基于区块链的分布式能源交易方案设计综述.zip

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基于区块链的分布式能源交易方案设计综述
基于区块链的分布式能源交易方案设计综述.zip
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<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta charset="utf-8"><meta name="generator" content="pdf2htmlEX"><meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"><link rel="stylesheet" href="https://csdnimg.cn/release/download_crawler_static/css/base.min.css"><link rel="stylesheet" href="https://csdnimg.cn/release/download_crawler_static/css/fancy.min.css"><link rel="stylesheet" href="https://csdnimg.cn/release/download_crawler_static/12249011/raw.css"><script src="https://csdnimg.cn/release/download_crawler_static/js/compatibility.min.js"></script><script src="https://csdnimg.cn/release/download_crawler_static/js/pdf2htmlEX.min.js"></script><script>try{pdf2htmlEX.defaultViewer = new pdf2htmlEX.Viewer({});}catch(e){}</script><title></title></head><body><div id="sidebar" style="display: none"><div id="outline"></div></div><div id="pf1" class="pf w0 h0" data-page-no="1"><div class="pc pc1 w0 h0"><img class="bi x0 y0 w1 h1" alt="" 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class="_"> </span><span class="ff1">&#26376;</span><span class="ls3 ws2"> <span class="_ _4"> </span>Power System T<span class="_ _5"></span>echnology <span class="_ _6"> </span>Mar<span class="_ _7"></span>. 2019 </span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h3 y3 ff3 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#25991;&#31456;&#32534;&#21495;&#65306;<span class="ff2">1000-3673<span class="ff1">&#65288;</span>2019<span class="ff1">&#65289;</span><span class="ls4 ws3">03-0961-12 </span></span>&#20013;&#22270;&#20998;&#31867;&#21495;&#65306;<span class="ff2 ls5 ws4">TM <span class="_ _8"></span>73 <span class="ff3 ls0 ws0">&#25991;&#29486;&#26631;&#24535;&#30721;&#65306;</span><span class="ls6 ws5">A <span class="ff3 ls0 ws0">&#23398;&#31185;&#20195;&#30721;&#65306;<span class="ff2 ls4">470&#183;40</span><span class="ff4"> </span></span></span></span></div><div class="t m0 x3 h4 y4 ff3 fs1 fc0 sc0 ls7 ws0">&#22522;&#20110;&#21306;&#22359;&#38142;&#30340;&#20998;&#24067;&#24335;&#33021;&#28304;&#20132;&#26131;&#26041;&#26696;&#35774;&#35745;&#32508;&#36848;<span class="ff5 ls0"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x4 h5 y5 ff6 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls8 ws0">&#26446;&#24428;</div><div class="t m0 x5 h2 y6 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x6 h5 y5 ff6 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls9 ws0">&#65292;&#35203;&#31179;&#24742;</div><div class="t m0 x7 h2 y6 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x8 h5 y5 ff6 fs2 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">&#65292;&#31041;&#20853;</div><div class="t m0 x9 h2 y6 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 xa h5 y5 ff6 fs2 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">&#65292;&#23385;&#27589;</div><div class="t m0 xb h2 y6 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 xc h5 y5 ff6 fs2 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">&#65292;&#26446;&#24503;&#26234;</div><div class="t m0 xd h2 y6 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 xe h5 y5 ff6 fs2 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">&#65292;&#30707;&#22372;</div><div class="t m0 xf h2 y6 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x10 h5 y5 ff6 fs2 fc0 sc0 lsa ws0">&#65292;&#26472;&#25996;</div><div class="t m0 x11 h2 y6 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">3</div><div class="t m0 x12 h5 y5 ff6 fs2 fc0 sc0 lsb ws0">&#65292;&#22874;&#22521;&#38155;</div><div class="t m0 x13 h2 y6 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">4</div><div class="t m0 x14 h6 y5 ff2 fs2 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x15 h7 y7 ff7 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#65288;<span class="ff2">1</span>&#65294;&#21326;&#21271;&#30005;&#21147;&#22823;&#23398;<span class="ff2"> <span class="_"> </span></span>&#30005;&#27668;&#19982;&#30005;&#23376;&#24037;&#31243;&#23398;&#38498;&#65292;&#21271;&#20140;&#24066;<span class="ff2"> <span class="_"> </span></span>&#26124;&#24179;&#21306;<span class="ff2 lsc ws6"> 102206</span>&#65307;<span class="ff2"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x16 h7 y8 ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2<span class="ff7">&#65294;&#38656;&#27714;&#20391;&#22810;&#33021;&#20114;&#34917;&#20248;&#21270;&#19982;&#20379;&#38656;&#20114;&#21160;&#25216;&#26415;&#21271;&#20140;&#24066;&#37325;&#28857;&#23454;&#39564;&#23460;</span>(<span class="ff7">&#20013;&#22269;&#30005;&#21147;&#31185;&#23398;&#30740;&#31350;&#38498;&#26377;&#38480;&#20844;&#21496;</span>)<span class="ff7">&#65292;</span> </div><div class="t m0 x17 h7 y9 ff7 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#21271;&#20140;&#24066;<span class="ff2"> <span class="_"> </span></span>&#28023;&#28096;&#21306;<span class="ff2 lsc ws7"> 100192</span>&#65307;<span class="ff2"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x18 h7 ya ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">3<span class="ff7">&#65294;&#22269;&#32593;&#27743;&#33487;&#30465;&#30005;&#21147;&#26377;&#38480;&#20844;&#21496;&#65292;&#27743;&#33487;&#30465;</span> <span class="_"> </span><span class="ff7">&#21335;&#20140;&#24066;</span><span class="lsc ws6"> 210024</span><span class="ff7">&#65307;</span> </div><div class="t m0 x5 h7 yb ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">4<span class="ff7">&#65294;&#19978;&#28023;&#24066;&#26234;&#33021;&#30005;&#32593;&#38656;&#27714;&#21709;&#24212;&#37325;&#28857;&#23454;&#39564;&#23460;</span>(<span class="ff7">&#19978;&#28023;&#30005;&#22120;&#31185;&#23398;&#30740;&#31350;&#25152;</span>(<span class="ff7">&#38598;&#22242;</span>)<span class="ff7">&#26377;&#38480;&#20844;&#21496;</span>)<span class="ff7">&#65292;</span> </div><div class="t m0 x17 h7 yc ff7 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#19978;&#28023;&#24066;<span class="ff2"> <span class="_"> </span></span>&#26222;&#38464;&#21306;<span class="ff2 lsc ws7"> 200063</span>&#65289;<span class="ff2"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x19 h7 yd ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x1a h8 ye ff4 fs4 fc0 sc0 lsd ws8">Design of Distributed Energy T<span class="_ _9"></span>rad<span class="lse ws9">ing Scheme Based on Blockchain </span></div><div class="t m0 x1b h7 yf ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 lsf wsa">LI Bin</div><div class="t m0 x1c h9 y10 ff2 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x1d h7 yf ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls10 wsb">, QIN Qiuyue</div><div class="t m0 x1e h9 y10 ff2 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x1f h7 yf ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls11 wsc">, QI Bing</div><div class="t m0 x17 h9 y10 ff2 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x20 h7 yf ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 lsc wsd">, SUN <span class="_ _7"></span>Y<span class="_ _7"></span>i</div><div class="t m0 x21 h9 y10 ff2 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x22 h7 yf ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls12 wse">, LI Dezhi</div><div class="t m0 x23 h9 y10 ff2 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x24 h7 yf ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls13 wsf">, SHI Kun</div><div class="t m0 x25 h9 y10 ff2 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">2</div><div class="t m0 x26 h7 yf ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls14 ws10">, Y<span class="_ _9"></span>ANG <span class="_ _a"></span>Bin</div><div class="t m0 x27 h9 y10 ff2 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">3</div><div class="t m0 x28 h7 yf ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws11">, XI Peifeng</div><div class="t m0 x29 h9 y10 ff2 fs5 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">4</div><div class="t m0 x2a h7 yf ff2 fs3 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0"> </div><div class="t m0 x1c h2 y11 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls3 ws2">(1. School of Electric and Electronic <span class="_ _7"></span>Engineer<span class="ws12">ing, North China Electric Power University<span class="_ _7"></span>, <span class="_"> </span> </span></div><div class="t m0 x2b h2 y12 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls15 ws13">Changping District, Beijing 102206, Chin<span class="_ _7"></span>a; </div><div class="t m0 x2c h2 y13 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls16 ws14">2. Beijing Key L<span class="_ _7"></span>aboratory of Demand Side Multi-ener<span class="_ _7"></span>gy Carriers Optimization an<span class="_ _7"></span>d Interaction T<span class="_ _5"></span>echnique </div><div class="t m0 x2d h2 y14 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls5 ws15"> <span class="_"> </span>(China Electric Power Research Institut<span class="_ _7"></span>e<span class="ws16">), Haidian District, Beijing 100192, China; <span class="_ _0"> </span> </span></div><div class="t m0 x1c h2 y15 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls17 ws17">3. State Grid Jiangsu Electr<span class="ls4 ws18">ic Power Company<span class="_ _5"></span>, Nanjing 210024, Jiangsu Province, China; <span class="_"> </span> </span></div><div class="t m0 x2e h2 y16 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 lse ws12">4. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Sm<span class="_ _7"></span>art Grid Demand Response (S<span class="ls18 ws19">hanghai Electrical <span class="_ _7"></span>Apparatus Re<span class="ls4 ws18">search Institute (Group) <span class="_"> </span> </span></span></div><div class="t m0 x2f h2 y17 ff2 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls19 ws16">Co., Ltd.), Putuo District, Shanghai 200063<span class="_ _7"></span>, China)</div><div class="t m0 x1 h3 y18 ff4 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls1a ws0">ABSTRACT</div><div class="t m0 x30 ha y19 ff4 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1</div><div class="t m0 x30 h3 y1a ff4 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">:<span class="ff2 ls16 ws1a"> Distributed new<span class="_ _7"></span> energy (DNE) has become<span class="_ _7"></span> an </span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1b ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls1b ws1b">important part of ener<span class="_ _7"></span>gy trading market. In ord<span class="_ _7"></span>er to increase </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1c ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls1b ws1c">energ<span class="_ _7"></span>y<span class="_ _a"></span> effi<span class="_ _7"></span>ciency and expand<span class="lse ws1d"> local consumption through </span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1d ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls1c ws1e">multiple channels, DNE is l<span class="_ _7"></span>egally qualified to sell electri<span class="_ _7"></span>city </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1e ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls1d ws1f">nearby<span class="_ _5"></span>. Its production and consumption structure are centerless </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y1f ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws20">and multi-nodal. Due to the centralized featur<span class="_ _7"></span>es of existing </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y20 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls1e ws21">energ<span class="_ _7"></span>y operation models, it is difficult<span class="_ _7"></span> to apply them to manage<span class="_ _7"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y21 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls4 ws3">DNE directly<span class="_ _7"></span>. Blockchain tech<span class="_ _7"></span><span class="ls15 ws22">nology has the advantages of </span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y22 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls1e ws23">traceability<span class="_ _5"></span>, transaction disclosu<span class="_ _7"></span>re and data transparenc<span class="_ _7"></span>y<span class="_ _7"></span>, and </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y23 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls1c ws24">its decentraliz<span class="_ _7"></span>ed features coincide with DNE. This<span class="_ _7"></span> paper </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y24 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls5 ws25">proposes a blockchain-based distributed<span class="_ _7"></span> energy (BBDE) </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y25 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls3 ws26">trading scheme, analyzes exis<span class="ls5 ws27">ting methods and disadvan<span class="_ _7"></span>tages </span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y26 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 lse ws28">of DNE trading, and studies <span class="ls0 ws29">applicability of blockchain </span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y27 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls4 ws2a">technology in DNE transactions. Based on<span class="_ _7"></span> continuous double </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y28 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls1f ws2b">auction (CDA), competitiv<span class="_ _7"></span>e equilibrium price (CEP) and node<span class="_ _7"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y29 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls16 ws2c">reputation value (NR<span class="_ _9"></span>V), a BBDE settlement mechanism<span class="_ _7"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y2a ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 lse ws2d">supporting P2P<span class="_ _7"></span> transactions is established. Th<span class="_ _7"></span>is paper </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y2b ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls15 ws2e">formulates a BBDE payment <span class="_ _7"></span>model complying with China's </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y2c ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls5 ws2f">policies, proposes a trading<span class="_ _7"></span> solution including system </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y2d ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls20 ws30">architecture and transac<span class="_ _7"></span>tion flow<span class="_ _7"></span>, compares the p<span class="_ _7"></span>erformance of </div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y2e ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls15 ws31">traditional power trading s<span class="_ _7"></span>y<span class="_ _a"></span>stem<span class="ls5 ws32">s and blockchain<span class="_ _7"></span>-based trading </span></div><div class="t m0 x1 h2 y2f ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls4 ws33">systems, considers how to improve current blockchain </div><div class="t m0 x1 h7 y30 ff2 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0"> <span class="_ _b"></span> <span class="_ _9"></span> </div><div class="t m0 x31 hb y31 ff3 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls21 ws0">&#22522;&#37329;&#39033;&#30446;<span class="ff1">&#65306;&#22269;&#23478;&#30005;&#32593;&#20844;&#21496;&#31185;&#25216;&#39033;&#30446;&#8220;&#24320;&#25918;&#24066;&#22330;&#29615;&#22659;&#19979;&#26234;&#33021;&#29992;&#30005;&#26032;</span></div><div class="t m0 x1 hc y32 ff1 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#19994;&#21153;&#36816;&#33829;&#26381;&#21153;&#20851;&#38190;&#25216;&#26415;&#30740;&#31350;&#19982;&#39564;&#35777;&#8221;<span class="ff2 ls22">(SGZJ0000KXJ<span class="_ _a"></span>S1800310)<span class="_ _a"></span></span>&#12290;<span class="ff2"> </span></div><div class="t m0 x31 hc y33 ff2 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls23 ws34">Project Suppor<span class="_ _7"></span>ted by Science and T<span class="_ _5"></span>echnology Foundatio<span class="_ _7"></span>n of SGCC </div><div class="t m0 x1 hc y34 ff2 fs7 fc1 sc0 ls22 ws0">(SGZJ0000KXJ<span class="_ _a"></span>S1800310). </div><div class="t m0 x32 h2 y1a ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls24 ws35">deficiencies, and looks forw<span class="ls25 ws36">ard how to realize extended<span class="_ _7"></span> </span></div><div class="t m0 x32 h2 y1b ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws37">development of traditional power trading<span class="_ _7"></span> market to DNE </div><div class="t m0 x32 h2 y1c ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls4 ws38">trading. Finally<span class="_ _5"></span>, aiming at the challenge of blockchain </div><div class="t m0 x32 h2 y1d ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls26 ws39">technology in pr<span class="_ _7"></span>ocess of entity applic<span class="_ _7"></span>ation, this paper anal<span class="_ _7"></span>yzes </div><div class="t m0 x32 h2 y1e ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls15 ws3a">the conflicts an<span class="_ _7"></span>d problems existing in current c<span class="_ _7"></span>ombination of </div><div class="t m0 x32 h2 y1f ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls3 ws3b">electricity market and blockchain technolog<span class="_ _7"></span>y<span class="_ _7"></span>, and puts forward </div><div class="t m0 x32 h2 y20 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls4 ws18">corresponding suggestions. </div><div class="t m0 x32 h3 y35 ff4 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls27 ws3c">KEY<span class="_ _7"></span> WORDS:<span class="ff2 ls19 ws3d"> blockchain; distributed energy <span class="_ _7"></span>trading; energy </span></div><div class="t m0 x32 h2 y36 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls28 ws3e">P2P<span class="_ _7"></span> transaction; settlement mech<span class="_ _7"></span>anism; electricity market </div><div class="t m0 x32 hd y37 ff3 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#25688;&#35201;&#65306;<span class="_ _c"></span><span class="ff1">&#20197;&#32511;&#33394;&#26032;&#33021;&#28304;&#20026;&#20027;&#20307;&#30340;&#20998;&#24067;&#24335;&#33021;&#28304;&#25104;&#20026;&#33021;&#28304;&#20132;&#26131;&#24066;&#22330;</span></div><div class="t m0 x32 hd y38 ff1 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20013;&#30340;&#37325;&#35201;&#32452;&#25104;&#37096;&#20998;&#65292;<span class="_ _d"></span>&#20026;&#20102;&#25552;&#39640;&#33021;&#28304;&#21033;&#29992;&#29575;&#12289;<span class="_ _d"></span>&#22810;&#28192;&#36947;&#25193;&#23637;&#20998;&#24067;</div><div class="t m0 x32 hd y39 ff1 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#24335;&#33021;&#28304;&#26412;&#22320;&#28040;&#32435;&#65292;<span class="_ _d"></span>&#20998;&#24067;&#24335;&#33021;&#28304;&#33719;&#24471;&#21512;&#27861;&#23601;&#36817;&#21806;&#30005;&#36164;&#36136;&#65292;<span class="_ _d"></span>&#20854;&#33021;</div><div class="t m0 x32 hd y3a ff1 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#28304;&#29983;&#20135;&#21644;&#28040;&#36153;&#32467;&#26500;&#21576;&#26080;&#20013;&#24515;&#12289;<span class="_ _d"></span>&#22810;&#33410;&#28857;&#29366;&#12290;<span class="_ _d"></span>&#29616;&#26377;&#33021;&#28304;&#36816;&#33829;&#27169;&#24335;</div><div class="t m0 x32 hd y3b ff1 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#30001;&#20110;&#20855;&#26377;&#38598;&#20013;&#24335;&#31649;&#29702;&#30340;&#29305;&#28857;&#65292;&#38590;&#20197;&#31616;&#21333;&#22871;&#29992;&#20110;&#20998;&#24067;&#24335;&#33021;&#28304;&#12290;</div><div class="t m0 x32 hd y3c ff1 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#21306;&#22359;&#38142;&#25216;&#26415;&#20855;&#26377;&#21487;&#36861;&#28335;&#24615;&#12289;<span class="_ _9"></span>&#20132;&#26131;&#20844;&#24320;&#12289;<span class="_ _9"></span>&#25968;&#25454;&#36879;&#26126;&#30340;&#20248;&#21183;&#65292;<span class="_ _e"></span>&#20854;</div><div class="t m0 x32 hd y3d ff1 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20998;&#25955;&#21270;&#29305;&#24615;&#19982;&#20998;&#24067;&#24335;&#33021;&#28304;&#26080;&#20013;&#24515;&#29305;&#28857;&#30456;&#31526;&#21512;&#65292;<span class="_ _c"></span>&#25925;&#25552;&#20986;&#19968;&#31181;&#22522;</div><div class="t m0 x32 hd y3e ff1 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20110;&#21306;&#22359;&#38142;&#30340;&#20998;&#24067;&#24335;&#33021;&#28304;&#20132;&#26131;&#26041;&#26696;&#12290;<span class="_ _c"></span>&#20998;&#26512;&#29616;&#26377;&#20998;&#24067;&#24335;&#33021;&#28304;&#20132;&#26131;</div><div class="t m0 x32 h2 y3f ff1 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#30340;&#26041;&#24335;&#21450;&#20854;&#24330;&#31471;&#65292;&#30740;&#31350;&#21306;&#22359;&#38142;&#25216;&#26415;&#23545;&#20110;&#20998;&#24067;&#24335;&#33021;&#28304;<span class="_ _f"> </span><span class="ff2 ls29">P2P<span class="_ _f"> </span></span>&#20132;</div><div class="t m0 x32 h2 y40 ff1 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls2a ws0">&#26131;&#30340;&#36866;&#29992;&#24615;&#65292;&#22312;&#36830;&#32493;&#21452;&#36793;&#25293;&#21334;<span class="ff2 ls2b ws3f">(continuous double au<span class="_ _7"></span>ction<span class="_ _a"></span><span class="ff1 ls0 ws0">&#65292;</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x32 h2 y41 ff2 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls2c ws0">CDA)<span class="ff1 ls0">&#12289;&#31454;&#20105;&#22343;&#34913;&#20215;&#26684;<span class="ff2 ws40">(competitive equilibrium price</span>&#65292;</span><span class="ls2d">CEP)<span class="ff1 ls0">&#12289;</span></span></div><div class="t m0 x32 h2 y42 ff1 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#33410;&#28857;&#20449;&#35465;&#20540;&#31561;&#22522;&#30784;&#19978;&#30830;&#31435;&#25903;&#25745;&#20998;&#24067;&#24335;&#33021;&#28304;<span class="_ _f"> </span><span class="ff2 ls29">P2P<span class="_ _f"> </span></span>&#20132;&#26131;&#30340;&#20998;&#24067;</div><div class="t m0 x32 hd y43 ff1 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#24335;&#33021;&#28304;&#32467;&#31639;&#26426;&#21046;&#65292;<span class="_ _c"></span>&#21046;&#23450;&#31526;&#21512;&#20013;&#22269;&#25919;&#31574;&#30340;&#20998;&#24067;&#24335;&#33021;&#28304;&#21306;&#22359;&#38142;&#25903;</div><div class="t m0 x32 hd y44 ff1 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#20184;&#27169;&#24335;&#65292;<span class="_ _d"></span>&#25552;&#20986;&#21253;&#25324;&#31995;&#32479;&#26550;&#26500;&#12289;<span class="_ _d"></span>&#20132;&#26131;&#27969;&#31243;&#22312;&#20869;&#30340;&#22522;&#20110;&#21306;&#22359;&#38142;&#25216;</div><div class="t m0 x32 hd y45 ff1 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#26415;&#30340;&#20998;&#24067;&#24335;&#33021;&#28304;&#20132;&#26131;&#26041;&#26696;&#65292;<span class="_ _c"></span>&#23545;&#27604;&#20256;&#32479;&#30005;&#21147;&#20132;&#26131;&#31995;&#32479;&#21644;&#22522;&#20110;&#21306;</div><div class="t m0 x32 hd y46 ff1 fs0 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#22359;&#38142;&#30340;&#20998;&#24067;&#24335;&#33021;&#28304;&#20132;&#26131;&#31995;&#32479;&#30340;&#24615;&#33021;&#65292;<span class="_ _c"></span>&#24605;&#32771;&#22914;&#20309;&#25913;&#36827;&#30446;&#21069;&#21306;&#22359;</div></div><div class="pi" data-data='{"ctm":[1.611639,0.000000,0.000000,1.611639,0.000000,0.000000]}'></div></div></body></html>
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