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期刊网上下载的一些有关图像处理的一些英文文献资料20几份
imageProcessing.rar
  • image Processing
  • image Processing
  • Aydemir_2004_Geoderma.pdf
    383.5KB
  • Emelyanenko_2004_Colloids-and-Surfaces-A-Physicochemical-and-Engineering-Aspects.pdf
    230.1KB
  • Lamy_2007_Computer-Methods-and-Programs-in-Biomedicine.pdf
    556.1KB
  • Chung_2004_International-Journal-of-Non-Linear-Mechanics.pdf
    581KB
  • Lee_2009_Materials-Characterization.pdf
    686.6KB
  • Chang_2009_Measurement.pdf
    506.4KB
  • Agreste_2008_Journal-of-Computational-and-Applied-Mathematics.pdf
    1.7MB
  • Chang_2008_Measurement.pdf
    1.8MB
  • Winder_2009_Computerized-Medical-Imaging-and-Graphics.pdf
    534.8KB
  • Alegre_2008_Computers-in-Biology-and-Medicine.pdf
    390KB
  • Liu_2009_Physica-A-Statistical-Mechanics-and-its-Applications.pdf
    1.5MB
  • Choi_2005_Corrosion-Science.pdf
    358.7KB
  • Marinoni_2005_Cement-and-Concrete-Research.pdf
    475.1KB
  • Sun_2007_Journal-of-Membrane-Science.pdf
    3.7MB
  • Shen_2005_Computers-&-Geosciences.pdf
    648.4KB
  • Xu_2008_International-Journal-of-Rock-Mechanics-and-Mining-Sciences.pdf
    1.9MB
  • Stasiek_2006_Optics-&-Laser-Technology.pdf
    1.3MB
  • Thornbush_2004_Journal-of-Cultural-Heritage.pdf
    292.2KB
内容介绍
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="generator" content="pdf2htmlEX"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/base.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/base/css/fancy.min.css"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/632a724b272bb74d44d9c647/raw.css"> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/compatibility.min.js"></script> <script src="https://static.pudn.com/base/js/pdf2htmlEX.min.js"></script> <script> try{ pdf2htmlEX.defaultViewer = new pdf2htmlEX.Viewer({}); }catch(e){} </script> <title></title> </head> <body> <div id="sidebar" style="display: none"> <div id="outline"> </div> </div> <div id="pf1" class="pf w0 h0" data-page-no="1"><div class="pc pc1 w0 h0"><img class="bi x0 y0 w1 h1" alt="" src="https://static.pudn.com/prod/directory_preview_static/632a724b272bb74d44d9c647/bg1.jpg"><div class="c x1 y1 w2 h2"><div class="t m0 x0 h3 y2 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls0 ws0">A</div></div><div class="t m0 x2 h3 y3 ff1 fs0 fc0 sc0 ls1 ws1">vailable online at www<span class="_ _0"></span>.sciencedirect.com</div><div class="t m1 x3 h4 y4 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Journal<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>Membrane<span class="_"> </span>Science<span class="_"> </span>305<span class="_"> </span>(2007)<span class="_"> </span>93&#8211;102</div><div class="t m1 x4 h5 y5 ff2 fs2 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">A<span class="_"> </span>study<span class="_"> </span>on<span class="_"> </span>membrane<span class="_"> </span>morphology<span class="_"> </span>by<span class="_"> </span>digital<span class="_"> </span>image<span class="_"> </span>processing</div><div class="t m1 x5 h6 y6 ff2 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">W<span class="_ _1"></span>eina<span class="_"> </span>Sun</div><div class="t m1 x6 h7 y7 ff2 fs4 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">a</div><div class="t m1 x7 h6 y6 ff2 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">,<span class="_"> </span>T<span class="_ _1"></span>ao<span class="_"> </span>Chen</div><div class="t m1 x8 h7 y8 ff2 fs4 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">b</div><div class="t m1 x9 h6 y6 ff2 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">,<span class="_"> </span>Cuixian<span class="_"> </span>Chen</div><div class="t m1 xa h7 y8 ff2 fs4 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">a<span class="ff3 fc1">,</span><span class="ff4">&#8727;</span></div><div class="t m1 xb h6 y6 ff2 fs3 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">,<span class="_"> </span>Jiding<span class="_"> </span>Li</div><div class="t m1 xc h7 y8 ff2 fs4 fc2 sc0 ls0 ws0">a</div><div class="t m1 xd h8 y9 ff2 fs5 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">a</div><div class="t m1 xe h9 ya ff5 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Membrane<span class="_ _2"> </span>T<span class="_ _3"></span>echnology<span class="_ _2"> </span>&amp;<span class="_ _2"> </span>Engineering<span class="_ _2"> </span>Researc<span class="_ _0"></span>h<span class="_ _4"> </span>Center<span class="_ _1"></span>,<span class="_ _4"> </span>Department<span class="_ _2"> </span>of<span class="_ _2"> </span>Chemical<span class="_ _4"> </span>Engineering,<span class="_ _2"> </span>Tsinghua<span class="_ _2"> </span>University<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_ _2"> </span>Beijing<span class="_ _4"> </span>100084,<span class="_ _2"> </span>PR<span class="_ _2"> </span>China</div><div class="t m1 xd h8 yb ff2 fs5 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">b</div><div class="t m1 xe h9 yc ff5 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Graphics<span class="_ _2"> </span>and<span class="_ _2"> </span>Geometric<span class="_ _2"> </span>Computing<span class="_ _4"> </span>Gr<span class="_ _0"></span>oup,<span class="_ _4"> </span>Department<span class="_ _2"> </span>of<span class="_ _2"> </span>Computer<span class="_ _4"> </span>Science<span class="_ _2"> </span>and<span class="_ _2"> </span>T<span class="_ _3"></span>echnology<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_ _2"> </span>Tsinghua<span class="_ _2"> </span>University<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_ _4"> </span>Beijing<span class="_ _2"> </span>100084,<span class="_ _2"> </span>PR<span class="_ _4"> </span>China</div><div class="t m1 xf h4 yd ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Receiv<span class="_ _0"></span>ed<span class="_"> </span>25<span class="_"> </span>May<span class="_"> </span>2007;<span class="_"> </span>received<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_"> </span>re<span class="_ _0"></span>vised<span class="_"> </span>form<span class="_"> </span>16<span class="_"> </span>July<span class="_"> </span>2007;<span class="_"> </span>accepted<span class="_"> </span>17<span class="_"> </span>July<span class="_"> </span>2007</div><div class="t m1 x10 h4 ye ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">A<span class="_ _3"></span>vailable<span class="_"> </span>online<span class="_"> </span>2<span class="_"> </span>August<span class="_"> </span>2007</div><div class="t m1 x11 ha yf ff6 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Abstract</div><div class="t m1 x12 hb y10 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">A<span class="_ _2"> </span>digital<span class="_ _2"> </span>image<span class="_"> </span>processing<span class="_ _2"> </span>program<span class="_ _2"> </span>package<span class="_ _2"> </span>was<span class="_ _2"> </span>de<span class="_ _0"></span>veloped<span class="_ _2"> </span>to<span class="_"> </span>calculate<span class="_ _2"> </span>the<span class="_ _2"> </span>porosity<span class="_ _3"></span>,<span class="_ _2"> </span>pore<span class="_"> </span>diameter<span class="_ _2"> </span>distrib<span class="_ _0"></span>ution,<span class="_"> </span>pore<span class="_ _2"> </span>area<span class="_ _2"> </span>distrib<span class="_ _0"></span>ution,<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_ _2"> </span>pore</div><div class="t m1 x11 hb y11 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">shape<span class="_"> </span>distribution<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>membrane<span class="_"> </span>surface<span class="_"> </span>by<span class="_"> </span>treating<span class="_ _5"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>SEM<span class="_"> </span>photos<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_ _5"> </span>membrane<span class="_"> </span>surface<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>cross-section.<span class="_ _5"> </span>Dif<span class="_ _0"></span>ferent<span class="_ _5"> </span>membranes<span class="_"> </span>were<span class="_"> </span>prepared</div><div class="t m1 x11 hb y12 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">and<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_ _0"></span>vestigated<span class="_"> </span>in<span class="_"> </span>this<span class="_"> </span>experiment,<span class="_"> </span>including<span class="_"> </span>polyacrylonitrile<span class="_"> </span>(P<span class="_ _1"></span>AN),<span class="_"> </span>polyaryletherketone<span class="_"> </span>with<span class="_"> </span>cardo<span class="_"> </span>(PEK-C),<span class="_"> </span>polyarylethersulfone<span class="_"> </span>with<span class="_"> </span>cardo</div><div class="t m1 x11 hb y13 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(PES-C),<span class="_"> </span>polysulfone<span class="_ _2"> </span>(PSf),<span class="_ _2"> </span>polyvinylidene<span class="_ _2"> </span>&#64258;uoride<span class="_"> </span>(PVDF),<span class="_ _2"> </span>and<span class="_ _2"> </span>poly(phthalazinone<span class="_"> </span>ether<span class="_ _2"> </span>sulfone<span class="_"> </span>k<span class="_ _0"></span>etone)<span class="_"> </span>(PPESK)<span class="_ _2"> </span>membranes.<span class="_"> </span>Compared<span class="_ _2"> </span>with</div><div class="t m1 x11 hb y14 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">the<span class="_ _5"> </span>analysis<span class="_"> </span>results<span class="_ _5"> </span>of<span class="_ _5"> </span>IBAS<span class="_"> </span>I/II<span class="_ _5"> </span>image<span class="_ _5"> </span>analytical<span class="_"> </span>instrument<span class="_ _5"> </span>(made<span class="_ _5"> </span>in<span class="_ _5"> </span>Germany),<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_ _5"> </span>porosity<span class="_ _5"> </span>analyzed<span class="_ _5"> </span>by<span class="_ _5"> </span>our<span class="_ _5"> </span>program<span class="_ _5"> </span>package<span class="_"> </span>was<span class="_ _5"> </span>larger<span class="_ _0"></span>,<span class="_ _5"> </span>and</div><div class="t m1 x11 hb y15 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">the<span class="_"> </span>dispersion<span class="_ _2"> </span>of<span class="_ _2"> </span>distribution<span class="_ _2"> </span>was<span class="_ _2"> </span>wider<span class="_ _0"></span>.<span class="_"> </span>The<span class="_ _2"> </span>porosity<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_ _2"> </span>membrane<span class="_ _2"> </span>cross-section<span class="_"> </span>w<span class="_ _0"></span>as<span class="_"> </span>also<span class="_"> </span>determined.<span class="_ _2"> </span>The<span class="_ _2"> </span>pure<span class="_"> </span>w<span class="_ _0"></span>ater<span class="_"> </span>&#64258;ux<span class="_"> </span>(<span class="ff5">J</span>)<span class="_ _2"> </span>and<span class="_ _2"> </span>rejection<span class="_"> </span>(<span class="ff5">R</span><span class="ls2">)o<span class="_ _6"></span>f</span></div><div class="t m1 x11 hb y16 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">bovine<span class="_"> </span>serum<span class="_ _2"> </span>albumin<span class="_"> </span>(BSA)<span class="_ _2"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>membranes<span class="_"> </span>were<span class="_ _2"> </span>measured,<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>results<span class="_ _2"> </span>agree<span class="_"> </span>with<span class="_"> </span>those<span class="_"> </span>obtained<span class="_ _2"> </span>from<span class="_"> </span>our<span class="_"> </span>program.<span class="_ _2"> </span>In<span class="_"> </span>addition,<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>gelation</div><div class="t m1 x11 hb y17 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">front<span class="_"> </span>mov<span class="_ _0"></span>ement<span class="_"> </span>was<span class="_"> </span>measured<span class="_"> </span>using<span class="_"> </span>ImageJ<span class="_"> </span>program<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>our<span class="_"> </span>program<span class="_"> </span>package,<span class="_"> </span>respectively<span class="_ _1"></span>,<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>results<span class="_"> </span>were<span class="_"> </span>further<span class="_"> </span>compared.</div><div class="t m1 x11 hb y18 ff2 fs6 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#169;<span class="_"> </span>2007<span class="_"> </span>Published<span class="_"> </span>by<span class="_"> </span>Elsevier<span class="_"> </span>B.V<span class="_ _7"></span>.</div><div class="t m1 x11 h4 y19 ff5 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">K<span class="_ _0"></span>eywor<span class="_ _0"></span>ds:<span class="_ _8"> </span><span class="ff2">Membrane<span class="_"> </span>morphology;<span class="_"> </span>Membrane<span class="_"> </span>surface<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>cross-section;<span class="_"> </span>Digital<span class="_"> </span>image<span class="_"> </span>processing;<span class="_"> </span>Porosity;<span class="_"> </span>Pore<span class="_"> </span>distribution</span></div><div class="t m1 x11 hc y1a ff6 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">1.<span class="_ _9"> </span>Introduction</div><div class="t m1 x13 h7 y1b ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">The<span class="_ _a"> </span>study<span class="_ _a"> </span>of<span class="_ _a"> </span>membrane<span class="_ _a"> </span>morphology<span class="_ _a"> </span>generally<span class="_ _a"> </span>in<span class="_ _0"></span>volv<span class="_ _0"></span>es</div><div class="t m1 x11 h7 y1c ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">three<span class="_ _8"> </span>parts:<span class="_ _8"> </span>membrane<span class="_ _8"> </span>surface,<span class="_ _8"> </span>membrane<span class="_ _8"> </span>cross-section,<span class="_ _8"> </span>and</div><div class="t m1 x11 h7 y1d ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">pore<span class="_ _b"> </span>growth<span class="_ _b"> </span>process.<span class="_ _b"> </span>F<span class="_ _0"></span>or<span class="_ _b"> </span>pore<span class="_ _b"> </span>size<span class="_ _b"> </span>and<span class="_ _b"> </span>pore<span class="_ _b"> </span>size<span class="_ _b"> </span>distribution,</div><div class="t m1 x11 h7 y1e ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">there<span class="_ _b"> </span>were<span class="_ _c"> </span>mainly<span class="_ _b"> </span>two<span class="_ _c"> </span>kinds<span class="_ _b"> </span>of<span class="_ _c"> </span>measuring<span class="_ _b"> </span>methods:<span class="_ _c"> </span>geomet-</div><div class="t m1 x11 h7 y1f ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls3 ws0">ric<span class="_ _8"> </span>pore<span class="_ _c"> </span>size<span class="_ _8"> </span>distribution<span class="_ _8"> </span>and<span class="_ _c"> </span>physical<span class="_ _8"> </span>pore<span class="_ _8"> </span>size<span class="_ _8"> </span>distribution.</div><div class="t m1 x11 h7 y20 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">The<span class="_ _b"> </span>former<span class="_ _b"> </span>can<span class="_ _b"> </span>be<span class="_ _b"> </span>obtained<span class="_ _b"> </span>by<span class="_ _b"> </span>scanning<span class="_ _b"> </span>electron<span class="_ _b"> </span>microscopy</div><div class="t m1 x11 h7 y21 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">(SEM)<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="fc2">[1]</span>,<span class="_ _d"> </span>small<span class="_ _d"> </span>angle<span class="_ _b"> </span>X-ray<span class="_ _d"> </span>scattering<span class="_ _b"> </span><span class="fc2">[2]</span>,<span class="_ _d"> </span>and<span class="_ _b"> </span>atomic<span class="_ _d"> </span>force</div><div class="t m1 x11 h7 y22 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">microscopy<span class="_ _c"> </span>method<span class="_ _c"> </span><span class="fc2">[3,4]</span>,<span class="_ _8"> </span>etc.<span class="_ _c"> </span>The<span class="_ _8"> </span>latter<span class="_ _c"> </span>can<span class="_ _8"> </span>be<span class="_ _c"> </span>obtained<span class="_ _8"> </span>by</div><div class="t m1 x11 h7 y23 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">mercury<span class="_ _9"> </span>intrusion<span class="_ _9"> </span>method<span class="_ _9"> </span><span class="fc2">[5]</span>,<span class="_ _e"> </span>bubble<span class="_ _e"> </span>pressure<span class="_ _9"> </span>method<span class="_ _e"> </span><span class="fc2">[6]</span>,</div><div class="t m1 x11 h7 y24 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">liquid&#8211;liquid<span class="_ _b"> </span>displacement<span class="_ _c"> </span>method<span class="_ _c"> </span><span class="fc2">[7]</span>,<span class="_ _b"> </span>and<span class="_ _c"> </span>molecular<span class="_ _b"> </span>weight</div><div class="t m1 x11 h7 y25 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">cut-off<span class="_ _2"> </span>method<span class="_ _2"> </span><span class="fc2">[8]</span>.<span class="_"> </span>In<span class="_ _2"> </span>addition,<span class="_ _4"> </span>the<span class="_ _2"> </span>gelation<span class="_"> </span>kinetics<span class="_ _2"> </span>experiment</div><div class="t m1 x11 h7 y26 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">was<span class="_"> </span>an<span class="_"> </span>adv<span class="_ _0"></span>anced<span class="_"> </span>method<span class="_"> </span><span class="fc2">[9,10]<span class="_"> </span></span>to<span class="_"> </span>determinate<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>pore<span class="_"> </span>growth</div><div class="t m1 x11 h7 y27 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">process.</div><div class="t m1 x13 h7 y28 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Geometric<span class="_ _b"> </span>pore<span class="_ _c"> </span>size<span class="_ _b"> </span>and<span class="_ _b"> </span>pore<span class="_ _c"> </span>size<span class="_ _b"> </span>distribution<span class="_ _b"> </span>were<span class="_ _b"> </span>deter-</div><div class="t m1 x11 h7 y29 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">mined<span class="_ _f"> </span>in<span class="_ _f"> </span>this<span class="_ _f"> </span>paper<span class="_ _f"> </span>by<span class="_ _f"> </span>dealing<span class="_ _f"> </span>with<span class="_ _f"> </span>the<span class="_ _f"> </span>SEM<span class="_ _f"> </span>photos<span class="_ _f"> </span>of</div><div class="t m1 x11 h7 y2a ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">membranes<span class="_"> </span>using<span class="_"> </span>a<span class="_"> </span>digital<span class="_"> </span>image<span class="_ _5"> </span>processing<span class="_ _5"> </span>program<span class="_ _5"> </span>package.</div><div class="t m1 x11 h7 y2b ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">The<span class="_ _2"> </span>pore<span class="_ _2"> </span>size,<span class="_ _10"> </span>porosity<span class="_ _3"></span>,<span class="_ _2"> </span>pore<span class="_ _10"> </span>size<span class="_ _2"> </span>distribution,<span class="_ _10"> </span>pore<span class="_ _10"> </span>area<span class="_ _2"> </span>distribu-</div><div class="t m1 x11 h7 y2c ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">tion,<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_ _2"> </span>pore<span class="_"> </span>shape<span class="_ _4"> </span>distrib<span class="_ _0"></span>ution<span class="_"> </span>can<span class="_ _4"> </span>be<span class="_"> </span>calculated<span class="_ _2"> </span>con<span class="_ _0"></span>veniently</div><div class="t m1 x14 hd y2d ff4 fs5 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">&#8727;</div><div class="t m1 x13 h4 y2e ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Corresponding<span class="_"> </span>author<span class="_ _0"></span>.<span class="_"> </span>T<span class="_ _3"></span>el.:<span class="_"> </span>+86<span class="_"> </span>10<span class="_"> </span>62782432;<span class="_"> </span>fax:<span class="_"> </span>+86<span class="_"> </span>10<span class="_"> </span>62770304.</div><div class="t m1 x13 h4 y2f ff5 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">E-mail<span class="_ _2"> </span>address:<span class="_ _10"> </span><span class="ff2 fc2">cxchen@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn<span class="_"> </span><span class="fc1">(C.<span class="_"> </span>Chen).</span></span></div><div class="t m1 x15 h7 y30 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">by<span class="_ _c"> </span>this<span class="_ _8"> </span>program<span class="_ _c"> </span>package.<span class="_ _c"> </span>And<span class="_ _8"> </span>the<span class="_ _c"> </span>results<span class="_ _8"> </span>were<span class="_ _c"> </span>further<span class="_ _8"> </span>com-</div><div class="t m1 x15 h7 y31 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">pared<span class="_ _b"> </span>with<span class="_ _c"> </span>those<span class="_ _b"> </span>by<span class="_ _b"> </span>IBAS<span class="_ _b"> </span>I/II<span class="_ _b"> </span>image<span class="_ _c"> </span>analytical<span class="_ _b"> </span>instrument<span class="_ _b"> </span>to</div><div class="t m1 x15 h7 y32 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">prov<span class="_ _0"></span>e<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_ _4"> </span>accuracy<span class="_ _2"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>program<span class="_ _2"> </span>package.<span class="_"> </span>The<span class="_ _4"> </span>pure<span class="_ _4"> </span>water<span class="_ _2"> </span>&#64258;ux<span class="_"> </span>(<span class="ff5">J</span>)</div><div class="t m1 x15 h7 y33 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">and<span class="_ _2"> </span>apparent<span class="_ _4"> </span>bovine<span class="_ _2"> </span>serum<span class="_ _2"> </span>albumin<span class="_ _2"> </span>rejection<span class="_ _4"> </span>(<span class="ff5">R</span>)<span class="_ _2"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>some<span class="_ _10"> </span>mem-</div><div class="t m1 x15 h7 y34 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">branes<span class="_ _d"> </span>were<span class="_ _d"> </span>also<span class="_ _d"> </span>determined<span class="_ _d"> </span>and<span class="_ _d"> </span>compared<span class="_ _d"> </span>with<span class="_ _d"> </span>the<span class="_ _d"> </span>results<span class="_ _d"> </span>of</div><div class="t m1 x15 h7 y35 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">pore<span class="_"> </span>determination.</div><div class="t m1 x16 h7 y36 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">Another<span class="_ _9"> </span>function<span class="_ _a"> </span>of<span class="_ _9"> </span>this<span class="_ _9"> </span>program<span class="_ _a"> </span>package<span class="_ _9"> </span>was<span class="_ _9"> </span>to<span class="_ _9"> </span>track</div><div class="t m1 x15 h7 y37 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">the<span class="_ _8"> </span>gelation<span class="_ _c"> </span>front<span class="_ _8"> </span>movement<span class="_ _c"> </span>automatically<span class="_ _3"></span>.<span class="_ _8"> </span>The<span class="_ _8"> </span>pore<span class="_ _8"> </span>gro<span class="_ _0"></span>wth</div><div class="t m1 x15 h7 y38 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">process<span class="_ _8"> </span>can<span class="_ _8"> </span>be<span class="_ _8"> </span>observed<span class="_ _c"> </span>by<span class="_ _8"> </span>online<span class="_ _8"> </span>optical<span class="_ _8"> </span>microscope&#8211;CCD</div><div class="t m1 x15 h7 y39 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">camera<span class="_ _8"> </span>experimental<span class="_ _c"> </span>system,<span class="_ _8"> </span>with<span class="_ _8"> </span>a<span class="_ _8"> </span>large<span class="_ _8"> </span>number<span class="_ _8"> </span>of<span class="_ _8"> </span>micro-</div><div class="t m1 x15 h7 y3a ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">graphs<span class="_ _c"> </span>recorded<span class="_ _b"> </span>consecutively<span class="_ _1"></span>,<span class="_ _c"> </span>and<span class="_ _c"> </span>the<span class="_ _c"> </span>process<span class="_ _b"> </span>was<span class="_ _c"> </span>called<span class="_ _c"> </span>as</div><div class="t m1 x15 h7 y3b ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">a<span class="_"> </span>gelation<span class="_"> </span>kinetic<span class="_"> </span>experiment<span class="_"> </span><span class="fc2">[10]</span>.<span class="_"> </span>In<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>past,<span class="_"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>micrographs</div><div class="t m1 x15 h7 y3c ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">were<span class="_"> </span>tak<span class="_ _0"></span>en<span class="_"> </span>manually<span class="_"> </span>by<span class="_ _4"> </span>ImageJ<span class="_"> </span>program<span class="_ _2"> </span>(a<span class="_"> </span>public<span class="_"> </span>domain<span class="_ _4"> </span>Jav<span class="_ _0"></span>a</div><div class="t m1 x15 h7 y3d ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">image<span class="_ _d"> </span>processing<span class="_ _d"> </span>program),<span class="_ _d"> </span>which<span class="_ _5"> </span>was<span class="_ _d"> </span>quite<span class="_ _d"> </span>time-consuming.</div><div class="t m1 x15 h7 y3e ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">The<span class="_"> </span>program<span class="_"> </span>package<span class="_ _4"> </span>de<span class="_ _0"></span>veloped<span class="_"> </span>can<span class="_"> </span>replace<span class="_ _4"> </span>the<span class="_"> </span>manual<span class="_"> </span>opera-</div><div class="t m1 x15 h7 y3f ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">tion<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>improv<span class="_ _0"></span>e<span class="_"> </span>work<span class="_"> </span>ef&#64257;cienc<span class="_ _0"></span>y<span class="_ _3"></span>.</div><div class="t m1 x15 hc y40 ff6 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2.<span class="_ _9"> </span>Theory</div><div class="t m1 x15 he y41 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2.1.<span class="_ _9"> </span>Membrane<span class="_ _4"> </span>surface</div><div class="t m1 x15 he y42 ff5 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">2.1.1.<span class="_ _9"> </span>Pr<span class="_ _0"></span>e-pr<span class="_ _0"></span>ocessing</div><div class="t m1 x16 h7 y43 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">The<span class="_"> </span>contrast<span class="_"> </span>and<span class="_"> </span>noise<span class="_"> </span>of<span class="_"> </span>images<span class="_"> </span>hav<span class="_ _0"></span>e<span class="_"> </span>strong<span class="_"> </span>effects<span class="_"> </span>on<span class="_"> </span>col-</div><div class="t m1 x15 h7 y44 ff2 fs4 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">lecting<span class="_ _8"> </span>pore<span class="_ _e"> </span>parameters,<span class="_ _c"> </span>some<span class="_ _e"> </span>images<span class="_ _8"> </span>do<span class="_ _8"> </span>not<span class="_ _11"> </span>hav<span class="_ _0"></span>e<span class="_ _11"> </span>adequate</div><div class="t m1 x11 h4 y45 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">0376-7388/$<span class="_"> </span>&#8211;<span class="_"> </span>see<span class="_"> </span>front<span class="_"> </span>matter<span class="_"> </span>&#169;<span class="_"> </span>2007<span class="_"> </span>Published<span class="_"> </span>by<span class="_"> </span>Elsevier<span class="_"> </span>B.V<span class="_ _7"></span>.</div><div class="t m1 x11 h4 y46 ff2 fs1 fc1 sc0 ls0 ws0">doi:<span class="fc2">10.1016/j.memsci.2007.07.040</span></div><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d m2"></div></a><a class="l" rel='nofollow' onclick='return false;'><div class="d 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