利用主元分析与神经网络进行人脸识别

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利用主元分析与神经网络进行人脸识别利用主元分析与神经网络进行人脸识别
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<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="generator" content="pdf2htmlEX"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/base.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/fancy.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/62474f6d54457c44d0e914f1/raw.css"> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/compatibility.min.js"></script> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/pdf2htmlEX.min.js"></script> <script> try{ pdf2htmlEX.defaultViewer = new pdf2htmlEX.Viewer({}); }catch(e){} </script> <title></title> </head> <body> <div id="sidebar" style="display: none"> <div id="outline"> </div> </div> <div id="pf1" class="pf w0 h0" data-page-no="1"><div class="pc pc1 w0 h0"><img class="bi x0 y0 w1 h1" alt="" src="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/62474f6d54457c44d0e914f1/bg1.jpg"><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">ISSN 1000-9825, CODEN RUXUEW <span class="_ _0"> </span><span class="ls1 ws1">E-mail: jos@iscas.ac<span class="_ _1"></span>.cn </span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y2 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws2">Journal of Software<span class="ff1 ls0 ws0">, <span class="_ _1"></span>V<span class="_ _2"></span>ol.17, No.12, December 2006, pp.2508<span class="ff3 ls3 ws3">&#8722;</span><span class="ls4 ws4">2517 http://www<span class="_ _3"></span>.jos.org.c<span class="_ _1"></span>n </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y3 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls2 ws2">DOI: 10.1360/jos172508 <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _4"> </span>T<span class="_ _3"></span>el/Fax: +86-10-62562563 </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y4 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws5">&#169; 2006 by <span class="ff2">Journal of Softwar</span><span class="ls6 ws6">e. <span class="_ _3"></span>All rights reserve<span class="_ _1"></span>d.</span></div><div class="t m0 x2 h3 y5 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3"> </div><div class="t m0 x1 h4 y6 ff1 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3"> </div><div class="t m0 x1 h5 y7 ff4 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws3">&#22522;&#20110;&#23616;&#37096;<span class="_ _5"> </span><span class="ff5 ls8">Gabor<span class="_"> </span></span>&#21464;&#21270;&#30452;&#26041;&#22270;&#24207;&#21015;&#30340;&#20154;&#33080;&#25551;&#36848;&#19982;&#35782;&#21035;</div><div class="t m0 x3 h6 y8 ff3 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">&#8727;</div><div class="t m0 x4 h7 y9 ff6 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3"> </div><div class="t m1 x1 h8 ya ff7 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls9 ws3">&#24352;&#25991;&#36229;</div><div class="t m2 x5 h9 yb ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 lsa ws3">1+</div><div class="t m3 x6 ha ya ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws7">, </div><div class="t m1 x7 h8 ya ff7 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls9 ws3">&#23665;&#19990;&#20809;</div><div class="t m2 x8 h9 yb ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">2</div><div class="t m3 x9 ha ya ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws7">, </div><div class="t m1 xa h8 ya ff7 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls9 ws3">&#24352;&#27946;&#26126;</div><div class="t m2 xb h9 yb ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">1</div><div class="t m3 xc ha ya ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws7">, </div><div class="t m1 xd h8 ya ff7 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">&#38472;</div><div class="t m3 xe ha ya ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsc ws3"> </div><div class="t m1 xf h8 ya ff7 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">&#26480;</div><div class="t m2 x10 h9 yb ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">1</div><div class="t m3 x11 ha ya ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws7">, </div><div class="t m1 x12 h8 ya ff7 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls9 ws3">&#38472;&#29081;&#38678;</div><div class="t m2 x13 h9 yb ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">2</div><div class="t m3 x14 ha ya ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsb ws7">, </div><div class="t m1 x15 h8 ya ff7 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">&#39640;</div><div class="t m3 x16 ha ya ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsc ws3"> </div><div class="t m1 x17 h8 ya ff7 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">&#25991;</div><div class="t m2 x18 h9 yb ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 lsd ws3">1,2</div><div class="t m3 x19 ha ya ff1 fs4 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3"> </div><div class="t m4 x1 hb yc ff1 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">1</div><div class="t m4 x1a h9 yd ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">(<span class="ff8 lse">&#21704;&#23572;&#28392;&#24037;&#19994;&#22823;&#23398;</span> <span class="_"> </span><span class="ff8 lse">&#35745;&#31639;&#26426;&#31185;&#23398;&#19982;&#25216;&#26415;&#23398;&#38498;</span>,<span class="_ _6"></span><span class="ff8 lse">&#40657;&#40857;&#27743;</span> <span class="_"> </span><span class="ff8 lse">&#21704;&#23572;&#28392;</span><span class="lsa ws8"> 150001) </span></div><div class="t m4 x1 hb ye ff1 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">2</div><div class="t m4 x1a h9 yf ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">(<span class="ff8 lse">&#20013;&#22269;&#31185;&#23398;&#38498;</span> <span class="_"> </span><span class="ff8 lse">&#35745;&#31639;&#25216;&#26415;&#30740;&#31350;&#25152;</span>,<span class="_ _6"></span><span class="ff8 lse">&#21271;&#20140;</span><span class="lsa ws8"> 100080) </span></div><div class="t m4 x1 hc y10 ff5 fs3 fc0 sc0 lsf ws9">Histogram Sequence of Local Gabor Binary Pa<span class="ls10 wsa">ttern for<span class="_ _3"></span> Face Descript<span class="ls11 wsb">ion and Identification<span class="fs4 ls3 ws3"> </span></span></span></div><div class="t m4 x1 h3 y11 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls12 wsc">ZHANG W<span class="_ _3"></span>en-Chao</div><div class="t m4 x1b hd y12 ff1 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls13 ws3">1+</div><div class="t m4 x1c h3 y11 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls14 wsd">, SHAN <span class="_ _7"></span>Shi-Guang</div><div class="t m4 x1d hd y12 ff1 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">2</div><div class="t m4 x1e h3 y11 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls12 wse">, ZHANG <span class="_ _7"></span>Hong-Ming</div><div class="t m4 x1f hd y12 ff1 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">1</div><div class="t m4 x20 h3 y11 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls15 wsf">, CHEN <span class="_ _7"></span>Jie</div><div class="t m4 x21 hd y12 ff1 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">1</div><div class="t m4 x22 h3 y11 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls16 ws10">, CHEN <span class="_ _7"></span>Xi-Lin</div><div class="t m4 x23 hd y12 ff1 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">2</div><div class="t m4 x24 h3 y11 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls17 ws11">, GAO <span class="_ _7"></span>W<span class="_ _2"></span>en</div><div class="t m4 x25 hd y12 ff1 fs7 fc0 sc0 ls13 ws3">1,2 </div><div class="t m4 x1 hb y13 ff1 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">1</div><div class="t m4 x1a h2 y14 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls18 ws12">(School of Compute<span class="_ _1"></span>r Science a<span class="_ _1"></span>nd Technology, H<span class="_ _1"></span>arbin Institute of Tec<span class="_ _1"></span>hnology, Harbin 150001, C<span class="_ _1"></span>hina) </div><div class="t m4 x1 hb y15 ff1 fs6 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">2</div><div class="t m4 x1a h2 y16 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls4 ws13">(Institute of Computing Te<span class="_ _1"></span>chnology, The<span class="_ _1"></span> Chinese Ac<span class="_ _1"></span>ademy of Sc<span class="_ _1"></span>iences, B<span class="_ _1"></span>eijing 100080, China) </div><div class="t m4 x1 h9 y17 ff1 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls19 ws3">+ <span class="fs0 ls1a ws14">Corresponding author: Phn: +86-10-58858300 ex<span class="ls1 ws1">t 316, Fax: +86-<span class="ls1b ws15">10-58858301, E-mail: wczhang@jdl.<span class="ls1c ws16">ac.cn, http://www.jdl.ac.cn </span></span></span></span></div><div class="t m4 x1 he y18 ff5 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls1d ws17">Zhang WC, Shan SG, <span class="_ _6"></span>Zhang HM, Chen J, Che<span class="_ _6"></span>n XL, Gao W. Histogr<span class="_ _6"></span>am sequence of loc<span class="_ _6"></span>al Gabor binary<span class="_ _6"></span> </div><div class="t m4 x1 he y19 ff5 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls1e ws18">pattern for fac<span class="_ _6"></span>e descript<span class="_ _6"></span>ion and ide<span class="_ _6"></span>ntificatio<span class="_ _6"></span>n. <span class="ff9 ls1f ws19">Journal of So<span class="_ _1"></span>ftware<span class="ff5 ls20 ws1a">, 2006<span class="_ _1"></span>,17(12):25<span class="_ _1"></span>08<span class="ff3 sc1 ls3 ws3">&#8722;</span><span class="ls21 ws3">2517<span class="ff1 ls22 ws1b">. http://www.jos.org. </span></span></span></span></div><div class="t m4 x1 he y1a ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls10 ws3">cn/1000-9825/17/2508.htm<span class="ff5 ls3"> </span></div><div class="t m4 x1 he y1b ff5 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls23 ws3">Abstract<span class="ff1 ls24 ws1c">: <span class="_ _8"> </span> <span class="_ _8"> </span>In this pape<span class="_ _6"></span>r<span class="_ _3"></span>, a method f<span class="_ _6"></span>or face descripti<span class="_ _6"></span>on and recognition i<span class="_ _6"></span>s proposed, whic<span class="_ _6"></span>h extracts the hi<span class="_ _6"></span>stogram </span></div><div class="t m4 x1 h3 y1c ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls25 ws1d">sequence of l<span class="_ _6"></span>ocal Gabor bi<span class="_ _6"></span>nary pattern<span class="_ _6"></span>s (HSLGBP) fro<span class="_ _6"></span>m the magnitu<span class="_ _6"></span>des of Gabor <span class="_ _6"></span>coefficients. Since Ga<span class="_ _6"></span>bor feature<span class="_ _6"></span> </div><div class="t m4 x1 h3 y1d ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls26 ws1e">is robust to illumination and <span class="ls27 ws1f">expre<span class="_ _6"></span>ssion variations and has been successfully<span class="_ _6"></span> used in face recognition area. First, the<span class="_ _6"></span> </span></div><div class="t m4 x1 h3 y1e ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls28 ws20">proposed method deco<span class="_ _6"></span>mposes the normalize<span class="_ _6"></span>d face image by convolvi<span class="_ _6"></span>ng the face image with multi-<span class="_ _6"></span>scale and </div><div class="t m4 x1 h3 y1f ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls29 ws21">multi-orientation Gabor filters to ext<span class="_ _6"></span>ract their corres<span class="ls2a ws22">ponding Gabor magnitude<span class="_ _1"></span> maps (GMMs). Th<span class="_ _1"></span>en, the local </span></div><div class="t m4 x1 h3 y20 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls2b ws23">binary patterns (LBP) operates on eac<span class="_ _6"></span>h GMM to extract the <span class="ws24">local neighbor pa<span class="_ _6"></span>ttern. Finally<span class="_ _3"></span>, the input face i<span class="_ _6"></span>mage is </span></div><div class="t m4 x1 h3 y21 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls1d ws25">described by the histo<span class="_ _6"></span>gram seq<span class="_ _6"></span>uence extracted from al<span class="_ _6"></span>l these region patte<span class="_ _6"></span>rns. The propo<span class="_ _6"></span>sed method is robu<span class="_ _6"></span>st to </div><div class="t m4 x1 h3 y22 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls2c ws26">illumination, expre<span class="_ _6"></span>ssion and misalignment<span class="ls2d ws27"> by combing t<span class="_ _6"></span>he Gabor transform, LBP <span class="ls2b ws28">and spatial histogram. In addition, </span></span></div><div class="t m4 x1 h3 y23 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls2e ws29">this face modeling method does not need <span class="ls2f ws2a">the training set for statistic learning<span class="ls26 ws2b">, thus it avoi<span class="_ _6"></span>ds the generalizability </span></span></div><div class="t m4 x1 h3 y24 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls2f ws2c">problem. Moreover<span class="_ _1"></span>, how to combine the statistic method in <span class="ls5 ws2d">the stage of classification and propose statistic Fisher </span></div><div class="t m4 x1 h3 y25 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls30 ws2e">weight HSLGBP matching method are discussed. The resu<span class="ls31 ws2f">lts co<span class="_ _6"></span>mpared with <span class="_ _6"></span>the published re<span class="_ _6"></span>sults on FERE<span class="_ _6"></span>T face </span></div><div class="t m4 x1 h3 y26 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 lsf ws30">database of changing illumination, <span class="ls30 ws31">expression and aging verify the validity of the proposed method. </span></div><div class="t m4 x1 he y27 ff5 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls22 ws32">Key words<span class="ff1 ls32 ws33">: <span class="_"> </span> <span class="_ _9"> </span>face recognition; Gabor filter; local binary pattern (LBP); histogram </span></div><div class="t m4 x1 hf y28 ff4 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">&#25688;<span class="ffa"> </span>&#35201;<span class="ff1 ls33">: <span class="_ _a"> </span><span class="ffb ls34">&#25552;&#20986;&#20102;&#19968;&#31181;&#22312;<span class="_ _b"> </span></span><span class="ls35">Gabor<span class="_ _c"> </span><span class="ffb ls34">&#21464;&#25442;&#24133;&#20540;&#22495;&#20869;&#25552;&#21462;&#23616;&#37096;&#21464;&#21270;&#27169;&#24335;&#31354;&#38388;&#30452;&#26041;&#22270;&#24207;&#21015;</span><span class="ls3 ws34">(histogram sequence of local </span></span></span></div><div class="t m4 x1 h3 y29 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls36 ws35">Gabor binary patterns,<span class="ffb ls3 ws3">&#31616;&#31216;<span class="_ _d"> </span><span class="ff1 ls37">HSLGBP)</span><span class="ls38">&#30340;&#20154;&#33080;&#25551;&#36848;&#21450;&#20854;&#35782;&#21035;&#26041;&#27861;</span><span class="ff1">.<span class="_ _6"></span></span><span class="ls38">&#37492;&#20110;<span class="_ _e"> </span><span class="ff1 ls39">Gabor<span class="_ _e"> </span></span>&#29305;&#24449;&#23545;&#20809;&#29031;&#12289;&#34920;&#24773;&#31561;&#21464;&#21270;&#27604;&#36739;&#40065;&#26834;</span><span class="ff1">,</span></span></div><div class="t m4 x1 h3 y2a ffb fs1 fc0 sc0 ls38 ws3">&#24182;&#24050;&#22312;&#20154;&#33080;&#35782;&#21035;&#39046;&#22495;&#24471;&#21040;&#25104;&#21151;&#24212;&#29992;<span class="ff1 ls3">,</span>&#39318;&#20808;&#23545;&#24402;&#19968;&#21270;&#30340;&#20154;&#33080;&#22270;&#20687;&#36827;&#34892;&#22810;&#26041;&#21521;&#12289;<span class="_ _7"></span>&#22810;&#20998;&#36776;&#29575;<span class="_ _9"> </span><span class="ff1 ls39">Gab<span class="_ _6"></span>or<span class="_"> </span></span>&#23567;&#27874;&#28388;&#27874;<span class="ff1 ls3">,</span>&#24182;&#25552;&#21462;&#20854;</div><div class="t m4 x1 h3 y2b ffb fs1 fc0 sc0 ls38 ws3">&#23545;&#24212;&#19981;&#21516;&#26041;&#21521;&#12289;<span class="_ _f"></span>&#19981;&#21516;&#23610;&#24230;&#30340;&#22810;&#20010;<span class="_ _10"> </span><span class="ff1 ls39">Gabor<span class="_"> </span></span>&#24133;&#20540;&#22495;&#22270;&#35889;<span class="ff1 ls3a ws36">(Gabor magnitude map,</span><span class="ls3">&#31616;&#31216;<span class="_ _10"> </span><span class="ff1 ls3b">GMM),</span></span>&#28982;&#21518;&#22312;&#27599;&#20010;<span class="_ _10"> </span><span class="ff1 ls17">GMM<span class="_"> </span></span>&#19978;&#37319;&#29992;</div><div class="t m4 x1 h3 y2c ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3"> <span class="_ _b"> </span> </div><div class="t m4 x26 h3 y2d ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3"> </div><div class="t m4 x27 h2 y2e ff3 fs8 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3">&#8727;<span class="ff1 fs0 ls3c ws37"> Supported by th<span class="_ _6"></span>e National Natural Science Foundatio<span class="_ _6"></span>n of China under Grant <span class="_ _6"></span>Nos.60332010, 60673091 (<span class="ff8 ls3d ws3">&#22269;&#23478;&#33258;&#28982;&#31185;&#23398;&#22522;&#37329;</span><span class="ls29 ws38">); the </span></span></div><div class="t m4 x1 h2 y2f ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls3e ws39">&#8220;100 T<span class="_ _3"></span>alents Program&#8221; of CAS (<span class="ff8 ls3d ws3">&#20013;&#22269;&#31185;&#23398;&#38498;<span class="ff1 ls3">&#8220;<span class="_ _6"></span></span>&#30334;&#20154;&#35745;&#21010;</span><span class="ls3f ws3a">&#8221;); the ISVISION T<span class="_ _3"></span>echnologies Co., Ltd (<span class="ff8 ls3d ws3">&#19978;&#28023;&#38134;&#26216;&#26234;&#33021;&#35782;&#21035;&#31185;&#25216;&#26377;&#38480;&#20844;&#21496;&#36164;&#21161;</span></span></div><div class="t m4 x1 h2 y30 ff8 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls40 ws3">&#39033;&#30446;<span class="ff1 ls41">) </span></div><div class="t m4 x28 h2 y31 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls42 ws3b">Received 2005-<span class="ls43 ws3c">07-13; Accep<span class="ls5 ws5">ted 2005-12-31 </span></span></div><div class="t m4 x29 h3 y32 ff1 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws3"> </div><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m5"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m5"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m5"></div></a></div><div class="pi" data-data='{"ctm":[1.860465,0.000000,0.000000,1.860465,0.000000,0.000000]}'></div></div> </body> </html>
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