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心电心率失常最新文献5篇,详细描述最新心电研究算法和现状,把握实时动态
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<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="generator" content="pdf2htmlEX"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/base.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/fancy.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/624fc05374bc5c0105516772/raw.css"> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/compatibility.min.js"></script> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/pdf2htmlEX.min.js"></script> <script> try{ pdf2htmlEX.defaultViewer = new pdf2htmlEX.Viewer({}); }catch(e){} </script> <title></title> </head> <body> <div id="sidebar" style="display: none"> <div id="outline"> </div> </div> <div id="pf1" class="pf w0 h0" data-page-no="1"><div class="pc pc1 w0 h0"><img class="bi x0 y0 w1 h1" alt="" src="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/624fc05374bc5c0105516772/bg1.jpg"><div class="c x0 y1 w0 h2"><div class="t m0 x1 h3 y2 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">Biomedical<span class="_ _0"> </span>Signal<span class="_ _0"> </span>Processing<span class="_ _0"> </span>and<span class="_ _0"> </span>Control<span class="_ _0"> </span>69<span class="_ _0"> </span>(2021)<span class="_ _0"> </span>102903</div><div class="t m0 x2 h3 y3 ff1 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Available<span class="_ _0"> </span>online<span class="_ _0"> </span>28<span class="_ _0"> </span>June<span class="_ _0"> </span>2021</div><div class="t m0 x2 h3 y4 ff1 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1746-8094/&#169;<span class="_ _0"> </span>2021<span class="_ _0"> </span>Elsevier<span class="_ _0"> </span>Ltd.<span class="_ _1"> </span>All<span class="_ _0"> </span>rights<span class="_ _0"> </span>reserved.</div></div><div class="t m0 x2 h4 y5 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">A <span class="_ _2"></span>denoising <span class="_ _2"></span>performance <span class="_ _2"></span>comparison <span class="_ _2"></span>based <span class="_ _2"></span>on <span class="_ _2"></span>ECG <span class="_ _2"></span>Signal <span class="_ _2"></span>Decomposition </div><div class="t m0 x2 h4 y6 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">and <span class="_ _2"></span>local <span class="_ _2"></span>means <span class="_ _2"></span>&#58904;ltering </div><div class="t m0 x2 h5 y7 ff2 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Mohamed <span class="_ _2"></span>Sraitih<span class="_ _3"> </span>, <span class="_ _2"></span>Younes <span class="_ _2"></span>Jabrane</div><div class="t m1 x3 h6 y8 ff2 fs3 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">* </div><div class="t m0 x2 h7 y9 ff3 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">MSC <span class="_ _4"></span>Lab, ENSA <span class="_ _2"></span>Cadi Ayyad <span class="_ _2"></span>University, Marrakech, <span class="_ _4"></span>Morocco </div><div class="t m0 x2 h8 ya ff2 fs5 fc1 sc0 ls1 ws0">ARTICLE <span class="_ _5"></span>INFO </div><div class="t m0 x2 h7 yb ff3 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Keywords: </div><div class="t m0 x2 h7 yc ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">ECG <span class="_ _4"></span>denoising </div><div class="t m0 x2 h7 yd ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">EMD </div><div class="t m0 x2 h7 ye ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">EEMD </div><div class="t m0 x2 h7 yf ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">DWT </div><div class="t m0 x2 h7 y10 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">SWT </div><div class="t m0 x2 h7 y11 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">non-local <span class="_ _4"></span>means </div><div class="t m0 x2 h7 y12 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">local means </div><div class="t m0 x4 h8 ya ff2 fs5 fc1 sc0 ls1 ws0">ABSTRACT </div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y13 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">The <span class="_ _2"></span>electrocardiogram <span class="_ _2"></span>(ECG) <span class="_ _6"></span>signal <span class="_ _2"></span>is <span class="_ _2"></span>popular <span class="_ _6"></span>and <span class="_ _2"></span>extensively <span class="_ _2"></span>used <span class="_ _6"></span>as <span class="_ _2"></span>a <span class="_ _2"></span>diagnostic <span class="_ _2"></span>tool <span class="_ _6"></span>for <span class="_ _2"></span>revealing <span class="_ _2"></span>several </div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y14 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">diseases <span class="_ _4"></span>related to <span class="_ _4"></span>the <span class="_ _4"></span>heart. <span class="_ _4"></span>Unfortunately, <span class="_ _4"></span>its <span class="_ _4"></span>sensitive <span class="_ _4"></span>to <span class="_ _4"></span>noises <span class="_ _4"></span>from <span class="_ _4"></span>various <span class="_ _4"></span>sources. Denoising <span class="_ _4"></span>these <span class="_ _4"></span>noises </div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y15 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">remains a <span class="_ _4"></span>hard <span class="_ _4"></span>and major <span class="_ _4"></span>challenge <span class="_ _4"></span>task, although <span class="_ _4"></span>there <span class="_ _4"></span>are some <span class="_ _4"></span>existing <span class="_ _4"></span>methods for <span class="_ _4"></span>denoising, <span class="_ _4"></span>they <span class="_ _4"></span>remain </div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y16 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">limited <span class="_ _4"></span>to <span class="_ _2"></span>a <span class="_ _4"></span>few <span class="_ _2"></span>types <span class="_ _4"></span>of <span class="_ _2"></span>noises <span class="_ _4"></span>with <span class="_ _2"></span>signi&#58904;cant <span class="_ _4"></span>distortion <span class="_ _2"></span>after <span class="_ _2"></span>the <span class="_ _4"></span>&#58904;ltering <span class="_ _4"></span>process. <span class="_ _2"></span>In <span class="_ _4"></span>this <span class="_ _2"></span>paper, <span class="_ _2"></span>we <span class="_ _4"></span>investi-</div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y17 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">gated a <span class="_ _7"></span>hybrid system <span class="_ _7"></span>that can <span class="_ _7"></span>deal <span class="_ _7"></span>with different <span class="_ _7"></span>types of <span class="_ _7"></span>noises, with <span class="_ _7"></span>different levels <span class="_ _7"></span>of SNR, <span class="_ _7"></span>conserving all <span class="_ _7"></span>the </div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y18 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">signal features <span class="_ _7"></span>with the minimum <span class="_ _7"></span>distortion. The hybrid <span class="_ _7"></span>system consists <span class="_ _7"></span>of a decomposition <span class="_ _7"></span>method followed by </div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y19 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">local <span class="_ _8"> </span>means <span class="_ _8"> </span>(LM) <span class="_ _8"> </span>&#58904;ltering. <span class="_ _8"> </span>The <span class="_ _8"> </span>best <span class="_ _8"> </span>candidates <span class="_ _9"> </span>used <span class="_ _9"> </span>for <span class="_ _8"> </span>the <span class="_ _8"> </span>signal <span class="_ _8"> </span>decomposition <span class="_ _8"> </span>are <span class="_ _8"> </span>the <span class="_ _8"> </span>Empirical <span class="_ _9"> </span>Mode </div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y1a ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Decomposition <span class="_ _4"></span>(EMD), <span class="_ _2"></span>Ensemble <span class="_ _4"></span>Empirical <span class="_ _4"></span>Mode <span class="_ _2"></span>Decomposition <span class="_ _4"></span>(EEMD), <span class="_ _4"></span>Discrete <span class="_ _2"></span>Wavelet <span class="_ _4"></span>Transform <span class="_ _2"></span>(DWT), </div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y1b ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">and Stationary <span class="_ _7"></span>Wavelet Transform <span class="_ _7"></span>(SWT). To demonstrate <span class="_ _7"></span>the effectiveness <span class="_ _7"></span>of the proposed <span class="_ _7"></span>method, several <span class="_ _7"></span>real </div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y1c ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">ECG <span class="_ _4"></span>recordings <span class="_ _4"></span>and <span class="_ _4"></span>synthetic <span class="_ _4"></span>ECG <span class="_ _4"></span>infected <span class="_ _4"></span>by <span class="_ _4"></span>a <span class="_ _4"></span>different <span class="_ _4"></span>type <span class="_ _4"></span>of <span class="_ _2"></span>noise <span class="_ _4"></span>(i.e., <span class="_ _4"></span>baseline <span class="_ _4"></span>wander, <span class="_ _4"></span>muscle <span class="_ _4"></span>artifacts, </div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y1d ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">electrode <span class="_ _7"></span>motion, <span class="_ _7"></span>mix <span class="_ _7"></span>noise, <span class="_ _7"></span>white <span class="_ _7"></span>noise, <span class="_ _7"></span>colored noise) <span class="_ _7"></span>with <span class="_ _7"></span>different <span class="_ _7"></span>levels <span class="_ _7"></span>of <span class="_ _7"></span>signal <span class="_ _7"></span>to <span class="_ _7"></span>noise <span class="_ _7"></span>ratios <span class="_ _7"></span>(24, <span class="_ _7"></span>18, <span class="_ _7"></span>6, <span class="_ _7"></span>0, </div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y1e ff4 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8722;<span class="_ _a"> </span><span class="ff2">6) <span class="_ _7"></span>dB are <span class="_ _7"></span>used <span class="_ _7"></span>in <span class="_ _7"></span>our numerical <span class="_ _7"></span>analysis. <span class="_ _7"></span>The performance <span class="_ _7"></span>evaluation <span class="_ _7"></span>of <span class="_ _7"></span>our proposed <span class="_ _7"></span>system <span class="_ _7"></span>is <span class="_ _7"></span>made using <span class="_ _7"></span>the </span></div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y1f ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">following <span class="_ _7"></span>metrics: SNR <span class="_ _7"></span>improvement, signal-to-noise <span class="_ _7"></span>and <span class="_ _7"></span>distortion ratio <span class="_ _7"></span>(SINAD), the <span class="_ _7"></span>approximate <span class="_ _7"></span>entropy, and </div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y20 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">the <span class="_ _8"> </span>fuzzy <span class="_ _8"> </span>entropy. <span class="_ _8"> </span>The <span class="_ _8"> </span>experimental <span class="_ _8"> </span>results <span class="_ _8"> </span>emphasized <span class="_ _8"> </span>that <span class="_ _8"> </span>the <span class="_ _8"> </span>Ensemble <span class="_ _8"> </span>Empirical <span class="_ _8"> </span>Mode <span class="_ _8"> </span>Decomposition </div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y21 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(EEMD) followed by <span class="_ _7"></span>local means (LM) outperforms all <span class="_ _7"></span>the comparison methods, in <span class="_ _7"></span>terms of all the <span class="_ _7"></span>metrics used, </div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y22 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">with <span class="_ _7"></span>few exceptions <span class="_ _7"></span>where <span class="_ _7"></span>the <span class="_ _7"></span>Empirical Mode <span class="_ _7"></span>Decomposition <span class="_ _7"></span>(EMD) <span class="_ _7"></span>followed by <span class="_ _7"></span>local <span class="_ _7"></span>means <span class="_ _7"></span>(LM) and <span class="_ _7"></span>Discrete </div><div class="t m0 x4 h3 y23 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Wavelet <span class="_ _4"></span>Transform <span class="_ _4"></span>(DWT) <span class="_ _4"></span>followed <span class="_ _4"></span>by <span class="_ _4"></span>local <span class="_ _4"></span>means <span class="_ _4"></span>(LM) <span class="_ _4"></span>performed <span class="_ _4"></span>well. </div><div class="t m0 x2 h9 y24 ff5 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1.<span class="_ _b"> </span>Introduction </div><div class="t m0 x5 h9 y25 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">The <span class="_ _2"></span>electrical <span class="_ _2"></span>activity <span class="_ _2"></span>generated <span class="_ _2"></span>during <span class="_ _2"></span>and <span class="_ _6"></span>after <span class="_ _2"></span>activation <span class="_ _2"></span>of <span class="_ _2"></span>the </div><div class="t m0 x2 h9 y26 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">different <span class="_ _7"></span>parts <span class="_ _c"></span>of <span class="_ _c"></span>the <span class="_ _7"></span>heart <span class="_ _c"></span>is <span class="_ _7"></span>measured <span class="_ _c"></span>by <span class="_ _7"></span>electrodes <span class="_ _c"></span>attached <span class="_ _7"></span>to <span class="_ _c"></span>the <span class="_ _7"></span>skin </div><div class="t m0 x2 h9 y27 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">and <span class="_ _2"></span>transformed <span class="_ _6"></span>into <span class="_ _2"></span>a <span class="_ _6"></span>signal. <span class="_ _2"></span>The <span class="_ _6"></span>recording <span class="_ _2"></span>of <span class="_ _6"></span>the <span class="_ _2"></span>electrical <span class="_ _6"></span>activity </div><div class="t m0 x2 h9 y28 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">presented as <span class="_ _7"></span>an electrocardiogram (ECG). <span class="_ _7"></span>This technique <span class="_ _7"></span>is well known </div><div class="t m0 x2 h9 y29 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">and <span class="_ _4"></span>extremely <span class="_ _2"></span>used <span class="_ _4"></span>for <span class="_ _2"></span>diagnosing <span class="_ _4"></span>various <span class="_ _2"></span>types <span class="_ _4"></span>of <span class="_ _2"></span>diseases <span class="_ _4"></span>related <span class="_ _2"></span>to </div><div class="t m0 x2 h9 y2a ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">the <span class="_ _c"></span>heart. <span class="_ _7"></span>The <span class="_ _c"></span>signal <span class="_ _7"></span>is <span class="_ _c"></span>formed <span class="_ _7"></span>in <span class="_ _c"></span>PQRST <span class="_ _7"></span>waves <span class="_ _c"></span>representing <span class="_ _7"></span>each <span class="_ _c"></span>part <span class="_ _c"></span>of </div><div class="t m0 x2 h9 y2b ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">the activity inside the heart. Hence, <span class="_ _4"></span>the morphology and heart rate got </div><div class="t m0 x2 h9 y2c ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">from <span class="_ _4"></span>the <span class="_ _4"></span>ECG <span class="_ _2"></span>signal <span class="_ _4"></span>reveals <span class="_ _4"></span>the <span class="_ _2"></span>cardiac <span class="_ _4"></span>health <span class="_ _4"></span>of <span class="_ _2"></span>the <span class="_ _4"></span>body. <span class="_ _4"></span>Badly, <span class="_ _4"></span>the </div><div class="t m0 x2 h9 y2d ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">signal <span class="_ _6"></span>is <span class="_ _6"></span>sensitive <span class="_ _6"></span>to <span class="_ _6"></span>noises <span class="_ _9"> </span>that <span class="_ _6"></span>come <span class="_ _6"></span>basically <span class="_ _6"></span>from <span class="_ _6"></span>certain <span class="_ _6"></span>types <span class="_ _6"></span>of </div><div class="t m0 x2 h9 y2e ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">equipment <span class="_ _8"> </span>or <span class="_ _9"> </span>the <span class="_ _8"> </span>patient. <span class="_ _8"> </span>The <span class="_ _8"> </span>noises <span class="_ _8"> </span>presented <span class="_ _9"> </span>in <span class="_ _8"> </span>the <span class="_ _8"> </span>literature <span class="_ _8"> </span>are </div><div class="t m0 x2 h9 y2f ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">classi&#58904;ed <span class="_ _4"></span>as; baseline <span class="_ _4"></span>wander <span class="_ _4"></span>which <span class="_ _4"></span>makes <span class="_ _4"></span>noises <span class="_ _4"></span>at <span class="_ _4"></span>0<span class="ff6">&#8211;</span>0.5 <span class="_ _4"></span>Hz <span class="_ _4"></span>with <span class="_ _4"></span>an </div><div class="t m0 x2 h9 y30 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">amplitude <span class="_ _3"> </span>of <span class="_ _3"> </span>15% <span class="_ _0"> </span>of <span class="_ _8"> </span>overall <span class="_ _3"> </span>ECG <span class="_ _0"> </span>amplitude <span class="_ _8"> </span>due <span class="_ _3"> </span>to <span class="_ _0"> </span>the <span class="_ _8"> </span>respiratory </div><div class="t m0 x2 h9 y31 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">movement, power line interference <span class="_ _7"></span>that performs a random <span class="_ _7"></span>component </div><div class="t m0 x2 h9 y32 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">at 60 <span class="_ _4"></span>Hz or <span class="_ _4"></span>50 Hz <span class="_ _4"></span><span class="ff4">&#177;<span class="_ _1"> </span></span>0.2 Hz produced <span class="_ _4"></span>by the <span class="_ _4"></span>power supply, <span class="_ _4"></span>electromy-</div><div class="t m0 x2 h9 y33 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">ography <span class="_ _c"></span>(EMG) <span class="_ _7"></span>produce <span class="_ _c"></span>a <span class="_ _c"></span>noise <span class="_ _c"></span>up <span class="_ _7"></span>to <span class="_ _c"></span>10% <span class="_ _c"></span>of <span class="_ _7"></span>a <span class="_ _c"></span>regular <span class="_ _c"></span>peak-to-peak <span class="_ _7"></span>ECG </div><div class="t m0 x6 h9 y24 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">amplitude <span class="_ _6"></span>and <span class="_ _6"></span>frequency <span class="_ _6"></span>up <span class="_ _6"></span>to <span class="_ _6"></span>10 <span class="_ _6"></span>kHz <span class="_ _9"> </span>around <span class="_ _6"></span>50 <span class="_ _6"></span>ms <span class="_ _6"></span>because <span class="_ _6"></span>of <span class="_ _6"></span>the </div><div class="t m0 x6 h9 y34 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">electrical <span class="_ _4"></span>activity <span class="_ _4"></span>from <span class="_ _4"></span>the <span class="_ _4"></span>muscle <span class="_ _4"></span>contractions, <span class="_ _2"></span>Electrode <span class="_ _4"></span>motion <span class="_ _4"></span>arti-</div><div class="t m0 x6 h9 y25 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">facts <span class="_ _2"></span>causes <span class="_ _6"></span>long <span class="_ _6"></span>distortions <span class="_ _6"></span>at <span class="_ _2"></span>100<span class="ff6">&#8211;</span>500 <span class="_ _6"></span>ms <span class="_ _6"></span>due <span class="_ _6"></span>to <span class="_ _2"></span>the <span class="_ _6"></span>patient <span class="_ _6"></span>move-</div><div class="t m0 x6 h9 y26 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">ments that <span class="_ _4"></span>affect <span class="_ _4"></span>the electrode <span class="_ _4"></span>skin <span class="_ _4"></span>impedance, and <span class="_ _4"></span>Electrodes <span class="_ _4"></span>contact </div><div class="t m0 x6 h9 y27 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">noise manifest <span class="_ _7"></span>1 Hz frequency <span class="_ _7"></span>noise because of the <span class="_ _7"></span>improper contact <span class="_ _7"></span>of </div><div class="t m0 x6 h9 y28 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">electrodes <span class="_ _6"></span>with <span class="_ _6"></span>skin. <span class="_ _6"></span>These <span class="_ _6"></span>noises <span class="_ _6"></span>can <span class="_ _6"></span>change <span class="_ _6"></span>the <span class="_ _2"></span>morphology <span class="_ _9"> </span>of <span class="_ _6"></span>the </div><div class="t m0 x6 h9 y29 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">signal <span class="_ _7"></span>and <span class="_ _7"></span>make <span class="_ _c"></span>the diagnosis <span class="_ _c"></span>and <span class="_ _7"></span>the <span class="_ _7"></span>interpretation <span class="_ _7"></span>of <span class="_ _7"></span>the <span class="_ _c"></span>signal a <span class="_ _c"></span>hard </div><div class="t m0 x6 h9 y2a ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">task. <span class="_ _8"> </span>Consequently, <span class="_ _8"> </span>a <span class="_ _8"> </span>pre-processing <span class="_ _3"> </span>technique <span class="_ _8"> </span>should <span class="_ _8"> </span>be <span class="_ _8"> </span>performed </div><div class="t m0 x6 h9 y2b ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">before analyzing <span class="_ _4"></span>the <span class="_ _4"></span>signal and <span class="_ _4"></span>extracting <span class="_ _4"></span>features for <span class="_ _4"></span>diagnosis <span class="_ _4"></span>or de-</div><div class="t m0 x6 h9 y2c ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">cision making. </div><div class="t m0 x7 h9 y2d ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">The remains <span class="_ _4"></span>of <span class="_ _4"></span>this <span class="_ _4"></span>paper <span class="_ _4"></span>are <span class="_ _4"></span>organized <span class="_ _4"></span>as <span class="_ _4"></span>follows: in <span class="_ _4"></span>the <span class="_ _4"></span>next <span class="_ _4"></span>sec-</div><div class="t m0 x6 h9 y2e ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">tion, <span class="_ _4"></span>a <span class="_ _2"></span>literature <span class="_ _2"></span>review <span class="_ _2"></span>is <span class="_ _2"></span>presented. <span class="_ _2"></span>Section <span class="_ _4"></span><span class="fc2">3</span>, <span class="_ _2"></span>we <span class="_ _2"></span>describe <span class="_ _2"></span>the <span class="_ _2"></span>theo-</div><div class="t m0 x6 h9 y2f ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">retical <span class="_ _8"> </span>foundation. <span class="_ _3"> </span>Then <span class="_ _3"> </span>in <span class="_ _3"> </span>Section <span class="_ _3"> </span><span class="fc2">4</span>, <span class="_ _3"> </span>the <span class="_ _3"> </span>proposed <span class="_ _3"> </span>methodology <span class="_ _8"> </span>is </div><div class="t m0 x6 h9 y30 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">detailed. In Section <span class="fc2">5 <span class="_ _7"></span><span class="fc1">a Proof of concept is explained. <span class="_ _7"></span>Section <span class="fc2">6 </span>spreads </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x6 h9 y31 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">The conducted experiments and results. Finally, we conclude the <span class="_ _7"></span>paper </div><div class="t m0 x6 h9 y32 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">in Section <span class="fc2">7</span>. </div><div class="c x0 y35 w2 h0"><div class="t m0 x8 h3 y36 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">*<span class="_ _d"> </span>Corresponding <span class="_ _4"></span>author. </div><div class="t m0 x5 h3 y37 ff3 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">E-mail <span class="_ _4"></span>addresses: <span class="_ _4"></span><span class="ff2 fc2">mohamed.sraitih@ced.uca.ma <span class="_ _4"></span><span class="fc1">(M. <span class="_ _4"></span>Sraitih), <span class="_ _4"></span></span>y.jabrane@uca.ma <span class="_ _4"></span><span class="fc1">(Y. <span class="_ _4"></span>Jabrane). </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x9 h9 y38 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Contents lists available at <span class="fc2">ScienceDirect </span></div></div><div class="t m0 xa ha y39 ff2 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Biomedical <span class="_ _2"></span>Signal <span class="_ _2"></span>Processing <span class="_ _2"></span>and <span class="_ _2"></span>Control </div><div class="t m0 xb hb y3a ff7 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">journal <span class="_ _4"></span>homepage: <span class="_ _4"></span><span class="fc2">www.elsevier.com/locate/bspc </span></div><div class="c x0 y35 w2 h0"><div class="t m0 x2 h3 y3b ff2 fs0 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bspc.2021.102903 </div><div class="t m0 x2 h3 y3c ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Received <span class="_ _4"></span>27 <span class="_ _4"></span>April <span class="_ _4"></span>2021; <span class="_ _4"></span>Received <span class="_ _4"></span>in <span class="_ _4"></span>revised <span class="_ _4"></span>form <span class="_ _4"></span>6 <span class="_ _2"></span>June <span class="_ _4"></span>2021; <span class="_ _4"></span>Accepted <span class="_ _4"></span>19 <span class="_ _4"></span>June <span class="_ _4"></span>2021 </div></div><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a></div><div class="pi" data-data='{"ctm":[1.612697,0.000000,0.000000,1.612697,0.000000,0.000000]}'></div></div> </body> </html>
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