"></span>ormal Curve</div><div class="t m0 x6d h25 yb9 ff12 fs16 fc2 sc0 ls18 ws19">f(z)</div><div class="t m0 x6e h26 yba ff12 fs17 fc2 sc0 ls19 ws1a">0.4</div><div class="t m0 x6e h26 ybb ff12 fs17 fc2 sc0 ls19 ws1a">0.1</div><div class="t m0 x6e h26 ybc ff12 fs17 fc2 sc0 ls19 ws1a">0.2</div><div class="t m0 x6e h26 ybd ff12 fs17 fc2 sc0 ls19 ws1a">0.3</div><div class="t m0 x6f h27 ybe ff12 fs18 fc2 sc0 ls1a ws1b">-3<span class="_ _a"> </span>-2<span class="_ _b"> </span>-1</div><div class="c x47 ybf w3 h28"><div class="t m0 x2d h27 yc0 ff12 fs18 fc2 sc0 ls1b ws1c">03</div></div><div class="t m0 x70 h27 ybe ff12 fs18 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">2<span class="_ _c"></span>1</div><div class="t m0 x6e h26 yc1 ff12 fs17 fc2 sc0 ls19 ws1a">68.27%</div><div class="t m0 x6e h26 yc2 ff12 fs17 fc2 sc0 ls19 ws1a">95.45%</div><div class="t m0 x6e h26 yc3 ff12 fs17 fc2 sc0 ls19 ws1a">99.73%</div><div class="t m0 x4f h27 yc4 ff12 fs18 fc3 sc0 ls1a ws1b">3-<span class="ff13 ls0 ws0">&#963;</span></div><div class="t m0 x71 h27 yc5 ff12 fs18 fc3 sc0 ls1a ws1b">2-<span class="ff13 ls0 ws0">&#963;</span></div><div class="t m0 x6c h27 yc6 ff12 fs18 fc3 sc0 ls1a ws1b">1-<span class="ff13 ls0 ws0">&#963;</span></div><div class="t m0 x72 h27 yc7 ff12 fs18 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">z</div><div class="t m0 x73 h29 yc8 ff8 fs19 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x38 h2a yc9 ff8 fs19 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2<span class="ff7">&#960;</span></div><div class="t m0 x31 h29 yca ff8 fs19 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">z</div><div class="t m0 x58 h2b ycb ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x31 h29 ycc ff8 fs19 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x73 ha ycd ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x33 ha yce ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">e</div><div class="t m4 x34 h2c yce ff8 fs1b fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">[</div><div class="t m0 x30 ha ycf ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">-</div><div class="t m0 x30 ha yd0 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x31 ha ycd ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m4 x32 h2c yce ff8 fs1b fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">]</div><div class="t m0 x49 ha ycd ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x35 ha yd1 ff11 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Joint Density Function</div><div class="t m0 x74 h2d yd2 ff7 fs1c fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#928;</div><div class="t m0 x75 h8 yd3 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws0"> L(<span class="ff7 ls0">&#952;</span><span class="ls1c ws1d">; x</span></div><div class="t m0 x76 h20 yd4 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x77 h6 yd3 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws0">,<span class="_ _1"></span> ...,<span class="_ _0"></span> x</div><div class="t m0 xa h20 yd4 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls1d ws1e">n </div><div class="t m0 x78 h8 yd3 ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">)<span class="ff5">=<span class="_ _0"></span><span class="ff7"> <span class="ff5 lsf">f (x</span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 x79 h20 yd4 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x7a h6 yd3 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls1e ws1f">, x</div><div class="t m0 x7b h20 yd4 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x7c h6 yd3 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws0">,<span class="_ _1"></span> ...,<span class="_ _0"></span> x</div><div class="t m0 x7d h20 yd4 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls1d ws1e">n </div><div class="t m0 x7e h20 yd5 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls1d ws1e">| </div><div class="t m0 x7f h8 yd3 ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws20">&#952;)<span class="ff5 ws0">= f<span class="_ _2"></span> (x</span></div><div class="t m0 x80 h20 yd4 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">i</div><div class="t m0 x81 h20 yd5 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls1d ws1e">| </div><div class="t m0 x82 h8 yd3 ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws20">&#952;)</div><div class="t m0 x83 h17 yd6 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">n</div><div class="t m0 x74 h17 yd7 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls1f ws0">i = 1</div><div class="t m0 x36 ha yd8 ff11 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Likelihood</div><div class="t m0 x84 h2d yd9 ff7 fs1c fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#931;</div><div class="t m0 x76 h8 yda ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws0">ln L (<span class="ff7 ls0">&#952;<span class="_ _0"></span><span class="ff5 ls1c ws1d">; x</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x35 h20 ydb ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x1a h6 yda ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws0">,<span class="_ _1"></span> ...,<span class="_ _0"></span> x</div><div class="t m0 x85 h20 ydb ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls1d ws1e">n </div><div class="t m0 x7b h8 yda ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">)<span class="ff5 lsf">= l<span class="_ _0"></span>n f<span class="_ _2"></span> (x</span></div><div class="t m0 x83 h20 ydb ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">i</div><div class="t m0 x86 h20 ydc ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls1d ws1e">| </div><div class="t m0 x87 h8 yda ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws20">&#952;)</div><div class="t m0 x1 h17 ydd ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">n</div><div class="t m0 x84 h17 yde ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls1f ws0">i = 1</div><div class="t m0 x88 hc ydf ff11 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Log-Likelihood</div><div class="t m0 x88 ha ye0 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">x</div><div class="t m0 x36 ha ye1 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">i </div><div class="t m0 x10 ha ye0 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls7 ws8">: Obser<span class="_ _2"></span>vations</div><div class="t m0 x11 ha ye2 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls5 ws6">n: N<span class="_ _0"></span>umber of S<span class="_ _2"></span>amples</div><div class="t m0 xa ha ye3 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">f: I<span class="_ _0"></span>s one,<span class="_ _1"></span> or joint,<span class="_ _1"></span> probab<span class="_ _0"></span>ility distribution(s)</div><div class="t m0 xa hb ye4 ff7 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#952;<span class="ff8 ls6 ws7">: Dist<span class="_ _2"></span>r<span class="_ _2"></span>ibution<span class="_ _2"></span> parameters c<span class="_ _2"></span>an be vec<span class="_ _2"></span>tors</span></div><div class="t m0 x79 hb ye5 ff7 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#956;<span class="ff8 ls17 ws18">: Mea<span class="_ _2"></span>n</span></div><div class="t m0 x11 hb ye6 ff7 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;<span class="ff8 ls2 ws3">: Standard D<span class="_ _2"></span>if<span class="_ _2"></span>ference</span></div><div class="t m0 x89 ha ye7 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">A: Dista<span class="_ _0"></span>nce betw<span class="_ _0"></span>een the r<span class="_ _0"></span>efer<span class="_ _0"></span>ence poi<span class="_ _0"></span>nt and </div><div class="t m0 x78 ha ye8 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">the cen<span class="_ _0"></span>ter of the biv<span class="_ _0"></span>ariate d<span class="_ _0"></span>istr<span class="_ _2"></span>ibu<span class="_ _0"></span>tion</div><div class="t m0 x76 h6 ye9 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">er<span class="_ _3"></span>f<span class="_ _0"></span>c(z)=</div><div class="t m0 x8a h8 yea ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1<span class="ff7">&#8722;</span>er<span class="_ _3"></span>f(z)=</div><div class="t m0 x8b h1c yeb ffb fs10 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x8b h1b yec ff7 fs10 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#960;</div><div class="t m0 x7d h2e yed ff7 fsc fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8747;</div><div class="t m0 x7e h16 yee ff7 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8734;</div><div class="t m0 x8c h6 yef ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">e </div><div class="t m0 x8d h9 yf0 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">-t </div><div class="t m0 x74 h20 yf1 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2 </div><div class="t m0 x83 h6 yef ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">d t</div><div class="t m0 x7a h2f yf2 ff14 fs1d fc2 sc0 ls20 ws21">erfc(x)</div><div class="t m0 x7a h2f yf3 ff14 fs1d fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x10 h2f yf4 ff14 fs1d fc2 sc0 ls20 ws21">1.5</div><div class="t m0 x10 h2f yf5 ff14 fs1d fc2 sc0 ls20 ws21">0.5</div><div class="t m0 x8e h2f yf6 ff14 fs1d fc2 sc0 ls20 ws21">-2<span class="_ _d"></span>-4<span class="_ _e"> </span>-2<span class="_ _d"></span>-4<span class="_ _f"> </span><span class="ls0 ws0">4<span class="_ _10"></span>2</span></div><div class="t m0 x7a h2f yf7 ff14 fs1d fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x8f h20 yf8 ffb fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">z</div><div class="t m0 x89 h6 yf9 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">er<span class="_ _3"></span>f(z)=</div><div class="t m0 x7a h1c yfa ffb fs10 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x7a h1b yfb ff7 fs10 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#960;</div><div class="t m0 x90 h2e yfc ff7 fsc fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8747;</div><div class="t m0 x7c h9 yfd ffb fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">z</div><div class="t m0 x91 h9 yfe ffb fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">0</div><div class="t m0 x1 h6 yff ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">e </div><div class="t m0 x92 h9 y100 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">-t</div><div class="t m0 x7d h20 y101 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2 </div><div class="t m0 x7e h6 yff ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">d t</div><div class="t m0 x93 h3 y102 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x94 hb y103 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#177;1-<span class="ff7">&#963;</span>: P (-1 <span class="ffb">&#8804; </span>z <span class="ffb">&#8804; </span>1) = 0.6827</div><div class="t m0 x94 hb y104 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#177;2-<span class="ff7">&#963;</span>: P (-2 <span class="ffb">&#8804; </span>z <span class="ffb">&#8804; </span>2) = 0.9545</div><div class="t m0 x94 hb y105 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#177;3-<span class="ff7">&#963;</span>: P (-3 <span class="ffb">&#8804; </span>z <span class="ffb">&#8804; </span>3) = 0.9973</div><div class="t m0 x65 h30 y106 ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> <span class="fs1e">&#952;</span></div><div class="t m0 x2f h20 y107 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls21 ws22">BW</div><div class="t m0 x19 h17 y108 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">3dB</div><div class="t m0 x60 h21 y109 ff5 fs13 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x60 h8 y106 ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8764;<span class="ff5"> 0.886 b</span></div><div class="t m0 x3 h8 y10a ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Nd cos <span class="ff7">&#952;</span></div><div class="t m0 x54 h20 y10b ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">0</div><div class="t m0 x95 h30 y10c ff7 fs1e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#955;</div><div class="t m0 x2 ha y10d ff11 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws23">Phased Arra<span class="_ _0"></span>y<span class="_ _1"></span>, Radians</div><div class="t m0 x24 h30 y10e ff7 fs1e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#952;</div><div class="t m0 x63 h20 y10f ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls21 ws22">BW</div><div class="t m0 x2d h17 y110 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls22 ws24">null</div><div class="t m0 x65 h8 y10e ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> <span class="ff7 fs3">&#8764;<span class="ff5"> 1.22 </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x61 h6 y111 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">d</div><div class="t m0 x61 h8 y112 ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#955;</div><div class="t m0 x55 h6 y113 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">d</div><div class="t m0 x55 h8 y114 ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#955;</div><div class="t m0 x29 h30 y115 ff7 fs1e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#952;</div><div class="t m0 x4 h20 y116 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls21 ws22">BW</div><div class="t m0 x3d h17 y117 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">3dB</div><div class="t m0 x95 h8 y115 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> <span class="ff7 fs3">&#8764;<span class="ff5"> 0.88 </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x1e hc y118 ff11 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">P<span class="_ _0"></span>arabolic,<span class="_ _0"></span> Radians</div><div class="t m0 x2c h31 y119 ff7 fs1f fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> <span class="ff5">D</span></div><div class="t m0 x48 h32 y11a ff5 fs20 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x48 h31 y119 ff7 fs1f fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8776;<span class="ff5"> 4</span>&#960; &#8776;</div><div class="t m0 x6e h33 y11b ff7 fs21 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#952;</div><div class="t m0 x67 h34 y11c ff5 fs21 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1d</div><div class="t m0 x96 h33 y11b ff5 fs21 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> <span class="ff7">&#952;</span></div><div class="t m0 x97 h34 y11c ff5 fs21 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2d</div><div class="t m0 x67 h35 y11d ff7 fs22 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">180</div><div class="t m0 x98 h35 y11e ff7 fs22 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#960;</div><div class="t m0 x6e h36 y11f ff6 fs1f fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(<span class="ff5"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x6d h36 y120 ff5 fs1f fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x97 h37 y11f ff6 fs1f fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m0 x44 h38 y121 ff6 fs20 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x6c h34 y122 ffb fs21 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">40000</div><div class="t m0 x4b h33 y123 ff7 fs21 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#952;</div><div class="t m0 x4c h34 y124 ff5 fs21 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1d</div><div class="t m0 x6a h33 y123 ff5 fs21 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> <span class="ff7">&#952;</span></div><div class="t m0 x99 h34 y124 ff5 fs21 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2d</div><div class="t m0 x35 h6 y125 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">G</div><div class="t m0 x11 h21 y126 ff5 fs13 fc1 sc0 ls23 ws25">ant</div><div class="t m0 x10 h6 y125 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws26"> <span class="_"> </span>= </div><div class="t m0 x9a h7 y127 ff7 fs5 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#955;</div><div class="t m0 x8b h20 y128 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x7c h7 y129 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">4<span class="ff7 fs5">&#960;</span>A</div><div class="t m0 x9b h39 y12a ff5 fs23 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">e</div><div class="t m0 x9c h3 y12b ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x9d h8 y12c ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws20">s(<span class="ff7 ls0 ws0">&#964;</span><span class="ws0">) = e </span></div><div class="t m0 x9e h16 y12d ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls1d ws1e">j2<span class="ff7 ls0 ws0">&#960;</span>(f</div><div class="t m0 x9f h20 y12e ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">c</div><div class="t m0 xa0 h16 y12d ff7 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#964;<span class="ff5 ls1d">+ b</span>&#964;</div><div class="t m0 xa1 h20 y12f ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 xa2 h20 y12d ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls1d ws1e">) </div><div class="t m0 xa3 h8 y12c ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls1e ws1f">, -<span class="_ _2"></span> <span class="ff7 ls0 ws0">&#8804;<span class="ff5"> </span>&#964;<span class="_ _0"></span><span class="ff5"> <span class="ff7">&#8804;</span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 xa4 h3a y130 ff5 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 xa5 h3b y131 ff7 fs25 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#964;</div><div class="t m0 xa6 h3c y132 ff5 fs26 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">p</div><div class="t m0 xa7 h3a y133 ff5 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 xa8 h3b y134 ff7 fs25 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#964;</div><div class="t m0 xa9 h3c y135 ff5 fs26 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">p</div><div class="t m0 xaa h20 y136 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 xaa h20 y137 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 xa0 h6 y138 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">B</div><div class="t m0 xab h20 y139 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">p</div><div class="t m0 xaa h8 y138 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws0"> = b<span class="_ _5"></span><span class="ff7 ls0">&#964;</span></div><div class="t m0 xac h20 y139 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">p</div><div class="c xad y13a w4 h3d"><div class="t m5 x0 h3e y13b ff15 fs27 fc4 sc0 ls24 ws27"><span class="fc4 sc0">&#947; </span><span class="fc4 sc0"> </span><span class="fc4 sc0"> </span><span class="fc4 sc0"> </span><span class="_ _0"></span></div></div><div class="c xa2 y13c w5 h3f"><div class="t m5 x0 h40 y13d ff16 fs27 fc4 sc0 ls24 ws27"><span class="fc4 sc0">(frequency)</span></div></div><div class="c xa9 y13e w6 h41"><div class="t m5 x0 h3e y13f ff15 fs27 fc4 sc0 ls24 ws27"><span class="fc4 sc0">&#964; </span><span class="fc4 sc0"> </span><span class="fc4 sc0"> </span></div></div><div class="c xae y140 w7 h42"><div class="t m5 x0 h40 y141 ff16 fs27 fc4 sc0 ls24 ws27"><span class="fc4 sc0">(time)</span></div></div><div class="c xab y142 w8 h43"><div class="t m5 x0 h40 y143 ff16 fs27 fc4 sc0 ls24 ws27"><span class="fc4 sc0">determines </span></div></div><div class="c xab y144 w9 h44"><div class="t m5 x0 h40 y145 ff16 fs27 fc4 sc0 ls24 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">signal energy</span></div></div><div class="c xad y146 wa h45"><div class="t m5 x0 h3e y147 ff15 fs27 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">&#964;</span></div></div><div class="c xaf y148 wb h46"><div class="t m5 x0 h47 y149 ff16 fs28 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">p</span></div></div><div class="c xaf y146 wc h48"><div class="t m5 xb0 h3e y147 ff15 fs27 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">&#964;</span><span class="ff16 fs28"><span class="fc4 sc0">p</span><span class="_ _11"></span><span class="ff15 fs27"><span class="fc4 sc0">&#964;</span></span></span></div></div><div class="c xb1 y14a wd h49"><div class="t m5 x0 h40 y14b ff16 fs27 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">B</span></div></div><div class="c xb2 y14c wb h46"><div class="t m5 x0 h47 y14d ff16 fs28 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">p</span></div></div><div class="c xb2 y14a we h4a"><div class="t m5 xb0 h40 y14b ff16 fs27 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">B</span><span class="fs28"><span class="fc4 sc0">p</span><span class="_ _12"></span><span class="fs27"><span class="fc4 sc0">B</span></span></span></div></div><div class="c xb3 y14e wf h4b"><div class="t m5 x0 h40 y14f ff16 fs27 fc4 sc0 ls24 ws27"><span class="fc4 sc0">determines </span></div></div><div class="c xb3 y150 w10 h4b"><div class="t m5 x0 h40 y151 ff16 fs27 fc4 sc0 ls24 ws27"><span class="fc4 sc0">resolution</span></div></div><div class="c xb2 yd6 w11 h4c"><div class="t m6 xb4 h4d y152 ff15 fs29 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">&#8594;</span></div></div><div class="c xb2 y153 w11 h4c"><div class="t m7 xb0 h4d y154 ff15 fs29 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">&#8594;</span></div></div><div class="c xb5 y155 w12 h4e"><div class="t m8 x0 h4f y156 ff15 fs2a fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">&#8594;</span></div></div><div class="c xb6 y157 w13 h4e"><div class="t m9 x5a h4f y158 ff15 fs2a fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">&#8594;</span></div></div><div class="t m0 x9e hc y159 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">s(): T<span class="_ _1"></span>r<span class="_ _1"></span>ansmitte<span class="_ _0"></span>d Signal W<span class="_ _1"></span>a<span class="_ _1"></span>veform</div><div class="t m0 x9f hc y15a ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">f</div><div class="t m0 xa0 h2b y15b ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">c</div><div class="t m0 xa0 hc y15c ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls25 ws28">: C<span class="_ _0"></span>enter F<span class="_ _0"></span>re<span class="_ _0"></span>quency</div><div class="t m0 xb6 he y15d ff7 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#964;<span class="ff8">: Ra<span class="_ _0"></span>nge T<span class="_ _1"></span>ime (fast time)</span></div><div class="t m0 xb7 he y15e ff7 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#964;</div><div class="t m0 xab h50 y15f ff5 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">p</div><div class="t m0 xab hc y160 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: P<span class="_ _0"></span>ulse Length</div><div class="t m0 xab hc y161 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls26 ws29">b: Chirp Rate</div><div class="t m0 x9f hc y162 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">B</div><div class="t m0 xa0 h50 y163 ff5 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">p</div><div class="t m0 xb7 hc y164 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls27 ws2a">: Pulse Bandwidth</div><div class="t m0 x9f he y165 ff7 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#947;<span class="ff8 ls1f ws2b">: Range Freq<span class="_ _0"></span>uenc<span class="_ _2"></span>y</span></div><div class="t m0 xb8 h51 y166 ff17 fs26 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">* <span class="_ _0"></span>&#8220;u&#8221;<span class="_ _0"></span> stands for unabsorbed or under K;<span class="_ _1"></span> &#8220;a&#8221;<span class="_ _1"></span> stands for absorption region or above K</div><div class="t m0 xb9 h4 y3 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Electronic W<span class="_ _1"></span>arfare</div><div class="t m0 xba h5 y4 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">NOISE JAMMING</div><div class="t m0 xbb h3 y12b ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xbc ha y167 ff11 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Sidelobe</div><div class="t m0 xbd hc y168 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">J</div><div class="t m0 xbe h2b y169 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls28 ws2c">self</div><div class="t m0 xbf hc y168 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: Self Pro<span class="_ _0"></span>tect J<span class="_ _0"></span>amm<span class="_ _0"></span>er Po<span class="_ _0"></span>wer</div><div class="t m0 xc0 hc y16a ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">J/S: J<span class="_ _1"></span>am to Signal Ra<span class="_ _0"></span>tio at Rada<span class="_ _0"></span>r Re<span class="_ _0"></span>ceiv<span class="_ _0"></span>er</div><div class="t m0 xbd hc y16b ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">S: Ra<span class="_ _0"></span>dar R<span class="_ _0"></span>eceiv<span class="_ _0"></span>ed Si<span class="_ _0"></span>gnal Po<span class="_ _0"></span>wer</div><div class="t m0 xbd hc y16c ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">P</div><div class="t m0 xc1 h2b y16d ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 xc1 h2b y16e ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls29 ws2d">jam</div><div class="t m0 xc2 hc y16f ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 lsb wse">: Jammer T<span class="_ _1"></span>rans<span class="_ _2"></span>mit Power</div><div class="t m0 xbe hc y170 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">G</div><div class="t m0 xc1 h2b y171 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 xbf h2b y172 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls29 ws2d">jam</div><div class="t m0 xc2 hc y173 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 lsb wse">: Jammer T<span class="_ _1"></span>rans<span class="_ _2"></span>mit Gain</div><div class="t m0 x13 hc y174 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">R</div><div class="t m0 xc3 h50 y175 ff5 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">jr</div><div class="t m0 xc4 hc y176 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: Ra<span class="_ _0"></span>nge be<span class="_ _0"></span>tween J<span class="_ _0"></span>amm<span class="_ _0"></span>er and Rada<span class="_ _0"></span>r </div><div class="t m0 xc0 hc y177 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">R: Ra<span class="_ _0"></span>nge be<span class="_ _0"></span>tween Rada<span class="_ _0"></span>r T<span class="_ _13"></span>arge<span class="_ _0"></span>t and Rada<span class="_ _0"></span>r</div><div class="t m0 xc4 he y178 ff7 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#955;<span class="ff8 lsb wse">: Jammer T<span class="_ _1"></span>rans<span class="_ _2"></span>mit W<span class="_ _1"></span>aveleng<span class="_ _2"></span>th</span></div><div class="t m0 xbe hc y179 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">G</div><div class="t m0 xbf h2b y17a ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">r</div><div class="t m0 xbf h2b y17b ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls2a ws2e">rad<span class="_ _2"></span>ar</div><div class="t m0 xc5 hc y17c ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: Ra<span class="_ _0"></span>dar R<span class="_ _0"></span>eceiv<span class="_ _0"></span>er Gai<span class="_ _0"></span>n</div><div class="t m0 xb9 hc y17d ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">L</div><div class="t m0 xba h2b y169 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">r</div><div class="t m0 xc6 h2b y17e ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls2a ws2e">rad<span class="_ _2"></span>ar</div><div class="t m0 xc7 hc y168 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: Ra<span class="_ _0"></span>dar R<span class="_ _0"></span>eceiv<span class="_ _0"></span>er Losse<span class="_ _0"></span>s</div><div class="t m0 xb9 hc y16a ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">P</div><div class="t m0 xba h2b y17f ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 xba h2b y180 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls2a ws2e">rad<span class="_ _2"></span>ar</div><div class="t m0 xc7 hc y181 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 lsb wse">: Radar<span class="_ _2"></span> T<span class="_ _1"></span>ransmit<span class="_ _2"></span> P<span class="_ _0"></span>owe<span class="_ _2"></span>r</div><div class="t m0 xc8 hc y182 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">G</div><div class="t m0 xb9 h2b y183 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 xba h2b y184 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls2a ws2e">rad<span class="_ _2"></span>ar</div><div class="t m0 xc9 hc y185 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: Ra<span class="_ _0"></span>dar T<span class="_ _13"></span>ransm<span class="_ _0"></span>itter Ga<span class="_ _0"></span>in</div><div class="t m0 xca he y186 ff7 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;<span class="ff8">: Ra<span class="_ _0"></span>dar T<span class="_ _13"></span>arg<span class="_ _0"></span>et Rada<span class="_ _0"></span>r Cr<span class="_ _0"></span>oss Section</span></div><div class="t m0 xca hc y187 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls2b ws2f">BW</div><div class="t m0 xc8 h50 y188 ff5 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls2c ws30">Radar</div><div class="t m0 xc9 hc y173 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 lsb wse">: Radar<span class="_ _2"></span> T<span class="_ _1"></span>ransmit<span class="_ _2"></span> Bandw<span class="_ _2"></span>idth<span class="_ _2"></span> </div><div class="t m0 xca hc y174 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls2b ws2f">BW</div><div class="t m0 xc8 h50 y175 ff5 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls2d ws31">Jam</div><div class="t m0 xc6 hc y176 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 lsb wse">: Jammer T<span class="_ _1"></span>rans<span class="_ _2"></span>mit B<span class="_ _2"></span>andwi<span class="_ _2"></span>dth</div><div class="t m0 xc7 hc y177 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">J: J<span class="_ _1"></span>ammer P<span class="_ _0"></span>ower</div><div class="t m0 xca hc y178 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Rmax</div><div class="t m0 xcb h2b y189 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls29 ws2d">jammed</div><div class="t m0 xcc hc y18a ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: J<span class="_ _1"></span>ammed Rada<span class="_ _0"></span>r Ran<span class="_ _0"></span>ge </div><div class="t m0 xcb hc y18b ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls1f ws2b">(Burn<span class="_ _2"></span> through Range)</div><div class="t m0 xcd hc y18c ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">R</div><div class="t m0 xce h2b y169 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">max</div><div class="t m0 xcf hc y168 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: M<span class="_ _0"></span>ax Radar R<span class="_ _0"></span>ange</div><div class="t m0 xd0 hc y16a ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">J/N: J<span class="_ _1"></span>ammer to N<span class="_ _0"></span>oise Ra<span class="_ _0"></span>tio</div><div class="t m0 xcf hc y16b ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">N: T<span class="_ _13"></span>o<span class="_ _0"></span>tal N<span class="_ _0"></span>oise</div><div class="t m0 xcd hc y16c ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">k: Bol<span class="_ _0"></span>tzmann<span class="_ _13"></span>&#8217;<span class="_ _1"></span>s constan<span class="_ _0"></span>t</div><div class="t m0 xcd hc y18d ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">T</div><div class="t m0 xce h2b y171 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">s</div><div class="t m0 xce hc y173 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: R<span class="_ _0"></span>ecei<span class="_ _0"></span>ver T<span class="_ _13"></span>emper<span class="_ _1"></span>ature</div><div class="t m0 xd1 hc y174 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">B</div><div class="t m0 xd0 h2b y18e ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">N</div><div class="t m0 xcd hc y176 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: R<span class="_ _0"></span>ecei<span class="_ _0"></span>ver N<span class="_ _0"></span>oise Ban<span class="_ _0"></span>dwidth</div><div class="t m0 xd2 hc y177 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">SNR: R<span class="_ _0"></span>adar Si<span class="_ _0"></span>gnal to N<span class="_ _0"></span>oise Ratio</div><div class="t m0 xd1 hc y178 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">N</div><div class="t m0 xd0 h2b y189 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls2e ws32">f </div><div class="t m0 xd0 hc y18a ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: R<span class="_ _0"></span>ecei<span class="_ _0"></span>ver N<span class="_ _0"></span>oise Fi<span class="_ _0"></span>gure (&gt;1)</div><div class="t m0 xbd h6 y18f ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">J</div><div class="t m0 xbd h6 y190 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">S</div><div class="t m0 xc2 h6 y191 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">=</div><div class="t ma xd3 h52 y192 ff5 fs2b fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">EIRP</div><div class="t ma xd4 h53 y193 ff5 fs2c fc1 sc0 ls2f ws33">jam</div><div class="t ma xd5 h52 y194 ff5 fs2b fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">EIRP</div><div class="t ma x14 h53 y195 ff5 fs2c fc1 sc0 ls30 ws34">rad<span class="_ _2"></span>ar</div><div class="t ma xc5 h54 y196 ff11 fs2d fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">( )</div><div class="t ma xd6 h55 y197 ff5 fs2b fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">4<span class="ff7">&#960;</span>R</div><div class="t ma xd7 h53 y198 ff5 fs2c fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t ma xd8 h55 y199 ff7 fs2b fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;</div><div class="t ma xd9 h54 y19a ff11 fs2d fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">( )</div><div class="t ma x13 h54 y19b ff11 fs2d fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">( )</div><div class="t m0 xda h6 y19c ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">J</div><div class="t m0 xda h6 y19d ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">S</div><div class="t m0 xc0 h6 y19e ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">=</div><div class="t ma xbe h52 y19f ff5 fs2b fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">EIRP</div><div class="t ma xd3 h53 y1a0 ff5 fs2c fc1 sc0 ls2f ws33">jam</div><div class="t ma xbd h52 y1a1 ff5 fs2b fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">EIRP</div><div class="t ma xd5 h53 y1a2 ff5 fs2c fc1 sc0 ls30 ws34">rad<span class="_ _2"></span>ar</div><div class="t ma xdb h55 y1a3 ff5 fs2b fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">4<span class="ff7">&#960;</span>R</div><div class="t ma xdc h53 y1a4 ff5 fs2c fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t ma xd9 h55 y1a5 ff7 fs2b fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;</div><div class="t ma x14 h54 y1a6 ff11 fs2d fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">( )</div><div class="t ma xdd h52 y1a7 ff5 fs2b fc1 sc0 ls31 ws35">BW</div><div class="t ma xde h53 y1a8 ff5 fs2c fc1 sc0 ls30 ws34">rad<span class="_ _2"></span>ar</div><div class="t ma xdf h54 y1a9 ff11 fs2d fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">( )</div><div class="t ma xe0 h52 y1aa ff5 fs2b fc1 sc0 ls31 ws35">BW</div><div class="t ma xe1 h53 y1ab ff5 fs2c fc1 sc0 ls2f ws33">jam</div><div class="t m0 xc5 h6 y1ac ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> P</div><div class="t m0 xd5 h20 y1ad ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 xd3 h17 y1ae ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 lsb wse">jam</div><div class="t m0 xe2 h6 y1ac ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> G</div><div class="t m0 xe3 h20 y1ad ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 x14 h17 y1ae ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 lsb wse">jam</div><div class="t m0 xe4 h2e y1ac ff5 fsc fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">( <span class="ff7"> </span>)</div><div class="t m0 xd8 h20 y1af ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 xdf h6 y1ac ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xe5 h8 y1b0 ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#955;</div><div class="t m0 xdb h8 y1b1 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">4<span class="ff7">&#960;<span class="_ _0"></span><span class="ff5">R</span></span></div><div class="t m0 xdc h20 y1b2 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls1d ws1e">jr </div><div class="t m0 xc0 h6 y1b3 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">J</div><div class="t m0 x13 h20 y1b4 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls32 ws36">self<span class="_ _2"></span> </div><div class="t m0 xbf h6 y1b3 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">=</div><div class="t m0 xd7 h6 y1b5 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">L</div><div class="t m0 xdd h20 y1b6 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">r</div><div class="t m0 xe6 h17 y1b7 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls22 ws24">rada<span class="_ _2"></span>r</div><div class="t mb xe7 h54 y1b8 ffe fs2d fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">}</div><div class="t m0 xd5 h20 y1b9 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">EIRP</div><div class="t m0 xe7 h17 y1ba ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 lsb wse">jam</div><div class="t m0 x12 h20 y1bb ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls21 ws22">I<span class="_ _2"></span>f<span class="_ _14"></span> BW</div><div class="t m0 xd4 h17 y1bc ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 lsb wse">jam </div><div class="t m0 xe8 h16 y1bb ff7 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8805;</div><div class="t m0 xdb h17 y1bc ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xdb h20 y1bb ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls21 ws22">BW</div><div class="t m0 xe5 h17 y1bc ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls22 ws24">rada<span class="_ _2"></span>r</div><div class="t m0 xe9 h56 y1bd ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 x13 h57 y1be ff18 fs2f fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 xda h56 y1bf ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">-150</div><div class="t m0 xda h56 y1c0 ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">-140</div><div class="t m0 xda h56 y1c1 ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">-130</div><div class="t m0 xda h56 y1c2 ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">-120</div><div class="t m0 xda h56 y1c3 ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">-110</div><div class="t m0 xda h56 y1c4 ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">-100</div><div class="t m0 xda h56 y1c5 ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">-90</div><div class="t m0 xda h56 y1c6 ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">-80</div><div class="t m0 xda h56 y1c7 ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">-70</div><div class="t m0 xda h56 y1c8 ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">-60</div><div class="t m0 xc4 h56 y1c9 ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls33 ws37">Re<span class="ls34 ws38">du<span class="_ _2"></span><span class="ls35 ws39">ct<span class="ls36 ws0">ion in Radar <span class="ls37 ws3a">De<span class="ls38 ws3b">te</span></span></span>ct<span class="ls39 ws0">ion Range </span></span>du<span class="ls0 ws0">e <span class="ls38 ws3b">to</span> JNR</span></span></div><div class="t mc xea h56 y1ca ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls3a ws3c">No<span class="ls3b ws3d">rm</span></div><div class="c xeb y1cb w14 h58"><div class="t mc x5a h56 y1cc ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls3c ws0">alized Maximum Radar Rang</div></div><div class="t mc xea h56 y1cd ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">e</div><div class="t m0 xe2 h56 y1ce ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls3d ws0">Range (km)</div><div class="t m0 xe3 h56 y1cf ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 xd4 h57 y1be ff18 fs2f fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 xd7 h56 y1bd ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 xdd h57 y1be ff18 fs2f fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">3</div><div class="c xeb y1cb w14 h58"><div class="t m0 xec h59 y1d0 ff18 fs30 fc2 sc0 ls3e ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">Skin Return </span><span class="ls0"><span class="fc4 sc0">R</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x1c h5a y1d1 ff18 fs31 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">4</span></div><div class="t m0 x20 h59 y1d0 ff18 fs30 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0"> </span></div><div class="t m0 xec h59 y1d2 ff18 fs30 fc2 sc0 ls3e ws3e"><span class="fc4 sc0">Jammer </span><span class="ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">R</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x1f h5a y1d3 ff18 fs31 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">2</span></div></div><div class="t m0 xe0 h56 y1d4 ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">J</div><div class="t m0 xe0 h56 y1d5 ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">S</div><div class="t m0 xbd h56 y1d6 ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls3f ws3f">Bur<span class="_ _2"></span><span class="ls40 ws0">n- th<span class="ls41 ws40">roug</span><span class="ls0">h</span></span></div><div class="t m0 xc4 h56 y1d7 ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls3f ws3f">rang<span class="ls36 ws0">e for S<span class="ls0">NR = </span></span></div><div class="t m0 xc2 h56 y1d8 ff18 fs2e fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">13 dB</div><div class="t m0 xed h5b y1d9 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws0">J/N ~ <span class="fsc ls42">( )</span></div><div class="t m0 xee h20 y1da ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">4</div><div class="t m0 xef h6 y1db ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">R</div><div class="t m0 xf0 h20 y1dc ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls1d ws1e">max</div><div class="t m0 xf1 h17 y1dd ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls43 ws41">jamm<span class="_ _2"></span>ed</div><div class="t m0 xf2 h20 y1de ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xf3 h6 y1df ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">R</div><div class="t m0 xf4 h20 y1e0 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls1d ws1e">max</div><div class="t m0 xd0 h20 y1e1 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xf5 h20 y1e2 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls1d ws0">Assu<span class="_ _0"></span>me: J &gt;&gt; N</div><div class="t m0 xf6 h20 y1e3 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls44 ws42">BW</div><div class="t m0 xf7 h20 y1e4 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls45 ws43">Jam</div><div class="t m0 xf8 h20 y1e3 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls44 ws22"> =<span class="_ _3"></span> BW</div><div class="t m0 xf1 h20 y1e4 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls46 ws44">Radar</div><div class="t m0 xf9 h6 y1e5 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">R</div><div class="t m0 xfa h3a y1e6 ff5 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">max</div><div class="t m0 xfb h5c y1e7 ff5 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls2 ws3">jamm<span class="_ _2"></span>ed</div><div class="t m0 xfc h3c y1e8 ff5 fs26 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">4</div><div class="t m0 xfd h20 y1e9 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xfe h8 y1e5 ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">=<span class="fs4"> </span></div><div class="t m0 xff h5d y1ea ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws45"> <span class="ws0">P</span></div><div class="t m0 x100 h20 y1eb ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 xd1 h5d y1ea ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls47 ws46">G'</div><div class="t m0 xce h20 y1eb ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 xf2 h5d y1ea ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls47 ws46">G'</div><div class="t m0 xee h20 y1eb ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">r</div><div class="t m0 x101 h5e y1ea ff7 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#955;</div><div class="t m0 x102 h20 y1ec ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x103 h5e y1ed ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(4<span class="ff7">&#960;</span>)</div><div class="t m0 xf7 h20 y1ee ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">3</div><div class="t m0 x104 h5d y1ed ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(kT</div><div class="t m0 xf0 h20 y1ef ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">s</div><div class="t m0 xf3 h5d y1ed ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">B</div><div class="t m0 xf4 h20 y1ef ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">N</div><div class="t m0 xd2 h5d y1ed ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">N</div><div class="t m0 xd0 h20 y1ef ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls48 ws47">f </div><div class="t m0 xcd h5d y1ed ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">+J)</div><div class="t m0 xee h5f y1f0 ff19 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">*</div><div class="t m0 x105 h5d y1ed ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls49 ws48">SNR</div><div class="t m0 x106 h5f y1f0 ff19 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">*</div><div class="t m0 x107 h5d y1ed ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">L</div><div class="t m0 x108 h20 y1ef ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">r</div><div class="t m0 x109 h5f y1f0 ff19 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">*</div><div class="t m0 x10a h5d y1ed ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">L</div><div class="t m0 x18 h20 y1ef ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws49">t </div><div class="t m0 xbc ha y1f1 ff11 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Mainlobe</div><div class="t m0 x10b h60 y1f2 ff5 fs33 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">R<span class="_ _0"></span>ed<span class="_ _0"></span>uction in N<span class="_ _1"></span>ormalized R</div><div class="t m0 x10c h60 y1f3 ff5 fs33 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">max</div><div class="t m0 xf9 h61 y1f4 ff1a fs34 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 xf9 h61 y1f5 ff1a fs34 fc2 sc0 ls4a ws4a">0.8</div><div class="t m0 xbc h61 y1f6 ff1a fs34 fc2 sc0 ls4a ws4a">0.6</div><div class="t m0 xbc h61 y1f7 ff1a fs34 fc2 sc0 ls4a ws4a">0.4</div><div class="t m0 xbc h61 y1f8 ff1a fs34 fc2 sc0 ls4a ws4a">0.2</div><div class="t m0 x10d h61 y1f9 ff1a fs34 fc2 sc0 ls4a ws4a">Rmax </div><div class="t m0 x10d h61 y1fa ff1a fs34 fc2 sc0 ls4a ws0">Rmax Jammed</div><div class="t m0 x10e h61 y1fb ff1a fs34 fc2 sc0 ls4a ws4a">Main </div><div class="t m0 x10e h61 y1fc ff1a fs34 fc2 sc0 ls4a ws4a">Beam</div><div class="t md x10b h62 y1fd ff1b fs35 fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8595;</div><div class="t m2 x104 h63 y1fe ff1c fs36 fc5 sc0 ls4b ws4b">Re<span class="ls4c ws4c">du<span class="_ _2"></span><span class="ls4d ws4d">ct<span class="ls4e ws0">ion in Radar <span class="ls4f ws4e">De<span class="ls50 ws4f">te</span></span></span>ct<span class="ls51 ws0">ion Range </span></span>du<span class="ls0 ws0">e <span class="ls50 ws4f">to</span> JNR</span></span></div><div class="t me x103 h63 y1ff ff1c fs36 fc5 sc0 ls52 ws50">No<span class="ls53 ws51">rm</span></div><div class="c xfc y200 w15 h64"><div class="t me x5c h63 y201 ff1c fs36 fc5 sc0 ls51 ws0">alized Maximum Radar Rang</div></div><div class="t me x103 h63 y202 ff1c fs36 fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">e</div><div class="t m2 xf4 h63 y203 ff1c fs36 fc5 sc0 ls54 ws52">Ja<span class="ls55 ws53">mm<span class="ls4d ws4d">er <span class="ls50 ws4f">to<span class="ls0 ws0"> <span class="ls52 ws50">No<span class="_ _2"></span></span><span class="ls56">ise Ra<span class="ls57">tio (dB)</span></span></span></span></span></span></div><div class="t m2 x10f h63 y204 ff1c fs36 fc5 sc0 ls58 ws54">05<span class="_ _1"></span><span class="ls0 ws0">10<span class="_ _15"> </span>15<span class="_ _16"> </span>20<span class="_ _16"> </span>25<span class="_ _17"> </span>30<span class="_ _15"> </span>35<span class="_ _16"> </span>40</span></div><div class="t m2 x110 h63 y205 ff1c fs36 fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">0.1</div><div class="t m2 x110 h63 y206 ff1c fs36 fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">0.2</div><div class="t m2 x110 h63 y207 ff1c fs36 fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">0.3</div><div class="t m2 x110 h63 y208 ff1c fs36 fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">0.4</div><div class="t m2 x110 h63 y209 ff1c fs36 fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">0.5</div><div class="t m2 x110 h63 y20a ff1c fs36 fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">0.6</div><div class="t m2 x110 h63 y20b ff1c fs36 fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">0.7</div><div class="t m2 x110 h63 y20c ff1c fs36 fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">0.8</div><div class="t m2 x110 h63 y20d ff1c fs36 fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">0.9</div><div class="t m2 x110 h63 y20e ff1c fs36 fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0"> 1</div><div class="t m2 x111 h5d y20f ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">x(t) <span class="ff7">&#8596;</span> X(<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>) <span class="fs32"> </span></div><div class="t m2 xc0 h5e y210 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2<span class="ff7">&#960;</span></div><div class="t m2 xc0 h5d y211 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m2 x112 h5e y212 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">x(<span class="fs37">t</span>) = <span class="ff7">&#8747;</span></div><div class="t m2 xbe he y213 ff7 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m2 xbf h5e y212 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">X(<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>)e </div><div class="t m2 xe2 h16 y214 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">j<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>t</div><div class="t m2 xe3 h5e y212 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> d<span class="ff7">&#969; </span></div><div class="t m2 xbd he y215 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">+<span class="ff7">&#8734;</span></div><div class="t m2 xc4 he y216 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">-<span class="ff7">&#8734;</span></div><div class="t m2 x113 hc y217 ff11 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Synthesis</div><div class="t m2 xe5 h5e y218 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">X(<span class="ff7 fs37">&#969;</span>) = <span class="ff7">&#8747;</span></div><div class="t m2 x114 he y219 ff7 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m2 xdd h5d y218 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">x(t)e</div><div class="t m2 x115 h16 y21a ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> -j<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>t</div><div class="t m2 xb9 h5e y218 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls59 ws55"> dt<span class="_ _2"></span><span class="ff7 ls0 ws0"> </span></div><div class="t m2 xd7 he y21b ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">+<span class="ff7">&#8734;</span></div><div class="t m2 xdf he y21c ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">-<span class="ff7">&#8734;</span></div><div class="t m2 xd9 hc y21d ff11 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">A<span class="_ _0"></span>nalysis</div><div class="t m2 xc2 h5d y21e ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls5a ws56">h(<span class="fs37 ls0 ws0">t<span class="fs32">)</span></span></div><div class="t m2 xd3 h5f y21f ff19 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">*</div><div class="t m2 x116 h5d y220 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m2 xe2 h5d y221 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls5a ws56">x(</div><div class="t m2 xe3 h5d y21e ff5 fs37 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t<span class="fs32 ls5a ws56">) </span></div><div class="t m2 x117 h5e y222 ff7 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8596;</div><div class="t m2 xdb h5d y21e ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls5a ws0"> H(<span class="ff7 fs37 ls0">&#969;</span><span class="ls0">)</span></div><div class="t m2 xd6 h5d y223 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m2 xd6 h5d y21e ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls5a ws56">X(<span class="ff7 fs37 ls0 ws0">&#969;<span class="ff5 fs32">)</span></span></div><div class="t m2 xeb h65 y224 ff5 fs38 fc1 sc0 ls5b ws57">X(<span class="ff7 ls0 ws0">&#969;<span class="ff5">)</span></span></div><div class="t m2 x118 h66 y225 ff5 fs38 fc1 sc0 ls5b ws57">x(t)</div><div class="t m2 x13 h67 y226 ff5 fs39 fc1 sc0 ls5c ws58">H(<span class="ff7 ls0 ws0">&#969;<span class="ff5">)</span></span></div><div class="t m2 xc3 h68 y227 ff5 fs39 fc1 sc0 ls5c ws58">h(t)</div><div class="t m2 xc5 h65 y228 ff5 fs38 fc1 sc0 ls5b ws57">H(<span class="ff7 ls0 ws0">&#969;</span><span class="ws0">) X(t)</span></div><div class="t m2 x119 h66 y229 ff5 fs38 fc1 sc0 ls5b ws57">h(t)</div><div class="t m2 x12 h69 y22a ff19 fs23 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">*</div><div class="t m2 xe2 h66 y22b ff5 fs38 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m2 xe2 h66 y22c ff5 fs38 fc1 sc0 ls5b ws57">x(t)</div><div class="t m2 xd4 h66 y22b ff5 fs38 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m2 xd6 h66 y224 ff5 fs38 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m2 xdc h65 y225 ff7 fs38 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#948;<span class="ff5 ls5b ws57">(t)</span></div><div class="t m2 x114 h67 y226 ff5 fs39 fc1 sc0 ls5c ws58">H(<span class="ff7 ls0 ws0">&#969;<span class="ff5">)</span></span></div><div class="t m2 xdd h68 y227 ff5 fs39 fc1 sc0 ls5c ws58">h(t)</div><div class="t m2 x115 h65 y22d ff5 fs38 fc1 sc0 ls5b ws57">H(<span class="ff7 ls0 ws0">&#969;<span class="ff5">) </span></span></div><div class="t m2 x11a h66 y22e ff5 fs38 fc1 sc0 ls5b ws57">h(t)</div><div class="t m2 xc5 h6a y22f ff5 fs38 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">e<span class="fs3a"> </span></div><div class="t m2 x11b h6b y230 ff5 fs3b fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">j<span class="ff7">&#969;</span></div><div class="t m2 xd3 h6c y231 ff7 fs3c fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#959;</div><div class="t m2 x12 h6d y230 ff5 fs3b fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m2 xe3 h67 y232 ff5 fs39 fc1 sc0 ls5c ws58">H(<span class="ff7 ls0 ws0">&#969;<span class="ff5">)</span></span></div><div class="t m2 xdb h6a y22f ff5 fs38 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">e<span class="fs3a"> </span></div><div class="t m2 xd9 h6b y230 ff5 fs3b fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">j<span class="ff7">&#969;</span></div><div class="t m2 x11c h6c y231 ff7 fs3c fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#959;</div><div class="t m2 x11d h6d y230 ff5 fs3b fc1 sc0 ls5d ws59">t </div><div class="t m2 xb8 h65 y22f ff5 fs38 fc1 sc0 ls5b ws57">H(<span class="ff7 ls0 ws0">&#969;</span></div><div class="t m2 xd8 h6c y233 ff7 fs3c fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#959;</div><div class="t m2 x11e h66 y22f ff5 fs38 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">)</div><div class="t m2 x116 hb y234 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">H(<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>): F<span class="_ _0"></span>req<span class="_ _0"></span>uency Res<span class="_ _0"></span>ponse</div><div class="t m2 xe2 ha y235 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls6 ws7">: Convolution ope<span class="_ _2"></span>ration</div><div class="t m2 x12 h6e y236 ff8 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls5e ws5a">Convolution P<span class="_ _2"></span>roper<span class="_ _2"></span>t<span class="_ _2"></span>y</div><div class="t m2 xea h6e y237 ff11 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Ideal Lowpass Filter</div><div class="t m2 x11f h6e y238 ff11 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Different<span class="_ _2"></span>iator</div><div class="t m2 x9c h3 y239 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m2 x120 h4 y23a ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Fo<span class="_ _0"></span>urie<span class="_ _2"></span>r Relationships</div><div class="t m2 x120 h5 y23b ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">P<span class="_ _1"></span>ARSEV<span class="_ _1"></span>AL<span class="_ _1"></span>&#8217;S RELA<span class="_ _0"></span>TION</div><div class="t m2 xaa h6f y23c ff5 fs3d fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2<span class="ff7">&#960;</span></div><div class="t m2 x121 h70 y23d ff5 fs3d fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m2 x122 h71 y23e ff7 fs3e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8747;</div><div class="t m2 x123 h71 y23f ff7 fs3e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m2 x9d h72 y240 ffb fs3e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">|x(t)|</div><div class="t m2 xb2 h72 y241 ffb fs3f fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2<span class="fs3e"> </span></div><div class="t m2 x9e h72 y242 ffb fs3e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">dt = </div><div class="t m2 xa2 h71 y243 ff7 fs3e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8747;</div><div class="t m2 xa3 h71 y241 ff7 fs3e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m2 x124 h71 y242 ffb fs3e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">|X(<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>)|</div><div class="t m2 x125 h72 y241 ffb fs3f fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2<span class="fs3e"> </span></div><div class="t m2 xa8 h71 y242 ffb fs3e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">d<span class="ff7">&#969;</span></div><div class="t m2 x122 h73 y244 ff5 fs40 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">+<span class="ff7">&#8734;</span></div><div class="t m2 x126 h73 y245 ff5 fs40 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">-<span class="ff7">&#8734;</span></div><div class="t m2 xa2 h73 y244 ff5 fs40 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">+<span class="ff7">&#8734;</span></div><div class="t m2 xa1 h73 y245 ff5 fs40 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">-<span class="ff7">&#8734;</span></div><div class="t m2 x127 h71 y246 ff7 fs3e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8747;</div><div class="t m2 xb1 h74 y247 ff5 fs3f fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">T</div><div class="t m2 x128 h75 y248 ff5 fs40 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">o</div><div class="t m2 x9e h72 y249 ffb fs3e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">|x(t)|</div><div class="t m2 xaa h72 y24a ffb fs3f fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2<span class="fs3e"> </span></div><div class="t m2 xad h72 y24b ffb fs3e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">dt = </div><div class="t m2 xa4 h71 y24c ff7 fs3e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8721;</div><div class="t m2 x129 h71 y24a ff7 fs3e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m2 x12a h72 y24b ffb fs3e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">|a</div><div class="t m2 x12b h74 y24d ffb fs3f fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">k</div><div class="t m2 x125 h72 y249 ffb fs3e fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">|</div><div class="t m2 x12c h74 y24a ffb fs3f fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m2 xa4 h73 y24e ff5 fs40 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">+<span class="ff7">&#8734;</span></div><div class="t m2 xa5 h73 y24f ff5 fs40 fc1 sc0 ls5f ws5b">k=-<span class="ff7 ls0 ws0">&#8734;</span></div><div class="t m2 x12d h74 y250 ffb fs3f fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">~</div><div class="t m2 x12e h70 y251 ff5 fs3d fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">T</div><div class="t m2 x12f h74 y252 ff5 fs3f fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">o</div><div class="t m2 x130 h70 y253 ff5 fs3d fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m2 xc5 h76 y254 ff5 fs41 fc1 sc0 ls60 ws5c">H(<span class="ff7 ls0 ws0">&#969;<span class="ff5">) </span></span></div><div class="t m2 xc3 h76 y255 ff5 fs41 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">-<span class="ff7">&#969;</span></div><div class="t m2 xbe h77 y256 ff5 fs42 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">c</div><div class="t m2 xc1 h78 y257 ff5 fs41 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m2 xc5 h76 y258 ff7 fs41 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#969;</div><div class="t m2 x11b h77 y259 ff5 fs42 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">c</div><div class="t m2 x11b h78 y25a ff5 fs41 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m2 xd5 h76 y25b ff7 fs41 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#969;<span class="ff5"> </span></div><div class="t m2 xd6 h79 y25c ff5 fs43 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">y(t) = =&gt;H(<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>) = j<span class="ff7">&#969;</span></div><div class="t m2 xd7 h7a y25d ff5 fs43 fc1 sc0 ls61 ws5d">dt</div><div class="t m2 x131 h7a y25e ff5 fs43 fc1 sc0 ls62 ws5e">dx(t)</div><div class="t m2 xdd h76 y25f ff5 fs41 fc1 sc0 ls60 ws5c">|H(<span class="ff7 ls0 ws0">&#969;</span>)| </div><div class="t m2 x132 h76 y260 ff7 fs41 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#969;<span class="ff5"> </span></div><div class="t m2 xfc h7b y261 ff5 fs44 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">x(t-t</div><div class="t m2 x103 h20 y262 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">o</div><div class="t m2 x110 h7c y261 ff5 fs44 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">)<span class="fs1"> </span></div><div class="t m2 xf6 h7d y263 ff7 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8596;</div><div class="t m2 xf5 h5d y261 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> <span class="fs44">e</span> </div><div class="t m2 x133 h16 y264 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">-j<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>t</div><div class="t m2 xf0 h17 y265 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">o</div><div class="t m2 xf3 h5d y261 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> <span class="fs44">X(<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>)</span></div><div class="t m2 x134 hc y266 ff11 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Time S<span class="_ _0"></span>hifting</div><div class="t m2 x134 hc y267 ff11 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Differentiat<span class="_ _2"></span>ion</div><div class="t m2 xf6 h7d y268 ff7 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8596;</div><div class="t m2 xf7 h5e y269 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> j<span class="ff7">&#969; </span>X(<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>)</div><div class="t m2 x135 h20 y26a ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls63 ws5f">dt</div><div class="t m2 xfe h20 y26b ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls1d ws1e">dx(t)</div><div class="t m2 x136 h16 y26c ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">j<span class="ff7">&#969;</span></div><div class="t m2 xf5 h20 y26d ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m2 x10b h5e y26e ff7 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8747;<span class="fs7"> </span></div><div class="t m2 x137 h17 y26f ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m2 x138 h16 y270 ffb fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> x(<span class="ff7">&#964;</span>)d<span class="ff7">&#964;</span></div><div class="t m2 x103 h7e y271 ff7 fs23 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8596;</div><div class="t m2 x10f he y272 ff7 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m2 x104 h16 y270 ffb fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">X(<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>) + <span class="ff7">&#960;</span>X(0) <span class="ff7">&#948;</span>(<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>)</div><div class="t m2 x10b he y273 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">-<span class="ff7">&#8734;</span></div><div class="t m2 x134 hc y274 ff11 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Integration</div><div class="t m2 x134 hc y275 ff11 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Linearity</div><div class="t m2 x139 h20 y276 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">ax</div><div class="t m2 x137 h17 y277 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m2 x10e h20 y276 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(t)+bx</div><div class="t m2 x103 h17 y277 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m2 x110 h20 y276 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(t)</div><div class="t m2 x10f h16 y278 ff7 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8596;</div><div class="t m2 xf7 h20 y276 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">aX</div><div class="t m2 xef h17 y277 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m2 xf8 h16 y276 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>)+bX</div><div class="t m2 xd1 h17 y277 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m2 xd0 h16 y276 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>)</div><div class="t m2 x134 hc y279 ff11 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Modulation</div><div class="t m2 xa3 hc y27a ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Duality Pr<span class="_ _0"></span>operty</div><div class="t m2 x136 h16 y27b ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2<span class="ff7">&#960;</span></div><div class="t m2 xf5 h20 y27c ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m2 x137 h20 y27d ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">s(t) p(t)</div><div class="t m2 x103 h7d y27e ff7 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8596;</div><div class="t m2 xf6 h16 y27d ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> [S(<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>)P(<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>)]</div><div class="t m2 x134 hc y27f ff11 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Convo<span class="_ _0"></span>lution</div><div class="t m2 xfc h20 y280 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">h(t)</div><div class="t m2 x135 h69 y281 ff19 fs23 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">*</div><div class="t m2 x103 h20 y282 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m2 x110 h20 y283 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">x(t) </div><div class="t m2 xf5 h16 y284 ff7 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8596;</div><div class="t m2 x133 h16 y283 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> H(<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>)X(<span class="ff7">&#969;</span>)</div><div class="t m2 x13a h7f y285 ff1d fs45 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m2 x18 h80 y286 ff1d fs46 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">x(t)</div><div class="t m2 x12f h80 y287 ff1d fs46 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m2 x16 h80 y288 ff1d fs46 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">1/a</div><div class="t m2 x13b h80 y289 ff1d fs46 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m2 x13b h80 y28a ff1d fs46 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m2 x13b h80 y28b ff1d fs46 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">e</div><div class="t m2 x15 h81 y28c ff1e fs47 fc2 sc0 ls64 ws60">- <span class="ls65 ws61">aa</span></div><div class="t m2 x18 h82 y28d ff1e fs47 fc2 sc0 ls64 ws60">1/a <span class="ff1f ls0 ws0">&#8730;<span class="ff1e">2</span></span></div><div class="t m2 x13c h81 y28e ff1e fs47 fc2 sc0 ls64 ws60">1/a</div><div class="t m2 x13d h82 y28f ff1e fs47 fc2 sc0 ls64 ws60">|X(<span class="ff1f ls0 ws0">&#969;</span>)|</div><div class="t m2 x12e h82 y290 ff1f fs47 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#969;</div><div class="t mf x13c h83 y291 ff1f fs48 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8595;</div><div class="t m2 x9c h84 y292 ff20 fs49 fc2 sc0 ls66 ws0">&lt; X(<span class="ff21 ls0">&#969;<span class="ff20">)</span></span></div><div class="t m2 x13e h84 y293 ff21 fs49 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#960;<span class="ff20 ls66 ws62">/2</span></div><div class="t m2 x13e h84 y294 ff21 fs49 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#960;<span class="ff20 ls66 ws62">/4</span></div><div class="t m2 x13f h84 y295 ff21 fs49 fc2 sc0 ls66 ws62">&#8722; &#960;<span class="ff20">/4</span></div><div class="t m2 x13e h84 y296 ff21 fs49 fc2 sc0 ls66 ws62">&#8722; &#960;<span class="ff20">/2</span></div><div class="t m2 x12e h85 y297 ff21 fs49 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#969;</div><div class="t m2 x140 h84 y298 ff21 fs49 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8722;<span class="ff20"> a</span></div><div class="t m2 xa4 h86 y299 ff22 fs4a fc2 sc0 ls67 ws63">X(<span class="ff23 ls0 ws0">&#969;<span class="ff22">)</span></span></div><div class="t m2 xaf h86 y29a ff22 fs4a fc2 sc0 ls67 ws63">- <span class="ls0 ws0">w</span></div><div class="t m2 x141 h86 y29b ff22 fs4a fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">w</div><div class="c xb2 y29c w16 h87"><div class="t m2 x5f h88 y29d ff23 fs4a fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#969;</div></div><div class="t m2 xaf h86 y29e ff22 fs4a fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="c x12f y29f w17 h89"><div class="t m10 x23 h8a y2a0 ff24 fs4b fc2 sc0 ls68 ws64">X(<span class="ff25 ls0 ws0">&#969;<span class="ff24">)</span></span></div></div><div class="c x120 y2a1 w18 h8b"><div class="t m10 x2e h8a y2a2 ff24 fs4b fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div></div><div class="c x12f y29f w17 h89"><div class="t m10 x63 h8c y2a3 ff25 fs4b fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#960;</div><div class="t m10 xb h8a y2a4 ff24 fs4b fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">T</div><div class="t m11 x63 h8d y2a5 ff24 fs4c fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m10 x65 h8a y2a6 ff24 fs4b fc2 sc0 ls68 ws64">sin <span class="ff25 ls0 ws0">&#969;<span class="ff24">T</span></span></div><div class="t m11 x26 h8d y2a6 ff24 fs4c fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m10 x2f h8c y2a7 ff25 fs4b fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#969;</div><div class="t m10 xd h8a y2a8 ff24 fs4b fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m10 x22 h8a y2a9 ff24 fs4b fc2 sc0 ls68 ws64">2T</div><div class="t m11 x5e h8d y2aa ff24 fs4c fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div></div><div class="t m0 xa4 h8e y2ab ff26 fs4d fc2 sc0 ls69 ws65">x(t)</div><div class="t m0 xaf h8e y2ac ff26 fs4d fc2 sc0 ls69 ws65">- <span class="ls0 ws0">T<span class="fs4e">1</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x141 h8e y2ad ff26 fs4d fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">T<span class="fs4e">1</span></div><div class="t m0 x142 h8e y2ae ff26 fs4d fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 xaf h8e y2af ff26 fs4d fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 xa4 h8f y2b0 ff27 fs4f fc2 sc0 ls6a ws66">x(t)</div><div class="t m0 x142 h8f y2b1 ff27 fs4f fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 x143 h90 y2b2 ff28 fs4f fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#960;</div><div class="t m0 x143 h8f y2b3 ff27 fs4f fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">w</div><div class="t m0 xb5 h8f y2b4 ff27 fs4f fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">w</div><div class="t m0 xb5 h90 y2b5 ff28 fs4f fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#960;</div><div class="t m0 x144 h8f y2b6 ff27 fs4f fc2 sc0 ls6a ws0">sin wt</div><div class="t m0 x141 h8f y2b7 ff27 fs4f fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">2<span class="ff28">&#960;</span>t</div><div class="t m0 x12a h8f y2b8 ff27 fs4f fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x135 h16 y2b9 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">S<span class="ff7">&#8733;&#963;</span><span class="ls6b ws67">, ra<span class="_ _2"></span>n<span class="_ _2"></span>g<span class="_ _2"></span>e</span></div><div class="t m0 x9f h16 y2ba ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Radar C<span class="_ _1"></span>ross Section (R<span class="_ _0"></span>CS,<span class="_ _0"></span> <span class="ff7">&#963;</span>)</div><div class="t m0 xa2 h20 y2bb ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Sca<span class="_ _0"></span>ttering</div><div class="t m0 x133 h8 y2bc ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;<span class="ff5"> = = li<span class="_ _0"></span>m 4<span class="ff7">&#960;</span>r</span></div><div class="t m0 xa0 h20 y2bd ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 xce h8 y2be ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws0">I<span class="_ _0"></span>nciden<span class="_ _0"></span>t P<span class="_ _1"></span>ower De<span class="_ _2"></span>nsity / 4<span class="ff7 ls0">&#960;</span></div><div class="t m0 xf4 h6 y2bf ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws0">R<span class="_ _0"></span>e&#64258;<span class="_ _18"></span> <span class="_ _14"></span>ected P<span class="_ _1"></span>ower to R<span class="_ _1"></span>eceiver / Solid <span class="_ _0"></span>A<span class="_ _1"></span>ngle</div><div class="t m0 x121 h6 y2c0 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">|E</div><div class="t m0 xa1 h6 y2c1 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">i</div><div class="t m0 xa2 h6 y2c0 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">|</div><div class="t m0 xa3 h20 y2c2 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x121 h6 y2c3 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">|E</div><div class="t m0 xa1 h6 y2c4 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">s</div><div class="t m0 xa2 h6 y2c3 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">|</div><div class="t m0 xa3 h20 y2c5 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 xa0 h91 y2c6 ff9 fs50 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">( <span class="fs51">)</span></div><div class="t m0 xfb h6 y2c7 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">P</div><div class="t m0 x139 h20 y2c8 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 xfb h6 y2c9 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">P</div><div class="t m0 x139 h20 y2ca ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">r </div><div class="t m0 x137 h6 y2c9 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws20">or S</div><div class="t m0 x133 h8 y2cb ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;</div><div class="t m0 x145 h4 y2cc ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Radar Processing</div><div class="t m0 x146 h5 y2cd ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">TYPICAL <span class="_ _1"></span>V<span class="_ _0"></span>ALUES OF RCS</div><div class="t m0 x147 h3 y239 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x148 h4 y2ce ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Radar Processing</div><div class="t m0 x149 h5 y2cf ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws1">RAD<span class="_ _0"></span>AR AMBIGUITY <span class="_ _2"></span>FUNCTION</div><div class="t m0 x145 h4 y2d0 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Radar Processing</div><div class="t m0 x14a h5 y2d1 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">NOISE POWER</div><div class="t m0 x148 h4 y23a ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Radar Processing</div><div class="t m0 x148 h5 y23b ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">SPEED OF LIGHT</div><div class="t m0 x148 h4 y2d2 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Radar Processing</div><div class="t m0 x14b h5 y2d3 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">MAX UNAMBIGUOUS RANGE</div><div class="t m0 x148 h4 y2d4 ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Radar Processing</div><div class="t m0 x14c h5 y2d5 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">SIGNAL <span class="_ _1"></span>TO NOISE RA<span class="_ _13"></span>TIO</div><div class="t m0 x14d hc y2d6 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">S(t): C<span class="_ _0"></span>omple<span class="_ _0"></span>x Baseband P<span class="_ _0"></span>ulse</div><div class="t m0 x14e he y2d7 ff7 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#964;<span class="ff8 ls6c ws68">: Ti<span class="_ _2"></span>m<span class="_ _2"></span>e<span class="_ _2"></span> D<span class="_ _2"></span>e<span class="_ _2"></span>la<span class="_ _2"></span>y</span></div><div class="t m0 x14e hc y2d8 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls27 ws2a">f: Doppler Shift</div><div class="t m0 x14f h92 y2d9 ff5 fs52 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">x(<span class="ff7">&#964;</span>,<span class="_ _1"></span> t) =<span class="ff7">&#8747;</span></div><div class="t m0 x145 h93 y2da ff7 fs53 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8734;</div><div class="t m0 x150 h94 y2d9 ff5 fs52 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">s(t)s</div><div class="t m0 x151 h95 y2db ff19 fs54 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">*</div><div class="t m0 x152 h92 y2d9 ff5 fs52 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(t-<span class="ff7">&#964;</span>)e</div><div class="t m0 x153 h96 y2dc ff5 fs55 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">i2<span class="ff7">&#960;</span><span class="ls6d ws69">ft</span></div><div class="t m0 x154 h92 y2d9 ff5 fs52 fc1 sc0 ls6e ws6a"> dt<span class="_ _2"></span><span class="ff7 ls0 ws0"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x148 h93 y2dd ff7 fs53 fc1 sc0 ls6f ws6b">&#8722;&#8734;</div><div class="t m0 x155 h8 y2de ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls70 ws6c">= <span class="ff5">kT</span></div><div class="t m0 x154 h9 y2df ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">s</div><div class="t m0 x156 h6 y2de ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">B</div><div class="t m0 x157 h9 y2df ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">N</div><div class="t m0 x158 h6 y2de ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">N</div><div class="t m0 x159 h9 y2df ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">f</div><div class="t m0 x15a h10 y2e0 ff7 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x15b h6 y2e1 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls71 ws0">N<span class="_ _0"></span>oise P<span class="_ _1"></span>ower in R<span class="_ _0"></span>eceiv<span class="_ _0"></span>er</div><div class="t m0 x15c h7c y2e2 ff5 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls72 ws0"> Speed o<span class="_ _0"></span>f<span class="_ _2"></span> L<span class="_ _0"></span>igh<span class="_ _0"></span>t (ap<span class="_ _0"></span>pro<span class="_ _1"></span>x)</div><div class="t m0 x15c h3a y2e3 ff5 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls73 ws6d"> 3x10^8</div><div class="t m0 x15c h3a y2e4 ff5 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls73 ws6d"> 300</div><div class="t m0 x15c h3a y2e5 ff5 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls73 ws6d"> 1.62x10^5</div><div class="t m0 x15c h3a y2e6 ff5 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls73 ws6d"> 1x10^9</div><div class="t m0 x15c h3a y2e7 ff5 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls73 ws6d"> 1x10^3</div><div class="t m0 x15d h7c y2e2 ff5 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls74 ws6e">Un<span class="_ _2"></span>it<span class="_ _2"></span>s</div><div class="t m0 x15d h3a y2e3 ff5 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls73 ws6f">m/sec</div><div class="t m0 x15d h3a y2e4 ff5 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls73 ws6f">m/usec</div><div class="t m0 x15d h3a y2e5 ff5 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls73 ws6f">NM/sec</div><div class="t m0 x15d h3a y2e6 ff5 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls73 ws6f">Ft/sec</div><div class="t m0 x15d h3a y2e7 ff5 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls73 ws6f">Ft/usec</div><div class="t m0 x14c h5d y2e8 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">R</div><div class="t m0 x14d h20 y2e9 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls45 ws43">max</div><div class="t m0 x150 h5d y2e8 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws70"> =</div><div class="t m0 x15e h5d y2ea ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">c</div><div class="t m0 x152 h5d y2eb ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls47 ws46">2P<span class="_ _0"></span>RF</div><div class="t m0 x15f h5 y2ec ff5 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls75 ws71">PRF</div><div class="t m0 x15f h4 y2ed ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls76 ws72">Hig<span class="_ _2"></span>h</div><div class="t m0 x15f h4 y2ee ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls77 ws73">Medium</div><div class="t m0 x15f h4 y2ef ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls77 ws73">Low</div><div class="t m0 x160 h5 y2f0 ff5 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls75 ws71">PRF</div><div class="t m0 x160 h4 y2f1 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws0">100 kHz</div><div class="t m0 x160 h4 y2f2 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws0">25 kHz</div><div class="t m0 x160 h4 y2f3 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws0">10 kHz</div><div class="t m0 x161 h5 y2f4 ff5 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls79 ws3f">Unambig<span class="_ _2"></span>uou<span class="_ _2"></span>s R<span class="_ _2"></span>ange</div><div class="t m0 x161 h4 y2f5 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws0">1.5 km</div><div class="t m0 x161 h4 y2f6 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls7a ws74">6 km</div><div class="t m0 x161 h4 y2f7 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws0">15 km</div><div class="t m0 x162 h5 y2f8 ff5 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls79 ws75">Range</div><div class="t m0 x162 h4 y2f9 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls7b ws76">Amb<span class="_ _2"></span>ig<span class="_ _2"></span>u<span class="_ _2"></span>ou<span class="_ _2"></span>s</div><div class="t m0 x162 h4 y2fa ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls7b ws76">Amb<span class="_ _2"></span>ig<span class="_ _2"></span>u<span class="_ _2"></span>ou<span class="_ _2"></span>s</div><div class="t m0 x162 h4 y2fb ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls7c ws77">Un<span class="_ _2"></span>am<span class="_ _2"></span>b<span class="_ _2"></span>i<span class="_ _2"></span>g<span class="_ _2"></span>u<span class="_ _2"></span>o<span class="_ _2"></span>u<span class="_ _2"></span>s</div><div class="t m0 x146 h5 y2fc ff5 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls7d ws78">Doppl<span class="_ _2"></span>er</div><div class="t m0 x146 h4 y2fd ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls7c ws77">Un<span class="_ _2"></span>am<span class="_ _2"></span>b<span class="_ _2"></span>i<span class="_ _2"></span>g<span class="_ _2"></span>u<span class="_ _2"></span>o<span class="_ _2"></span>u<span class="_ _2"></span>s</div><div class="t m0 x146 h4 y2fe ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls7b ws76">Amb<span class="_ _2"></span>ig<span class="_ _2"></span>u<span class="_ _2"></span>ou<span class="_ _2"></span>s</div><div class="t m0 x146 h4 y2ff ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls7b ws76">Amb<span class="_ _2"></span>ig<span class="_ _2"></span>u<span class="_ _2"></span>ou<span class="_ _2"></span>s</div><div class="t m0 x150 hc y300 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">c: S<span class="_ _0"></span>peed o<span class="_ _0"></span>f<span class="_ _2"></span> Li<span class="_ _0"></span>ght</div><div class="t m0 x146 hc y301 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">PRF: P<span class="_ _0"></span>ulse Re<span class="_ _0"></span>petition F<span class="_ _0"></span>req<span class="_ _0"></span>uency</div><div class="t m0 x163 hc y302 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls7e ws79">Pr<span class="_ _2"></span>: Received Power</div><div class="t m0 x163 hc y303 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 lsb wse">Pt<span class="_ _2"></span>: T<span class="_ _13"></span>rans<span class="_ _2"></span>mit Power</div><div class="t m0 x163 hc y304 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Gt: T<span class="_ _13"></span>ra<span class="_ _0"></span>nsmit Ga<span class="_ _0"></span>in</div><div class="t m0 x14f hc y305 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls7f ws7a">Gr<span class="_ _2"></span>:</div><div class="t m0 x164 h2b y306 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x164 hc y307 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls7e ws79">Receive Gain</div><div class="t m0 x164 hc y308 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls1f ws2b">R: Range</div><div class="t m0 x14f hc y309 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">N<span class="_ _0"></span>o: N<span class="_ _0"></span>oise P<span class="_ _0"></span>ower</div><div class="t m0 x164 hc y30a ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls26 ws29">L: Losses</div><div class="t m0 x146 h5d y30b ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">P</div><div class="t m0 x148 h20 y30c ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">R</div><div class="t m0 x165 h8 y30d ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls80 ws7b">SNR<span class="_ _2"></span><span class="ff7 ls70 ws6c">= <span class="_ _2"></span> <span class="_ _2"></span>=<span class="fs4 ls0 ws0"> </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x166 h5d y30e ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">P</div><div class="t m0 x167 h20 y30f ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 x151 h5d y30e ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">G</div><div class="t m0 x168 h20 y30f ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 x169 h5d y30e ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">G</div><div class="t m0 x16a h20 y30f ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">r</div><div class="t m0 x16b h5e y30e ff7 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls47 ws46">&#963;&#955;</div><div class="t m0 x16c h20 y310 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x16d h5d y30e ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">G</div><div class="t m0 x15d h20 y30f ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">p</div><div class="t m0 x156 h5d y30e ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">L</div><div class="t m0 x14e h5e y311 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls47 ws46">(4<span class="ff7 ls0 ws0">&#960;<span class="ff5">)</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x152 h20 y312 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">3</div><div class="t m0 x168 h5d y311 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">R</div><div class="t m0 x15e h20 y312 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">4</div><div class="t m0 x16a h5d y311 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">k</div><div class="t m0 x155 h20 y313 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">B</div><div class="t m0 x153 h5d y311 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">T</div><div class="t m0 x16c h20 y313 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">s</div><div class="t m0 x16d h5d y311 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">B</div><div class="t m0 x15d h20 y313 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">n</div><div class="t m0 x156 h5d y311 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">N</div><div class="t m0 x157 h20 y313 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">f</div><div class="t m0 x146 h5d y314 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">N</div><div class="t m0 x148 h20 y315 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">o</div><div class="c xb8 y316 w19 h97"><div class="t m0 x0 h51 y317 ff17 fs26 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">* </span><span class="_ _0"></span><span class="fc4 sc0">&#8220;u&#8221;</span><span class="_ _0"></span><span class="fc4 sc0"> stands for unabsorbed or under K;</span><span class="_ _1"></span><span class="fc4 sc0"> </span><span class="fc4 sc0">&#8220;a&#8221;</span><span class="_ _1"></span><span class="fc4 sc0"> stands for absorption region or above K</span><span class="_ _19"></span><span class="fc4 sc0">* </span><span class="_ _0"></span><span class="fc4 sc0">&#8220;u&#8221;</span><span class="_ _0"></span><span class="fc4 sc0"> stands for unabsorbed or under K;</span><span class="_ _1"></span><span class="fc4 sc0"> </span><span class="fc4 sc0">&#8220;a&#8221;</span><span class="_ _1"></span><span class="fc4 sc0"> stands for absorption region or above K</span></div></div><div class="t m0 x60 h2 y318 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ELECTRONIC WARF<span class="_ _18"></span>ARE QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE</div><div class="c x108 y319 w1a h98"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y31a ff29 fs56 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">Military Standard Bands</div></div><div class="c x125 y31b w1b h9a"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y31c ff29 fs56 fc6 sc0 ls81 ws7c">U.</div></div><div class="c xa9 y31b w1c h9b"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y31c ff29 fs56 fc6 sc0 ls81 ws7c">S.</div></div><div class="c x16e y31d w1d h9c"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y31e ff29 fs56 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0"> Industry Standard Bands</div></div><div class="c x125 y31f w1e h98"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y320 ff29 fs56 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">(IEEE Radar Designation)</div></div><div class="c x16f y321 w1f h9d"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">HF</div></div><div class="c xd8 y321 w20 h9d"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">VH</div></div><div class="c x10b y321 w21 h9d"><div class="t m0 x170 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls82 ws7d"><span class="fc4 sc0">F</span>L</div></div><div class="c x135 y321 w22 h9d"><div class="t m0 x171 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls82 ws7d"><span class="fc4 sc0">FL</span></div></div><div class="c xdd y321 w23 h9d"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls82 ws7d">F<span class="fc4 sc0">L</span></div></div><div class="c x172 y321 w22 h9d"><div class="t m0 x173 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls82 ws7d"><span class="fc4 sc0">FL</span></div></div><div class="c xfa y323 w24 h9e"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y324 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">UHF</span></div></div><div class="c xfa y321 w24 h9d"><div class="t m0 x174 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls82 ws7d"><span class="fc4 sc0">FL</span><span class="_ _1a"></span><span class="fc4 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">UHF</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x174 h99 y325 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls82 ws7d"><span class="fc4 sc0">FL</span></div></div><div class="c xf1 y323 w25 h9b"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y324 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e">SW</div></div><div class="c xcf y323 w26 h9b"><div class="t m0 x175 h99 y324 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div></div><div class="c x13e y321 w27 h9d"><div class="t m0 x176 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span><span class="_ _1b"></span><span class="fc4 ls84 ws7f"><span class="fc4 sc0">KV</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x176 h99 y325 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div></div><div class="c x13a y321 w28 h9d"><div class="t m0 x177 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span><span class="_ _1b"></span><span class="fc4 ls84 ws7f"><span class="fc4 sc0">KV</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x177 h99 y325 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div></div><div class="c x9c y326 w29 h9f"><div class="t m0 x171 h99 y327 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y328 ff29 fs56 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">K</span></div><div class="t m0 x171 h99 y329 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div></div><div class="c x9c y32a w29 ha0"><div class="t m0 x171 h99 y32b ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span><span class="_ _1b"></span><span class="fc4 ls84 ws7f"><span class="fc4 sc0">KV</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x171 h99 y32c ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y32d ff29 fs56 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">K</span></div><div class="t m0 x171 h99 y32c ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span><span class="_ _1b"></span><span class="fc4 ls84 ws7f"><span class="fc4 sc0">KV</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x171 h99 y32e ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div></div><div class="c x178 y32f w2a ha1"><div class="t m0 x0 ha2 y330 ff29 fs57 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">*</span></div></div><div class="c x178 y326 w2a ha3"><div class="t m0 x179 h99 y327 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div><div class="t m0 x0 ha2 y331 ff29 fs57 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">*</span></div><div class="t m0 x179 h99 y329 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div></div><div class="c x178 y332 w2a ha4"><div class="t m0 x179 h99 y333 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span><span class="_ _1b"></span><span class="fc4 ls84 ws7f"><span class="fc4 sc0">KV</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x179 h99 y334 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div><div class="t m0 x0 ha2 y335 ff29 fs57 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">*</span></div><div class="t m0 x179 h99 y334 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span><span class="_ _1b"></span><span class="fc4 ls84 ws7f"><span class="fc4 sc0">KV</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x179 h99 y336 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div></div><div class="c x17a y337 w2b ha5"><div class="t m0 x0 ha2 y338 ff29 fs57 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">a</div></div><div class="c xa0 y339 w2c ha6"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y33a ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Millimeter</div></div><div class="c x17 y32a w29 ha7"><div class="t m0 x17b h99 y32b ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y32d ff29 fs56 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">K</span></div><div class="t m0 x17b h99 y32c ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div></div><div class="c x15 y32f w2d ha1"><div class="t m0 x0 ha2 y330 ff29 fs57 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">*</span></div></div><div class="c x15 y332 w2d ha8"><div class="t m0 x17c h99 y333 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div><div class="t m0 x0 ha2 y335 ff29 fs57 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">*</span></div><div class="t m0 x17c h99 y334 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div></div><div class="c x13f y337 w2e ha9"><div class="t m0 x0 ha2 y338 ff29 fs57 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">u</div></div><div class="c x108 y321 w2f h9d"><div class="t m0 x17d h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span><span class="_ _1c"></span><span class="fc4 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">X</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x17d h99 y325 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div></div><div class="c x102 y323 w30 h9b"><div class="t m0 x17e h99 y324 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span><span class="_ _1d"></span><span class="fc4 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">C</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x17e h99 y33b ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls83 ws7e"><span class="fc4 sc0">SW</span></div></div><div class="c xb6 y33c w31 haa"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y33d ff29 fs56 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">International Standard Bands</div></div><div class="c x17f y33e w32 ha3"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y33f ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls85 ws80"><span class="fc4 sc0">GH</span></div></div><div class="c x10c y33e w22 ha3"><div class="t m0 x180 h99 y33f ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls85 ws80"><span class="fc4 sc0">GH</span></div></div><div class="c x17f y340 w32 h9e"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y341 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls85 ws80"><span class="fc4 sc0">GH</span></div></div><div class="c x10c y340 w22 h9e"><div class="t m0 x180 h99 y341 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls85 ws80"><span class="fc4 sc0">GH</span></div></div><div class="c x137 y342 w30 h9b"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y343 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">C</span></div></div><div class="c x13e y344 w33 h9d"><div class="t m0 x181 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">B</span>M</div></div><div class="c x182 y344 w34 h9d"><div class="t m0 x183 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div></div><div class="c x11c y344 w35 h9d"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls87 ws82">A<span class="fc4 sc0">K</span></div></div><div class="c xc9 y344 w22 h9d"><div class="t m0 x17b h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></div></div><div class="c x184 y344 w36 h9d"><div class="t m0 x185 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _1e"></span><span class="fc4 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x185 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div></div><div class="c x13b y344 w37 h9d"><div class="t m0 x186 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _1e"></span><span class="fc4 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x186 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div></div><div class="c xf1 y344 w38 h9d"><div class="t m0 x187 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _1e"></span><span class="fc4 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x187 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div></div><div class="c xd1 y344 w39 h9d"><div class="t m0 x171 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _1e"></span><span class="fc4 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x171 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div></div><div class="c x17f y344 w32 h9d"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls85 ws80"><span class="fc4 sc0">GH</span><span class="_ _1f"></span><span class="fc4 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls85 ws80"><span class="fc4 sc0">GH</span></div><div class="t m0 x188 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc4 sc0 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></div><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls85 ws80"><span class="fc4 sc0">GH</span><span class="_ _1f"></span><span class="fc4 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y325 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls85 ws80">GH</div></div><div class="c x10c y344 w22 h9d"><div class="t m0 x180 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls85 ws80"><span class="fc4 sc0">GH</span><span class="_ _1f"></span><span class="fc4 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x180 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls85 ws80"><span class="fc4 sc0">GH</span></div><div class="t m0 x189 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc4 sc0 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></div><div class="t m0 x180 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls85 ws80"><span class="fc4 sc0">GH</span><span class="_ _1f"></span><span class="fc4 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x180 h99 y325 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls85 ws80"><span class="fc4 sc0">GH</span></div></div><div class="c xcd y344 w3a h9d"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">F</span><span class="_ _20"></span><span class="fc4 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">F</span></div><div class="t m0 x18a h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc4 sc0 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></div><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">F</span><span class="_ _20"></span><span class="fc4 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y325 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">F</div></div><div class="c x10e y344 w3b h9d"><div class="t m0 x18b h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _1e"></span><span class="fc4 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x18b h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div></div><div class="c x135 y344 w3c h9d"><div class="t m0 x18c h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _1e"></span><span class="fc4 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x18c h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div></div><div class="c x10d y344 w3d h9d"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _1e"></span><span class="fc4 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81">B<span class="fc4 sc0">M</span></div></div><div class="c x134 y344 w22 h9d"><div class="t m0 x18d h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _1e"></span><span class="fc4 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x18d h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div></div><div class="c x137 y344 w30 h9d"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y346 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">C</span></div><div class="t m0 x18e h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc4 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y347 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">C</span></div><div class="t m0 x18f h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc4 sc0 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></div><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y347 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">C</span></div><div class="t m0 x18e h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc4 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y348 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">C</div></div><div class="c x136 y344 w3e h9d"><div class="t m0 x190 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _21"></span><span class="fc4 ls88 ws83"><span class="fc4 sc0">DE</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x190 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div><div class="t m0 x191 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc4 sc0 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></div><div class="t m0 x190 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _21"></span><span class="fc4 ls88 ws83"><span class="fc4 sc0">DE</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x190 h99 y325 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div></div><div class="c x192 y344 w22 h9d"><div class="t m0 x193 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _21"></span><span class="fc4 ls88 ws83"><span class="fc4 sc0">DE</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x193 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div><div class="t m0 x194 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc4 sc0 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></div><div class="t m0 x193 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _21"></span><span class="fc4 ls88 ws83"><span class="fc4 sc0">DE</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x193 h99 y325 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div></div><div class="c x126 y344 w3f h9d"><div class="t m0 x195 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _22"></span><span class="fc4 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">L</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x195 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div></div><div class="c x17 y342 w40 hab"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y343 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">J</span></div></div><div class="c x17 y344 w40 hac"><div class="t m0 x194 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _1e"></span><span class="fc4 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x194 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y346 ff29 fs56 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">J</span></div><div class="t m0 x194 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _1e"></span><span class="fc4 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x194 h99 y325 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div></div><div class="c x108 y344 w41 h9d"><div class="t m0 x191 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _1e"></span><span class="fc4 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x191 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y345 ff29 fs56 fc4 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">I</span></div><div class="t m0 x191 h99 y322 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span><span class="_ _1e"></span><span class="fc4 ls87 ws82"><span class="fc4 sc0">AK</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x191 h99 y325 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls86 ws81"><span class="fc4 sc0">BM</span></div></div><div class="c xba y349 w42 had"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y34a ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">250</div></div><div class="c x196 y34b w43 haf"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y34c ff29 fs56 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">Frequency (MHz)</div></div><div class="c x184 y34b w44 haf"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y34c ff29 fs56 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">Frequency (GHz)</div></div><div class="c xc2 y34d w45 hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y34e ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">20</div></div><div class="c xe7 y34f w46 hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">30</div></div><div class="c xdf y34f w47 hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">100</div></div><div class="c x197 y34f w48 hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">200</div></div><div class="c x198 y34f w49 hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">300</div></div><div class="c x199 y351 w4a had"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y352 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">500</div></div><div class="c x19a y34f w4b hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">400</div></div><div class="c xa3 y34f w49 hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">300</div></div><div class="c x121 y34f w48 hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">200</div></div><div class="c xb2 y34f w47 hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">100</div></div><div class="c x19b y34f w4c hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">80</div></div><div class="c x123 y34f w4d hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">60</div></div><div class="c x19c y34f w4e hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">40</div></div><div class="c x9c y34f w46 hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">30</div></div><div class="c x19d y34f w45 hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">20</div></div><div class="c x140 y34f w4f hb1"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">15</div></div><div class="c x109 y34f w50 hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div></div><div class="c x184 y34f w51 hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">8</div></div><div class="c x10c y34f w52 hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">6</div></div><div class="c x17f y34f w53 hb1"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">5</span></div></div><div class="c xf2 y353 w54 hb2"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y354 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">4</div></div><div class="c x100 y34f w55 hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">3</div></div><div class="c x192 y353 w56 hb1"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y354 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">2</span></div></div><div class="c x136 y353 w57 hb2"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y354 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">1.</div></div><div class="c xf7 y34f w53 hb1"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y350 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">5</span></div></div><div class="c x18 y355 w58 hb3"><div class="t m0 xb0 hb4 y345 ff2a fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">12</div></div><div class="c x19e y356 w59 hb5"><div class="t m0 xb0 hb4 y357 ff2a fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">18</div></div><div class="c x19f y358 w5a hb6"><div class="t m0 x0 hb4 y359 ff2a fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">27</div></div><div class="c x9e y35a w47 hb0"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y352 ff29 fs58 fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">110</div></div><div class="c x9e y35a w5b hb7"><div class="t m0 x0 hae y352 ff29 fs58 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"><span class="fc4 sc0">110</span><span class="_ _23"></span><span class="fc6"><span class="fc4 sc0">110</span></span></div></div><div class="c x1a0 y35b w5c hb8"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y35c ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">7 (HF)</div></div><div class="c xdc y35b w5d hb8"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y35c ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">8 (VHF)</div></div><div class="c x137 y35b w5e hb8"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y35c ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">9 (UHF)</div></div><div class="c x1a1 y35b w5f hb8"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y35c ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">10 (SHF)</div></div><div class="c x19a y35d w60 h9a"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y35e ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">12</div></div><div class="c x1a2 y35f w61 hb8"><div class="t m0 x0 h99 y360 ff29 fs56 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">11(EHF)</div></div><div class="t m0 x168 hb9 y361 ff2b fs59 fc7 sc0 ls89 ws84">Band<span class="_ _2"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x14a hb9 y362 ff2b fs59 fc7 sc0 ls89 ws84">Designation</div><div class="t m0 x16b hba y363 ff1 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls73 ws6f">HF</div><div class="t m0 x15e hba y364 ff1 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls73 ws6f">VHF</div><div class="t m0 x15e hba y365 ff1 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls73 ws6f">UHF</div><div class="t m0 x155 hba y366 ff1 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">L</div><div class="t m0 x155 hba y367 ff1 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">S</div><div class="t m0 x155 hba y368 ff1 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">C</div><div class="t m0 x155 hba y369 ff1 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">X</div><div class="t m0 x16b hba y36a ff1 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">K</div><div class="t m0 x155 hbb y36b ff1 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">u</div><div class="t m0 x155 hba y36c ff1 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">K</div><div class="t m0 x1a3 hba y36d ff1 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">K</div><div class="t m0 x155 hbb y36e ff1 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">a</div><div class="t m0 x155 hba y36f ff1 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">V</div><div class="t m0 x1a3 hba y370 ff1 fs24 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">W</div><div class="t m0 x16d hb9 y361 ff2b fs59 fc6 sc0 ls89 ws84">F<span class="_ _1"></span>requency</div><div class="t m0 x16d hb9 y362 ff2b fs59 fc6 sc0 ls89 ws84">Range</div><div class="t m0 x16d hba y363 ff1 fs24 fc6 sc0 ls73 ws0">3&#8211;30 MHz</div><div class="t m0 x16d hba y364 ff1 fs24 fc6 sc0 ls73 ws0">30&#8211;300 MHz</div><div class="t m0 x16d hba y365 ff1 fs24 fc6 sc0 ls73 ws0">300&#8211;1,000 MHz</div><div class="t m0 x16d hba y366 ff1 fs24 fc6 sc0 ls73 ws0">1&#8211;2 GHz</div><div class="t m0 x16d hba y367 ff1 fs24 fc6 sc0 ls73 ws0">2&#8211;4 GHz</div><div class="t m0 x16d hba y368 ff1 fs24 fc6 sc0 ls73 ws0">4&#8211;8 GHz</div><div class="t m0 x16d hba y369 ff1 fs24 fc6 sc0 ls73 ws0">8&#8211;12 GHz</div><div class="t m0 x16d hba y36a ff1 fs24 fc6 sc0 ls73 ws0">12&#8211;18 GHz</div><div class="t m0 x16d hba y371 ff1 fs24 fc6 sc0 ls73 ws0">18&#8211;27 GHz</div><div class="t m0 x16d hba y372 ff1 fs24 fc6 sc0 ls73 ws0">27&#8211;40 GHz</div><div class="t m0 x16d hba y373 ff1 fs24 fc6 sc0 ls73 ws0">40&#8211;75 GHz</div><div class="t m0 x16d hba y374 ff1 fs24 fc6 sc0 ls73 ws0">75&#8211;110 GHz</div><div class="t m0 x103 hbc y375 ff2c fs5a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">F</div><div class="t m0 xf7 hbc y376 ff2c fs5a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">F</div><div class="t m0 xe4 hbc y377 ff2c fs5a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">F</div><div class="t m0 xf6 hbc y378 ff2c fs5a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">F</div><div class="t m0 xf6 hbc y379 ff2c fs5a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">F</div><div class="t m0 x110 hbc y37a ff2c fs5a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">F</div><div class="t m0 xe4 hbd y37b ff2c fs5b fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">F</div><div class="t m0 x136 hbc y37c ff2c fs5a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">F</div><div class="t m0 x5d h4 y37d ff3 fs2 fc8 sc0 ls0 ws0">RF Propagation<span class="_ _24"> </span>Detection &amp; Est<span class="_ _2"></span>imation Probability<span class="_ _25"> </span>A<span class="_ _0"></span>ntennas</div><div class="t m0 x3a ha y37e ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">f</div><div class="t m0 x3a ha y37f ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">z</div><div class="t m0 x68 ha y37e ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(z)=</div><div class="t m0 x2c hb y380 ff8 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">-<span class="ff7">&#8734;</span>&lt;x&lt;<span class="ff7">&#8734;</span></div><div class="t m0 x52 hbe y381 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">RADIO</div><div class="t m0 x61 hbe y382 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">W<span class="_ _1"></span>avelength (Meters)</div><div class="t m0 x61 hbe y383 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">Frequency (Hz)</div><div class="t m0 x56 hbe y384 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 x29 hbf y385 ff2d fs5d fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">3</div><div class="t m0 x56 hbe y386 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 x40 hbf y387 ff2d fs5d fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">4</div><div class="t m0 x1a4 hbe y386 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 x1a5 hbf y387 ff2d fs5d fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">8</div><div class="t m0 x30 hbe y386 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 x7 hbf y387 ff2d fs5d fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">12</div><div class="t m0 x70 hbe y386 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 x45 hbf y387 ff2d fs5d fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">15</div><div class="t m0 x1a6 hbe y381 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">MICRO<span class="_ _0"></span><span class="ls8a ws85">WA<span class="_ _0"></span><span class="ls0 ws0">VE</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x1a7 hbe y384 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 x1a8 hbf y385 ff2d fs5d fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">-2</div><div class="t m0 x1a9 hbe y381 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">INFRARED</div><div class="t m0 x34 hbe y384 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 x32 hbf y385 ff2d fs5d fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">-5</div><div class="t m0 x5 hbe y381 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">VISIBLE</div><div class="t m0 x6e hbe y384 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 x96 hbf y385 ff2d fs5d fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">-6</div><div class="t m0 x99 hbe y381 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">UL<span class="_ _7"></span>TR<span class="ls8b ws86">AV<span class="_ _3"></span></span>IOLET</div><div class="t m0 x46 hbe y384 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 x1aa hbf y385 ff2d fs5d fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">-8</div><div class="t m0 x1ab hbe y381 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">X-RA<span class="_ _13"></span>Y</div><div class="t m0 x1ac hbe y384 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 x1ad hbf y385 ff2d fs5d fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">-10</div><div class="t m0 x1ae hbe y381 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">GAMMA RA<span class="_ _13"></span>Y</div><div class="t m0 x8e hbe y384 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 x88 hbf y385 ff2d fs5d fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">-12</div><div class="t m0 x61 hc0 y388 ff2d fs5e fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">THE ELECTROMA<span class="_ _1"></span>GNETIC SPECTRUM</div><div class="t m0 x1af hbe y386 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 x1b0 hbf y387 ff2d fs5d fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">16</div><div class="t m0 x1ad hbe y386 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 x1b1 hbf y387 ff2d fs5d fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">18</div><div class="t m0 x8a hbe y386 ff2d fs5c fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">10</div><div class="t m0 x88 hbf y387 ff2d fs5d fc6 sc0 ls0 ws0">20</div><div class="t m0 x11 h8 y389 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws0"> <span class="fc4 sc0"> </span> = ln L <span class="ff7 ls0"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x85 h20 y38a ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">n</div><div class="t m0 x85 h20 y38b ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x1b2 hc1 y38c ff2e fs5f fc1 sc0 ls0 ws87"> </div><div class="t m0 x1b3 h8 y38d ff2f fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">=<span class="ff5">(<span class="_ _0"></span><span class="ff7">&#952;<span class="ff5 lsf">|x) = ln f (x</span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 x1b4 h20 y38e ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">i</div><div class="t m0 x8d h20 y38f ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls1d ws1e">| </div><div class="t m0 x1b5 h8 y38d ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 lsf ws20">&#952;)<span class="ff5 ls0 ws0"> <span class="ff7"> </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x90 h2d y390 ff7 fs1c fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#931;</div><div class="t m0 x7c h17 y391 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">n</div><div class="t m0 x90 h17 y392 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls1f ws0">i = 1</div><div class="t m0 x7a h20 y393 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">n</div><div class="t m0 x7a h20 y394 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x1a ha y395 ff11 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">A<span class="_ _1"></span>verage Log-Likelihood</div><div class="c x1b2 y396 w62 hc2"><div class="t m12 x0 hc3 y397 ff30 fs60 fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#710;</div></div><div class="c x88 y398 w63 hc4"><div class="t m12 x0 hc3 y399 ff30 fs60 fc5 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#710;</div></div><div class="t m0 xd3 h6 y39a ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> P</div><div class="t m0 xe2 h20 y39b ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 xe7 h17 y39c ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls22 ws24">rada<span class="_ _2"></span>r</div><div class="t m0 xd4 h6 y39a ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> G</div><div class="t m0 xe8 h20 y39b ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">t</div><div class="t m0 x1b6 h17 y39c ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls22 ws24">rada<span class="_ _2"></span>r</div><div class="t m0 x11c h6 y39a ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> <span class="fs3">G</span></div><div class="t m0 xdc h20 y39b ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">r </div><div class="t m0 x1b7 h8 y39a ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#955;</div><div class="t m0 xd8 h20 y39d ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 xc1 h6 y39e ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">S</div><div class="t m0 x1a0 h20 y39f ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 xc2 h6 y39e ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">=</div><div class="t m0 x14 h5e y3a0 ff5 fs32 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(4<span class="ff7">&#960;</span>)</div><div class="t m0 xdb h20 y3a1 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">3 </div><div class="t m0 xd9 h6 y3a0 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">R</div><div class="t m0 x11d h20 y3a2 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">4</div><div class="t mb xe4 h54 y3a3 ffe fs2d fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">}</div><div class="t m0 xe7 h20 y3a4 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">EIRP</div><div class="t m0 xe4 h17 y3a5 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls22 ws24">rada<span class="_ _2"></span>r</div><div class="t m0 xd7 h8 y3a6 ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;</div><div class="t m0 xd7 h6 y3a7 ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">G</div><div class="t m0 xe0 h20 y3a8 ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">r</div><div class="t m0 xe6 h17 y3a9 ff5 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">rada<span class="_ _0"></span>r </div><div class="t m0 x1b8 h4 y3aa ff3 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Radar Processing</div><div class="t m0 x12d h5 y3ab ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws1">LINEAR <span class="_ _2"></span>FM WA<span class="_ _1"></span>VEFORM</div><div class="t m0 xb6 h8 y3ac ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;</div><div class="t m0 x1b9 h6 y3ad ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls8c ws0">f<span class="_ _2"></span> (x</div><div class="t m0 x1ba h20 y3ae ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x1bb h6 y3ad ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls8d ws1f">, x</div><div class="t m0 x1bc h20 y3ae ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x1bd h6 y3ad ff5 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls8c ws0">,<span class="_ _1"></span> ...,<span class="_ _0"></span> x</div><div class="t m0 x1b2 h20 y3ae ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls8e ws88">n </div><div class="t m0 x1b3 h20 y3af ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls8e ws88">| </div><div class="t m0 x89 h8 y3ad ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls8c ws89">&#952;)<span class="ff5 ls0 ws0">=<span class="_ _0"></span><span class="ff7"> <span class="_ _1"></span><span class="ff5 ls8c">f<span class="_ _3"></span> (x</span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 x10 h20 y3ae ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls8e ws88">1 </div><div class="t m0 x7a h20 y3af ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls8e ws88">| </div><div class="t m0 x85 h8 y3ad ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls8c ws89">&#952;) <span class="_ _0"></span><span class="ff31 fs26 ls8f ws8a">x <span class="_ _0"></span><span class="ff5 fs3 ls8c ws0">f<span class="_ _2"></span> (x</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x7d h20 y3ae ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls8e ws88">2 </div><div class="t m0 x7e h20 y3af ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls8e ws88">| </div><div class="t m0 x7f h8 y3ad ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls8c ws89">&#952;) <span class="_ _0"></span><span class="ff31 fs26 ls8f ws8a">x <span class="_ _0"></span><span class="ff6 fs3 ls8c ws0"> ...<span class="_ _13"></span> <span class="ff31 fs26 ls8f ws8a">x </span><span class="ff5">f<span class="_ _2"></span> (x</span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 x80 h20 y3ae ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls8e ws88">n </div><div class="t m0 x82 h20 y3af ff5 fsd fc1 sc0 ls8e ws88">| </div><div class="t m0 x1be h8 y3ad ff7 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls8c ws89">&#952;)<span class="_ _2"></span><span class="ff5 ls0 ws0"> <span class="_ _13"></span><span class="ff7"> </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x1bf hc5 y3b0 ff32 fs61 fc2 sc0 ls90 ws8b">.0001</div><div class="t m0 x1c0 hc5 y3b1 ff32 fs61 fc2 sc0 ls90 ws8b">-40</div><div class="t m0 x1c1 hc6 y3b2 ff32 fs62 fc2 sc0 ls91 ws8c">Insects<span class="_ _17"> </span>Birds<span class="_ _26"> </span>Huma<span class="ls92 ws8d">nS<span class="_ _27"></span><span class="ls91 ws0">mall Car</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x151 hc6 y3b3 ff32 fs62 fc2 sc0 ls91 ws8c">Fighte<span class="ls0 ws0">r</span></div><div class="t m0 x167 hc6 y3b4 ff32 fs62 fc2 sc0 ls91 ws8c">Aircraft</div><div class="t m0 x1c2 hc6 y3b5 ff32 fs62 fc2 sc0 ls91 ws8c">Bomber<span class="ls0 ws0">:</span></div><div class="t m0 x153 hc6 y3b6 ff32 fs62 fc2 sc0 ls91 ws8c">Transpor<span class="ls0 ws0">t</span></div><div class="t m0 x1c2 hc6 y3b7 ff32 fs62 fc2 sc0 ls91 ws8c">Aircraft</div><div class="t m0 x1c3 hc6 y3b8 ff32 fs62 fc2 sc0 ls91 ws8c">Ship<span class="ls0 ws0">s</span></div><div class="t m0 x1c1 hc5 y3b9 ff32 fs61 fc2 sc0 ls90 ws8b">-30<span class="_ _28"> </span>-20<span class="_ _28"> </span>-10<span class="_ _29"> </span><span class="ls93 ws8e">01<span class="_ _2a"></span><span class="ls94 ws8f">02<span class="_ _2b"></span><span class="ls95 ws90">03<span class="_ _2c"></span><span class="ls96 ws91">04<span class="_ _2a"></span><span class="ls0 ws0">0</span></span></span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 x1c1 hc5 y3ba ff32 fs61 fc2 sc0 ls90 ws8b">.001<span class="_ _2d"> </span>.01<span class="_ _2e"> </span>0.1<span class="_ _2f"> </span>1.0<span class="_ _30"> </span>10<span class="_ _31"> </span>100<span class="_ _32"> </span>1000<span class="_ _2d"> </span>10000 </div><div class="t m0 x1c4 hc5 y3bb ff32 fs61 fc2 sc0 ls90 ws0"> dBsm</div><div class="t m0 x1c5 hc5 y3bc ff32 fs61 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">m</div><div class="t m0 x1c6 hc7 y3bd ff32 fs63 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x34 h4 y37d ff3 fs2 fc8 sc0 ls0 ws0">Electronic W<span class="_ _13"></span>ar<span class="_ _2"></span>fare<span class="_ _33"> </span>Fo<span class="_ _0"></span>urie<span class="_ _2"></span>r Relationships<span class="_ _34"> </span>Radar Processing</div><div class="t m0 x1c7 h5 y3be ff5 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws92">X-band</div><div class="t m0 x1c7 h4 y3bf ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws0">300 m/s</div><div class="t m0 x1c7 h4 y3c0 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws0">0.03 m</div><div class="t m0 x1c7 h4 y3c1 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws0">20 kHz</div><div class="t m0 x3e h5 y3c2 ff5 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws92">S-band</div><div class="t m0 x3e h4 y3c3 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws0">300 m/s</div><div class="t m0 x3e h4 y3c4 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws0">0.1 m</div><div class="t m0 x3e h4 y3c5 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws0">6 kHz</div><div class="t m0 x37 h5 y3c6 ff5 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls97 ws93">W<span class="_ _13"></span>ave<span class="_ _2"></span>leng<span class="_ _2"></span>t<span class="_ _2"></span>h</div><div class="t m0 x37 h4 y3c7 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws0">3.00 m</div><div class="t m0 x37 h4 y3c8 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws92">0.10m</div><div class="t m0 x37 h4 y3c9 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws92">0.05m</div><div class="t m0 x37 h4 y3ca ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws92">0.03m</div><div class="t m0 x21 h5 y3cb ff5 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws94"> f</div><div class="t m0 x21 h4 y3cc ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws0">100 MHz</div><div class="t m0 x21 h4 y3cd ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws0">3 GHz</div><div class="t m0 x21 h4 y3ce ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws0">6 GHz</div><div class="t m0 x21 h4 y3cf ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws0">10 GHz</div><div class="t m0 x1e h5 y3d0 ff5 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls79 ws75">Ban<span class="_ _2"></span>d</div><div class="t m0 x1e h4 y3d1 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls78 ws92">VHF</div><div class="t m0 x1e h4 y3d2 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">S</div><div class="t m0 x1e h4 y3d3 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">C</div><div class="t m0 x1e h4 y3d4 ff8 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">X</div><div class="t m0 x1c8 h5 y3d5 ff5 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls98 ws95">Ve<span class="_ _3"></span>l<span class="_ _14"></span>o<span class="_ _3"></span>c<span class="_ _14"></span>i<span class="_ _3"></span>t<span class="_ _14"></span>y</div><div class="t m0 x1c9 h5 y3d6 ff5 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls97 ws93">W<span class="_ _13"></span>ave<span class="_ _2"></span>leng<span class="_ _2"></span>t<span class="_ _2"></span>h<span class="_ _2"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x66 h5 y3d7 ff5 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls7a ws74">Doppler<span class="_ _2"></span> Shift</div><div class="t m0 x150 hc y3d8 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">kT</div><div class="t m0 x14e h2b y3d9 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">s</div><div class="t m0 x1ca hc y3d8 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: = -174 dBm</div><div class="t m0 x14b hc y3da ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">K: Bol<span class="_ _0"></span>tzmann<span class="_ _13"></span>&#8217;<span class="_ _1"></span>s constan<span class="_ _0"></span>t = 1.38*10</div><div class="t m0 x153 h2b y3db ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">-23</div><div class="t m0 x16c hc y3dc ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> J/K</div><div class="t m0 x145 hc y3dd ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">B</div><div class="t m0 x14a h2b y3de ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">n</div><div class="t m0 x150 hc y3df ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: N<span class="_ _1"></span>oise Bandwidth</div><div class="t m0 x14d hc y3e0 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">T</div><div class="t m0 x148 h2b y3e1 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">s</div><div class="t m0 x148 hc y3e2 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: S<span class="_ _0"></span>yst<span class="_ _0"></span>em No<span class="_ _0"></span>ise T<span class="_ _13"></span>emper<span class="_ _0"></span>atur<span class="_ _0"></span>e</div><div class="t m0 x148 hc y3e3 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">T</div><div class="t m0 x145 h2b y3e4 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">s </div><div class="t m0 x145 hc y3e5 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">usually se<span class="_ _0"></span>t to T</div><div class="t m0 x168 h2b y3e4 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">0</div><div class="t m0 x169 hc y3e5 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">= 290K</div><div class="t m0 x148 hc y3e6 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">N</div><div class="t m0 x145 h2b y3e7 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls2e ws32">f </div><div class="t m0 x145 hc y3e8 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: N<span class="_ _1"></span>oise &#64257;<span class="_ _4"></span> <span class="_ _2"></span>gure of re<span class="_ _0"></span>ceiv<span class="_ _0"></span>er</div><div class="t m0 x12f hc8 y3e9 ffb fs64 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">r &#8734;</div><div class="t m0 x1cb hc y3ea ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">K: Bol<span class="_ _0"></span>tzmann<span class="_ _13"></span>&#8217;<span class="_ _1"></span>s constan<span class="_ _0"></span>t = 1.38*10</div><div class="t m0 x1cc h2b y3eb ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">-23</div><div class="t m0 x1cd hc y3ea ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> J/K</div><div class="t m0 x153 hc y3ec ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">B</div><div class="t m0 x153 h2b y306 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">n</div><div class="t m0 x1c2 hc y307 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: N<span class="_ _1"></span>oise Bandwidth</div><div class="t m0 x16a hc y308 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">T</div><div class="t m0 x16b h2b y3ed ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">s</div><div class="t m0 x1a3 hc y3ee ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: S<span class="_ _0"></span>yst<span class="_ _0"></span>em No<span class="_ _0"></span>ise T<span class="_ _13"></span>emper<span class="_ _0"></span>atur<span class="_ _0"></span>e</div><div class="t m0 x16b hc y3ef ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">T</div><div class="t m0 x155 h2b y3f0 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">s </div><div class="t m0 x1ce hc y3f1 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">usually se<span class="_ _0"></span>t to T</div><div class="t m0 x1cf h2b y3f0 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">0</div><div class="t m0 x158 hc y3f1 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">= 290K</div><div class="t m0 x16b hc y3f2 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">N</div><div class="t m0 x155 h2b y3f3 ff8 fs1a fc1 sc0 ls2e ws32">f </div><div class="t m0 x1ce hc y3f4 ff8 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">: N<span class="_ _1"></span>oise &#64257;<span class="_ _4"></span> <span class="_ _2"></span>gure of re<span class="_ _0"></span>ceiv<span class="_ _0"></span>er</div><div class="t m0 x16 h16 y3f5 ff7 fsd fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#963;</div></div><div class="pi" data-data='{"ctm":[0.444444,0.000000,0.000000,0.444444,0.000000,0.000000]}'></div></div> </body> </html>
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